The biological study of animals.

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3
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2answers
318 views

Can someone identify this bird?

We recently found a nest in the back garden and a little bird inside. Can you help us identify it? The nest is quite small like the bird so we are wondering whether this is the parent or a baby chick. ...
4
votes
0answers
25 views

Is the knee locking mechanism present in animals?

We study in human anatomy that when the knee is in full extension, the femur slightly medially rotates on the tibia to lock the knee joint in place. This reduces the work required to be done by the ...
8
votes
1answer
81 views

Cockroach-like insect identification

I just saw an insect in my room, and I have never seen anything like it ever before. I captured a photo, please see if you can identify it. It has got quite unique colours on its exodermis and it has ...
48
votes
4answers
3k views

Why do smaller mammals move intermittently?

I was watching a nice little video on youtube but couldn't help but notice how snappy smaller animals such as rats and chipmunks move. By snappy I mean how the animal moves in almost discrete states ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

What produces the strong odor of decaying dead animals?

Are there specific chemicals responsible for producing the strong, putrid odor that is present after an animal deceases? Also, how long does this odor last?
1
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0answers
21 views

Would a python die if it ate a cane toad [closed]

I was thinking about the Burmese pythons that are invading the everglades and cane toads that were introduced in Australia.
5
votes
0answers
176 views

What traits make mountain goats so well adapted to mountain living?

I've never really understood how mountain goats manage to survive so well in mountainous regions. I've seen them scale almost sheer cliff faces with apparent ease, and they can almost sprint ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

Chart of blood pH across different animal species?

How does blood pH vary across species? I can't find an article or chart listing this kind of information. So far I've found bits and pieces like: Human blood pH is nominally 7.4. 7.4 seems to be a ...
-5
votes
1answer
173 views

Why are plants classified in living things? [closed]

@Volunteers Beware that I am none of the biological magnates. Nor a philosopher. This is just a sign of curiosity. And, I want only an intuition that enables me to see the difference. As far as I ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

What do “reduced antipredator defense” and “reduced antipredator vigilance” mean?

The book BIOMAT 2010 (International Symposium on Mathematical and Computational Biology, edited by Rubem P. Mondaini) mentions the terms reduced antipredator defense and reduced antipredator ...
10
votes
0answers
449 views

Why don't rats have a gallbladder, unlike other rodents?

It has long been known that rats do not have a gallbladder, though other species including humans, monkeys, cows, reptiles, dogs and mice, all have a gallbladder. In this paper from almost 100 years ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

Identification of this species of Toad

I found a short -- 20 second/s -- video on the Internet of a toad and I wonder if anybody could identify it? Here is the hyperlink; http://weloveshortvideos.com/post/132047898162 It was posted on a ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Is a bone marrow transplant limited by sex?

Can a female patient get transplanted with bone marrow of a male donor and vice versa?
1
vote
1answer
195 views

Function of carapace

Majority of crustacean larvae have expanded carapace drawn out into processes as an adaptation for : a. Protection from enemies b. Planktonic habit The answer given is b but I think it should be ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Germ layer and platyhelminthes

Some introductory biology textbooks state that sometimes the body cavity is formed from pouches pinched off from the endoderm. So, I am interested in understanding what 'pouches pinched off' actually ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

If birds are dinosaurs, then are mammals reptiles?

I'm just curious - it seems generally accepted that birds are dinosaurs. If that's the case, then can we call all mammals reptiles? Can we go even further and call humans amphibians? And since ...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

How do animals with fur get enough sunlight to produce vitamin-D? [duplicate]

How is vitamin D synthesized in animals with fur; how do the cells get enough sunlight? If vitamin-D cannot be synthesized because of limited sunlight reaching the skin, do these animals have to ...
6
votes
2answers
327 views

How did zootoxins evolve?

I've always wondered how toxins in certain organisms have evolved. Particularly, organisms that produce toxins as a deterrent to predators as opposed to organisms that use it to paralyze their prey. ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Anatomical differences between herbivores and omnivores [closed]

What are differences of herbivores vs omnivores? I do not mean dietary differences (obviously), but physical ones. E.g., afaik herbivores have a much longer digestive tract than carnivores; then ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Why does the doves coo suddenly stop? [closed]

Doves seem to always repeat the same sequence of coos in their call. I noticed around 3 x 5 coos but they always add one final coo at the end. Is there a (known) reason for this?
3
votes
4answers
6k views

Which organs do cats not eat on their prey?

My female cat is a very active hunter and brings me her prey daily. Except for shrews and birds, she always eats them entirely. This afternoon she brought me this: It was quite large (maybe ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Does urchin metamorphosis involve two animals?

An urchin larva becomes an adult urchin through metamorphosis. This fascinating documentary about metamorphosis suggests that the urchin larva "dies", being partially eaten by the new individual, the ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

What were the main discoveries in Biology? [closed]

What were the greatest achievements in Biology? Can you please provide a short list of discoveries that you would consider as being the most important discoveries of the history of Biology.
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Why are cancer rates low in large animals?

Large animals generally have more cells and live longer than smaller animals. For example, bowhead whales live up to 200 years and weigh up to 100 tonnes, as opposed to humans (living ~71 years and ...
8
votes
2answers
105 views

Would a colony with only one male and female collapse?

