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How are the external stimuli which fixed action patterns and other “innate” behaviours are honed in on genetically encoded?

Kelp gulls peck at a red spot on their mother's beak. Geese and cranes imprint on hang gliders. Presumably, these processes depend on sensory primitives (red spots, triangular shapes), and these are ...
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Is process, opposite for growth, known for mammals?

Every animal born small, then grow larger and larger. The same is true for parts of the animal bodies. Is there any cases, when body or part of the body diminishes in size and mass, while staying ...