The study of the structure and function of the nervous system and its components.

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Cross section of actin network in neurites

for a simulation I am developing I would like to know how the actin network in neurites is distributed. Is actin confined to the periphery or is the whole neurite shaft containing actin with a rather ...
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24 views

Why does chewing enrage me? [on hold]

Whether it's snacking on chips, munching on salad, or simply chewing gum, when I hear someone do it within an earshot, it drives me completely bonkers! It doesn't matter if it's my girlfriend, my ...
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How does Sodium Valproate cause neural plasticity

I have been reading a fascinating paper: Valproate reopens critical-period learning of absolute pitch 18 individuals were given Sodium Valproate (VPA) for a fortnight during which they trained on a ...
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32 views

Inductance in cell

In an animal cell, especially neuron and in particular its axon, while there is electrical resistance and capacitance mechanism in the cell, which play essential roles in the cable theory model of ...
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1answer
22 views

Braquio-abduction illusion explanation and references

Illusion: Lying down on a hard flat floor move arms up and down (as when doing a snow angel) while keeping them touching the floor. While repeating it a few times the floor begins to appear concave, ...
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1answer
58 views

How does someone with red-green colorblindness see yellow on a monitor/television?

I recently watched the video This Is Not Yellow explaining how red, green, and blue pixels can be used to create images of all other colors. Since yellow is created with red and green pixels, how is a ...
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1answer
24 views

Is there a correlation between total neurons and intelligence?

Thanks for looking. First off, I am not a biologist, just a curious layman, so I apologize in advance if this isn't a "good" question. Please don't downvote me into oblivion. I read today that the ...
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2answers
558 views

What happens once a brain is full?

I just read the answer to this question, and it got me thinking... If the human brain (or any other brain) has a finite amount of storage, what would happen once the brain has taken in its maximum ...
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1answer
48 views

Do skull bones have pain nerves (nociceptors)?

I recently attended an awake brain surgery for deep brain stimulation and it seemed to me that only the skin surrounding the drilled hole got local anaesthesia. I know that the brain itself does not ...
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25 views

Kinesin-5 / cytoplasmic dynein spatial density distribution in neurons

is there some way to experimentally determine the density distribution of those two molecular motors in a Neuron? Fluorescence labeling would be impossible(?) as GFP markers would probably alter the ...
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1answer
52 views

Is it possible for neurons themselves to manifest cancerous behavior?

From what I understand, one form of cancer is a faulty gene responsible for the programmed death of a cell. Not long ago, popular wisdom used to say neurons don't regenerate. However that is no ...
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35 views

What causes headaches (biologically)? What does it mean directly? [closed]

Even though your brain can't feel pain, thingies in your head are installed to compensate for that. Once I thought your head starts to hurt when your brain is tired. I can't believe this any more. ...
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2answers
127 views

How is information sent from limbs to the brain exactly?

Say you have a needle, and you poke a very specific area on your left thumb. A signal gets sent from that nerve up your spine and into your brain. How does the brain know exactly where this signal ...
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1answer
53 views

Where do butterflies sleep?

Do butterflies (insects) sleep, and if so, where?? I have googled for information but didn't get an exact answer.
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1answer
59 views

Simultaneously using both hands - How does that work?

Is some part in one hemisphere the decision maker and "calling the shots" - controlling the opposite side's hand "directly" and controlling its own side's hand through the corpus callosum. Or: is ...
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1answer
33 views

Mechanism of antiperistalsis

What is the mechanism of antiperistalsis that occurs during vomiting? Why the peristaltic waves normally don't propagate in anal to oral direction? Please give logical explanation with authentic ...
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2answers
58 views

Resting and action membrane potential..?

In the resting membrane potential of neurons the inside of membrane is kept negative and outside of membrane is kept positive by the utilization of energy through Na-K Atpase pump, While during action ...
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1answer
30 views

Can a postsynaptic neuron 'shut itself off?

I am an amateur interested in neuroscience and was curious whether there is a process by which a neuron or group of neurons would close their receptors and stop receiving signals from specific ...
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1answer
34 views

Biological advantage of electric synapses

Electric synapses are synapses that do not process information but simply foward one action potential from one neuron to the next. There are no neurotransmitters, no inhibitory and exitatory ...
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1answer
25 views

Neuronal Architecture of the Brain

To what extent do brains (e.g. of humans) contain recurrent connections? I am studying artificial neuronal networks and frequently encountered the statement, that recurrent neural networks are ...
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1answer
44 views

Exercise vs stimulants, which is more effective for promoting concentration?

Stimulants are the first choice for treating ADHD. But we also know that exercise helps to improve concentration. We know that both stimulants and exercise increase bloodflow to muscles and to the ...
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56 views

In-Ear headphones increasing nasal breathing resistance

I figure this is a rather strange question, however, I noticed this quite some time ago and wanted to make sure that this is in fact a permanent condition before posting. The situation is as follows: ...
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1answer
28 views

The use of proteins in memory creation

I have very limited knowledge of how the human memory works as I think, at this time, most people do. However, I have been reading and some articles which say, and I quote the article just linked ...
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2answers
65 views

Membrane potential after exposure to glutamate

Neurons were kept in a physiological solution. During the resting phase, the membrane potential in the axoplasm of neurons was negative compared to the extracellular space and a potential ...
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1answer
22 views

Fastest and slowest action potential

When our instructor asked us about the speed of action potentials in cells, I told him that action potentials and two-wheelers travels at similar speeds. He thought that this is an 'interesting' way ...
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1answer
43 views

Relationship between action potentials and EEG recordings

It is possible that I am overthinking this but I have difficulties relating the neural activation to the amplitude and frequency of EEG recordings. For example; if at the EEG location P3/P4 we ...
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2answers
88 views

what are the factors that control the processing speed of brain?

