The scientific study of fungi.

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18
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2answers
323 views

How do fairy rings propagate?

It was somewhat new to me that mushrooms usually aren't individual organisms, but are merely the visible bodies of a bunch of fungi living in the soil. I know that mushrooms emit spores to reproduce, ...
14
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1answer
1k views

Why do mushrooms grow in rings (sometimes called “Fairy Rings”)?

Mushrooms disperse their spore in all direction. Then why is there a formation of fairy rings? Why do they grow in one shape and not randomly?
12
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1answer
860 views

Species ID: Buckyball-like fungus

Previous research A friend of mine shared a link of some beautiful fungi: http://imgur.com/a/Dii3H. I was intrigued by the curious critter below -- it seems to have honed the power of buckyball ...
9
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1answer
697 views

How does yeast dissolve in sugar?

There's this fascinating "kitchen experiment". Take a "brick" of baker's yeast (not dry yeast), and a couple teaspoons of sugar, put them together in a cup and stir together. There's no doubt both are ...
8
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4answers
160 views

Organisms as potential Bio-Weapons?

Question: Given that with genetic engineering we can customize organisms as bio-weapons. Which species have the most worrying potential to be weaponized for mass destruction? Background: ...
8
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2answers
220 views

Is this a plant or a fungus?

It was soft and covered in flies. My guess is fungi. Location: South Florida.
8
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1answer
223 views

What is this mushroom?

I found a singular mushroom in my back yard, It is jet black, seems to have gills and looks somewhat like a flower do to it's upturned-ness. Sorry for not having spore colors, but I didn't want to ...
8
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1answer
320 views

Puffball mushroom species ID?

Found this mushroom today. It's a kind of puffball mushroom and I think pestle puffball but I hope someone can confirm that/point me to other likely species. It was in Central Eastern Sweden (Uppsala)...
8
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1answer
1k views

Yellow/Orange Fungus on Oak Tree

What is the fungus pictured below? The photo was taken October 6, 2013 near San Antonio, TX. I have Googled it and my results suggest Laetiporus root rot (Laetiporus sulfureus). According to this ...
8
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0answers
397 views

What is this fuzzy, black fungus that grew on my plates in the 4⁰C room? [closed]

I often find the fungus below growing on my (ostensibly) sterile plates in the 4⁰C room. Presumably it takes a few days to reach this size. The colony looks puffy and dimpled in the middle, like a ...
7
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1answer
729 views

How do fungi react to being grown in a tissue culture?

I know how plant cells and animal cells react to being cultured and grown this way, but what about mushrooms? Would they respond like plants, and result in embryos growing off the mass? Or does the ...
7
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2answers
15k views

What is the difference between “dikaryotic” and “heterokaryotic” states in the sexual lifecyles of fungi?

Many fungi undergo a reproductive phase in which more than one genetically distinct nuclei (from 2 separate mating types) is present within the same cytoplasm. In the Ascomycota and Basidiomycota, ...
6
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2answers
592 views

Is there an antagonistic association between Penicillium and Aspergillus?

Some Aspergillus species appear to like walnuts. My question concerns the association of Penicillium and Aspergillus. No sooner does Aspergillus colonize a walnut (or some other challenging carbon ...
6
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1answer
374 views

Do all mushrooms have the same multicellular ancestor?

Do all mushrooms have the same multicellular ancestor? Did that ancestor feature common mushroom elements such as cap, stem, sporofore, vulva, bulb, etc.
6
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1answer
142 views

What are those huge plants / fungi on trees called?

I've seen them in Scotland in August 2015: The plants / fungi were quite high (over 2m) on the tree. They are almost circular if you view them from the top, I guess (except for the part where they ...
6
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1answer
126 views

Where does fungus store excess food?

