The lungs are the respiratory organ which allows the take-up of oxygen and the release of CO2. They are present in most animals which breathe air including many fish species.

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Partial pressure of gases in alveoli

Atmosphere has partial pressure of oxygen as 160mmHg but it's 105mmHg in alveoli, and the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in atmosphere is 0.3mmHg but it's 40mmHg in alveoli. How is the difference ...
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29 views

How many cell membranes are oxygen and carbon dioxide diffuse through in the lungs?

In the lungs, oxygen and carbon dioxide pass through cell membranes by diffusion. Which row is correct? The correct answer is D, but I think it should be B. I can only think about three layers as ...
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Which diagram correctly describe an effect of tar entering lungs?

Which flow diagram correctly describes the effect of tar entering lungs? Tar is a cause of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) which includes both chronic bronchitis and emphysema and it ...
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63 views

What cause the urge to inhale in humans? [closed]

The urge to inhale in humans result from (a) rising pCO2 (b) rising pO2 (c) falling pCO2 (d) falling pO2 p stands for partial pressures. I am guessing the answer is falling pCO2.... but I wanted what ...
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What is the path taken by an oxygen molecule as it passes into the lungs to a muscle cell in the body? [closed]

My teacher tried to describe this question to me, but I just don't get it.
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Exhaled air and lung capacity

I wonder if there is any connection between exhaled air and lung capacity. I need to implement some algorithm in my game to calculate points of how much time you blow and compare it maybe with some ...
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Is lung size/shape a factor in long-continuous running of animals?

Apart from other factors, does lung shape/structure/size play any role in long-continuous running animals. Is there any similarity in lung structure between different long-continuous running species?
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110 views

Why do we blow when we're out of breath? [closed]

When people are out of breath from exercising, instead of breathing normally they partially obstruct their expirations by blowing out instead of breathing out. Why is this? EDIT: This photo ...
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145 views

Are oxygen and carbon dioxide simultaneously present in red blood cells during gas exchange?

From my understanding, the process that displaces the carbon dioxide and oxygen in our erythrocytes and lungs is diffusion. I've been taught that diffusion is the net movement of particles from a ...
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is left brachiochephalic vein and left pulmonary artery is same?

I am reading about ligamentum arteriosum which connects the left pulmonary artery and descending aorta. But I am seeing that if any figure shows left brachiochephalic vein it does not show left ...
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173 views

Why is there smooth muscle in our bronchioles?

Having muscle tissue in our bronchioles that can constrict seems like a poor choice for tissue. Why would our airway want to ever close up? Wouldn't it be more beneficial for our bronchioles to just ...
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127 views

Atelectasis due to decreased surfactant in lungs

Surfactant is a protein lipid mixture produced by alveolar pneumocytes composed of Dipalmitoyl Phosphatidyl Choline lipid, apoproteins and calcium ions. This surface lines the alveolar epithelium ...
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Heart Rate being normal when under treatment for the bends

When you surface from diving too quickly; you get "bends" - these are caused by gas bubbles forming in your lungs (especially nitrogen). This causes breathing problems if not treated since the bubbles ...
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What is the role of lamellar bodies in lung cells?

Lamellar bodies have been found to be secreted in lung cells many of their associated proteins have been identified. What is the current consensus or research on the function that these lamellar ...
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110 views

Could light/occasional smoking strengthen the lungs?

Here's my thought process, correct me where I'm wrong. It seems the human body has thresholds. Examples: You lift too much weight, and the muscles and tendons risk serious injury, but otherwise ...
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499 views

What is the cause of dry cough?

I first thought this question in the case of the cause of dry throat after 3-day recovery of dry cough? but then I realised that the cause of dry cough can be a general thing. Assume the person ...
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126 views

Can Serous inflammation on pleura pulmonalis cause dry cough and runny nouse?

I am interested in the mechanism between the dry cough and runny nose (serous inflammation) here. I started to think how Acute respiratory viral infection is causing the dry cough. The serous ...
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196 views

How to maximize lung oxygen intake?

What method of breathing provides a sudden surge of oxygen into the lungs filling it as full as possible in volume and density. Deep breaths? Shallow breaths? Breaths taken while bent over? Deep ...
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For emphysema, which of the respiratory volumes is effected. I have a couple of educated answers

It could be the tidal volume because it effects how a person inhales and exhales normally. It could be the residual volume and functional residual volume, because it increases its amount. Because it ...
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How the lungs clear themselves?

Looking at my computer's fan I can say that a lot of dust is collected on it not less dust should be collected in the lungs, not to mention some inhaled parts of food. How the lungs clear themselves ...
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Can pulmonary infarction be asymptomatic?

I think it can because there are many parts in lungs. Like for some COPD patients. However, I am not sure if COPD patients can have infarction. Lungs have parallel circulation. Red infarct is ...
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542 views

Pathogenesis of Chronic Venous Congestion in Lungs?

I am thinking how CVC in lungs lead to the left-sided heart failure.
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672 views

Does the lung absorb organic food?

Imagine you swallow something up and not everything gets out of the windpipe (this is possible right?). Would it be possible for the lung to handle with the rest implying that it is organic? Would it ...
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124 views

How does a smoker's pleasure work?

I smoke. For some reason, I've always had this idea that the pleasure of smoking works more or less like this: from the lungs, the nicotine reaches the blood, with which it travels to the brain, and ...
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How far does the diaphragm stretch when it contracts?

I have been wondering about this for this entire day today and I can't seem to find an answer. How far, exactly, does the diaphragm stretch for tidal breathing and what is its maximum stretch length?
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Do people often blow out the air from their lungs a lot when living in the cold condition to keep their lungs warm?

Do people often blow out the air from their lungs when living in cold climatic conditions to keep their lungs warm? I ask this question because it could connect to how people in different areas ...
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Why does oxygen bind to hemoglobin in an specific angle?

There is an specific angle of the bond between oxygen and hemoglobin in lungs, which I don't know, but what interests me more is the question, why is it specific?
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The effects of dust particles

When sun rays shoot through my house from a window, sometimes if the lighting is correct, it will reveal a huge amount of floating particles and dust. Are these particles dangerous to humans if you ...
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What is the inlet/outlet speed of air going in/out of our mouth during inhalation/exhalation

During inhalation, your alveoli expand, creating a pressure difference between the atmosphereic pressure and our lung sacks and therefore air will flow into the repspiratory airways. I am trying to ...