The biological study of animals.

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How do animals with fur get enough sunlight to produce vitamin-D? [duplicate]

How is vitamin D synthesized in animals with fur; how do the cells get enough sunlight? If vitamin-D cannot be synthesized because of limited sunlight reaching the skin, do these animals have to ...
6
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2answers
319 views

How did zootoxins evolve?

I've always wondered how toxins in certain organisms have evolved. Particularly, organisms that produce toxins as a deterrent to predators as opposed to organisms that use it to paralyze their prey. ...
5
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1answer
75 views

Blood clumping in mosquitos

Will a mosquito die due to blood clumping if it sucks blood from two persons having different blood group? What will happen in its gut? Is there any mechanism to avoid clumping ? Or mosquitos know ...
2
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1answer
116 views

Anatomical differences between herbivores and omnivores [closed]

What are differences of herbivores vs omnivores? I do not mean dietary differences (obviously), but physical ones. E.g., afaik herbivores have a much longer digestive tract than carnivores; then ...
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0answers
11 views

Why does the doves coo suddenly stop? [closed]

Doves seem to always repeat the same sequence of coos in their call. I noticed around 3 x 5 coos but they always add one final coo at the end. Is there a (known) reason for this?
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4answers
5k views

Which organs do cats not eat on their prey?

My female cat is a very active hunter and brings me her prey daily. Except for shrews and birds, she always eats them entirely. This afternoon she brought me this: It was quite large (maybe ...
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0answers
10 views

Does urchin metamorphosis involve two animals?

An urchin larva becomes an adult urchin through metamorphosis. This fascinating documentary about metamorphosis suggests that the urchin larva "dies", being partially eaten by the new individual, the ...
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1answer
68 views

What were the main discoveries in Biology? [closed]

What were the greatest achievements in Biology? Can you please provide a short list of discoveries that you would consider as being the most important discoveries of the history of Biology.
3
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1answer
141 views

Why are cancer rates low in large animals?

Large animals generally have more cells and live longer than smaller animals. For example, bowhead whales live up to 200 years and weigh up to 100 tonnes, as opposed to humans (living ~71 years and ...
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2answers
103 views

Would a colony with only one male and female collapse?

This is a thought experiment: If we form a population with only a single founder pair, can this population survive? What would happen? Would this inbreeding cause the population to go extinct? Could ...
11
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1answer
295 views

Why do crabs spit?

Last year I photographed this juvenile Sally Lightfoot Crab (Grapsus grapsus) 'spitting' (click for larger view): I thought I'd look up more information on this behavior, but couldn't find any ...
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1answer
67 views

Can soap kill cockroaches and/or ants? If so, how? [duplicate]

Is it possible to use dishwashing soap as an alternative insecticide? How would that and what are the components of the dishwashing soap that would kill the insect?
0
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0answers
26 views

Do elephants get thorns out of each other's skin?

I have watched Wild Kratts Elephant in the Room several times where a baby elephant named Thornsley has a big thorn in his foot and is nowhere near his mom. This along with herd members helping each ...
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2answers
99 views

Are human beings evolved to eat meat? [duplicate]

I know humans can cook, and prepare almost anything, but are humans specifically adapted to eat meat. One of my doubts humans are not particularly well adapted to eat meat because they lack canine ...
2
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1answer
83 views

Are the cells (structures) of deep sea fish different? And can they survive in shallow water?

In the deep oceans the pressure is enormous. But still there are fish living. But are the cells of them different from fish who just live at the surface of waters? For example, are the cells smaller ...
8
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3answers
10k views

Why is it that cats can jump so high for their size, compared with humans?

My cat is about 1' high at the shoulder, and I am a little over 6', but my cat can easily jump onto something as high as I am. That is 6x it's height. If a cat can do this, then Why can't I jump up ...
3
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0answers
54 views

Do animals demonstrate target practice (i.e., playful accuracy behavior)?

Do animals demonstrate any sort of accuracy-motivated play? (please provide examples!) Consider most human sports and related hobbies. Most share the common goal of hitting a target or being ...
2
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1answer
260 views

Examples of animals with 12-28 legs?

Many commonly known animals' limbs usually number between 0 and 10. For example, a non-exhaustive list: snakes have 0 Members of Bipedidae have 2 legs. Birds and humans have 2 legs (but 4 limbs) ...
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1answer
36 views

Animals in predicting disasters..! [closed]

I have been working on a project related to how different animals help in predicting natural disasters. But google searches and news only give evidence where animals showed some signs before ...
5
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1answer
334 views

How fast can a panda run?

Pandas are going extinct, mostly due to habitat destruction. This leads me to the question: How fast can an average adult panda run? (more specifically Giant Panda)
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1answer
35 views

Examples of seeking behavior by brainless animals

Are there any examples of brainless animals (e.g. jellyfish) exhibiting seeking behavior, such as following smell or light gradients towards food, or following hormones towards mates?
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0answers
13 views

examples of animals losing their brains when losing their mobility

I'm looking for examples of animals with central nervous systems that start out mobile, but then become permanently attached to something, and lose their brains. One famous example is that of some ...
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0answers
33 views

What are other creatures or plants that leave “recommendations” as ants? [closed]

I'm working on a Semantic Recommendation Systems. In the state-of-the-art, I state the fact that even animals, such as ants, using some kind of recommendations by leaving markers, which are chemical ...
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1answer
153 views

Why do male frogs have a copulatory pad? [closed]

In frogs fertilisation is external, It does not make sense in having copulatory pad in male frogs?
7
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1answer
91 views

Do any animals prepare food?

