1
vote
2answers
150 views

Removing a restriction site and introducing other at its place

What would you do if you want to remove an EcoRI restriction site and introduce BamHI restriction site at apprx. the same location ? One of the answers in my textbook was : To construct a DNA ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

Is it possible to create an experiment in house conditions to prove the existence of germs?

I realise that the best way to prove the existence of germs or single-celled organisms is by looking at them through a microscope. But I don't have a microscope at my home, how can I design an ...
5
votes
1answer
64 views

Are there baby drinks closer to breast-milk?

Many women cannot or will not feed their children with breast-milk. It is my understanding breast-milk has many advantages over formula. Some psychological like oxytocin and some physiological like ...
2
votes
4answers
154 views

Does a phenotype include the presence of a recessive gene

I am trying to understand what exactly a phenotype is to try and understand a genetics database. (Ie I don't really know very much about genetics at all) I've been reading through wikipedia on what a ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

What is the name of the smallest self-replicating thing?

Some time last year, I found an article on Wikipedia about the smallest something to be able to reproduce. I don't remember exactly what it was, but I am fairly certain that after the initial ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

How good is information transfer between the hemispheres of the brain?

I sometimes listen to lectures on my phone using ear buds, but occasionally with only one ear bud in. Is the other half of my brain losing out on any aspect of the lecture? Just how good is the corpus ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

maximum # of generations possible in a population of cannibalistic rats

Assume a sufficiently large population of rats (to allow genetic variation and facilitate inbreeding) in a place with abundant water, sunlight, shelter but no food. For how many generations can this ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Constitutive mutation in operator gene

If a constitutive mutation happens in the operator of an inducible operon, does that mean that repressors won't be able to bind them ? Or does it mean that even if repressors are bound, they will not ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Why don't surfactants destroy or incorporate into cell membranes?

How do surfactants remain on the surface of pneumocytes without (1) acting as a detergent or (2) the phospholipids getting incorporated into the membranes of pneumocytes... I'm guessing the answer ...
3
votes
1answer
337 views

For people who work in microbiology labs, what software do you use to manage your strains?

It's just a small microbiology lab that currently records everything on paper, and there's quite few mutants as well. Is Excel commonly used for this sort of thing? Or is there a better software to ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

How to predict the position of the femoral head center given surface anthropometric data?

Given surface measurements such as hip breadth and hip depth, how would you predict the location of the femoral head center?
4
votes
1answer
255 views

DNA content in plant seeds vs. fruit flesh

Is there a publication comparing DNA yield and/or PCR-amplifiability after extraction from fruit flesh (like apples, oranges, cherries etc) in comparison to seeds of the same fruits? I would prefer a ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Insect identification

It is found in my apartment in Finland. I had to kill it to stop it from getting away before looking for the camera, but it looked pretty much the same alive and intact. It's length is about half a ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Evolutionary conservativeness

List the following proteins in the order of decreasing evolutionary conservativeness of their primary structure: Somatotropin. Catalytic subunit of a DNA – polymerase. Histone H1. ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Phylogentic Footprinting Project

I'm working on performing phylogentic footprinting to figure out how many TRE sequences there are in the TWIST1 gene. (Sequence motifs). I'm trying to use ENSEMBL to gather orthologues of species in ...
10
votes
2answers
6k views

Why do we assume that the first humans were dark-skinned?

According to the article Dark skin and blue eyes: How Europeans once looked: It is widely accepted that Man's oldest common forefather was dark skinned, and that people became more pale as they ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Pedigree Diagram help

I am asked to fill the genotypes in the spaces provided but looks like I am aving a little bit of trouble. can anyone help? thanks in advance!
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Why do peas change colour?

I am doing an experiment on preservation of peas. The first notable change to the peas over a period of one week is that they have changed colour from bright green to a dull colour... Why is this ...
-1
votes
1answer
125 views

PedigreeAnalysis Genetics [duplicate]

Hello! I need help with this exercise question. I am not really sure which pedigree diagram is autosomal and which is not. But, is question b 1/2. Can someone give an explanation? Thanks very much ...
6
votes
1answer
266 views

What is meant by “neurotransmitters flooding the brain”?

I frequently hear expressions like "Dopamine flooding the brain" or "X neurotransmitter flooding the brain" used to communicate with general audiences. For example: "Following [orgasm]? oxytocin ...
0
votes
1answer
205 views

How does human body deal with inert solid material in the bloodstream?

How does human body deal with inert solid material in the bloodstream? For example, if there is a powder of glass injected into our bloodstream, will the white blood cells do anything or will kidney ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Need help distinguishing between a primary and secondary source

I am trying to figure out if the following article is a primary or secondary source. I'm leaning towards secondary but here are my cases for both. Primary: Published in a peer-reviewed ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Mites on ginger root

I was just looking at some mouldy ginger found in the fridge under the microscope and was horrified/delighted to find (what looked to be) mites growing in it. I have searched the web and can only find ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Why all particles have same influence on osmosis

When people talk about osmosis, they say that when we add a mole of NaCl, then each its molecule gets dissolved into 2 separate particles and therefore we have 2osM/L solution. But both Na & Cl ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

What happens if someone with mutations to alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) drinks alcohol?

ethanol then doesn't get converted to acetaldehyde. in fact, could someone KO'ed for ADH be resistant to methanol poisoning?
1
vote
1answer
268 views

Genetic Epistasis Question

I need help with this practice question. I'm assuming that would a epsitatic recessive question since the parents are true breeding and then the ratio would be 9.3.4. But I am not so sure. Any ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Are human infants inherently frightened by anything?

