Questions about the integumentary system of vertebrates.

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0answers
23 views

How hot can coffee be for it to burn the tongue? [duplicate]

How hot can coffee get before the tongue will get burned? I want to know an accurate temperature. Specifically coffee. I felt that the other question didn't have a definitive answer.
2
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1answer
29 views

Skin color explanation?

I do not understand how skin color in humans work, even after taking a basic genetics course and reading some on wikipedia. From what I understand, skin is color based on multiple genes that control ...
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0answers
22 views

Herbal remedies for damaged tissue [closed]

What is the mechanism of action of Arnica oil to repair damaged tissue? Which preparation of Arnica is more effective - an oil-based or water-based extract?
4
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1answer
52 views

Do sweat pores change diameter?

In Cholinergic Urticaria, some people believe that the itching which is generally more in winters might be because that the diameter of sweat pores is less due to less activity(less sweat production) ...
8
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2answers
161 views

Why did humans evolved the scratch reflex?

I've been wondering about this for some time, and I can't come to an answer... Everybody keeps telling me that scratching one's own skin is bad. It damages the epidermis, creates the hazard of ...
2
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1answer
61 views

Why are skin tactile receptors considered to be phasic receptors?

A phasic receptor by definition is one that quickly adapts to change. In terms of neuron firing, this means that it does not trigger another firing because the receptors are used to the stimulus. But ...
4
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1answer
56 views

Can anti-aging cream work?

I have a friend who told me that anti-aging cream cannot work to reduce wrinkles as it only penetrates x amount of skin layers and can never make a long term effect. Me not knowing much about how ...
3
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1answer
83 views

What causes the line patterns in the palm of the hand?

The line patterns on the hand are unique to each individual, but what causes these lines and re they advantageous in anyway?
4
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1answer
351 views

What is our skin made up of?

Again, it is a basic question. What is our skin made up of? is it made up of many cells arranged in a systematic way or is it just like any layer say of a book?? what is the difference? where is the ...
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3answers
58 views

Can a portion of human skin cells be modified in some way to generate light? [closed]

I have come across some species of living organisms who are able to emit light at whim. Can that ability be incorporated into a portion of human skin (a specialized tissue)?
9
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2answers
100 views

Why can good music raise goosebumps?

Listening to really good music right now, I was wondering why it raises goosebumps. Is there any physiological reason for this reaction to specific wavelengths or something? EDIT: Due sometimes ...
11
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3answers
263 views

Do humans perceive temperature or heat-flux? (or both?)

The general understanding is that when I touch an object, I perceive its (relative) temperature. A metal object at room temperature, however, will often feel cool to the touch. This leads me to ...
4
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1answer
64 views

Why is hyper pigmentation the common aftermath of skin lesions and abrasions?

I'm aware that melanocytes produce melanin, giving color to the skin, but why are these cells recruited or overactive when healing skin abrasions, lesions and sores when T-cells and inflammatory ...
6
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1answer
240 views

Why are particular laser-related skin products not recommended for darker skin tones?

This is about products such as: The "Theradome" laser helmet (this claims to stimulate hair growth through lasers) Theradome™, a biomedical engineering company based in the Silicon Valley, is ...
5
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1answer
42 views

Is there any conclusive study relating the food consumed and the occurrence of acne?

The internet says a million things about what to eat and what not to in case of acne. For instance: Refrain from dairy products. Refrain from food heavy in unsaturated fat. Refrain from too much ...
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0answers
86 views

The skin color of bonobos

Why is that bonobos skin color on the areas not covered by hair are dark throughout life unlike the chimpanzee?
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1answer
40 views

What is different between the pigment of giraffes and the pigment of flowers?

I saw this video created by Derek Muller and he says there that it is very unusual to evolutionary develop the colour of the skin without the pigment. That sounds reasonable but if so, what nutrients ...
0
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0answers
73 views

Why merkel cells are innervated by axon and not by dendrite end?

so here's the two pics that i have taken from google images and it really helped me with my question and my question is we all know that the afferent neurons receive senses for CNS which it had to be ...
4
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2answers
1k views

How hot can a beverage get without burning the tongue?

What is the maximum temperature that a beverage can be without burning the tongue? I suspect there's a maximum temperature that the surface tissue of a tongue can withstand without being damaged ...
1
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0answers
59 views

Dead skin cell decomposition

What would be the resultant by-products of a completely decomposed dead skin cell? What would be the size of each of the by-products of a decomposed dead skin cell? How long would it take for a dead ...
1
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0answers
30 views

Why does some skin hold perfume longer than others

I was wondering my girlfriend and I used the same perfume for a while and we sprayed the same place. And after a day her skin still smells nice while mine smells normal. Will different types of ...
5
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1answer
554 views

Why do some cuts leave scars, while others do not?

Last year I got a moderately-deep cut on my finger, and it left a scar. Six months later, the scar is still there. On the other hand, I've had lots of other cuts on my fingers, though none have left ...
2
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0answers
30 views

How much time is required between repeated exposures to sun to prevent sunburn [closed]

After being in the sun, how much 'rest' is required before you can expose yourself again? e.g. from Wikipedia: Sunburn can occur in less than 15 minutes So if you were in a place where sunburn ...
2
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1answer
189 views

What is the chemical process involved in human hairs changing colour after sun exposure?

After a day at the beach, my skin tans due to Melanin. But I also observe the black hairs on my arm turn a blond colour. My question is What is the chemical process involved in human hairs ...
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2answers
1k views

Why doesn't the human skin grow back exactly how it was before being damaged?

