The kidney is an internal, bean shaped organ of vertebrates. Kidneys are responsible for secreting urine, regulate the electrolytes of the body and filter the blood.

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Diabetes Mellitus and renal failure?

I have studies that Diabetes Mellitus leads to kidney failure and its because of the damage of blood vessels (especially blood vessels in kidney) due to high level of blood glucose? My question is how ...
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Vasoconstriction and its effect

It's known that vasoconstriction in afferent arterioles causes an decrease in hydrostatic pressure ➡--GFR, _also stimulating macula densa by decrease Na leads to vasoconstriction But this time elicits ...
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How does excess excretion of NaCl affect Glomerular Filtration Rate and afferent arteriole size?

A toxic drug blocks NaCl resorption channels in the proximal convoluted tubule. What would happen to the Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) and afferent arteriole size? If a lot of NaCl is being ...
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peritoneal dialysis Vs Hemodialysis?

Their are basically two types of dialysis: 1.peritoneal dialysis 2.hemodialysis, My Question is Why the peritoneal dialysis needs to be carried out on everyday BUT hemodialysis is carried out on only ...
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How sympathetic system lead to an increase in GFR?

ADH is a vasopressin. It affects the kidney by its constrictive effect on blood vessels. This causes an increase in blood pressure. The sympathetic nervous system follows the same process to decrease ...