All Questions

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0answers
2 views

Function of Vermiform Appendix

Why is the Vermiform Appendix(a finger-like projection at the end of caecum of large intestine) called a vestigial organ even though it acts like a lymphoid organ?
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0answers
3 views

Action of Ebola Viruses

This video suggests that the first cell to be the victim of viral infection of ebola is the dendritic cell which acts as the leader of immune system cells.But I am unable to understand how the ...
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0answers
3 views

Wonder at GPPS, FPPS and GGPPS?

I have questions about these 3 enzymes. Does GGPPS contribute in GPP, FPP and GGPP synthesis or just in GGPP synthesis? Is it true that GPPS and FPPS part of GGPPS or they are 3 seperated enzyme? ...
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0answers
5 views

How to compare a camera and an eye

How could I compare what a normal eye can see to a camera lens? I just went through a very comprehensive article @ CambridgeInColor, but I'm still not really clear. When I take a picture with a SLR ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

What causes a polypeptide to fold into an Alpha helix over a Beta pleated sheet

I know how they fold, but what causes some polypeptide chains to preferably fold into Alpha-helix rather than Beta-sheets (or vice-versa). What force makes it fold into one conformation over the ...
8
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0answers
85 views

Using the IMGT/GENE-DB service to find RSS

I'm trying to get the data for the Human and Mouse 12 and 23 Recomination Signal Sequences (RSS), to run a classification algorithm on it. I'm not a biologist, so I apologise in advance for my ...
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1answer
15 views

Ants eating bark

Was out walking in the park today, came across a tree, and me being me I thought "Hey lets try climbing this thing for fun." But something strange struck me, the tree was completely devoid, as in ...
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1answer
16 views

why is heart failure treated as more critical than kidney failure?

The kidney filters blood whereas heart pumps the blood. Filtering blood is important. Therefor why is heart failure treated as more critical than kidney failure?
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0answers
9 views

What type of bacterial colony is this?

I am having trouble identifying the microorganism in the picture. I think the shape is rhizobium and probably a bacillus, but I can't narrow it down from here. It was grown on agar plate with ...
4
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1answer
172 views

How is membrane capacitance related to the increased speed of saltatory conduction?

Here is the original question which inspired my question. As explained by the answers there, the reason saltatory conduction in myelinated neurons is faster than non-myelinated conduction is because ...
2
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3answers
70 views

What is possibly wrong in my gel electrophoresis when I didn't see bands of DNA ladder on gel? [on hold]

What was possibly wrong in my gel electrophoresis when I didn't see bands of DNA ladder, and genomic DNA sample on gel ? I could see bands of genomic PCR and RNA solution.
3
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1answer
18 views

Looking for a gene in my raw genetic data. What are the possible causes for this?

Obviously, I barely know what I am talking about. But I want to find the "MUC5B promoter polymorphism rs35705950" in my RAW genetic data from 23andMe. (see this ...
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0answers
14 views

ECG of heart transplant patients

I am studying ECGs of heart transplant patients. The difficult thing is that there is so little available data publicly. I must apply for data in my universities. It would be also great if ...
8
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2answers
89 views

If human eyes watch an area, what's the shape of its capturing shape? Rectangular? Half spherical?

A normal camera can capture a rectangular image. If human eyes watch an area, what's the shape of the captured region? Rectangular? Half-spherical?
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3answers
93 views

Why is it better to drink room temperature water instead of cold water?

My teacher told me that drinking water that is room temperature is better for you then drinking cold water, but she did not tell me why that is. I want to know because I often drink cold water (with ...
3
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1answer
50 views

Literature about putative epigenetic state changes in mammal sequences after cloning steps in Escherichia coli

I would like you to point me out some literature about putative epigenetic state changes in mouse/mammal sequences after cloning steps in Escherichia coli. This are the last search details I used in ...
3
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1answer
63 views

Sequencing rtPCR product

So I have a validated set of primers for rtPCR from Biorad that contains SYBR green. If I do rtPCR, can I use the rtPCR product after purifying it with a Qiagen PCR purification kit? Also, I'm under ...
3
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1answer
61 views

Is a single x-ray photon capable of doing enough damage to the dna of a cell to kill that cell?

