8
votes
1answer
567 views

Why aren't green eyes more prevalent?

Why aren't green eyes more prevalent, given that the green allele is dominant over the blue one? My understanding is that human eye colour is determined by two genes: 1) HERC2, with alleles Bx, BB ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Why can't there be fructification of mycelium in submerged culture?

I am very new at this. I am wondering why fed batch cultures produce a lot of mycelia but no fruit. I thought the more mycelia you had, the greater chance of it forming a fruit body. I am refering to ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

How to characterise a protein family in a putative genome island?

We have sequenced the genome of 200 bacterial strains belonging to the same species, a swine bacterial pathogen. In a previous work, it was observed that a protein family of adhesins is present in ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

What are senescent cells doing in our bodies? [closed]

I'm reading a paper that mentioned the elimination of senescent cells delays aging. I'd like to receive more information about it. The Baker study published in Nature demonstrates that targeted ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Where do the phosphate units come from when EGF units dimerize?

Upon EGF binding, EGFR units dimerize and cross-phosphorylate. The phosphate groups are transfered to intracellular c-terminal tyrosine rich regions. Where do the phosphate units come from in this ...
4
votes
2answers
85 views

What is overdiagnosis?

What is overdiagnosis ? I have searched this Wiki result but didn't understood at all. Can you please explain the first two line of Wikipedia : Overdiagnosis is the diagnosis of "disease" that ...
3
votes
0answers
74 views

How does estrogen influence collagen synthesis?

Through what mechanisms does estrogen interact with collagen synthesis? Especially in the context of elevated estrogen levels and genesis of purpura simplex .
0
votes
2answers
3k views

Why do endotherms need more food than ectotherms?

I have a rough idea: its as endotherms need more food to keep their temperature stable whilst ectotherms use less of their food in respiration, but that's just me parroting the textbook I don't really ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

What is the genome size of Saffron (Crocus sativus)?

I searched in the web but finally can't find an answer for my question. I don't know, may be there is no such data in the internet or maybe I cant find it. please if you can help me, or show me some ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Why does a dog raise leg for urine, whereas for feces wont?

Why does a dog raise leg for urine, whereas for feces wont? actually i read this http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dog on dog breed, does not find anything related to my question.
9
votes
1answer
518 views

Why are cell lines frozen in vapor phase?

For most of the cell lines I've come across, ATCC recommends storing them in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen. I'm taking that to mean any place above the level of liquid in the nitrogen storage ...
4
votes
2answers
205 views

What is a triglyceride?

I'm confused on what a triglyceride is, from what my text book it says its a type of gylercide, then from a website it said Glycerides can be subdivided into two categories. The first group, the ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Can anyone identify the worm in this video clip?

My wife came across this youtube clip of a spider and a worm. Can anyone identify at least the phylum?
7
votes
2answers
2k views

What is a group of tortoises called?

This post at Mental Floss stated that a group of tortoises is called a 'Creep'. I had never heard of that before, and in trying to find the references for the name, I was surprised that I couldn't ...
5
votes
3answers
491 views

What advantage does an enzyme serve over catalysis by the addition of heat energy?

I understand that an enzyme lowers the activation energy, allowing the reaction to run faster, however I am not sure, how it may be favorable during the addition of heat energy. Wouldn't that lower ...
1
vote
1answer
249 views

What flower is this blue flower? [closed]

What flower is this? All help would be appreciated
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Do these things contain amylase? [closed]

I have 10 samples of some food or other things and I need to know, if it contains amylase. I already ran an experiment with storch and iodine, but I have to make it right and my experiment must not be ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Why does uterus have to be prepared every month for fertilization?

I'm just curious why it has to happen every month when the uterus could have been prepared from the beginning and kept that way throughout life or till a certain point. But why make and break it every ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

What is the fruit of Café marron (Ramosmania rodriguesi) like? [closed]

I have read the article about Ramosmania rodriguesi (Café marron) and I've grown intrigued about what the fruit of this specie tastes like? Moreover, is it edible or "brew-able"? The only pictures I'...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

By what method do ants dissect and hold soil

Not sure if this is the correct stackexchange site - please migrate/advise as you see fit. I'm interested in the method by which ants "break off" a small amount of soil and then hold it in their jaws ...
2
votes
2answers
633 views

What is the meaning of dots and dashes in clustalw?

I am converting outputs in stockholm format to clustalw using ...
-1
votes
1answer
39 views

What is some computer science technology that can help the development of biology? [closed]

What is some computer science technology that can help the development of biology(eg. artificial intelligence, resolution technology) and briefly talks about their potentials?
1
vote
2answers
63 views

How do I find a protein from this DNA sequence?

