The study of organisms that dwell in the ocean or brackish waters.

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How do sharks and other fish conserve and gain water in marine environments?

With the osmolarity of the average vertebrate being around 300mOsml, and salt water having an osmolarity of 1000mOsml, why does the water from the shark not leave to the salt water around it? I ...
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What are the buoyancy control mechanisms of Chambered nautilus?

I'm currently working on an underwater robot and was hoping to use the principle used by the nautilus for buoyancy control. So how do the Chambered nautilus control its buoyancy?
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Age of shells on beach

As a child I watched tiny fiddler crabs living in conical shells, and many years later I find that people study fossil turritellids. So now I wonder: how old are shells, typically, that you see on ...