The study of the appropriate provisions required to sustain life in an organism or the provisions themselves.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
1answer
18 views

Do we know a complete list of nutrients that humans must ingest to live?

When the people who are making "nutritionally complete" foods like Soylent are developing their product, how do they know that they've covered all their bases? You need to have protein, carbohydrates, ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

In flowering plants food is transported in which form? [on hold]

In flowering plants food is transported in which form? I searched on google and found that it is sucrose. Why not glucose/fructose/starch?
12
votes
1answer
19k views

What is the composition of human feces?

Are there any studies or general information on the composition of human feces? I'd specifically like to know the percentage of carbohydrates and amino acids relative to the amount that was ingested ...
9
votes
1answer
164 views

What are the survival limitations of alcohol?

This question was inspired by watching one of the Pirates of the Caribbean movies; particularly where Jack Sparrow allegedly survives on a desert island by finding an unlimited supply of rum. I've ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

How does consumption of vinegar affect food chemistry?

For example: does consumption of vinegar somehow change digestion of flour (bread, cakes, pasta, puffs) ? May be there are some benefits to eat flour meal with vinegar ?
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Is there a saturation point for nutritional intake? [closed]

Is there a point where the body will stop absorbing nutritional intakes? Let's take an example with sugar: if I eat two chocolate bars, will I gain the same weight than by eating 10 chocolate bars, ...
3
votes
2answers
32 views

Is there evidence to suggest that nutrients in vitamin capsules are not as readily absorbed as the same nutrients in whole foods?

I recently fell ill with a cold, and began to take a vitamin C capsule each day to help my immune system. When I noticed no change in my condition, I began to incorporate an abundance of citrus into ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Will yeast nutrient work for growing mycelium? [closed]

Does yeast nutrient (Fermax brand, intended for brewing beer) have all the necessary nutrients for mycelium to grow? I have a bag lying around and I wanted to know if mycelium (specifically agaricus, ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

To what extent does the cooking time impact the nutritional content when boiling potatoes?

I wonder to what extent the cooking time impacts the nutritional content when boiling unpeeled potatoes with unsalted water. ...
21
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is it advised that infants are fed mother's milk?

I have heard that mother's milk is preferred over other baby foods, because it contains immunoglobulines (secretory IgA), and other essential nutrients. But why is mother's milk so special? Any ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

What are calories and how to burn them? [closed]

What exactly is a calorie? When burning calories, do we always lose fat? I have tried many apps to measure calories, do they give exact amounts? How many calories should be taken a day?
2
votes
1answer
37 views

How does an excessive amount of beta carotene affect skin colour?

How much is the daily need of beta carotene and how many carrots have to be eaten in order for one's skin to turn "orange". I found 2-4 mg/ day as basic need, 30 mg daily over three weeks turns white ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

How does Ultra-pasteurized milk compare with pasteurized milk?

I am specifically interested in whether all proteins and nutrients lose their structure permanently because of the very high temperature of ultra-pasteurization. What is the case for pasteurized ...
4
votes
1answer
24 views

Enzymes and Digestion

If biological enzymes (protease,amylase,lipase etc.) just speed up the reaction (in the digestion process), then what actually digests the food?? (I'm a secondary student)
1
vote
0answers
25 views

What are the most efficient sources of nutrition to add lean mass? [closed]

In conjunction with an exercise routine, what sources of nutrition will best help increase lean body mass. Most non-hormonal exercise supplements risk causing liver damage and gout due to excess urea ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Real Wine and Real Bread Superfoods? [closed]

On NPR news on the Fm Radio a doctor said wine and bread is the best 2 things you can eat together? A practice observed to this day by Christianity although the bread and wine are badly stripped of ...
5
votes
2answers
244 views

How do large herbivores get enough protein?

The food they eat seem extremely low on protein. Do they need less protein per mass unit than carnivores? Most of them grow quite a lot in the first year, is most of that from the mothers milk?
2
votes
0answers
29 views

On vs. off-plant ripening: which one yields a more nutritious fruit?

Many fruits may ripen either when attached to the plant, or once it is detached from the plant. Which option yields a more nutritious fruit? In other words, if one picks a fruit when it is still ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

How to quantify quality of vegetables and fruits?

I am interested in knowing if there have been studies in quantifying the quality of vegetables and fruits. By simple examination, it is possible for us to identify if a particular vegetable is ...
7
votes
2answers
398 views

Why do carnivores evolve?

If humans can live without consuming other animals, then why we do it; from a biological point of view, why do we eat meat? I would also extend the question to another animals, because many animals ...
3
votes
0answers
72 views

Why doesn't lard taste good? [closed]

I mean looking from evolutionary perspective sugar tastes sweet and individuals that had this perception ate more sugar and survived and those that didn't perceive sugar as sweet didn't eat it and ...
5
votes
1answer
211 views

Possible to Gain More Weight than the Food You Eat

I was wondering if it's possible gain more weight than the mass of the food you eat. At a first look, this is impossible because of the principle of mass conservation, but are there other things to ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Is a fat-soluble vitamin a lipid?

I read in a chemistry book that a steroid is a class of lipids, and that the fat-soluble vitamins like vitamin D are part of steroids. So is a fat-soluble vitamin a lipid? This makes me confused as ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Why would the citrulline content of the watermelon be so high?

Citrulline is a non-proteinogenic amino acid (that is, citrulline is an amino acid that is not coded for in mRNA), and it is an important metabolic intermediate in the Urea Cycle. The Urea Cycle is ...
5
votes
3answers
113 views

Where can you find the quantities of each amino acid of a particular protein or food?

