2
votes
1answer
178 views

Why do marine animals have fins?

Why do Marine animals have fins.
6
votes
3answers
376 views

Why people like to see pornographic scenes, but do not feel the same about eating scenes?

This question may seem funny, but I think biology must have good answers. I think no more explanation is needed. I really thought about this and searched for an answer, but there is nothing yet. If ...
5
votes
2answers
54 views

Prostaglandin F2-alpha production in men

I am trying to find information on Prostaglandin F2-alpha, specificaly production in men. Could somebody explain how this prostaglandin is produced? What types of cells are producing it, production ...
2
votes
1answer
341 views

Where does Taq polymerase migrate during electrophoresis?

Assuming a 1% Agarose gel with TAE. Follow up questions: Is there a way to stain for it? Could the polymerase be captured and reused?
4
votes
1answer
221 views

Is DNA green viewer carcinogenic?

I use DNA green viewer in Lab to see DNA and RNA bands. Some peers told me it is carcinogenic and is not safe. Is this correct? If yes, are there better choices to use in working with gel?
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Why do red blood cells contain haemoglobin and not myoglobin?

So I am reading about muscles and I come across myoglobin. It has a much higher affinity for oxygen than haemoglobin. So why have animals evolved to have haemoglobin in red blood cells, rather than ...
6
votes
1answer
153 views

Are all chromosomes equally susceptible to mutation?

The humans have been around for a few million years, other organisms longer yet. Changes that occur in the genome and propagate (may) eventually throw a new species ... or atleast branch off the old ...
5
votes
1answer
637 views

What is the fiber axis in the Watson and Crick paper?

I was reading Watson and Crick's article on DNA structure, and the diagram on the lower left of the first page had something called the fiber axis going through the DNA. This axis isn't in modern ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

How to determine the direction of regulation of a gene by comparing gene expressions?

I am just learning about the gene expressions and regulation. Several researches focus on finding the genes of altered gene expressions on a microarray to claim that they have a correlation to a ...
13
votes
4answers
2k views

Why is the Hydra Biologically Immortal?

I have heard that the Hydra organism is biologically immortal (later I found that there are more immortal organisms). Now I know that its immortality is related to its telomerase. The thing is that we ...
4
votes
1answer
33 views

Effect of Ethanol on Brain Volume Measurements

I want to compare the brain sizes of two populations of fish. However, all the samples I have were fixed in 95% ethanol. As far as I know, 4% formalin is the normal fixative for soft tissues. Can I ...
1
vote
1answer
313 views

How does toluene inhalation damage the brain?

We just had a discussion about toluene abuse. It is known, that people inhaling toluene for a long time have significant brain damage, including decreased intelligence. I found that toluene is a ...
1
vote
2answers
150 views

Why can silicone reduce keloid?

I heard people use silicone sheet for reducing raised scars (i.e., keloids). I was wondering what is the rational behind it, and whether it actually works.
4
votes
1answer
282 views

Why do humans alone have the capability to have religious/spiritual experiences?

What is it in our brain that makes having such experiences possible? I assume other species don't have these. Sure there are instances in the natural world where you can see individuals of the species ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does yawning impair hearing?

When I yawn I can't hear anything happening around me. I also feel some kind of muscles inside my head contract and hear a faint hum, but it is not loud enough to explain not hearing other sounds. I ...
1
vote
4answers
777 views

Refutation of Darwin's Random Evolution Theory [closed]

I saw this refutation online of Darwin's Random Evolution Theory and cannot see any holes with the logic. Can anyone crack this simple refutation? Refutation of the Theory of Random Evolution ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Is this an Emperor Penguin or a King Penguin?

I have a book from Dorling Kindersley called Animal Encyclopedia (the German version that I have is called Das große Tierlexikon) with images from animals. One is titled Emperor Penguin ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Which blood vessel carries the most impure blood?

There is a question in my Biology textbook: "Which blood vessel in the human body carries most impure blood after few hours of meal." The answer is given as Renal artery. But I think the ...
6
votes
1answer
287 views

Has any large-scale origin-of-life simulation/experiment been done?

I have been thinking a little about the origins of life, and was further inspired by this question: How did the first self replicating organism come into existence? I can accept that we don't quite ...
2
votes
1answer
398 views

What is the surface area of the human heart?

I heard that the human heart had a surface area of 1000 square feet, and I thought that that cannot be true. So what is the surface area of the human heart and what are the different ways it can be ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Why does having cold hands hurt?

(1). Why does having cold hands create a painful sensation? Is it a physical effect, maybe a protection mechanism from evolution? (2). Why, if one's hands are cold, does it feel as if they are more ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

What are the physiological effects of wine?

I have read that alcohol in general and wine in particular can have advantageous as well as detrimental effects on human health. Is this true? What are the physiological effects of consuming wine in ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

How might one determine if bacteria are nitrogen fixing or not?

If you had an isolate bacteria sample how would you determine if they were nitrogen fixing?
3
votes
0answers
32 views

What Effect Does the Endocannabinoid System have on Monoaminergic Neurotransmission?

I know that Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and other cannabinoids increase dopaminergic neurotransmission in the nucleus accumbens and that this is what results in the euphoria experienced by cannabis users. ...
3
votes
2answers
103 views

Connect the inner and outer space of cell with a wire, will there be electricity?

