-1
votes
1answer
9 views

Can genetic engineering be performed without a laboratory setting?

I'm becoming more interested in genetic engineering as I learn more about it, and it's becoming more and more apparent that there's very few resources on genetic engineering at home. A similar ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Transfect Mammalian Cells with Single Stranded DNA?

Agrobacteria can deliver parts of their DNA to plant cells as T-DNA, transfer DNA. This DNA is delivered as a single strand and can be integrated into the plant genome or can be converted to a double ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Genetic Code Question [on hold]

The following template strand contains codons encoding the beginning part of a polypeptide. Which of the following amino acids is the fourth amino acid found encoded from the beginning/start of the ...
-1
votes
0answers
12 views

A lifeform similar to known lifeforms, with one difference [on hold]

What would the feasibility be of a lifeform where sucrose serves the purpose of glucose, and what other differences might be necessary? Perhaps some way to get around spontaneous glycation issues?
0
votes
1answer
13 views

mRNA Transcription from Nuclear DNA

How does a cell "know" the coding strand vs. the non-coding strand of DNA during transcription of mRNA?
1
vote
1answer
14 views

How does menstruation proceed during one period?

I'm simplifying things here: A. Does a woman bleed constantly, like a drop every 10 minutes? Two hours without pad or tampon and your underwear is dirty? or B. Does a woman bleed suddenly a ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Dehydration by a tea, coffee, beer etc

For the long time I am trying to find out if the following is truth: They say that some beverages dehydrates. I heard that about tea (sometimes green, sometimes black, sometimes both), coffee, beer ...
3
votes
0answers
20 views

Non-harmful bacterial invasion of cells

There are bacteria that can enter body cells as parasites. Could it be that some of these are benign, such that the guest will not kill the host cell it lives in (in human)?
3
votes
0answers
12 views

How much total RNA can be extracted from Drosophila brain

I am wondering how much total RNA could be extracted from a single D. melanogaster brain. I could not find this information from the literature. The closest hit was this paper: ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

More general usage of the term 'congener'

In taxonomy the term 'congener' refers to two species within the same genus. In more colloquial usage, it can refer to any two objects within the same category. Is there a way to refer to related ...
2
votes
1answer
17 views

Can an upper forearm amputee correctly control the Median and Ulnar nerves

I'm an engineer who is looking to build a robotic hand for people without their upper forearm(from center of forearm in direction of hand), controlled by the Thalmic Myo(an EMG sensor). I am first ...
-1
votes
0answers
17 views

Microscopic Organism [on hold]

I was looking under my microscope and saw this... I asking about the long organism with a circular head... I observed it moving and wanted to find out what this was. Thank You
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there an organism which has a common English name which overlaps with another organism's scientific name (or vice versa?)

Many organisms have their common names identical to their scientific names. For example, there exist apes of the genus Gorilla known commonly as gorillas, and plants of the genus Delphinium known as ...
4
votes
1answer
28 views

Plural of “dibamus”

Migrated from English site. Dibamus is a genus of legless lizards in the family Dibamidae, of the infraorder Dibamia. Genera are usually given in singular, so what is the correct plural of ...
2
votes
2answers
33 views

Conversion of glucose to glycogen

Why is excess glucose, as a glycogen, stored in only a limited amount as compared to the lipid in our body? Why is mature glycogen arranged (polymerized) in 12 tiers polymer?
0
votes
0answers
21 views

How was the origin of CTVT parasitic cancer determined?

The wikipedia article on CTVT says that the tumor cell has 57-64 chromosome while a normal dog has 78 chromosomes. Similarly while all chromosomes in dogs except the X and Y chromosomes are ...
-1
votes
0answers
37 views

What is it a swell in the body? [on hold]

When I get hurt, for example injuries to a bony part causes it to swell...like a little mountain. What is it actually? Does it happen in other places on the body?
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

Why Muscle Popups? [on hold]

I am a swimmer, I swim 6 times a week 3 hours every time. After almost every train when I get to absolute rest, my hand muscle popup... and just lately I have noticed that once in a while my ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

What are the differences between a benign tumor and swelling?

What are the differences between a benign tumor and an injury related swelling? And can swellings due to injury turn into a benign tumor?
5
votes
1answer
559 views

Have there been studies done to test Immortality of Cancer Cells on culture?

The article here says cancer cells may be immortal. I am wondering if there has been any research done to find if cancer cells are really immortal. How old is the still maintained living oldest ...
3
votes
2answers
56 views

Are nutrients absorbed in human esophagus?

Following this question regarding absorption in human oral cavity (sadly not yet fully answered), I'm curious if any nutrient absorption occurs during the descent of food through the esophagus. And ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

eradicating h.pylori naturally

This question is not to discuss whether substances with anti-h.pylori agents works or not, or the pros and cons of such but from a medical perspective. Assuming that one manage to control, reduce, or ...
4
votes
1answer
35 views

After how many generations descendant is not more related to ancestor, than to a random individual in an ancestral population?

Descendant of n generation has on average 1/2n DNA of ancestor. (For example children have 1/2 DNA of parents and 1/4 DNA of Grandparents, After 10 Generation 1/1024 DNA and after 100 Generations ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

Why do the proportion of predators increase at mass extinction events?

Why does predation surge with mass extinction? It is caused by extreme selective pressures over resource competition that forces certain species to adapt to predatory niches?
2
votes
0answers
19 views

How long can a human neuron cell live outside the body in a controlled environment?