Taking a potato as an example. If I wanted to know how much µg or % of each of it's amino acids there are in 1 gram of pure potato protein, where can I find this information? Is there a freely ...
3
votes
1answer
383 views

What is the distinction between the terms detrivores, decomposers, saprotrophs and saprozoic organisms?

All of them feed on dead and decaying matter (detritus). Detrivores and decomposers are distinct, as it says on Wikipedia, in the fact detrivores consume macroscopic clumps of detritus while ...
14
votes
2answers
233 views

Relationship between our microbiome and personalized nutrition

Recently, it has been asked whether there are 'metabolic types' between humans that can benefit from a sort of personalized nutrition. One answer suggested that one discerning factor could be the ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

What could make a person get ill from not eating often enough? [closed]

Say a person needs to eat every 3 hours, or s\he gets physically ill with fatigue and cold sweating, and this is the case every day. What could cause this?
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Is there a known or quantifiable correlation between capsaicin and its effect on the body's metabolism?

I've often heard that spicy foods can speed up your metabolism, I presume, due to the capsaicin. Though I'm sure this is a minor effect - I doubt eating a pound of jalapenos a day will help me lose ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Which are mobile and immobile elements in plants?

I am confused with this element or nutrient classification in the plants, since some authors set elements like $\ce{S}$ and $\ce{Ni}$ as mobile and other as immobile elements (Citation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5). ...
4
votes
1answer
301 views

Do plants have preference for the form of nitrogen as nutrient?

In the nitrogen cycle (ecology), it is usually described that plants can use nitrogen in the form of ammonium (NH4+) and nitrate (NO3-). Do plants prefer one form of nitrogen over the other?
0
votes
0answers
18 views

What exactly are polyphenols and what benefits do they provide to humans?

I say somewhere that they are antioxidants, but I was wondering if the two terms are synonymous or if that is just one of many things polyphenols can do.
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Transmission of HIV from Mother-to-Child Through Breastfeeding

If a mother is HIV+ and was on medications which would help her deliver a HIV negative baby, can the baby contract the HIV through her breast milk?
5
votes
1answer
193 views

What are 'acid stable' amino acids?

I tend to see terms amino acid, acid stable amino acid, and free amino acids used often in ...
7
votes
1answer
82 views

Do blood glucose “spikes” contribute to insulin resistance, or is prolonged elevation required?

There's increasing public discussion about the health risks of chronic insulin resistance* (IR). In many cases there's a focus on high glycemic index foods that "spike" your blood sugar, which implies ...
11
votes
2answers
6k views

Can humans transdermally absorb minerals from ocean water, and if so how much?

According to several studies quoted here, chemicals can be absorbed by the skin transdermally, at least under certain conditions. When it comes to elements in seawater like sodium, magnesium, ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

What explains the different nutrients of seeds?

I was eating a orange while at work and thought to myself, "Why are oranges sugary, and avocados fatty?" They functionally both do the same thing, right? So my thoughts are simply that this is ...
2
votes
2answers
161 views

Does the human body convert water?

I just read Andy Weir's "The Martian" (which was very good) and one line made me wonder: [...] a human body only borrows water. Is that true? Does all water "that goes in, go out"?
5
votes
0answers
69 views

How does a garlic clove thrive inside a closed refrigerator?

A garlic clove has been growing very well inside a closed refrigerator. It has developed beautiful green stalks, which I think are the equivalent of leafs. Since they are green, I assume they ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Powdered meal replacement vs regular meal

Can a person live with this alternative nutrition? Of course, assuming that eating pleasure is assumed the same. The nutrients that contain are far better than average meal a person eats the majority ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Is it better to eat something that is more or less related to humans?

My question is, would it be better to eat something like a sea cucumber or would be it better to eat a chimpanzee? Maybe this isn't a dichotic answer. Is it better to eat something in between, like ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

How do neurons receive the ions needed for creating electrical pulses?

I really wonder how ions are transported into the brain and the neurons for creating electrical potentials - how do ions get from our digestive system to the neurons? Or are the ions just freely ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

How much does the nutritional value of insects depend on what they're fed? [closed]

Insects are often touted as being the food of the future due to their nutritional value and small amount of resources required to raise them. However, how dependent is the nutritional value of an ...
2
votes
2answers
693 views

Histidine - why essential for children?

Why is histidine an essential amino acid for children but not for adults ? What changes in the body occur which lead to the formation of histidine in adults but not in children ? What causes these ...
5
votes
1answer
117 views

Mites on ginger root

I was just looking at some mouldy ginger found in the fridge under the microscope and was horrified/delighted to find (what looked to be) mites growing in it. I have searched the web and can only find ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Why is it so hard to find the amount of biotin in food? [closed]

According to the WHO publications biotin is a thing we need. Although its non toxic, so you can't get too much. However, excluding a few (small) lists that deal exclusively with biotin content there ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Could felines live without meat?

Algae are a source of taurine and mushrooms are a source of vitamin D3. Both also contain high protein. So, it seems possible to feed a cat or other felines without any meat. Are there any concerns to ...
4
votes
4answers
304 views

Why can't you just take a vitamin? Why you need a healthy diet on top of that?

From what I understand, your body needs certain amounts of vitamins and minerals to maintain health. Why can't we just take enough pills to obtain these vitamins and minerals?
8
votes
1answer
115 views

Why do humans require vitamin B12 supplementation while herbivores do not?

This question came about from reading the comments of this (very unclear) question, which the author did not properly clarify. Vegans are often recommended to take vitamin B12 supplements, as the ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Why cooked food considered nutritious if proteins decompose at much lower temperatures?

Food is cooked/baked at temperatures that are significantly higher than what's considered normal for proteins/amino acids (40°C). Then why such food is still considered nutritious after cooking? ...