I was just wondering if any animals (are smart enough to) enhance the flavor of their food by, for example, mixing ingredients or seasoning or letting it cure in some ways. In the first episode of ...
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2answers
103 views

Are there any predators without camouflage?

Are there any predators that don't use camouflage?
6
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1answer
173 views

Is it theoretically possible to restore the Tiger population to 100,000?

The current global Tiger population is roughly 5100 according to Wikipedia. With habitat destruction and poaching continuing and no effective improvement in conservation, most likely the Tiger ...
5
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2answers
88 views

Evolution of spider webs?

Web making seems like a fairly complex behavior built from a pretty strong material. So how exactly did it evolve? Do we have any clues about what kind of features/behaviors preceded web making and ...
2
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1answer
103 views

Niche overlap Index

I wanted to use the compana() function from the adehabitat package in R. I don't really understand the meaning of the data in ...
5
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1answer
187 views

What is a subspecies?

Within a species there may be subspecies that are named using trinomial nomenclautre. For example the Grizzly Bear, Ursus arctos horribilis is a subspecies of the Brown Bear Ursus arctos. The ...
3
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1answer
64 views

Spider Identification: Is this an Arizona Recluse?

I found this spider in my toilet bowl. It was after dark. We live in Prescott Valley, AZ at around 5100' elevation at the edge of a development fairly close to the mountains in grass land. I'm ...
2
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0answers
48 views

What are the identifying characteristics of a Jellyfish?

I was walking down the beach today (Wollongong Australia, near Sydney) and saw this Jellyfish washed up on the beach. Then I saw another. I wanted to work out what type it was but didn't know ...
0
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1answer
321 views

Are there animals / mammals which only have one eye?

Do all animals (of a certain size and not thinking about worms) have the possibility to perceive depth? Do all mammals have at least two eyes? Are there mammals with more than two eyes?
0
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1answer
67 views

What is the general term for tree-dwelling animals?

Many different types of animals live primarily in trees, from birds to monkeys and beyond. Is there a general term that I can use to refer to all of them? The closest I've been able to come is ...
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0answers
26 views

What are some examples of small-scale physical phenomena that snakes fear?

What are some ways to use technology to repel snakes? One idea I was researching is low-frequency sound, which I read snakes could "feel" even though they are naturally deaf. Would this be a viable ...
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1answer
110 views

Why do we have two eyes? [duplicate]

Humans, animals and birds all have two eyes. Why? In addition to why two instead of one, why aren't there more than two?
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1answer
35 views

How chameleons change color? [closed]

Well, I was watching a video about chameleons and I saw that their cells can change color. Can someone explain me how is this possible?
0
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1answer
24 views

Are platyhellmintes and annelids segmented?

Are the organisms of platyhelminthes unsegmented worms or segment? And what about those belonging to annelida? I guess Platyhelminthes are unsegmented and annelida are segmented but i am not sure ...
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0answers
38 views

Life after decapitation? [duplicate]

I saw a video where an ant lost its head and was still walking for some time. If this is possible for an arthropod, what keeps it from working with a vertebrate? (Humans, especially)
5
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1answer
253 views

Why would deer continue to cross a river full of crocodiles even though some of them have been killed?

I recently watched a clip on Discovery Channel, where I saw deer crossing a river full of crocodiles, ignoring the fact that some of them would have been killed doing so. Is there a possible ...
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1answer
84 views

Do any dogs have blue iris - not just sclera? [closed]

I was looking in to the question of whether any dogs in fact have "blue eyes"... A quick search gives plenty of information on and images of dogs with blue sclera and black iris. Every "blue-eyed" ...
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1answer
61 views

What are allogametes? please explain [closed]

Allo means different or unrelated I guess.Please clear me the meaning with some examples.
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3answers
2k views

Why is there a difference in the rotation of the tail fin in fish compared to marine mammals?

I've been thinking about this one, but I can't seem to find what causes this difference. All fishes that I've seen have their tail fin positioned vertical: But all the marine mammals I know have ...
8
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2answers
2k views

Why do rabbits often have white hindquarters?

There are several species of herbivores that have a very visible white hindquarters: several kinds of deer, rabbits, antelopes, etc. Does the white fur serve a functional purpose, or is it purely ...
18
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1answer
1k views

What is this droplet of liquid that comes out of a mosquito?

I have been looking at pictures of different species of mosquito and several times I came across pictures where the mosquito seems to be secreting some kind of fluid. In the pictures one can clearly ...
5
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2answers
564 views
3
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2answers
107 views

Do humans contract more physical sicknesses and diseases than animals do? [duplicate]

I wondered: If I get into the library and look into the medical section it is evident that there are thousands and thousands of different human physical diseases. But if I look into the section of ...
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1answer
87 views

How do we predict the lifespan of dinosaurs?

Of course, they are fossils now. I found a link here which states that herbivors lived far longer than carnivores. The example being a T-Rex being "old" at 29, and a herbivorous Bothriospondylus ...
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0answers
24 views

Protostomia classification and characteristics

While working through a practice test for my final exam in an introductory organism biology course, I came across this question: Protostome characteristics include which of the following? a) a ...
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0answers
22 views

How does the shape of the structure explain the function of that structure in both plant animal cells? [closed]

Could some please tell me how the structure explain the function of something in plant and animal cells, it is in middle school level.