The study of diseases, including their causes and effects.

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Can the spinal cord contain an “epileptic focus”?

I was wondering, is there a possibility of an something similar to an epileptic focus to exist within the spinal cord? Note I am using the terminology "epileptic" loosely here, principally for the ...
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1answer
74 views

What causes the pain when a bone fracture is healing?

Why does a fracture still hurts when it is healing? I understand the pain at the beginning - the bone is not in its place, there is a pressure against the nerves, also the swelling pushes the nerves ...
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37 views

Finding confidence level of miRNA disease associations

I'm an undergraduate computer engineering student, and I have a project about bioinformatics. In this manner, I need to find prediction( or association I'm not sure the correct terminology) confidence ...
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41 views

Should gene therapy safety protocol include isolation?

In the case of a gene therapy trial where viral vectors are used to deliver genes into mammalian cells, including humans, should biosafety and ethical protocols include isolation of the patient as a ...
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105 views

What is the biochemical pathway of fluoride?

Fluoride is a common active ingredient in tooth paste to prevent dental caries. It is also added or removed from the water supply in some communities for the same reason, but in children only. My ...
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27 views

Wolbachia - cytoplasmic incompatibility

I read that cytoplasmic incompatibility in Wolbachia occurs when wolbachia-infected male insects mate with wolbachia-free female insects and produce non-viable offspring. By contrast, ...
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32 views

Subtypes of Acute myeloid leukemia

I am a computer scientist with no biological background and working on analyzing lab results of patients with Acute myeloid leukemia. They have been tagged with following subtypes of AML: AML with ...
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83 views

What are the ingredients of Pheromone Trap using for controlling Fruit flies of cucumber?

Pheromone Traps are used for fruit fly control. But I have no idea which ingredients or chemicals are used for preparing Pheromone trap
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38 views

Of people who develop Alzheimer disease, are those people genetically predisposed to it?

I have read a lot lately about microbiological pathogens that are found in blood vessels in the brain of patient's with Alzheimer disease (positive association). So, I am confused whether there are ...
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10 views

percentage of animal diseases caused by bacteria?

I know this is a long shot, but what is the approximate percentage out of all the animal diseases that are caused by bacteria? One of the Q&A websites answer it as 90, but is there any conclusive ...
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23 views

Are there any auto-immune diseases caused by T cells not detaching from antigen presenting cells (APCs)?

By not detaching I'm referring to after they have formed an immunological synapse, if they don't ever detach.
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How do we determine a disease's incubation period?

There was a suspected case of Ebola in France, which was later dismissed, since the suspect lastly came into contact with a potentially contaminated person more than 21 days before, which is the ...
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57 views

Does drinking spoiled milk that has been boiled upset the GI tract?

With water, boiling will kill harmful pathogens. Does this also hold true for milk ? If it does not, what in the milk will continue to cause gatrointestinal distress ? Shouldn't boiling kill the ...
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44 views

Plateletpheresis for hemophilia

Plateletpheresis is seperation of platelets from whole blood and putting the leukocytes and erythrocytes back into the blood. If the person donating platelets does not have hemophilia than could a ...
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0answers
91 views

What is the name of systemic tension of muscles?

I meat a overtrained friend (25 years old) who cannot rest. He has all muscles and most of the skin very tense. He is practising regularly in gym and sleep badly. He moves like a stick figure and has ...
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0answers
32 views

Which disorders are fully concordant?

I work in neuroscience, mostly Alzheimer's disease (AD), with some work in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The work is in gene regulation and epigenomics. I'm familiar with monozygotic twin (MZ) ...
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20 views

Oral Fordyce spots

This is an image of a Fordyce spot I found on Googling. I don't know how to interpret this image. Is this an image of a single Fordyce spot? Single as in a single spot when viewed with the naked ...
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12 views

Why does type 3 systemic hypersensitivity not lead to shock?

Why does type 3 systemic hypersensitivity not lead to anaphylatic shock or hypovolumic shock, which shows the same features of type 1 systemic hypersensitivity like prolonged inflammation, production ...
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11 views

Do other primates get gallstones?

Which non-human primates actually get gall stones the same as humans? All, some, none? References appreciated! Anecdotes about pet primates with gallstones also welcome if you have any...
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Steppe peoples method for healing horses' wounds

There was a custom among nomadic steppe peoples like Huns or Mongols of putting pieces of saltened meat in wounds of their horses to make them heal faster. Did it work? If so, how? I suppose it has ...
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47 views

Endogenous PAF inhibitor in metastatic process (?)

When neoplastic cells cause a metastasis, they can create a protective coat of platelets that counterbalances immunitary response. My question is if the coat formed due to PAF can be undone by an ...
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11 views

What's the relationship between Drugbank drugs and SMPDB pathways?

In the 'pathway browse' panel SMPDB pathways and their corresponding Drugbank drugs are listed. What are the relationships between the drugs and the pathways? Some listed drugs are not in the ...
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39 views

Is there a graph or ontology that maps diseases to its possible causes or causing diseases?

I am looking for a mapping, list, ontology or graph that shows the connection between a diseases and its (currently known) causes and/or risk factors. For example a well known risk factor for acute ...
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39 views

Are there any viruses that are part of all land animals?

An article on I Fucking Love Science (linked to below) got me thinking, are there any viruses that have been so successful that they have spread to all land animals similar to Toxoplasmosis which has ...