Where one organism takes advantages from living alongside another organism to the detriment of the host.

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52 views

Can galls be formed from mutualistic relationships?

According to Wikipedia, galls (cecidia) are formed by parasitic insects and mites like gall wasps (Neuroterus albipes). At some metamorphic stage, these organisms alter cell division processes in ...
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3answers
101 views

What is the difference between a predator and a parasite?

A human encountering a tiger or a malaria plasmodium is likely to suffer, and the tiger/plasmodium is likely to gain from the transaction. Not necessarily a good example, and I am aware that a ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Would a vial of anticoagulated, warm blood attract mosquitoes?

Would mosquitoes feed on free blood as an easy source of nutrients? They home in on veins by means of infrared light (heat detection). Also, blood needs to be in liquid form. So would they feed on ...
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2answers
88 views

How can a tongue-biting parasitic arthropod become a fully functional tongue?

From wikipedia: The parasite Cymothoa exigua [consumes a fish's tongue and] then replaces [it] by attaching its own body to the muscles of the tongue stub. The fish is able to use the parasite ...
4
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1answer
3k views

Why is the mosquito a definitive host in malaria?

I thought that the definition of a definitive host was that the parasite had to sexually reproduce in that particular host. I've been told that mosquitoes are the definitive host for the plasmodium ...
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1answer
71 views

Recent classification for parasitoid (ecological relationships)

I'm about to present an exam about ecological interactions in biological control. Although the position of some groups is clear, in the case of parasitoids they are included sometimes as predators, ...
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0answers
32 views

How to calculate the number of sterile insects that must be released in SIT?

The sterile insect technique (SIT) is used to control insect pests through overwhelming the population in sterile males. The increase in sterile males released into an environment causes the increase ...
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1answer
123 views

Can you find malaria parasites in saliva?

Can you find plasmodium parasites (malaria) in saliva under microscope from someone who's infected? Or it's only in the blood?
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51 views

Question about *Cryptosporidium hominis*

Cryptosporidium muris infects mostly rodents and it is usually found in gastric gladns. Cryptosporidium parvum infects humans and certain animals and it is found in the terminal ileum and colon. ...
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49 views

Question about microaerophilic parasite tolerance for oxygen

Does anyone know what is the maximal concentration of oxygen that can be tolerated by the parasite Giardia intestinalis?
3
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1answer
97 views

What's the use of RNA editing in kinetoplast?

The genes of the mitochondrion (kinetoplast) of some Kinetoplastida - e.g. Trypanosoma brucei, the parasite which causes African sleeping sickness - are "encoded" in a way that the pre mRNA requiries ...
3
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1answer
168 views

What kind of mushroom(?) is this?

I found groups of these growing in the Lassen National Forest (Susanville, CA, USA). It looks like some sort of mushroom. I have Googled extensively, but can't seem to find a match.
3
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1answer
516 views

Can Naegleria fowleri enter through the eyes ( example rinsing/splashing eyes with water)

I understand that it primarily enters the body through the nose by by "feeding on the olfactory neurons in the nose" as answered here in a different question. Would the nerve cells in the eyes present ...
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431 views

Can Naegleria fowleri enter through wounds into the bloodstream?

All the sources I've read said that Naegleria fowleri enters the brain through the nose. But lets say that someone had cuts on their arm or leg and they are swimming in water that is conducive to ...
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1answer
201 views

Is Batesian Mimicry a form a parasitism? To what extent is the species with real defenses harmed by the defenceless species?

It seems like Müllerian mimicry would be an example of mutualism because both species would end up being eaten less by predators that only have to learn one pattern of warning symbols. But to what ...