Biology dealing with study of reproductive process, especially in higher animals. Closely related to reproductive endocrinology.

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1answer
43 views

How does menstruation proceed during one period?

I'm simplifying things here: A. Does a woman bleed constantly, like a drop every 10 minutes? Two hours without pad or tampon and your underwear is dirty? or B. Does a woman bleed suddenly a ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

Why do we have more male infant born?

For every 104 male babies,we have 100 female babies and there is a Statistics which is more reliable (we have 997 female infant born per 1000 male infant born). what's the reason? why do we have male ...
12
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2answers
2k views

How was birth control realized in ancient days? [closed]

In ancient days, there were no birth control methods like condoms or contraceptive pills available. How did they control pregnancy?
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votes
2answers
213 views

The gender of offspring of Twins?

Given identical twin males, Michael and Douglas, Douglas and his wife have four children, all of whom are girls. Michael and his wife have only one child, a boy, and are expecting another. What are ...
14
votes
2answers
222 views

How is menstruation not suicide in the wild?

Watch any wilderness special for more than a few minutes, and you'll notice a familiar pattern: when a predator catches the scent of blood on the wind, the hunt is on. Wounded animals make the best ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Why are hard boiled eggs so homogeneous?

A eukaryotic animal cell is a complicated piece of biological machinery. Some major structures inside of the cell (see the image below) include: the nucleus, mitochondria, Golgi vesicles, and various ...
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0answers
21 views

Creating Sperm via cell culture adaptation

I am wondering if it is theoretically possible to create "artificial sperm" via cell culture adaptation. That is at very high level, can you replace the genes of one sperm cell with those of another ...
6
votes
3answers
403 views

What exactly does adaptive mean?

This is a quote from Dey et al 2014: Hatching asynchrony is thought to be adaptive because... What exactly does adaptive mean here? Does it mean hatching asynchrony has fitness benefits? Or does ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

What is the main challenge in creating a chemical male contraceptive?

More than 50 years after hormonal contraception for women was invented, a contraceptive pill for males is still not available. With the obvious major biological differences in mind, why does it appear ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Why doesn't the sperm die if there is citric acid and acid phosphatases in the semen?

While studying I read that sperm needs alkaline medium for its survival.But when I studied the composition of semen it revealed that semen contains citric acid which acts as a sperm nutrient along ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Significance of prostaglandins in semen?

I am trying to figure out how prostaglandins in the semen relate to the female reproductive tract. More specifically, How does prostaglandins in semen help the female reproductive tract increase the ...
-2
votes
1answer
63 views

Why do mammals in the wild retain the “trait” of menstruating with blood?

This question intrigued me a lot since if animals in the wild did have menstruation with blood flow, wouldn't all that blood be attracting every other predator in the vicinity?
3
votes
2answers
160 views

Can diploidy evolve in absence of sexual reproduction?

Theoretical question Can diploidy (or polyploidy) evolve from a haploid lineage in the absence of sexual reproduction ? For what theoretical reason? How can such evolution take place? Empirical ...
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1answer
52 views

Is “monosexual” still a valid term in biology?

I read an older article where they talk about species being strictly monosexual as opposite of being hermaphrodite, etc [1]. After an extensive googling and reading about how everybody has to be at ...