Questions related to mammals.

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What is the reason for fear induced defecation?

I started to handle mice for my job and noticed that they tend to defecate and/or urinate when they are scared. The fear is induced by me, because I need a long time (due to inexperience) to grab the ...
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Why do mammals produce more carbon dioxide than insects?

I understand that mammals produce more carbon dioxide than insects on a gram per gram basis, but why is that? I'm thinking it might be because mammals are warm-blooded, which require more energy ...
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How did dolpins acquire the dorsal fin?

I had been thinking bout atavism when I saw a picture of a dolphin. I had seen it before, but suddenly the dorsal fin startled me. How did this dorsal fin evolve, especially, is it some atavism from ...
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What is a common body composition in mammals?

The Physiology Of The Racing Greyhound states that most species have about a 40% muscle mass to body mass ratio. Understanding Body Composition puts "optimal fitness" in humans at 16-25% body fat for ...
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Why were dinosaur skeletons so light compared to mammal skeletons?

I was watching a presentation by Dr. Jessica Theodor [1] who discusses (at 38:10), among other things, the skeletal structure of dinosaurs vs. mammals. "Dinosaurs have way lighter skeletons, which ...
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Does level of bats activity differs from day to day?

Say we measure bats activity as number of passes through given area. Can it differ significantly depending from day to day or it stays on average roughly the same? I am wondering whether the following ...
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Why there are two rounds of cytosine de-methylation in mammalian development?

I assume that the key biological meaning of cytosine de-methylation during germline development in germline progenitor cells is to reset imprinted genes and then set methylation pattern on these genes ...
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How do I get recombinant proteins into the nucleus of mammal cells?

I know that there are Nuclear Localisation Sequencenes (NLS). They can be taken from endogenous or viral proteins and fused to the N or C terminus of my recombinant protein. Which is the best one? ...
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29 views

Which agricultural crops attract rodents?

Are there any data on rodent populations per acre of different types of agricultural crops?
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119 views

Are there any mammals in which polyspermy produces viable zygotes?

Are there any mammals in which polyspermy produces viable zygotes? In the wikipedia page it is mentioned that there is a delicate equilibrium between female defenses against many sperms, which ...
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Why do some macaques have redder faces than others?

I'm watching Monkey Kingdom, and I noticed some of the macaques have redder faces than others. Specifically the females, and as the social ladder increases, so does the redness. An alpha female: ...
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Why is a wound much more painful when damp?

Why is a wound much more painful when damp? This is a very strange phenomenon. For example: I have a little wound, not painful at all. But, when it is just damp, it is much painful.
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Omnivore vs Carnivore territory size

Edit: Large carnivores require lots of territory. What about bears? They're omnivores. How much does that count? Is there anywhere I could find weight/territory ratios for mammals, depending on diet? ...
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Why wrap a dolphin in wet towels?

In this video, a dolphin jumps into a vessel. Even though the guides know they will be quickly helping the dolphin back into the water, they first make sure they wrap the mammal with wet towels. Why ...
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Body part in motion after decapitation?

I'm sure following video is totally different than of other mammal after their body parts decapitated. In this video apparently, the snake is cut into three pieces. But when we look closer to the ...
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Pineal gland of a Chimpanzee

I have found it rather hard to find a single photo of a Chimpanzee's Pineal Gland in cyberspace. I would like in particular to view the pineal gland of Chimpanzee that deceased of old age just to see ...
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Are there biological safeguards to compensate for male primate infertility?

I'm trying to understand human sexual selection, and the following question has been on my mind for some time. I don't know the exact terminology to do a quality scholarly search on the subject. Are ...
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Is it possible for two creature in the same order and have odd haploid chromosome species to reproduce

Take the degu and the rat for example. The degu has 29 chromosome pairs Rats have 21 chromosome pairs. They are only share the same order ( Rodentia ) Would it be possible for them to reproduce? ( ...
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Do elephants get thorns out of each other's skin?

I have watched Wild Kratts Elephant in the Room several times where a baby elephant named Thornsley has a big thorn in his foot and is nowhere near his mom. This along with herd members helping each ...
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Why does a pecking order almost always exist in groups of social mammals?

I think the best explanation might come from evolutionary game theory. But, an another viewpoint may be equally important.
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70 views

How important is the womb's environment?

- Background - Talking about one phenotypic trait, the total phenotypic variance $V_p$ is decomposed into genetic and environmental variance for this trait, represented by the symbols $V_G$ and $V_E$ ...