Ionizing radiation is damaging to DNA, but is there such a thing as a safe dose below which no DNA damage could occur? I'm not asking about a minimum safe dose overall, just whether or not there's an ...
3
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1answer
34 views

Cross section of actin network in neurites

for a simulation I am developing I would like to know how the actin network in neurites is distributed. Is actin confined to the periphery or is the whole neurite shaft containing actin with a rather ...
1
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1answer
21 views

Does methanol fixation deform cultured cells?

I use methanol fixation (@ -20⁰C for 10 minutes) when performing immunofluorescence assays on cultured cells. Generally speaking, this results in very good antibody staining. However, the cells tend ...
5
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2answers
69 views

Linkage disequilibrium with multiple alleles and loci

Linkage disequilibrium $\left(D\right)$ for two bi-allelic loci is defined as: $$D=X_{11}X_{22} - X_{12}X_{21}$$ where $X_{11},\ X_{12},\ X_{21},\ X_{22}$ are the frequencies of the haplotypes ...
4
votes
1answer
33 views

How does MSMA kill crabgrass with only minimal damage to lawn grasses?

I use MSMA (Monosodium methyl arsenate) to kill crabgrass in lawns. I am not certain of the mode of action. How does this chemical work? How does it target the annual grassy weeds, without damaging ...
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0answers
11 views

Why cytotoxic T cells don't kill dendritic cells when they present antigen?

When a cytotoxic T cell (CTL) recognizes a peptide presented in the MHC-1 of a dendritic cell (APC), why it doesn't kill this cell? I know that initially, in the lymph node, the T cell is ...
4
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0answers
75 views

What is this fuzzy, black fungus that grew on my plates in the 4⁰C room?

I often find the fungus below growing on my (ostensibly) sterile plates in the 4⁰C room. Presumably it takes a few days to reach this size. The colony looks puffy and dimpled in the middle, like a ...
2
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1answer
63 views

How does temperature influence the rate of protein degradation?

For computer modeling purposes, I am looking for some referenced quantitative measurements of the effect(s) of temperature on biochemical reactions. Question In particular, my question is: How does ...
4
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1answer
58 views

Plotting metabolic networks?

I need to draw a map of the core metabolism of E.coli. Associated with each reaction in the map I have a number that indicates the flux through this reaction. I want the map to reflect these fluxes ...
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0answers
14 views

How is the loss of blood estimated after trauma?

How do medical professionals measure/estimate/guess the loss of blood after an accident?
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1answer
25 views

Counting the number of hydrogen bonds of multiple PDB files in Bio3D

I've been trying to figure out a systematic way to count the number of hydrogen bonds for multiple PDB files. DSSP shows me the total number of hydrogen bonds when I make ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Like other animals, why humans don't have species & breeds?

Like other animals, why don't humans have species & breeds ? Even my pet dog is one type of breed, but we (humans) lack breeds & species? What is the main reason?
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Is eating cooked food an evolved behavior or rather an intelligent one, passed down via culture?

I was just eating a rather rare steak when I started wondering whether eating foods cooked was something I would instinctively want to do if the practice hadn't been taught to me. So, is cooking food ...
6
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0answers
78 views

Are there specific features of birds that cats/small predators are attracted to?

I've recently heard a podcast, in which a professor describes one of the theories as to why we like abstract art. In his talk, he mentions an experiment with seagull chicks, in which the seagull ...
5
votes
3answers
174 views

Why are there no tree-like plants that grow in lakes?

Looking at aerial photos of boreal forests, with dense woods clear-cut by quiet lakes, I wondered why exactly are the woods so clear-cut at the edge of water? Why won't trees develop adaptations that ...
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0answers
19 views

Quetiapine tolerance

I've researched quetiapine for quite some time now and I've found some references to tolerance, but nothing conclusive. My question is whether quetiapine use builds tolerance to the drug and if so, ...
1
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1answer
43 views

Why do people and animals stretch out their bodies and what is causing this behaviour?

