0
votes
0answers
10 views

Is the attached digital camera on the top have the same magnification than visible in eyepiece?

There are some microscopes with digital camera system attached to the top. But does it include or bypass eyepiece magnification? E.g. 40x objective lens and 10x eyepiece making the total ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

What causes a polypeptide to fold into an Alpha helix over a Beta pleated sheet

I know how they fold, but what causes some polypeptide chains to preferably fold into Alpha-helix rather than Beta-sheets (or vice-versa). What force makes it fold into one conformation over the ...
0
votes
0answers
2 views

Book recommended for neurobiology

I am looking for a good explanation book for Neurobiology. I am interested on how brain works but before to go there i believe that i have to start learning things for the biology of neurons. So i ...
0
votes
1answer
10 views

How do ants transport water?

All living things need water to survive. Worker ants can drink directly from the source. But a queen ant would need help from the colony to get its daily supply of food and water. I have seen ants ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

More extreme phenotypes when parents are from diverged populations

In quantitative traits we have many loci affecting a trait. If we took a bunch of parents where all mothers and fathers were of a certain value at the upper end of a trait range, and then looked at ...
0
votes
0answers
4 views

Physiology of benign eye twitching?

About four times in my life I have experienced the feeling of my eyelid fluttering for a few minutes by itself, and then it stops. I have talked to other people who have had the same experience so I ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Have I stopped growing?? [on hold]

I'm 14yrs old, 95lbs, and 4.9ft tall. Everybody says that since both of my parents is short, that I've stopped growing. My mother is 5.2ft and My father is 5.8ft. Am I still growing?
1
vote
1answer
27 views

How non-invasive blood glucose concentration measurement work? [duplicate]

Diabetes patients need to conduct the “fingerstick” a few times a day. One of the mechanisms of "fingerstick" is to take small amount of blood sample and put it onto a test strip. The enzyme on the ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

How non-invasive blood glucose concentration measurement work?

Diabetes patients need to conduct the “fingerstick” a few times a day. One of the mechanisms of "fingerstick" is to take small amount of blood sample and put it onto a test strip. The enzyme on the ...
14
votes
5answers
624 views

Pipetting damage on cells

I'm curious how much damage is potentially inflicted by shear stress by pipetting. I know that with syringes for stem cell injection cause a lot of damage. However, to what extend does this happen ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there any complex organism that is both autotroph and heterotroph?

Possibility also include "adaptation mode" if such exist. I don't discern whether autotrophic/heterotrophic part play only minor role either.
3
votes
1answer
30 views

Found a larva in my broccoli, is it a Small White (Pieris rapae)?

Found this living larva in broccoli from a store. It was about 10 mm long. It was in july this year, and I don't remember the country of origin for the broccoli. A bit of googling makes me think it ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Can Hepatitis be caused by Bacteria?

There are many information about viral hepatitis. But it is interesting for me, can bacteria cause the hepatitis too?
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Is the Hypothalamus part of the Central Nervous System or Endocrine System

Sorry for a certainly naive question. Some references (for example https://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/nsdivide.html) seem to to indicate that the hypothalamus is part of the Central Nervous ...
1
vote
0answers
9 views

Niche differentiation in birds of prey

I'm not much of an ornithologist but I know enough to distinguish most Central European birds of prey. To me it is amazing that there are so many species that seem to occupy the same niche. Especially ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Do you produce more sperm after 1 week of abstinence vs 1 year of abstinence

Question: I was wondering if the amount of sperm increase with the amount of abstinence? Side questions: Is their a max amount of sperm? What happens with the excess amount?
-1
votes
0answers
27 views

birth control pills and eugenics [on hold]

The birth control pill is one of the many measures that have been developed to control population. It is arguable that many proponents of eugenics in the years before the pill (1960) would have ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Regrowing Limbs using MatriStem; Research and Applications

Apparently, there is a substance (powder) called MatriStem which can regrow your nose and the tips of your fingers should they ever become diseased or severed. See here for photos (a bit graphic) ...
1
vote
3answers
68 views

Why is it better to drink room temperature water instead of cold water?

My teacher told me that drinking water that is room temperature is better for you then drinking cold water, but she did not tell me why that is. I want to know because I often drink cold water (with ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

How prominent is the gene-centric view of evolution among professional researchers?

Richard Dawkins famously advocated a gene-centric (as opposed to organism-centric) viewpoint on natural selection, most notably in The Extended Phenotype. However, I have also heard "on the grapevine" ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

What are the sources of energy that alcohol provides?

Milk contains sugar and proteins which give energy. What compounds in alcoholic beverages (edited) give energy? Are they more likely to turn into fat (as in beer belly) than blood glucose?
10
votes
1answer
679 views

Are there birds with knees instead of elbows?

This is probably not a very good question for this site, but I couldn't find an answer elsewhere. Are there any birds whose legs fold the same way human legs do, in a knee, instead of an elbow which ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Using Canonical Correspondence Analysis on matrices with missing data

I have a matrix of sites where not all the environmental variables I want to assess were sampled. In other words, there are sites with the whole set of variables sampled, and there are other sites ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Can you find malaria parasites in saliva?

Can you find plasmodium parasites (malaria) in saliva under microscope from someone who's infected? Or it's only in the blood?
5
votes
2answers
239 views

Why haven't land animals evolved beyond urination?

It occurred to me (while urinating) that this would seem to be selected against because water is a scarce resource. Why are we constantly losing water we don't need to through urination? What is ...
0
votes
2answers
34 views

How do kidney cells excrete their own wastes?