There is a potential difference, but ions can not go through wires, right? Though there is a electric field, but there is no electron source, I am thinking the answer is no, or will there be some ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Are there any mammals in which polyspermy produces viable zygotes?

Are there any mammals in which polyspermy produces viable zygotes? In the wikipedia page it is mentioned that there is a delicate equilibrium between female defenses against many sperms, which ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

What's the simplest set-up to demonstrate soiless plant growth to middle school students?

I'm looking for a simple, inexpensive way to demonstrate that soil is not needed for plant growth to middle school students. I plan to germinate bean seeds in cotton, but where do I take it from ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

Cause of secondary symptoms of common cold

this year I was lucky to get sick by cold twice. First one had as a secondary symptom toothache. The second one was even more interesting in the fact, that when I cough I will fill ache in my ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Do neurons secrete multiple neurotransmitters, or just one type?

I know that neurons communicate between each other by filling the junction between dendrites with neurotransmitters. What interests me is if a single neuron only works with one type of ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Where does all the food go?

Food goes in, excrements come out. This seems obvious. But it seems like the mass of the excrements is less than the one of the food. Most people I asked answered: "There's a difference because it's ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

Are humans still competing in the same way now that the first life forms did?

I'm not sure if this is actually a philosophical question, but I was reading a timeline of life on earth and I came to this: 4500-3500 Ma The earliest life appears, possibly at Alkaline vents ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

Papers linking telomeres and aging [closed]

I'm currently writing a piece of work about telomeres and aging, and wondered if you could share some good papers you've either read or know of.
11
votes
1answer
529 views

Why do we feel tired if we sleep excessively?

When we eat, finally we feel full. I know which mechanism causes the sensation of being full. But when we sleep excessively we often still want more sleep. Why does this happen? Is there a mechanism ...
0
votes
2answers
641 views

Why have humans evolved conciousness?

Why did humans/animals evolve to become self-aware of their own thoughts. That is, why don't humans act and compute like a machine, or walking zombie. In my mind, such creatures would still be as ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How does HCl does not burn our stomach?

How does the digestive acid (HCl) not burn the surrounding skin of our stomach? It digests majority of raw food we eat but how does it stays safe in our stomach? Also, how does the stomach retains the ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Is anaerobic activity during ketosis possible?

When a person's glucose and glycogen stores are depleted, which can occur due to fasting or due to a diet consisting largely of fat (like eskimo diets), the body produces its energy by breaking down ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Glutamine analysis

I use to run a method to analyse all the aminoacids in a food sample. For that I have to hydrololyse the sample and in the last stage of the method I read the amino acids with a ion exchange ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

How to evaluate the efficacy of an antibody for fluorescence microscopy?

I'm trying to evaluate data taken from fluorescence microscopy with antibody staining, and am wondering whether there is any standard way to evaluate the specificity of the antibody for such ...
4
votes
2answers
159 views

Biological key file format

I am in the process of creating biological key software tool for use on android devices. I would like to know if there are any established file formats for storing biological key data. Thanks
2
votes
1answer
200 views

Is Webmedcentral a reputable scientific publisher?

I am a student, and I have written a paper (in drug discovery) which I want to publish. While searching for possible journals I came across Webmedcentral. Is Webmedcentral a reputable scientific ...
5
votes
2answers
87 views

What is the state of automated quantitative analysis?

Quantitative analysis of microscope images is essential for many types of studies, but the techniques used most often are very labor-intensive. I have been able to find some literature about using ...
3
votes
2answers
231 views

variation in antigen binding site of antibodies

Antibodies or immunoglobulins are proteins made ​​by the immune system in response to alien(!) molecules. Each antibody binds to its specific antigen. This great diversity and specificity is cause of ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Minimal information about [blank] guidelines

The MIBBI and other organizations compile create dozens of "Minimal information about..." guidelines to guide meta-data creation for experimental datasets. These guidelines could/should be adapted to ...
6
votes
1answer
115 views

Do adjacent axons in a nerve influence each other?

Suppose I have a nerve fiber consisting of several axons all running in parallel to each other. When an action potential is generated in a certain axon, this will alter the concentration of sodium ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

ATP in Glycolysis Vs Gluconeogenesis

In glycolysis, the conversion of glucose to pyruvate results in a net gain of 2ATP molecules. In gluconeogenesis however, the conversion of pyruvate back to glucose requres 6ATP molecules. Why does ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

How would ecology be affected if 100km² of an ocean surface was covered by a floating object?

Assume that we planted floating solar cells on the ocean surfaces. Assume a 100km² solar cell field in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. All of the sunlight will be blocked by them. How would that ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

What kinds of arousal can a human brain experience?

I've been reading about the new phenomenon called "arousal addiction". The context in which this term is used is Internet, Porn and/or video game addiction(cummulatively Internet Addiction Disorder - ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Why aren't D-amino acids used in proteins? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why are amino acids in biology homochiral? Why are only L-amino acids used in protein construction, and not D-amino acids?
7
votes
2answers
8k views

At what age do babies begin to synthesize their own antibodies?

When babies are first born, they receive their antibodies from their mother (I assume because they do not yet have the capacity to synthesize their own). So my question is, at what age do babies ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Photosynthesis - Light Intensity

Say I was conducting an experiment for photosynthesis. If I moved light closer to the plant, what effect would this have on the process of photosynthesis?

15 30 50 per page