0
votes
0answers
7 views

ants and their super powers

I've noticed lots of ants being inside a vacuum package with sugar confectionery decorations. How did they get into a completely healthy vacuum package ? (P.M they ate its colors, what is left is ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

What does NaOH do for the plating of Bacillus subtilis?

A book called Molecular Biological Methods for Bacillus called for plating Bacillus subtilis cells on LB-agar plates with the following components: A general-purpose medium containing per litre: ...
-2
votes
1answer
36 views

Is evolution useless as a predictive theory?

My feeling is that almost any observation can be explained by current evolutionary theories. Is there any example of someone developing a rigorous framework or model of how evolution works?
5
votes
2answers
52 views

How does the brain know what to remember and what not?

People remember some information for example when learning for an exam, or remember to go to a shop after work etc., but we don't remember usually much other stuff like people passing us, what was the ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

Book recommendation on population/evolutionary genetics?

I have recently been involved in collaborations that require me to model the population genetics of eukaryotic populations. I fear I may either be "re-inventing the wheel" or making conceptual ...
0
votes
0answers
4 views

Methods for detecting local adaptation in absence of genetic data

Background Local Adaptation is a famous subject of interest in ecology and evolution. Among ecologists, it is not rare to try to find evidence of local adaptation in absence of genetic data. As a ...
0
votes
0answers
3 views

What happens when mammalian ovum fails to get fertilized?

If mammalian ovum fails to get fertilized , which of the following is unlikely ? a) corpus leuteum will disintegrate b) estrogen secretion further decreases c) primary follicles starts developing d) ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Ancestral Allele and Hapmap

I notice on dbSNP rs6352 has an ancestral allele of G - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/SNP/snp_ref.cgi?rs=rs6352 The hapmap in humans for this allele is very rare, the homozygous version practically not ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

How to isolate two plasmids from E. Coli strand?

I have an E. coli cell line I use to express a protein using a two plasmid system. One confers AmpR and one KanR. For mutagenesis I would like to separate the plasmids to increase efficiency of the ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

distribution of some injected materials/medicines through blood vessels

Fastest distribution of some injected materials/medicines & with no risk of any kind can be achieved by injecting it into - artery or vein?
1
vote
1answer
27 views

How does mutualism arise?

How can a mutualism between two species arise? I have thinking about this for a while and I have come up with the following points 1.If mutualism gives one specie a competitive edge over its ...
1
vote
2answers
207 views

How quantitative is the theory of evolution right now? [closed]

We developed complex structures like eyes and brain, whose mechanisms rely on specific species of molecules and relevant chemical reactions. But we did not develop an enhanced night vision, the ...
11
votes
5answers
18k views

Do we get 1/4 of our genes from each grandparent?

I know that we get half of our genes from each parent, but does it necessarily mean we get 1/4 of our genes from each grandparent? Or is it possible that we might get say 30% from one grandparent, 20% ...
3
votes
1answer
15 views

Are there any primary structure sequences that strongly suggest b-sheet or alpha helix?

Is there a particular sequence of amino acids that we know will take on a beta-sheet or an alpha helix or is it essentially random?
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Term of the type xxx-troph for a compound not used by an organism

A prototroph for compound X can make it, a bradytroph grows faster if X is scavenged, an auxotroph needs to scavenge it and a hyperauxotroph lacks both the biosynthetic pathway and the transporters. ...
-2
votes
1answer
20 views

What are silent carrier traits?

I couldn't find a definition but I have come to know the following from google search: People who are carriers of a thalassemia gene show no thalassemia symptoms and might not know they're ...
4
votes
2answers
91 views

How long can one leave sample in lysis buffer for DNA extraction?

I am trying to do some DNA extraction for my professor, and I make a lysis buffer with proteinase K. I did not have the time to continue the procedure so the hair and the buffer have been sitting ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

How does the MMR vaccine affect lymph nodes in preventing measles?

I am trying to understand this statement about the Measles part of the MMR (Mumps, Measles and Rubella) vaccine Measles prevention: MMR (AB protect during primary and secondary viremia) Measles ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

What would happen if nerves didn't have refractory period? [on hold]

What would happen if nerves didn't have refractory period? And, what part of his nervous system or neurons are not needed?
6
votes
1answer
163 views

Is there any virus that contains both DNA and RNA in its genome?

It is known that viruses contain DNA or RNA- either one and not both. I came across a question: Which virus contains both DNA and RNA?
1
vote
0answers
6 views

Can the presence of Y chromosomes in tissue play a part in trigger tissue rejection in opposite sex?

Can the presence of Y chromosomes in tissue after a tissue graft or transplant from a male to a female play a part in triggering tissue rejection other than other main factors? If so, how?
8
votes
2answers
333 views

Why do squirrels have twitchy bushy tails?

Whenever I see a squirrel in the woods, it is always the big bushy tail flipping around that gets my attention first. A pray animal with a big bushy flag calling attention to it's self seems to be ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

What's the (or some of the) minimum(s) amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide needed by plants?

We currently have a problem of increasing CO2 in the atmosphere. But assuming we find a way to carbon sink it, what is the minimum CO2 we need to leave in the atmosphere to provide a source for ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Brain controls switched sides? [on hold]

I've been wanting to ask about this for along time, I was told about it when I was young but wanted to ask again. Not long after I was born (I was 7 weeks early) I had to have an operation cuz I ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Rifle Bullets and Lead Exposure

Does anyone know if simply touching bullets could give you lead poisoning?
-1
votes
2answers
29 views

What are sex linked traits?

