The biological study of animals.

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What do red ants secrete while marching in a line, one after the other?

Red ants often move in a group, and seem to follow a trail one after the other. Once, I rubbed a part of the path along which they were moving and surprisingly found that the successive ants roaming ...
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1answer
100 views

Species identification - greenish blue ocean worm (nudibranch?) in Perhentian Islands, Malaysia

We found this on a beach at the Perhentian Islands, Malaysia in March, 2016 and cannot identify it. It's some sort of worm-type creature with many legs and bluish back about 15cm long. The legs ...
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2answers
3k views

Do homing pigeons fly straight home or follow certain “highways”?

Homing pigeons (Columba livia) have been prized for their navigational abilities for thousands of years. They’ve served as messengers during war, as a means of long-distance communication, and as ...
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127 views

What happens to a snail if we cut off its antennae?

First off, I don't know why snails have antennas. Are they eyes? And what if we cut those antennae off? If they are like eyes, could a blind snail survive somehow?
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63 views

What are these curious cetaceans?

At the beginning of the superb documentary film “Un jardin d’Eden sous les mers” (“A garden of Eden under the seas”) [1], we see a group of curious cetaceans. At about 1 min. What are these ...
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34 views

Do other animals have similar blood types to humans? [duplicate]

I am interested to know if there are any animals having blood groups similar to human blood groups? Is it possible to transfuse blood between humans and those animals?
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44 views

Is the knee locking mechanism present in animals?

We study in human anatomy that when the knee is in full extension, the femur slightly medially rotates on the tibia to lock the knee joint in place. This reduces the work required to be done by the ...
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2answers
129 views

Skull mystery on beach

The skull was found on a beach on the Sechelt inlet on Canada's pacific coast. A marine environment. What species is this skull from?
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22 views

Would a python die if it ate a cane toad [closed]

I was thinking about the Burmese pythons that are invading the everglades and cane toads that were introduced in Australia.
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1answer
96 views

Cockroach-like insect identification

I just saw an insect in my room, and I have never seen anything like it ever before. I captured a photo, please see if you can identify it. It has got quite unique colours on its exodermis and it has ...
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139 views

Chart of blood pH across different animal species?

How does blood pH vary across species? I can't find an article or chart listing this kind of information. So far I've found bits and pieces like: Human blood pH is nominally 7.4. 7.4 seems to be a ...
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21 views

Germ layer and platyhelminthes

Some introductory biology textbooks state that sometimes the body cavity is formed from pouches pinched off from the endoderm. So, I am interested in understanding what 'pouches pinched off' actually ...
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683 views

Why don't rats have a gallbladder, unlike other rodents?

It has long been known that rats do not have a gallbladder, though other species including humans, monkeys, cows, reptiles, dogs and mice, all have a gallbladder. In this paper from almost 100 years ...
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80 views

Is a bone marrow transplant limited by sex?

Can a female patient get transplanted with bone marrow of a male donor and vice versa?
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1answer
119 views

If birds are dinosaurs, then are mammals reptiles?

I'm just curious - it seems generally accepted that birds are dinosaurs. If that's the case, then can we call all mammals reptiles? Can we go even further and call humans amphibians? And since single-...
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12 views

Why does the doves coo suddenly stop? [closed]

Doves seem to always repeat the same sequence of coos in their call. I noticed around 3 x 5 coos but they always add one final coo at the end. Is there a (known) reason for this?
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82 views

Do animals have different taste preferences within the same species?

Humans (especially children...) seem to dislike certain foods or drinks, that other humans seem to like. Common examples are coffee, french cheeses, olives, milk, fish and cabbage. Are there examples ...
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1answer
193 views

Anatomical differences between herbivores and omnivores [closed]

What are differences of herbivores vs omnivores? I do not mean dietary differences (obviously), but physical ones. E.g., afaik herbivores have a much longer digestive tract than carnivores; then ...
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15 views

Does urchin metamorphosis involve two animals?

An urchin larva becomes an adult urchin through metamorphosis. This fascinating documentary about metamorphosis suggests that the urchin larva "dies", being partially eaten by the new individual, the ...
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1answer
40 views

Why can one swim longer underwater by blowing out air?

I am a human. I take a deep breath. I swim underwater... After some time, I need to blow out some air. I blow out some air... By doing so, I can swim underwater longer. Blowing out some air gives me ...
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1answer
75 views

What were the main discoveries in Biology? [closed]

What were the greatest achievements in Biology? Can you please provide a short list of discoveries that you would consider as being the most important discoveries of the history of Biology.
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2answers
110 views

Would a colony with only one male and female collapse?

This is a thought experiment: If we form a population with only a single founder pair, can this population survive? What would happen? Would this inbreeding cause the population to go extinct? Could ...
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1answer
77 views

Can soap kill cockroaches and/or ants? If so, how? [duplicate]

Is it possible to use dishwashing soap as an alternative insecticide? How would that and what are the components of the dishwashing soap that would kill the insect?
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107 views

Blood clumping in mosquitos

Will a mosquito die due to blood clumping if it sucks blood from two persons having different blood group? What will happen in its gut? Is there any mechanism to avoid clumping ? Or mosquitos know ...
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31 views

Do elephants get thorns out of each other's skin?

