The tag has no usage guidance.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
1answer
27 views

Name of dominant dinosaur

I seem to remember reading some time ago about a dinosaur appearing very prominently in the fossil record, with continent-wise distribution. The layer is known specifically for having so many fossils ...
-1
votes
2answers
36 views

Is there software or a website where I can browse extinct species?

Is there any software/website where I can browse for extinct species? It must be based on real animals that are now extinct. It may be in animated versions.
-1
votes
1answer
53 views

How can two individuals of the same species have different chromosome numbers? [closed]

It is known that male drones develop by arrhenotoky, and have haploid chromosome constitution, whereas the queen bee and workers are diploid. Thus we can see two different types of ploidy occurring ...
5
votes
1answer
215 views

Was Darwin aware of the difficulties behind the concept of species?

Introduction The concept of species is a very old concept that suffers from not being a natural category. There exists no single definition that would categorize living beings into groups and that ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

How can I calculate Shannon-Wiener diversity index in caves with different kind of habitats and different sampling methods?

I would like to start a monitoring in different caves, compare caves of different age and length, and find out if there are any correlations between these factors and their diversity. I was thinking ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Why do dogs come in all shapes, but cats are generally all the same?

Minus hair and fur, cats (the domestic kind) seem to be just scaled versions of the same thing. Dogs on the other hand can have long necks, short necks, long bodies, short legs, long ears, short ears....
1
vote
1answer
60 views

What are these curious cetaceans?

At the beginning of the superb documentary film “Un jardin d’Eden sous les mers” (“A garden of Eden under the seas”) [1], we see a group of curious cetaceans. At about 1 min. What are these ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

I know why phototaxis happens but why did those bees die? [closed]

There is a tube light in front of my veranda. This is just spring. So at night when I turn on the tube light many bees gather around the tube for phototaxis. But in the morning I see many of them are ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

Atmospheric gas changes, and their effects life

I was curious how life on Earth, or an Earth-like planet, would be effected by changes in the gases which make up our atmosphere. Assuming there is a similar level of oxygen in an atmosphere, could ...
6
votes
2answers
45 views

Why was the cackling goose split off as a distinct species from the Canada goose in 2004?

According to Wikipedia, in 2004 the American Ornithologists' Union made the cackling goose a new species, splitting it away from the Canada goose. The British followed suit in 2005. What was the ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Why are there different species of bacteria?

The usual (high school or intro to bio) explanation for diversification of species comes from multicellular, usually sexually reproducing organisms, and seems to be closely tied to the biological ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

How do you know which organisms are keystone species?

I know that keystone species are those that play a crucial role in an ecosystem, but since all species are interdependent upon each other and each occupy their own niche, aren't they all important? ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

How are subspecies defined, in contrast to species? [duplicate]

When should a taxon be considered to be a subspecies of a certain species, and when as a different species? Are there some general guidelines how to assign a specific taxonomic status to a taxon?
4
votes
0answers
41 views

Insect identification, Bangalore India

can anyone identify this insect? It was sitting on my refrigerator Size: approx 1 cm height, 1 inch across My location: Bangalore, India
2
votes
0answers
55 views

What are the identifying characteristics of a Jellyfish?

I was walking down the beach today (Wollongong Australia, near Sydney) and saw this Jellyfish washed up on the beach. Then I saw another. I wanted to work out what type it was but didn't know ...
14
votes
2answers
917 views

What is the term for “technical extinction” of yet alive animals?

What is the term for an event in which a species is still alive, but has no chance of future reproduction and the species will be considered extinct once the current generation dies out? For example ...
1
vote
1answer
247 views

Difference/similarity between adaptive radiation and species divergence?

I've been reading various answers on different sites but I still don't know whether adaptive radiation and species divergence are different or similar. My questions: 1) On some sites, it says that ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

What kind of spider is this and is it dangerous?

Found this spider on my couch the other day in Steubenville, Ohio. The spider is about 2.5cm to 4cm long.
35
votes
3answers
4k views

How could humans have interbred with Neanderthals if we're a different species?

To be clear, I'm not doubting that homo sapiens and homo neanderthalensis did interbreed: of that much I'm convinced. Within the past few years I've seen an upcropping of pop-sci articles discussing ...
1
vote
0answers
185 views

Why are hybrid offspring mostly sterile? [closed]

Hybrid infertility is a common trait in cross-species offspring. Most are sterile, as they do not produce viable gametes. Examples of this can include Ligers and Mules. Could modern advancement in ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Living intermediate species?

Hypothetical question regarding three animals 'species' {A, B, C}. Are there any examples in nature where {A and B} cannot regularly produce viable offspring, however {A and C} and {B and C} can ...
5
votes
2answers
193 views

Is it possible there were multiple origins of life? And, if so, why did the one which became the common ancestor between all organisms prevail?

I have learned that all currently-living organisms come from a common ancestor, which I theoretically understand. However, my professor in a class mentioned that there is a chance that there were ...
3
votes
1answer
335 views

Can I compare Shannon-Wiener diversity indices between plots of different sizes (area)?

