Questions about the integumentary system of vertebrates.

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5
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2answers
38 views

Why did humans evolved the scratch reflex?

I've been wondering about this for some time, and I can't come to an answer... Everybody keeps telling me that scratching one's own skin is bad. It damages the epidermis, creates the hazard of ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

What are possible physiological causes for dry, irritated facial skin when failing to shave? [closed]

I am aware that skin can become dry and irritated AFTER shaving, but what could be a reason for the same result when letting facial hair grow out? It makes sense why shaving would cause the skin to ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

Why are skin tactile receptors considered to be phasic receptors?

A phasic receptor by definition is one that quickly adapts to change. In terms of neuron firing, this means that it does not trigger another firing because the receptors are used to the stimulus. But ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

Can anti-aging cream work?

I have a friend who told me that anti-aging cream cannot work to reduce wrinkles as it only penetrates x amount of skin layers and can never make a long term effect. Me not knowing much about how ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

What causes the line patterns in the palm of the hand?

The line patterns on the hand are unique to each individual, but what causes these lines and re they advantageous in anyway?
4
votes
1answer
268 views

What is our skin made up of?

Again, it is a basic question. What is our skin made up of? is it made up of many cells arranged in a systematic way or is it just like any layer say of a book?? what is the difference? where is the ...
1
vote
3answers
53 views

Can a portion of human skin cells be modified in some way to generate light? [closed]

I have come across some species of living organisms who are able to emit light at whim. Can that ability be incorporated into a portion of human skin (a specialized tissue)?
7
votes
1answer
50 views

Why can good music raise goosebumps?

Listening to really good music right now, I was wondering why it raises goosebumps. Is there any physiological reason for this reaction to specific wavelengths or something? EDIT: Due sometimes ...
11
votes
3answers
160 views

Do humans perceive temperature or heat-flux? (or both?)

The general understanding is that when I touch an object, I perceive its (relative) temperature. A metal object at room temperature, however, will often feel cool to the touch. This leads me to ...
4
votes
1answer
40 views

Why is hyper pigmentation the common aftermath of skin lesions and abrasions?

I'm aware that melanocytes produce melanin, giving color to the skin, but why are these cells recruited or overactive when healing skin abrasions, lesions and sores when T-cells and inflammatory ...
6
votes
1answer
222 views

Why are particular laser-related skin products not recommended for darker skin tones?

This is about products such as: The "Theradome" laser helmet (this claims to stimulate hair growth through lasers) Theradome™, a biomedical engineering company based in the Silicon Valley, is ...
5
votes
1answer
39 views

Is there any conclusive study relating the food consumed and the occurrence of acne?

The internet says a million things about what to eat and what not to in case of acne. For instance: Refrain from dairy products. Refrain from food heavy in unsaturated fat. Refrain from too much ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

The skin color of bonobos

Why is that bonobos skin color on the areas not covered by hair are dark throughout life unlike the chimpanzee?
1
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1answer
34 views

What is different between the pigment of giraffes and the pigment of flowers?

I saw this video created by Derek Muller and he says there that it is very unusual to evolutionary develop the colour of the skin without the pigment. That sounds reasonable but if so, what nutrients ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Why merkel cells are innervated by axon and not by dendrite end?

so here's the two pics that i have taken from google images and it really helped me with my question and my question is we all know that the afferent neurons receive senses for CNS which it had to be ...
2
votes
2answers
526 views

How hot can a beverage get without burning the tongue?

What is the maximum temperature that a beverage can be without burning the tongue? I suspect there's a maximum temperature that the surface tissue of a tongue can withstand without being damaged ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Dead skin cell decomposition

What would be the resultant by-products of a completely decomposed dead skin cell? What would be the size of each of the by-products of a decomposed dead skin cell? How long would it take for a dead ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Why does some skin hold perfume longer than others

I was wondering my girlfriend and I used the same perfume for a while and we sprayed the same place. And after a day her skin still smells nice while mine smells normal. Will different types of ...
5
votes
1answer
369 views

Why do some cuts leave scars, while others do not?

Last year I got a moderately-deep cut on my finger, and it left a scar. Six months later, the scar is still there. On the other hand, I've had lots of other cuts on my fingers, though none have left ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

How much time is required between repeated exposures to sun to prevent sunburn [closed]

After being in the sun, how much 'rest' is required before you can expose yourself again? e.g. from Wikipedia: Sunburn can occur in less than 15 minutes So if you were in a place where sunburn ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

What is the chemical process involved in human hairs changing colour after sun exposure?

After a day at the beach, my skin tans due to Melanin. But I also observe the black hairs on my arm turn a blond colour. My question is What is the chemical process involved in human hairs ...
4
votes
2answers
777 views

Why doesn't the human skin grow back exactly how it was before being damaged?

Very simple: Why (and how) is regenerated skin different from original ? As we know we lose skin cells that becomes the dust in out homes and it always grows back to full thickness right ? So when I ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Any relevant knowledge/studies about voluntary goose bumps [duplicate]

I'm not entirely sure how normal this is, but since I was a child, I've been able to produce myself voluntarily a "chill" sensation that seems to start on my head and traverse the rest of my body, ...
2
votes
0answers
559 views

Why does skin sometimes suddenly itch when you stretch it? [closed]

Sometimes, when I bend over, areas of my skin like my back can suddenly itch quite intensely. Sometimes it may be another part of my body and the pattern seems to be a part of the skin organ that is ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Can skin become denser?

