Question specifically regards vertebrates. Vertebrata is a Subphylum within the Chordata Phylum, and Animalia Kingdom. Vertebrates are animals with backbones and consist of 4% of the described animal species, and include mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and several Classes of fish.
In the human spine, what is the difference between intervertebral and vertebral foramina? Is it just a matter of perspective and do they refer to the same thing or are they different?
See question title. After doing some looking around on my own I haven't found much so I figured I'd ask some experts.
Reading this question, I wondered why is it that we associate vertebrate venoms so often with snakes and fish, and more rarely with lizards, amphibians, mammals, and birds (apparently never, in ...