This is a thought experiment: If we form a population with only a single founder pair, can this population survive? What would happen? Would this inbreeding cause the population to go extinct? Could ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Can soap kill cockroaches and/or ants? If so, how? [duplicate]

Is it possible to use dishwashing soap as an alternative insecticide? How would that and what are the components of the dishwashing soap that would kill the insect?
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Do elephants get thorns out of each other's skin?

I have watched Wild Kratts Elephant in the Room several times where a baby elephant named Thornsley has a big thorn in his foot and is nowhere near his mom. This along with herd members helping each ...
1
vote
2answers
105 views

Are human beings evolved to eat meat? [duplicate]

I know humans can cook, and prepare almost anything, but are humans specifically adapted to eat meat. One of my doubts humans are not particularly well adapted to eat meat because they lack canine ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Are the cells (structures) of deep sea fish different? And can they survive in shallow water?

In the deep oceans the pressure is enormous. But still there are fish living. But are the cells of them different from fish who just live at the surface of waters? For example, are the cells smaller ...
8
votes
3answers
10k views

Why is it that cats can jump so high for their size, compared with humans?

My cat is about 1' high at the shoulder, and I am a little over 6', but my cat can easily jump onto something as high as I am. That is 6x it's height. If a cat can do this, then Why can't I jump up ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

Do animals demonstrate target practice (i.e., playful accuracy behavior)?

Do animals demonstrate any sort of accuracy-motivated play? (please provide examples!) Consider most human sports and related hobbies. Most share the common goal of hitting a target or being ...
2
votes
1answer
371 views

Examples of animals with 12-28 legs?

Many commonly known animals' limbs usually number between 0 and 10. For example, a non-exhaustive list: snakes have 0 Members of Bipedidae have 2 legs. Birds and humans have 2 legs (but 4 limbs) ...
-3
votes
1answer
36 views

Animals in predicting disasters..! [closed]

I have been working on a project related to how different animals help in predicting natural disasters. But google searches and news only give evidence where animals showed some signs before ...
5
votes
1answer
471 views

How fast can a panda run?

Pandas are going extinct, mostly due to habitat destruction. This leads me to the question: How fast can an average adult panda run? (more specifically Giant Panda)
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Examples of seeking behavior by brainless animals

Are there any examples of brainless animals (e.g. jellyfish) exhibiting seeking behavior, such as following smell or light gradients towards food, or following hormones towards mates?
0
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0answers
14 views

examples of animals losing their brains when losing their mobility

I'm looking for examples of animals with central nervous systems that start out mobile, but then become permanently attached to something, and lose their brains. One famous example is that of some ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

What are other creatures or plants that leave “recommendations” as ants? [closed]

I'm working on a Semantic Recommendation Systems. In the state-of-the-art, I state the fact that even animals, such as ants, using some kind of recommendations by leaving markers, which are chemical ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

Why do male frogs have a copulatory pad? [closed]

In frogs fertilisation is external, It does not make sense in having copulatory pad in male frogs?
7
votes
1answer
91 views

Do any animals prepare food?

I was just wondering if any animals (are smart enough to) enhance the flavor of their food by, for example, mixing ingredients or seasoning or letting it cure in some ways. In the first episode of ...
0
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2answers
117 views
6
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1answer
175 views

Is it theoretically possible to restore the Tiger population to 100,000?

The current global Tiger population is roughly 5100 according to Wikipedia. With habitat destruction and poaching continuing and no effective improvement in conservation, most likely the Tiger ...
5
votes
2answers
88 views

Evolution of spider webs?

Web making seems like a fairly complex behavior built from a pretty strong material. So how exactly did it evolve? Do we have any clues about what kind of features/behaviors preceded web making and ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Niche overlap Index

I wanted to use the compana() function from the adehabitat package in R. I don't really understand the meaning of the data in ...
5
votes
1answer
200 views

What is a subspecies?

Within a species there may be subspecies that are named using trinomial nomenclautre. For example the Grizzly Bear, Ursus arctos horribilis is a subspecies of the Brown Bear Ursus arctos. The ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Spider Identification: Is this an Arizona Recluse?

I found this spider in my toilet bowl. It was after dark. We live in Prescott Valley, AZ at around 5100' elevation at the edge of a development fairly close to the mountains in grass land. I'm ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

What are the identifying characteristics of a Jellyfish?

I was walking down the beach today (Wollongong Australia, near Sydney) and saw this Jellyfish washed up on the beach. Then I saw another. I wanted to work out what type it was but didn't know ...
0
votes
1answer
561 views

Are there animals / mammals which only have one eye?

Do all animals (of a certain size and not thinking about worms) have the possibility to perceive depth? Do all mammals have at least two eyes? Are there mammals with more than two eyes?
0
votes
1answer
77 views

What is the general term for tree-dwelling animals?

Many different types of animals live primarily in trees, from birds to monkeys and beyond. Is there a general term that I can use to refer to all of them? The closest I've been able to come is ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

What are some examples of small-scale physical phenomena that snakes fear?

What are some ways to use technology to repel snakes? One idea I was researching is low-frequency sound, which I read snakes could "feel" even though they are naturally deaf. Would this be a viable ...
0
votes
1answer
152 views

Why do we have two eyes? [duplicate]

Humans, animals and birds all have two eyes. Why? In addition to why two instead of one, why aren't there more than two?