I have watched Wild Kratts Elephant in the Room several times where a baby elephant named Thornsley has a big thorn in his foot and is nowhere near his mom. This along with herd members helping each ...
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2answers
117 views

Are human beings evolved to eat meat? [duplicate]

I know humans can cook, and prepare almost anything, but are humans specifically adapted to eat meat. One of my doubts humans are not particularly well adapted to eat meat because they lack canine ...
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1answer
102 views

Are the cells (structures) of deep sea fish different? And can they survive in shallow water?

In the deep oceans the pressure is enormous. But still there are fish living. But are the cells of them different from fish who just live at the surface of waters? For example, are the cells smaller ...
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38 views

Animals in predicting disasters..! [closed]

I have been working on a project related to how different animals help in predicting natural disasters. But google searches and news only give evidence where animals showed some signs before disasters....
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570 views

How fast can a panda run?

Pandas are going extinct, mostly due to habitat destruction. This leads me to the question: How fast can an average adult panda run? (more specifically Giant Panda)
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56 views

How do animals with fur get enough sunlight to produce vitamin-D? [duplicate]

How is vitamin D synthesized in animals with fur; how do the cells get enough sunlight? If vitamin-D cannot be synthesized because of limited sunlight reaching the skin, do these animals have to ...
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1answer
714 views

Examples of animals with 12-28 legs?

Many commonly known animals' limbs usually number between 0 and 10. For example, a non-exhaustive list: snakes have 0 Members of Bipedidae have 2 legs. Birds and humans have 2 legs (but 4 limbs) ...
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1answer
46 views

Examples of seeking behavior by brainless animals

Are there any examples of brainless animals (e.g. jellyfish) exhibiting seeking behavior, such as following smell or light gradients towards food, or following hormones towards mates?
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1answer
121 views

How much do crocodiles eat?

How much do crocodiles eat? The closest I found to an answer was on German wikipedia, where it says that adult nile crocodiles eat "only about 50 full meals a year." While interesting, without knowing ...
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16 views

examples of animals losing their brains when losing their mobility

I'm looking for examples of animals with central nervous systems that start out mobile, but then become permanently attached to something, and lose their brains. One famous example is that of some ...
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67 views

Do ants use something similar to the honey bee “waggle dance” to instruct the rest of the colony where to find a food source?

In the 20 years since we built our home, we've just recently had our first ant infestation. I'm familiar with the fact that ants leave scent trails to find their way back and forth between the ...
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Do animals demonstrate target practice (i.e., playful accuracy behavior)?

Do animals demonstrate any sort of accuracy-motivated play? (please provide examples!) Consider most human sports and related hobbies. Most share the common goal of hitting a target or being accurate,...
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34 views

What are other creatures or plants that leave “recommendations” as ants? [closed]

I'm working on a Semantic Recommendation Systems. In the state-of-the-art, I state the fact that even animals, such as ants, using some kind of recommendations by leaving markers, which are chemical ...
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1answer
96 views

Do any animals prepare food?

I was just wondering if any animals (are smart enough to) enhance the flavor of their food by, for example, mixing ingredients or seasoning or letting it cure in some ways. In the first episode of ...
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58 views

What nocturnal animal sound am I hearing in the trees in Maine?

Every year, during late summer nights (usually around 9:00 pm) in Maine, I hear a noise coming from high up in the trees. The trees I hear it from are mostly maple or conifer, but where I live there ...
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2answers
132 views

Are there any predators without camouflage?

Are there any predators that don't use camouflage?
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1answer
167 views

Spider Identification: Is this an Arizona Recluse?

I found this spider in my toilet bowl. It was after dark. We live in Prescott Valley, AZ at around 5100' elevation at the edge of a development fairly close to the mountains in grass land. I'm ...
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64 views

What are the identifying characteristics of a Jellyfish?

I was walking down the beach today (Wollongong Australia, near Sydney) and saw this Jellyfish washed up on the beach. Then I saw another. I wanted to work out what type it was but didn't know ...
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1k views

Are there animals / mammals which only have one eye?

Do all animals (of a certain size and not thinking about worms) have the possibility to perceive depth? Do all mammals have at least two eyes? Are there mammals with more than two eyes?
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35 views

What are some examples of small-scale physical phenomena that snakes fear?

What are some ways to use technology to repel snakes? One idea I was researching is low-frequency sound, which I read snakes could "feel" even though they are naturally deaf. Would this be a viable ...
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1answer
101 views

What is the general term for tree-dwelling animals?

Many different types of animals live primarily in trees, from birds to monkeys and beyond. Is there a general term that I can use to refer to all of them? The closest I've been able to come is "...
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234 views

Why do we have two eyes? [duplicate]

Humans, animals and birds all have two eyes. Why? In addition to why two instead of one, why aren't there more than two?
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36 views

How chameleons change color? [closed]

Well, I was watching a video about chameleons and I saw that their cells can change color. Can someone explain me how is this possible?
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1answer
24 views

Are platyhellmintes and annelids segmented?

Are the organisms of platyhelminthes unsegmented worms or segment? And what about those belonging to annelida? I guess Platyhelminthes are unsegmented and annelida are segmented but i am not sure ...
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40 views

Life after decapitation? [duplicate]

I saw a video where an ant lost its head and was still walking for some time. If this is possible for an arthropod, what keeps it from working with a vertebrate? (Humans, especially)
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252 views

Why do male frogs have a copulatory pad? [closed]

In frogs fertilisation is external, It does not make sense in having copulatory pad in male frogs?