Which of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) catalyse the release of the neuromodulators mentioned below that's caused by nicotine?
Neuromodulators: acetylcholine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, vasopressin, histamine, arginine, serotonin, dopamine, autocrine agents, and $\beta$-endorphin. I am aware that agonists of the $\alpha_7 ...
Endocannabinoid Transporters - which ones are Likely to Exist and what is the Evidence for their Respective Existence?
Endocananbinoid = Endogenous Cannabinoid or CB1 and CB2 ligands. I'm asking which endocannabinoid transporters exist and could the one answering show all the evidence for the existence of the ...
Do heteroreceptors always suppress the release of the neurotransmitter they regulate upon their (the heteroreceptor's) activation?
I am working on the solution to a worldwide problem: IBS or chronic diarrhea following a viral gastroenteritis infection. I think I have an answer. The only missing piece to the puzzle I found in a ...