The kidney is composed of tissues, and those tissues are made up of numerous cells - so how do these cells excrete their wastes? Lastly, are there any wastes in the venous blood (renal vein), what ...
1
vote
2answers
33 views

Are there organisms that have incorporated plastic into their lives?

Are there organisms that have incorporated (manmade) plastic into their lives in any way? Either in their diet, or as a part of their body?
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Do gibbons have a monogamous sexuality?

the question is already in the title. If possible, it might be extended to: Have animal taxa (mammal) who tend to live in a family structure have a monogamous sexuality? Or are there cases of these ...
7
votes
2answers
18 views

What is this beetle? Found in heather in snowdonia

We were walking in the hills of snowdonia the other day and my girlfriend found this in the heather: I've never seen anything like it. Can anyone identify it? It was the biggest beetle I've ever ...
2
votes
3answers
270 views

What is the difference between eugenics and evolution by natural selection?

So with the working definition of Eugenics: "the aim to improve the human gene pool". What are key features that distinguish Eugenics from evolution by natural selection? I mean, besides that natural ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Difference between medicinal caffeine and regular caffeine

There are some OTC paracetamol tablets, some with caffeine. Is this caffeine the same as the regular caffeine (found in a coffee)? Does it perform better than it in any way?
6
votes
2answers
230 views

HIV and effectiveness of inhibitor cocktail over single inhibitor

I'm looking for clarification on the answer to this question. It's in my biochemistry class but I figured this is more Biology than Chemistry, so I'm asking it here. The question is: One of the ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Forum on synthetic biology and hypothetical biology?

I am interested in synthetic biology, but not a scientist, and would like some advice on where to look for an online forum on synthetic biology and creating fictional species and animals or if someone ...
10
votes
3answers
226 views

Shortest strings not present in the human genome

What length are the shortest strings of DNA not present in any known person's genome, and what are they? And is there a database online by which I could find this out?
5
votes
1answer
40 views

Can “human exclusion zones” in national parks for preserving Wolves and Grizzlies be a good idea?

There are National Preserves in the National Parks where some human activities are permitted. But can it make sense to create "exclusion zones" so no human would be permitted in a certain area, not ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

How reactive are reduced antioxidant molecules?

When antioxidant molecules stabilize free radicals, they themselves become unstable and reactive but to a lesser degree. How reactive are these reduced antioxidant molecules? And what substance ...
15
votes
2answers
4k views

Why is cold water more refreshing than warm water?

Obviously, the temperature of water does not affect its chemical composition. At least not in the ranges we are likely to drink it in. Yet it is clearly far more pleasant and refreshing to drink cool ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Why are the largest land/air animals today smaller than in the Mesozoic?

The largest dinosaurs and pterosaurs seem to have been much larger than the largest animal terrestrial/avian species since. Was the Mesozoic somehow more hospitable to large animal species than ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Burning fat transferred from one part of the body to another

While doing some research on cosmetic surgery, I discovered that there are several ways of doing breast enhancements, one of which was using body fat. While I haven't researched this method, I assume ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Why do I feel funny in my tummy when riding a virtual roller coaster?

I've ridden a virtual roller coaster on an Oculus Rift. I felt tension as I went up to the top, but more interestingly I actually felt my stomach drop when I went down the steep drop on the other ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Is there any research paper which identifies left and right brained behavior?

There are many web puzzle to identify, but does it really have any scientific proof? something like - http://braintest.sommer-sommer.com/en/ any logic behind it?
-1
votes
0answers
17 views

adaptive and innate immunity [on hold]

Adaptive immunity has evolved in vertebrates but they have also retained innate immunity.What would be the disadvantages of having only an adaptive immune system?how possession of both types of ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Molecular Cloning- Blunt end restriction endonucleases

I work in a microbiology lab where we do a lot of cloning. I have always used restriction endonucleases to cleave the DNA to have sticky ends and not blunt ends. I currently am working on a project ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

A history of infectious diseases [closed]

So I'm thinking about the Ebola outbreak. I'm wondering is this something that can be contained? Will this disease ultimately become a pandemic without a vaccine becoming available? The response I'm ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Alkaline Phosphatase

What is the predominant purpose of Alkaline Phosphatase in skeletal muscle fibers and liver cells. I know that it is a hydrolase enzyme that speeds up the degredation of proteins, lipids, starch and ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Do the phage repressors CI and Mnt exhibit crosstalk?

I am interested in using the CI and Mnt proteins as well as their respective promoters (pR and Pmnt) within the same synthetic system, but am concerned as to their similarity and potential crosstalk. ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Artificial Gene Alteration [on hold]

Is artificial alteration/"correction" of genes conceivable? I know viruses can manipulate DNA or RNA to replicate itself, but its only temporary, right? If this were possible, how would it be gone ...
19
votes
1answer
9k views

Where do migratory birds go when it rains?

I was reading a comic from XKCD which inspired me to ask this question: "well, where do they go when it rains?" I know that when it rains you usually don't see any birds flying through the sky. I ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Does using fertiliser reduce the energy required for active transport in plants, for the ion in question

Apologies if this belongs in the chemistry stack exchange. I was just wondering if it did, as carrier proteins require energy to get a particular ion into the plant.But does it take more energy in ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Absorption of foreign bodies through the alveoli [on hold]

What is the maximum size of a substance which can pass into the body through the alveoli?

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