If we consider an analogy between a wire and a neuron there may be some resemblance between the factors controlling the data flow rate. For example the increased width of wire leads to decreased ...
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2answers
51 views

What do nerves have to do with feeling nervous?

I was thinking about how when people say: "Nerve cells don't regenerate" (which is, apparently, not true at least for some kinds of nerves) and "You're making me nervous" they might not refer to the ...
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128 views

How does an axon “know” it's not connecting to its own neuron?

I recently read about an experiment where they removed the dendrites and axons from rat neurons and placed them on a grid. After a while they started reconnecting and were able to learn things. Since ...
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1answer
59 views

Do insomniacs yawn?

According to wikipedia, the jury is still out on the function a yawn serves. The article referenced above however writes to say Yawning most often occurs in adults immediately before and after ...
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1answer
43 views

Hebbian theory “fire together” clarification

Donald Hebb states it as follows: "Let us assume that the persistence or repetition of a reverberatory activity (or "trace") tends to induce lasting cellular changes that add to its stability.… ...
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1answer
37 views

Neurology: spinal tract

I have had a few difficulties finding answers for the questions below. I have tried answering the first two myself; but, I am not sure they are correct or not. And I am not too sure about the third ...
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1answer
42 views

Measurement of glucose concentration in the human brain

If I want to measure the exact glucose concentration in a human brain then how can I proceed to do that? Is there any technique or assay to do that?
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1answer
22 views

Specifics of decussation

Beginner question here: The definition of decussation I see is the crossing through the midline of a bunch of neurons. But I was wondering if there was a little more to it than this, because I'm ...
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1answer
35 views

What is accumulation and release centre of neurohormones?

What is accumulation and release centre of neurohormones? Is it hypothalamus?
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1answer
77 views

Task-dependent “reversed” handedness: why use left hand for some tasks? How is it controlled by the brain?

I am right-handed. Which means that when I hammer down a nail, I hold the nail in my left hand, with which I can hold it straight and at a controlled position. This is true in situations where the ...
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1answer
40 views

Why do the neuron pathways decussate?

I learn about the brain right now, and there are crossing of neuron pathways everywhere; in the thalamus, the medulla oblongata, the pyramidal tract... And I don't understand why? What is the reason ...
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1answer
50 views

What is the energy consumption of the brain?

What is the energy consumption of the brain, and is there a difference in consumption when waking and sleeping?
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1answer
102 views

dopamine paradox in Schizophrenia

If there is more dopamine action in the mesocortical pathway in Schizophrenia, then the patients should always be in euphoric state. But instead patient lacks motivation and don't want pleasure. Why?
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1answer
32 views

Nervous System : Organ or Gland Failure

If an organ was to start failing, not total failure, such as the thyroid gland, is it possible that the fault may not lie in the failure of the organ but in the nerve signals coming from the brain?
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26 views

Nervous system : Nerve signals [duplicate]

If the electrical signals from all the various organs throughout the body eventually connect to the nerves in the spinal column traveling up to the brain, how does the brain differentiate the ...
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1answer
38 views

Nervous system: Pain and Pleasure?

If you have a constant pain in your body, why does a greater pain or pleasure make you not feel the original pain?
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24 views

Spinal cord injury bypass

When the spinal cord is damaged, the connection between the brain and some part of the body may be lost. To restore this connection, some research are carried out, with mainly two different goals : ...
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1answer
105 views

What causes Paresthesia (Pins and Needles) at a cellular level?

I've looked it up in plenty of places like the Wikipedia page and such, and it is clear that the most common cause of Paresthesia is either a fair amount of pressure on a specific patch of skin ...
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23 views

Neuroscience: zapping an axon connected to thermoreceptor

Let’s say an experimenter has an electrode that can give a shock to a single axon. She takes that electrode and zaps an axon connected to thermoreceptors in the hand of her subject. I) What would the ...
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19 views

spinal cord lesion and result in somatic sensation

Jimbo suffers a lesion to the entire right half of the spinal cord at the T6 level. A few weeks after his injury, his doctor tests his right and left legs for somatic sensation and tone. fill out her ...
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1answer
44 views

Do's and Don't's of Undergraduate Research? [closed]

I was fortunate enough to get a position as a researcher for the Mayo Clinic's SURF Program this year. My PI's lab focus is on the the immune system's role in CNS axonal and neuronal injury, ...
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1answer
55 views

What is the creature with the lowest neuron count that demonstrates cognition beyond reflexes?

I'm under the impression that nematode worms just perform the same scripted actions over and over again in response to specific stimuli. They have 302 neurons. Chimpanzees display problem solving ...
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2answers
79 views

Thoughts precede neuron firing or vise-verse?

I am at the verge of submitting a paper on 'scientific explanation of reality' to an international philosophy body. First submitted draft was returned by the evaluation expert, asking me to re-submit ...
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1answer
42 views

Is there a scientific name for the field of study focusing on the hemispheres of the brain and their control of opposite sides of the body?

I'm assuming this field of study would focus on motor controls, movement, and exercise, but it could also focus on activities which strengthen the corpus callosum or stimulate a specific half of the ...