The eukaryotic process characterized by replication of nuclear DNA and formation of a second identical nucleus. Separate from cytokinesis.

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Distinguishing between mitotic metaphase and metaphase II of meiosis

I'm sorry if this seems like a silly question, but I was brushing up on some cell cycle dynamics and realized that everyone was talking about the differences between metaphase I and II, and since ...
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Example(s) of reduced rate of mitotic progression?

Most species complete mitosis, and in particular the process of chromosome condensation, rather quickly, in a matter of minutes. Are there any known species that undergo mitoses with substantially ...
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Focusing on flowering plants, are there reasonable explanations why pentaploids would be more fertile than triploids?

For the genus Rhododendron, triploids are sometimes fertile but pentaploids appear to be often fertile. Once Rhododendron seedlings gets above the triploid level, aneuploids not near euploid appear to ...
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How many mitotic divisions do haploid cells undergo before fertilization?

Background This question is about human physiology and gametogenesis. A spermatozoid is not necessarily the direct "offspring" of diploid cell. Stated differently, a spermatozoid cell can be the ...
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Interpreting graph of mitosis and meiosis

Note : Consider the y axis as 1,2,3,4(not 2,3,4) and x axis as time. Roman numerals should be considered from I-X ( some are not correct here ) Which stages show mitosis? My answer : III-V Which ...
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What is spindle axis?

I encountered this term, spindle axis while reading about metaphase in mitosis from iGenetics by Peter.J.Russell [1]. It said, The kinetochore microtubules oriented the chromosomes so that the ...