I noticed that my cat which is only 6 months old has started stretching its body from time to time. Then I thought that this motion doesn't seem very natural from another cat's viewpoint, so my cat ...
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0answers
23 views

Any benefit to low dose radiation?

Is there any survival benefit in humans that can be obtained from chronic exposure to low dose radiation, or is any dose of radiation a potential harm? Has any research been done into this?
4
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1answer
41 views

Publicly available resources for learning metagenomics

We are starting a metagenomics project in our research group to study microbiota in the respiratory tract. Since the are no books yet about metagenomics, seems reading some reviews and online ...
1
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1answer
23 views

Are bees positively phototropic

One day I had found some bees have come around the light source like other positively photo tropic insects, I hadn't seen any bees coming over light before. I think bees are diurnal and they don't ...
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0answers
16 views

Is it true that there is a finality in nature? [on hold]

Every biologic thing having its own purpose; for example a carnivore flower that attracts a fly to eat it. Or a flower having seeds that spread with the wind. Or the liquid in which the foetus float ...
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2answers
22 views

C.elegans and antioxidants

How would you test the effect of antioxidants on C.elegans lifespan? Is this done through feeding E.coli with antioxidants and then C.elegans with E.coli, or is there another method?
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Testing monophyly from per site log-likelihoods without optimising branch lengths

How can I obtain per site log-likelihoods for a topology against an alignment without optimising branch lengths? (which software can I use to do this) Per site log-likelihoods can be used for various ...
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0answers
31 views

Tricky DNA and RNA question [on hold]

Information storage and transfer are the critical functions of nucleic acids. Which of the following is/are important characteristics of the sugar phosphodiester ester linkages in the backbone of ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

Alternatives to commercially available flow cytometric analysis software for use in cell cycle analysis?

I know that many labs use either FlowJo or FCS Express to plot and analyze their flow data. These seem like the two standards for most labs (and I have used FlowJo before). However, my current funding ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Incestual Reproduction in Animals

I'm quite curious on how animals view incestual pairings. Given there are enough mates around, i have quite observed that most females (subjects are dogs, cats, pigeons and chickens) would go choose ...
0
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0answers
16 views

Is natural absense of appendix result of the internal evolution? [on hold]

If we say that living organism is file of cells what absorbs nutrients, develops and responds to stimuli, we can say that any organ is a living organism - and if the organ has no function, it will not ...
6
votes
1answer
168 views

What percentage of the (additive or not) genetic variance is explained by the $n$ most important loci?

Standard models in population genetics look up at the evolution of few loci which impact fitness. The variance in fitness is determined by the genetic variance and the environmental variance (and the ...
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0answers
23 views

What's the max speed that humans could run? [duplicate]

Assuming humans could use all of their muscle strength at once, with no need of cooling or energy, how fast could we theoretically run?
0
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1answer
28 views

Why we do not use RNAi to control ebola?

As you know using RNAi we are able to prevent gene expression. so why we do not use it to stop viral genes expression?
2
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0answers
31 views

Time for rigor mortis to set in

Rigor mortis sets in due to non-functional "ATP powered calcium pumps" as a result of which the calcium ions stream out & the muscles remain in a suspended animation state. But, it's a frequent ...
5
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2answers
262 views

Why is the DNA codon table “equal” to the RNA codon table

Before anything else please pay attention of the double quotes on the "equal" in the title - I know they are not equal, but you will understand in a bit. If I look at the DNA codon table here or in ...
1
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1answer
27 views

Do the phage repressors CI and Mnt exhibit crosstalk?

I am interested in using the CI and Mnt proteins as well as their respective promoters (pR and Pmnt) within the same synthetic system, but am concerned as to their similarity and potential crosstalk. ...

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