Very simple: Why (and how) is regenerated skin different from original ? As we know we lose skin cells that becomes the dust in out homes and it always grows back to full thickness right ? So when I ...
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1answer
123 views

Any relevant knowledge/studies about voluntary goose bumps [duplicate]

I'm not entirely sure how normal this is, but since I was a child, I've been able to produce myself voluntarily a "chill" sensation that seems to start on my head and traverse the rest of my body, ...
2
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0answers
870 views

Why does skin sometimes suddenly itch when you stretch it? [closed]

Sometimes, when I bend over, areas of my skin like my back can suddenly itch quite intensely. Sometimes it may be another part of my body and the pattern seems to be a part of the skin organ that is ...
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1answer
71 views

Can skin become denser?

I heard that after injury or repeated damage bone becomes denser, can skin become denser as well?
1
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1answer
241 views

Consequence of touching Formaldehyde

I accidently touched formaldehyde some days ago. Skin on my hand got dehydrated as if I had placed it in salt solution. I washed it with water and it returned to normal state after 5 minutes. But now ...
0
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1answer
51 views

Pathogenesis of chronic venous congestion in skin?

I think CVC cannot lead to heart failure primarily. So let's think its pathogenesis in skin now only. I think the pathogenesis is like this dilation of veins and capillaries due to impaired venous ...
0
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1answer
21 views

S. pyogenes' skin infection diagnostics

S. pyogenes is "flesh-eating" bacteria. It results from life-theatening myonecrosis caused by this organism. S. pyogenes avoids phagocytosis (mediated primarily by capsule, M and M-like proteins, C5a ...
1
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1answer
76 views

Physiology of skin and leather: why do salt borders occur?

I discussed a leather store about the white border aka salt border on leather shoes. They said that it is due to inner features of leather and you could try to add some fat/cream to push it back ...
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4answers
182 views

Significance of having goosebumps?

What help does goosebumps do to us? I don't think it helps us noticeably when we are scared or shivering.
2
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2answers
151 views

Are there free electrons in muscles, hair, or skin?

Electric shock occurs upon contact of a (human) body part with any source of electricity that causes a sufficient current through the skin, muscles, or hair. In metals many electrons are said to be ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Is the Michael Jackson skin pigmentation disease realistic?

Quoting wikipedia: Jackson's skin had been a medium-brown color for the entire duration of his youth, but starting in the mid-1980s, it gradually grew paler. The change gained widespread media ...
3
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2answers
11k views

Why Do Healing Wounds Feel Warmer To The Touch?

I fell over on my bicycle trying to avoid running over a rattlesnake, and ended up badly skinning my knee. It immediately began to bleed, but soon clotted. It has been 2 days now and it has formed a ...
2
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2answers
89 views

Can the colour of skin change with age

Can the colour of skin change with age? Can a dark skinned person become fair or vice versa? Can Melanocyte production vary?
2
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1answer
50 views

How can a respiratory infection lead to a skin infection?

Example of a case: 5 children develop a bright red rash on the face and turns violet after a few days and then disappears. Then maculopapular rash appears on the trunk, buttocks and extremities. It ...
2
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0answers
66 views

Does pain scale with mammal mass?

Some biological features scale with the animal mass (see previous Q&A). Assuming the same concentration of nociceptors on the skin surface, I'm wondering how painful a 1 cm wound will be ...
4
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1answer
144 views

How are blood vessels affected by UV and infrared radiation?

The lining of the blood vessel as an interface and boundary layer is of existential necessity to the life-support of mammals. My question is: How are major blood vessels and the blood vessel lining ...
5
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1answer
559 views

How can haired mammals synthesize vitamin D?

The human body can synthesize vitamin D in the skin from cholesterol, when sun exposure is adequate. But how can haired mammals do it? Do not they need it?
3
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1answer
197 views

Why Is The Toughness Of Skin Different On Different Parts Of The Body?

My cat was licking my arm with his sandpaper like tongue. It hurt and the area he was licking was slightly smarting afterwards. However, when he licks the palm of my hand the feeling is rather ...
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2answers
2k views

Why does the sweat of children not smell like adults?

My kids sweat plenty in this hot heat, but they don't smell afterward. I on the other hand need all kinds of deodorant. Why doesn't kid sweat smell?
2
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1answer
197 views

How long does a tan last?

How long do melanocytes and melanosomes continue to protect DNA after UV exposure? Basically, if skin is tanned, then over the next month it is shed, will melanocytes continue to produce high levels ...
1
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1answer
767 views

Relation between goose bumps and temperature

As we all know, cold weather will cause us to have goose bumps. I honestly don't know why (1), because our skin contracts? Apart from that something quite contradicting happened this morning. I was ...
6
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1answer
249 views

How does skin healing work?

I stacked my bike and split my head right open. About three weeks later the scab falls off and the skin is sealed over, like magic! How does it all work? How does the brain know that part of the ...
5
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1answer
86 views

Is there a scientific proof that smoking spoils face skin?

I saw that cigarettes-smokers (more than 3 cigarettes per day) often have the skin of the face which is a little bit spoiled. Is there any scientific proof that cigarette smoke (or the nicotine ...
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2answers
236 views

Why can silicone reduce keloid?

I heard people use silicone sheet for reducing raised scars (i.e., keloids). I was wondering what is the rational behind it, and whether it actually works.
8
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3answers
6k views

Why does having cold hands hurt?

(1). Why does having cold hands create a painful sensation? Is it a physical effect, maybe a protection mechanism from evolution? (2). Why, if one's hands are cold, does it feel as if they are more ...
4
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1answer
120 views

What percentage of human capillaries are located in the skin?

As in the subject line, what percentage of capillaries in a human (expressed in terms of total length, I suppose) are located in the skin, as opposed to internal organs? Google scholar has not turned ...