Naïve question - feel free to shoot it down. To the best of my knowledge an infant doesn't really 'shrink' from something without first trying it. Even the action of looking at the fierce expression ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Why bacteria produce light?

After seeing this video I am curious to know why the free living bacteria produce light. What advantage will they have ? Or is it just an "unintentional" result of one of their pathways ?
2
votes
1answer
86 views

What is this image?

What I understand is- I think this is picture of DNA. But why is it in this conformation ? What types of cells have this type of DNA ?
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Why is Turner syndrome rarer than Klinefelter syndrome?

Turner syndrome occurs in 1-1000 to 1-5000 females, and Klinefelter syndrome occurs in 1-500 to 1-1000 males. Why is Turner so rare even though they both are caused basically by the same mechanism?
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Determining whether X chromosome from sperm or egg

Is there any way of determining which X chromosome a female inherited from her father and which from her mom ?
7
votes
1answer
220 views

Refractory period in action potential

I know that the part E in this graph is definitely the part of refractory period. My question : Will there be any effect on B,C or D if a stimulus is given at time B,CorD respectively ?
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Molting in arthropods

Do all the arthropods molt ? Which ones do not molt ? Why don't they need to molt ? I tried googling this - but did not get satisfactory answers.
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Hibernation in ectotherm and endotherm

Both snake and weasel hibernate. Which of the following is correct? A. They will die when temperature decreases below the critical temperature. B. Weasel will die when temperature ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

probability of having normal daughter

If father has hemophilia, mother is a carrier of the disease, then what is the probability of having a normal daughter ? My question: Should the probability of having a daughter be also ...
5
votes
1answer
167 views

Are HeLa cells edible?

I'm curious if HeLa cells are intrinsically poisonous or dangerous to ingest. My understanding is that some of the contamination in HeLa cells such as HPVs are not readily expressed. I have no plans ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Are sulfates or nitrates common ions in biochemistry (specifically of the body)?

It's a rather broad question but something I'm curious about. I know sulfates tend to be very soluble ions and so don't know nitrates. I also know that phosphates are extremely common in ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Vesicular and non vesicular transport

I have to classify them either as transported in vesicles or without vesicles. What I think - Non-vesicular 2.vesicular 3.vesicular 4.vesicular 5.non-vesicular 6.vesicular 7.vesicular ...
-1
votes
2answers
597 views

How did fish evolve the ability to breathe on land?

Doesn't make sense. It would be like a human evolving the ability to breathe on the moon without a spacesuit. How would the organism be able to carry out such an evolutionary adaptation, when the ...
0
votes
2answers
112 views

What is “transcribed strand”

This is an excerpt from a paper: T>C mutations at NpTpN trinucleotides, also found in hepatocellular carcinomas, shows strong transcriptional strand bias with more T>C mutations on the transcribed ...
4
votes
2answers
112 views

Reference sequence for defining single nucleotide polymorphisms

Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) or genetic variation in general, by definition are relative to a reference sequence. When we talk about databases of SNP as in ("dbSNP—Database for Single ...
4
votes
1answer
38 views

What determines the thickness of Cornea?

In eye-operations such as Lasik and Femto, the thickness of cornea is key decision factor whether the operation is feasible. A normal thickness is between 500-600 µm. Cornea consists of a very special ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

what is the difference between early blight of potato and late blight of potato?

apart from different fungus causing these diseases in potato, how are Early Blight of potato and Late blight of potato different?
2
votes
1answer
138 views

DNA ligase mechanism

I am unable to understand what happens to the phosphates from ATP. What are they used for ?Charging 3' end or 5'end ?
1
vote
4answers
194 views

Significance of having goosebumps?

What help does goosebumps do to us? I don't think it helps us noticeably when we are scared or shivering.
0
votes
1answer
2k views

What happens to our body when we undergo a sudden temperature change?

We know that a glass gets cracked when it undergoes sudden change in temperature. But what will happen in the case of a human body if it changes from the maximum(>35 C) to the minimum ...
0
votes
1answer
355 views

SNP genotyping using PCR

I read this wikipedia article on SNP genotyping and wasn't able to understand this part : In examining the results, if a genomic sample is homozygous, then the PCR products that result will be ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Recalling memories by electrical impulses?

I've read that in an experiment, a pair of stimulating electrodes were inserted into a blind man's visual cortex, and upon passing electricity, the phosphene phenomenon was produced. Is it the same ...
1
vote
2answers
651 views

Gel electrophoresis after RNAse treatment

I do not understand how to solve this question. I know that RNAse will cut smaller pieces of RNA. The answer given is A
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Allergic rhinitis vaccine

Note : Any answer to this question will not be (and should not be) taken as medical advice. One of my friends has allergic rhinitis and has been prescribed an oral vaccine. He is allergic to 3 ...

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