Can anyone pin point, as to where and how, the excess food is stored in fungus (mushroom to be specific). Like plants store as starch granules, so where does mushroom store?
6
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1answer
230 views

Strange looking mushroom found in a dead tree

I'm trying to identify this mushroom my sister found at her campus' lawn. It is brown, looks somewhat like a turtle or a brain and is growing inside of a dead tree trunk. Geographically the campus is ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

Strange Cordeyceps-looking Mushroom in Australia

In the past few weeks, after the rain started up I noticed these mushrooms around my local area. I'd never seen them previously out of the 20 years I've lived here (a town in Queensland, Australia). ...
5
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1answer
110 views

What is a good identification key for European mushrooms?

I live in the Netherlands, and I am looking for an identification key for mushrooms. Are there any keys you could share?
5
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1answer
199 views

Zombie Ant Fungus?

Ophiocordyceps unilateralis is a parasitoidal fungus that alters the behavior of the infected. Source: Wiki page. How is the fungus able to alter the behavior of the infected to such specfic ...
4
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2answers
1k views

What kind of microscope should be used to view biological structures (such as spores) roughly 5 µm in length?

I would like to be able to identify genera of fungi based on the shape, size, and colour of spores. So the requirements are: Must be able to view a 5 micrometre object clearly with reasonable ...
4
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2answers
109 views

Has an artificial symbiotic relationship ever been created?

Have 2 organisms ever been introduced to create a symbiotic relationship that doesn't occur in their natural environment?
4
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1answer
149 views

What is this white stuff inside apples?

I live at Vancouver, BC, Canada and very often find this kind of white stuff in the apples I buy I used to live in Europe (Switzerland) and never saw that before. It very much look like a fungus. ...
4
votes
1answer
130 views

What is the name of this about 5cm high, grey, Beanie shaped fungus?

I found those below some stone stairs in Germany. The grass gives you an impression of the size (I guess the grass is about 5-7cm tall)
4
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1answer
299 views

Beetroot white skin mould

Does a mould make a beetroot poisonous or inedible ? Lemon's mould for instance, makes penicillin, but it's green there, and I'm allergic to penicillin, would the white mould produce penicillin too?
4
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1answer
318 views

How does a fungus protect itself from digestion by other fungi?

If a fungus releases its digestive enzymes outside its body, how does it protect itself from digestion? How do fungi growing nearby protect themselves? I have tried searching this on google but ...
4
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1answer
175 views

An unexpected mushroom in my garden

My grandma is a great fan of mushrooms and knows quite a lot about them. About 10 years ago, she started throwing out mushroom remnants in one special place, in order to grow her own mushrooms. In ...
4
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0answers
75 views

What is effectiveness of methyl-alcohol as sporicide?

Methyl-alcohol is the weakest alcohol in terms of bactericidal properties. However, I have read that it also works as sporicide. What is the effectiveness of methyl-alcohol in killing the spores of ...
4
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0answers
102 views

The ring formation of ringworm

I know ringworm is caused by a fungus on the skin, nails or scalp but what causes the rash to form as a ring instead of like a normal spread out rash?
3
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1answer
108 views

How do mushrooms react to being grown in a microgravity environment?

I'll use Agaricus Bisporus as an example mushroom. If cultured in potato dextrose yeast extract agar, will the resulting growth grow in a normal pattern? Will the sporocarps emerge from the surface (...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

What type of mushroom/fungus is this?

I had someone gift me some old firewood along with some other wood I had purchased from them. I was told the wood in question is popple. However, it was in pretty bad shape and much of it had a ...
3
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1answer
41 views

How high into the air are spores of molds commonly occurring?

I understand so far that most of the air surrounding us contains mold spores so that given the right environment and a food source they start to grow. I assume this is true for air close to the earth. ...
3
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1answer
90 views

Molds and fungi usually found on book pages: identifying and preventing further spread

I know I can use bleach to kill most of the spores that live on my walls. I know I have to keep humidity below a certain level and temperature above another to prevent the spread of mold. I have read ...
3
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1answer
85 views

What is the scientific name of such a fungus?