Which of the two definitions of sex-linked trait is correct? Traits controlled by genes present on the non-homologous region of sex chromosomes are called ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Variant VCF: AD vs DP?

In my VCF file from GATK, I have the following definitions for AD and DP. ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Links between Genetics and Personality Types

This topic was visited briefly in the thread, Genetic Effects on Personality, but I was surprised not to find more on it. (Is there a taboo I don't know about? What's the ethical stance on this ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Difference between the P4 and P5 subtypes of P-type ATPases in plants

In plants there are various kinds of P-type ATPases. What is difference between P4-ATPase and P5-ATPase?
2
votes
0answers
16 views

How do we find antibiotics?

So the last class of antibiotics were made in 1984 (I think), which makes it appear as though they are hard to find(/design maybe). How is it then they were discovered? Was it by chance? I know some ...
3
votes
2answers
36 views

Mutating a protein without mutating the gene?

Is it possible to mutate a region of a protein (says about 300 amino acids long) without actually mutating the gene? One possible way that I can think of is to use RNAi and specifically block that ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

What bug is this? Location:Singapore (Asia) Climate:Monsoon [on hold]

What bug is this? It looks like a worm in a open end conical case. I found it suspending from a ceiling from a web.
4
votes
1answer
82 views

Can defibrillation be done with a car battery?

Can successful defibrillation be done with a car battery? Is it POSSIBLE for this to work? Let's say you are stuck on a very remote place and something happens to someone... Moreover, can you jump ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Non-monotonic knock-out effects in prokaryotes

Typically, when performing gene-knockout, the experimenters select one gene to remove/replace-with-junk and then see if the prokaryote can still undergo fission. If it continues to reproduce then the ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Attaching suspension cells to coverslip during mycoplasma contamination detection

I am planing to screen my cell cultures for mycoplasma contamination using the Hoechst 33258 DNA staining method. This method is suitable for adherent cultures. Is this method suitable for ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

What is the sedimentation coefficient of Mycoplasma?

I have attempted to find the sedimentation coefficient of a number of bacterial species, namely E. coli and a number of Mycoplasma species, but they seemed to be rather elusive in the literature. If ...
1
vote
0answers
167 views

What is Mycoplasma Lyo medium?

Used for instance in this article The role of genital mycoplasmas as pathogens - - are generally neglected by diagnostic laboratories in the United Kingdom, possibly due to the lack of a ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Effective Mycoplasma Elimination from Primary Human Cultures

Obviously the best way to avoid mycoplasma contamination is to avoid it in the first place. In our case, however, it is not possible to avoid. We are culturing viruses and tissues out of human nasal ...
1
vote
0answers
6 views

Effect of interruption of photoperiod in a short day plant

When a short day plant is exposed to its critical period of darkness it flowers. But when it is exposed to a small period of red light which exceeds the critical period it doesn't flower. But when it ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Techniques for phosphosite detection?

I would like to know how phosphorylated sites in proteins are detected in practice. I read some papers where the authors were talking about mass spectrometry techniques. But my question is that why ...
2
votes
2answers
38 views

How do prions transmit their conformation to other proteins?

I was reading about prions and many sources say something to this effect: "Prions may propagate by transmitting their misfolded protein state: When a prion enters a healthy organism, it induces ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Is there a difference in how Gas is produced which determines if it becomes a burp or flatulence?

I know that some gases are heavier than air and in the case of a gas leak it's best to escape to higher ground, while some gases are lighter than air such a Helium however unlike Helium i havn't seen ...
0
votes
1answer
10 views

What are the theoretical and actual (measured) minimum water potentials in plants?

I'm a plant physiology researcher, but water potentials are not really my thing, so I don't have a great grasp on the literature. I'm dealing with water potential data right now though, and it seems ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Plasmid electrophoresis with DNases

DNases are used for treatment of cystic fibrosis. A normal DNase catalyzes the hydrolytic cleavage of phosphodiester bond in one strand of DNA. Scientists, in order to improve efficacy of DNases, use ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

Have people in Africa already started evolving resistance to AIDS?

Are people living in areas where AIDS is rampant (for e.g. Africa), less likely to die from it than they once were because some of the people without genes/mutations that give them resistance already ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Lyonization and Turner's syndrome

If lyonization is basically inactivation on X chromosome, and Turner's syndrome patients have only one existing X chromosome, what is the difference between healthy women with inactivated X chromosome ...
1
vote
3answers
53 views

Can a single strand of mRNA form different polypeptide chains?

My book has a statement: A single strand of mRNA is capable of forming a number of different polypeptide chains. In my opinion this statement is wrong because a single strand of mRNA will have same ...
12
votes
2answers
188 views

Protein data bank syntax: Can two protein secondary structures “overlap”?

I have a technical question regarding the syntax in Protein Data Bank files. In the protein with PDB# 1AE9 (pdb file), there are two lines in the .pdb file: ...
4
votes
0answers
21 views

What are the secondary structure requirements for cell-penetrating peptides AKA protein transduction domains

Cell penetrating peptides. Cell penetrating peptides (CPPs) are a class of short amino acid sequences which are sufficient for crossing cell membranes and delivering themselves along with any ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

How do organoarsenics improve digestion efficiency in poultry?

It struck me as very surprising that these organoarsenic compound with structure looking not very compatible with living system is widely used as food additive to increase weight gain and improve food ...

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