I heard that after injury or repeated damage bone becomes denser, can skin become denser as well?
1
vote
1answer
151 views

Consequence of touching Formaldehyde

I accidently touched formaldehyde some days ago. Skin on my hand got dehydrated as if I had placed it in salt solution. I washed it with water and it returned to normal state after 5 minutes. But now ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Pathogenesis of chronic venous congestion in skin?

I think CVC cannot lead to heart failure primarily. So let's think its pathogenesis in skin now only. I think the pathogenesis is like this dilation of veins and capillaries due to impaired venous ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

S. pyogenes' skin infection diagnostics

S. pyogenes is "flesh-eating" bacteria. It results from life-theatening myonecrosis caused by this organism. S. pyogenes avoids phagocytosis (mediated primarily by capsule, M and M-like proteins, C5a ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Physiology of skin and leather: why do salt borders occur?

I discussed a leather store about the white border aka salt border on leather shoes. They said that it is due to inner features of leather and you could try to add some fat/cream to push it back ...
1
vote
4answers
154 views

Significance of having goosebumps?

What help does goosebumps do to us? I don't think it helps us noticeably when we are scared or shivering.
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Are there free electrons in muscles, hair, or skin?

Electric shock occurs upon contact of a (human) body part with any source of electricity that causes a sufficient current through the skin, muscles, or hair. In metals many electrons are said to be ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Is the Michael Jackson skin pigmentation disease realistic?

Quoting wikipedia: Jackson's skin had been a medium-brown color for the entire duration of his youth, but starting in the mid-1980s, it gradually grew paler. The change gained widespread media ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

Why Do Healing Wounds Feel Warmer To The Touch?

I fell over on my bicycle trying to avoid running over a rattlesnake, and ended up badly skinning my knee. It immediately began to bleed, but soon clotted. It has been 2 days now and it has formed a ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Can the colour of skin change with age

Can the colour of skin change with age? Can a dark skinned person become fair or vice versa? Can Melanocyte production vary?
2
votes
1answer
46 views

How can a respiratory infection lead to a skin infection?

Example of a case: 5 children develop a bright red rash on the face and turns violet after a few days and then disappears. Then maculopapular rash appears on the trunk, buttocks and extremities. It ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Does pain scale with mammal mass?

Some biological features scale with the animal mass (see previous Q&A). Assuming the same concentration of nociceptors on the skin surface, I'm wondering how painful a 1 cm wound will be ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

How are blood vessels affected by UV and infrared radiation?

The lining of the blood vessel as an interface and boundary layer is of existential necessity to the life-support of mammals. My question is: How are major blood vessels and the blood vessel lining ...
3
votes
1answer
467 views

How can haired mammals synthesize vitamin D?

The human body can synthesize vitamin D in the skin from cholesterol, when sun exposure is adequate. But how can haired mammals do it? Do not they need it?
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Why Is The Toughness Of Skin Different On Different Parts Of The Body?

My cat was licking my arm with his sandpaper like tongue. It hurt and the area he was licking was slightly smarting afterwards. However, when he licks the palm of my hand the feeling is rather ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does the sweat of children not smell like adults?

My kids sweat plenty in this hot heat, but they don't smell afterward. I on the other hand need all kinds of deodorant. Why doesn't kid sweat smell?
2
votes
1answer
149 views

How long does a tan last?

How long do melanocytes and melanosomes continue to protect DNA after UV exposure? Basically, if skin is tanned, then over the next month it is shed, will melanocytes continue to produce high levels ...
1
vote
1answer
661 views

Relation between goose bumps and temperature

As we all know, cold weather will cause us to have goose bumps. I honestly don't know why (1), because our skin contracts? Apart from that something quite contradicting happened this morning. I was ...
6
votes
1answer
207 views

How does skin healing work?

I stacked my bike and split my head right open. About three weeks later the scab falls off and the skin is sealed over, like magic! How does it all work? How does the brain know that part of the ...
5
votes
1answer
82 views

Is there a scientific proof that smoking spoils face skin?

I saw that cigarettes-smokers (more than 3 cigarettes per day) often have the skin of the face which is a little bit spoiled. Is there any scientific proof that cigarette smoke (or the nicotine ...
1
vote
2answers
200 views

Why can silicone reduce keloid?

I heard people use silicone sheet for reducing raised scars (i.e., keloids). I was wondering what is the rational behind it, and whether it actually works.
7
votes
3answers
5k views

Why does having cold hands hurt?

(1). Why does having cold hands create a painful sensation? Is it a physical effect, maybe a protection mechanism from evolution? (2). Why, if one's hands are cold, does it feel as if they are more ...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

What percentage of human capillaries are located in the skin?

As in the subject line, what percentage of capillaries in a human (expressed in terms of total length, I suppose) are located in the skin, as opposed to internal organs? Google scholar has not turned ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Functionality of vitamin A, Bx, C, D, E, K as used in cosmetics for the skin?

I was wondering if someone can compare the functionality of vitamin A, Bx (x means numbers, such as 1, 2, 3, ...), C, D, E, K in the skin? They are used in cosmetics but what is their actual effect? ...