Several days ago, in a bush I found the fungus as attached which is about 25cm in height and does not look like an edible mushroom: Any one has an idea of its scientific name and other details?
3
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1answer
86 views

Ways to fight black mold

Is it possible to introduce a microorganism to a colony of black mold that will kill off the black mold entirely and permanently? Is there a common microorganism that likes to eat them and is harmless ...
3
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1answer
290 views

What's the purpose of colorful mushrooms' caps?

What's the purpose for many mushrooms to have colorful caps? Is not it is in their interest to hide as well as possible? Or there are mushrooms that propagate by being eaten, like fruits? Why not all ...
3
votes
1answer
279 views

Can oil be used instead of water in preparing wet mounts for microscopy?

Is there a reason that oil (e.g., vegetable or clear mineral) is not used to make wet mounts in microscopy? I am not referring to oil immersion technique but substituting oil for water in wet mounts ...
3
votes
2answers
172 views

What is the species of these mushrooms?

The mushrooms are gilled with a light-brown cap. The stem is widened to the base. What species is it? Is it considered edible? They are found in mixed forest in Moscow, Russia. They grow in the ...
3
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0answers
27 views

How do I test if microbes have survived after dehydration?

I have a solution containing various bacteria and fungi. My aim is to place solution on filter paper, and wait until it dries. I then wish to test if the organisms have survived, either on the dried ...
3
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0answers
59 views

What Chemical Trigger Causes Ectomycorrhiza To Change From Asexual To Sexual?

I want to know the trigger behind the change of asexual to sexual ectomycorrhiza when symbiosis with a tree root is formed. As ectomycorrhiza attaches itself to a root, it forms a relationship wherein ...
3
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0answers
60 views

How Many Generation We can Run a Mycelium of Pleurotus ostreatus/Pearl Oyster?

I am able to grow mycelium successfully on the spent coffee grounds. And mycelium is successfully fruiting once/twice on the same substrate. I am cloning by taking mycelium from the existing one (...
3
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0answers
101 views

What is this red liquid produced by a fungal colony?

In a jar, where I had some orchid plants, a fungi start growing few days ago. I removed the plants and let the fungi to expand and grow more. After some days, red drops started to appear on the ...
2
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1answer
433 views

Why are some fungi poisonous?

There are many poisonous fungi in nature. For example Amanita Phalloides. What reasons could a fungus need poison for? Some species, like venomous snakes, use poison to kill other species as prey. ...
2
votes
1answer
304 views

Where would Saccharomyces cerevisiae be found in highest concentrations in environment?

I have bakers asthma specifically to 'Sc' yeast, and know to avoid bakeries, breweries, etc... I have figured out to not disturb rotting leaf piles, and fermenting bark mulch. Where else? What ...
2
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2answers
34 views

Where I can download the genome sequence of various species of Fusarium?

I'm looking for genome sequence of various species of Fusarium (a kind of fungus!) on net, but I found no suitable information. Could you please help me out for this purpose? Thanks in advance
2
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1answer
1k views

Is Aspergillus clavatus an unicellular organism?

I could not find the piece of information form Burton Human Parasitology -book and not by Google. Yeast is divided to two phylums: one of them is Ascomycota. Aspergillus clavatus belong to the given ...
2
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2answers
188 views

Can a fungus become resistant to a chemical such as Potassium Permanganate?

A friend used potassium permanganate solution to treat tinea on the hands/feet but after some initial success, the tinea seems to be making a comeback. Could the fungus develop resistance to potassium ...
2
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1answer
83 views

Aside from cockroaches and other insects, which species (of all kinds) are 'immune' to ionizing radiation?

I have just been reading this excellent question and answer about cockroaches ability to withstand ionizing radiation. My question is an extension of that question: aside from insects, which other ...
2
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1answer
651 views

Advantage of cup-like shape of blood cells, spores?

Mold spores sometimes have the same shape as platelets in blood. If I were designing a spore it would probably be spherical. Is there any advantage to this cup-like shape? Maybe there is some ...
2
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1answer
117 views

How do parasitic fungi sense optimal fruiting conditions from inside the host?

Question is pretty straight forward. Are there generally any chemical cues?