Questions regarding organic compounds required by an organism as a vital nutrient in limited amounts.

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Why do Arctic predators accumulate vitamin A?

Top predators in the Arctic are known to accumulate vitamin A, often to levels that are toxic for human consumption. A 2012 study by Senoo, Imai, et al. found that the livers of several predator ...
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Can the Human body Synthesise Vitamin D from Phytosterols?

I know that the human body can synthesise vitamin D from cholesterol, but can it do so from phytosterols?
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Were we able to create vitamin B12 in past?

All herbivores produce vitamin B12 de novo. Gorillas, for example, are "vegans" so I suppose some human ancestor was also herbivore. Have we ever been B12 self-producers? If so, why have we lost that ...
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Nutritious protein substance for vitamin enhanced crop?

I am not a bio or science major, but we have a subject, like an elective on biotechnology and we were tasked to think of a product that hasn't been invented yet. My groupmates and I thought of a ...
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Vitamin D oral intake, transportation and absorption

Several factors affecting vitamin D and its active form absorption and storage acidity of stomach (not significant effect) cytopathic effects of viruses cytopathic effects of bacteria where the ...
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Do plants need vitamins to grow?

I've found that some commercial off-the-shelf liquid nutrient mixtures are advertised: contains vitamins your plant needs to grow. And I started to ask myself, do plants really need vitamins to ...
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Are vegetables really needed in our diet?

I want to believe that eating vegetables is necessary even when one takes vitamins, but I can't find any medical evidence for this. To make my question specific, suppose a study on twins were done in ...