Have there any experiments been to keep neurons alive (stationary) without preserving methods such as freezing? If yes, for how long?
4
votes
1answer
26 views

Mechanism of Decorticate & Decerebrate Posturing? Also why is only Decorticate Rigidity a misnomer?

I read these two from various books, and got confused. The confusion is - Reticulospinal tracts control gamma motor neurons. Gamma motor neurons control tone of muscle. In decerebrate rigidity, the ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

What are the practical techniques used for the assessment of blood for abnormalities? [on hold]

Any practical laboratory techniques used for the assessment of blood in hematological investigations?
3
votes
3answers
21 views

Kinetic Vs Potential Energy in Biochemical Contexts

This question is causing great confusion in my head. Which of the following is an example of potential rather than kinetic energy? A) the muscle contractions of a person mowing grass B) water ...
6
votes
5answers
426 views

Relationship Between Evolution and the Increase of Entropy of Earth

I was confronted by this question: Biological evolution of life on Earth, from simple prokaryote-like cells to large, multicellar eukaryotic organisms, A) has occurred in accordance with the laws ...
5
votes
1answer
87 views

Which of the two mitochondorial membranes relate to bacteria according to the endosymbiotic theory?

I seached for endosymbiotic theory in Wiki and I found this about endosymbiotic theory: Symbiogenesis, or endosymbiotic theory, is an evolutionary theory which explains the origin of eukaryotic ...
-1
votes
0answers
23 views

Why the dirt of human ear is yellowish? [on hold]

The answer to this questions would help also the people seeking for the natural facts.
2
votes
1answer
19 views

Does enzyme Km comparisons make sense?

I have encountered comparisons of the Michaelis-menton constant (Km) a few times. They say if Km of an enzyme is higher, then it's affinity to its substrate is lower. How does this make sense? Maybe ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Why can I breathe true only One nostril [duplicate]

just so you know, this is not why I breathe OUT only from one nostril. I am literally breathing with only 1 nostril, I can't breathe in any oxygen true my left one. If I like plug the right nostril, I ...
5
votes
1answer
39 views

Repair wrong DNA pair after ending replication?

If there are wrong DNA pair, for example A=G, is there mechanism that could repair such things - after the replication was finished? Or it happens only during replication?
0
votes
0answers
19 views
-1
votes
2answers
24 views

What happens when the brain is no longer capable of co-ordinating or regulating the heart and breathing rates? [on hold]

Does the heart no longer function? Does it go into ventricular fibrillation? What happens?
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Trying to differentiate between the three muscle tissues with small pictures

For an assignment I have to differentiate the three types of muscle tissues in these three pictures . I'm having difficulty seeing the striations and branches etc. because the pictures are so small. ...
4
votes
1answer
24 views

Why is hyper pigmentation the common aftermath of skin lesions and abrasions?

I'm aware that melanocytes produce melanin, giving color to the skin, but why are these cells recruited or overactive when healing skin abrasions, lesions and sores when T-cells and inflammatory ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

How does the intra-esophageal presure affect the lower esphageal sphincter?

I know that the lower pressure in the thorax will cause the esophagus to have a lower pressure but someone told me that this forms a part of the physiologic lower esophageal sphincter. How so? ...
6
votes
1answer
40 views

Can people with paralyzed eye muscles see?

As far as I am aware, the saccades of the eye are central to sight perception. If the eye is held still, the human stops seeing, even if light is reaching the retina and the visual pathway is intact. ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Why does a tumour's genome change depending on the environment?

According to the book "Primer of The Molecular Biology of Cancer" by Vincent, Theodore and Ateven, the tumour cell is changed depending on its environment. performed genome-wide analysis on three ...
4
votes
1answer
17 views

Can methylation of a promoter induce gene expression in some rare cases?

Can methylation of a promoter induce gene expression in some rare cases? I've read somewhere that methylation of an intron can induce gene expression (eg. Igf2). How is that even possible? Thank ...
6
votes
2answers
345 views

What are the differences between cancer and tumour?

What are the differences between cancer and tumour? I mean is it in the DNA or shape or something else... And how can a benign tumour turn into a malignant tumour? The body has a lot of tumours all ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Largest direct ancestor of humans

Going back the genealogical lineage from present humans to the beginning of life, what was the biggest - in terms of body size or mass - animal in this sequence? More generally, what would a time vs. ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Does the metabolic rate determine how fast the telomeres shorten?

In many papers one can read that telomeres may play an important role in longevity. According to Calado et al.1 the telomeres of mice are much longer than the telomeres of humans. However, mice have ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

Is this a grass cell?

I found this picture online claiming it was a grass cell. Clearly it is a cross section image but I was hoping you could tell me if this is actually grass, or something else if anything. Thanks!
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Does Pseudomonas aeruginosa have any common name at all?

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the fifth most written about¹ binomial name of all species. I'm having trouble coming to terms with the possibility that such a well researched and studied organism has never ...
-1
votes
0answers
29 views

What is the most recent cytokine discovered in human? [on hold]

Has anybody found an updated list of all cytokines in humans. I will appreciate that. To the best of my knowledge it is IL-32, is there a more recent one?
1
vote
0answers
16 views

What would happen to a body in an astronaut suit over time if floating free? [duplicate]

I'm not sure if this is best in Biology or Physics, but on Earth we decay to skeletons and then eventually to dust. What would happen in space in a space suit?
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Relation between a compound's toxicity and it's concentration level

I know that ammonia is toxic for the body since it disturbs enzymes of mitochondria. I want to know that why the ammonotelic animals don't get affected by it? I mean that even if there is plenty of ...

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