Can I compare the Shannon-Wiener (a.k.a. Shannon-Weaver) Index of diversity ($H'$) of plots (communities) with varying sizes (areas)? If not, what steps do I need to take and/or which tests should ...
6
votes
1answer
151 views

Can someone tell me the species of this lizard?

It's a green lizard with a silver tail, and it has pretty, bluish eyes. I saw it today, July 26th, trying to get some shade on a hot, sunny day (32 degrees) at around 18:00 in Austin, TX USA. It's ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

Is transplantation of neurons between species possible?

Can brain tissue from one species be implanted into the brain of another species? Because the brain is tolerant to the introduction of antigens (it is said to be immuno-privileged), I was wondering ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

Is the size of the genome across species roughly the same?

Chromosome number differs across species. Is the amount of DNA comparable between organisms, just being split into smaller chunks in those species with more chromosomes? Or do species have different ...
3
votes
1answer
260 views

Are there examples of now-living species where one is descended from the other?

I'm not a biology person so please forgive me if this question is formulated badly :) I'm curious. Are there any species that has an ancestor species that is still alive today?
9
votes
1answer
390 views

Can scientists name themselves in the scientific name when they discover a new taxon?

There are sometimes people names in taxonomy, like Myotis keenii was names after Mr. Keen who contributed to discover the species. So, if you discover a species and someone else is constructing the ...
8
votes
2answers
566 views

Reasons why living fossils exist?

A living fossil is a living species (or clade) that appears to be similar to another species otherwise known only from fossils, typically with no close living relatives. A living fossil is ...
4
votes
0answers
32 views

How to differentiate between similar looking carps efficiently?

Carps look almost the same (e.g - Rohu, Catla). So, is there a specific distinguishing set of characteristics to help determine their species just by looking at them from afar (or maybe in some other ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

What's keeping living species from rotting?

Why do only corpses of species rot and be eaten by bacteria? What is keeping us from rotting? Just like fruits, and foods we eat; meat and vegetables rot when left uneaten. Like food, corpses rot and ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

How do cats survive falling from great heights?

Among mammals, cats are able to land safely when falling from great heights. For example, when compared to dogs or humans they can survive drops from relative large heights. How do they manage? A ...
5
votes
1answer
54 views

Plural of “dibamus”

Migrated from English site. Dibamus is a genus of legless lizards in the family Dibamidae, of the infraorder Dibamia. Genera are usually given in singular, so what is the correct plural of Dibamus?...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Why can't we call dog breeds different species?

I understand this question might fall into opinion based, but I'm trying to write it so that it meets the "Many good questions generate some degree of opinion based on expert experience" part and not ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Confusion regarding niches in evolution theory

This is the definition of a niche from Crash Course: An area of the environment that requires a special set of skills or traits to extract food and reproduce. Obviously, this version of the ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

If hermaphrodite C. elegans can reproduce with females?

C. elegans can self fertilize, or they can mate with males. But are they able to mate with females? Or is there some kind of morphological barrier that prevents that?
0
votes
2answers
821 views

What are the genus and species name of different breeds of dog?

Can you refer me to a good source containing the genus and species name of different breeds of dogs?
6
votes
1answer
197 views

Cross-integration of puma subspecies populations

A major concern of conservationists in south Florida is the population of native Pumas, the Florida Panther. Until recently, it was thought that the Pumas were a genetically distinct subspecies, ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Sansevieria species specification needed

What are the botanical differences between the species S. parva and S. senegambica? Please highlight the main ones. I have 2 groups of plants. One with label "Sansevieria dooneri" (a synonym of S. ...
6
votes
2answers
206 views

Which species were first described by Charles Darwin?

There are many plants and animals named for the naturalist Charles Darwin, such as Darwin's Frog (Rhinoderma darwinii), but which were named by him? I'm finding it difficult to find such a list.
4
votes
1answer
215 views

Does a non-extinct gliding species of bird exist?

According to wikipedia was Archaeopteryx rather glider than capable of active flight. As a hunting strategy it crawl up to a tree (or other high positioned place) and glide from it to a prey. Most of ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

List of Asymmetric Animals

The (male) Fiddler Crab is a famous example of an animal whose morphology exhibits neither mirror nor radial symmetry: (Image source) List of animals featuring external asymmetry is a Wikipedia ...
14
votes
2answers
500 views

Have we ever observed two drosophila lineages that evolved reproductive isolation in labs?

Background The standard definition of species refers to the concept of reproductive isolation. If two lineages are found to be reproductively isolated, then we consider these two lineages to belong ...
1
vote
3answers
166 views

What problems do invasive species cause ? [closed]

Why do we value species? What is so bad about invasive species? Why value biodiversity?
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How many species have existed on earth? [duplicate]

I found a paper estimating the number of species currently living on earth. Now I'm wondering If anybody tried to estimate the number of species that have lived on earth. I'm familiar with problems of ...
4
votes
4answers
340 views

Biodiversity is restricted by genome combinatorics?

Me and some friends are interested in opinions for the following: Conjecture The maximum number of species must be limited by the maximum combinatorial/permutational space that can be occupied ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

How do I compare the variance of a distribution of species in one area versus another?

It's possible that this question is better suited for stack overflow, but I think the ecologists on this site might be better equipped to answer it. I'm trying to study two geographically-isolated ...