I have a DNA sequence from a sequencer. How can I determine what protein is it? I tried some translator but it didn't help. What protein is this and how can I determine it? The sequence: ...
3
votes
1answer
150 views

Does long term use of antibiotics in humans actually lead to a greater risk of infection?

I've read about the overuse of antibiotics leading to antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria, so generally does long term use of antibiotics breed these strains in the bodies of antibiotic users and ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Is there a biological environment that we can we assume glutamate exists as glutamic acid?

In the body we almost always assume that glutamate exists as glutamate rather than glutamic acid. It is so commonly glutamate yet glutamic acid and glutamate share the abbreviations of Glu and E. From ...
9
votes
1answer
14k views

Name (and meaning of the absence) of the white semicircle at the base of the fingernail?

At the base of fingernail, there is a white semicircle (see on the first picture). But sometimes there isn't one. My questions are: what is this white semicircle on the fingernail, and what causes ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

How to preserve leaves between sampling (collection) and analysis?

Suppose I spend a day in a forest, collecting different kinds of leaves, which I would like to analyze under a compound microscope. Now, obviously, measures should be taken to preserve the leaves some ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

How to study the number of herbivores per type of tree and time of day?

Suppose I want to find out the number of herbivores in different kinds of trees, and also compare the numbers between day and night. How would this kind of study be run in practice? It easy to think ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

How can I reduce the background gradient in phase contrast microscopy?

I'm looking for ways to set up a phase contrast microscope to reduce the brightness gradient that appears across the background of my images. I use phase contrast to find the outlines of cells in my ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Is it a medical condition to not able to recall the word in a language while having a conversation [closed]

While having a conversation it happens to some peopl that clearly they know there exists a perfect word to be used but can not recall it during the conversation in real time and hence forced to use ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Hot water bath and Infertility

From here: Effect of temperature. Sperm cells will not mature at core body temperature in most mammals (spermatogenic DNA polymerase b and recombinase activities exhibit unique temperature optima)...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

How do butterflies defend themselves from other creatures when they don't have the ability to sting or some other offensive/defensive mechanism?

How do butterflies defend themselves from other creatures when they don't have the ability to sting or some other offensive/defensive mechanism? Butterflies are part of the class of Insects in the ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Why cancer is not a communicable disease?

I have seen this question where the author is asking a question about infectivity of virus. I wish to know why cancer is not a communicable disease?
2
votes
2answers
271 views

Is fever a disease or not?

I have seen this question where the author is asking why people take drugs for fever. So my question is: Is fever is a disease or not?
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do human eyes glow red on a photo and dog's eyes green?

Previous Research I know that cameras sometimes come with an anti "red eye" functionality that involves two flashes, presumably the second flash coincides with the shutter opening. Question Why do ...
7
votes
1answer
101 views

Is using Hidden Markov Models to find homologues sensible in abstract, short sequences?

HMM alignment tools like hhpred excel at finding subtle homologues of folded proteins that simpler scoring techniques (such those used in BLAST algorithms) would miss. I am only looking at a small (...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

What's the difference between stabilizing selection and balancing selection?

I came across these terms in Darwin's "Origin of Species" and I wasn't sure what the difference is.
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Why do eyes water in response to particular emotions?

It is common for people to experience very moving situations (sad movies, etc) and have a physical reaction to it (such as crying). I am curious about how emotions can physically lead to the act of ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Why does death exist? [duplicate]

The biological purpose of an organism is to reproduce and as soon as reproductive age is passed, aging kicks in and eventually leads to death. (This is what I learned from a gerontologist.) But then, ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

What is the gene regulation behind human adaptation to higher altitudes and therefore higher hemoglobin levels?

Some people in the Amazonian forest and in Himalayan mountains have reported living perfectly with extremely high levels of hemoglobin. I was wondering what type of gene regulation goes on in order ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

What is topological crossover?

I read about "topological crossover?" in this paper 1, Table 1. What does this refer to? Thanks
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Why is the resting potential of a neuron so close to the equilibrium potential of K⁺?

I know this has something to do with the K+ leak channel. I just don't understand how. I know that 3 Na+ are pumped out for every 2 K+ pumped in. This makes the cell interior net negative. I know ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

How to decide if genes are linked in an unordered mapping problem?

From what I understand, if the tetrads resulting from a cross exhibit the same number of parental ditypes as there are nonparental ditypes, then the genes under consideration are said to be unlinked. ...
11
votes
1answer
908 views

Average dimensions of the human back (anthropometry)

I am wondering if anyone can point me to (a scientific source that provides) the estimates of the dimensions (length x width) of the human back? I am specifically interested in the dimensions (...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Why is it that heterozygous loci appear as two separate bands during gel electrophoresis while homozygous loci appear as one band?

Is it because heterozygotes have a greater base pair length? (And if they do, why is that?) Or is it because recessive alleles are moving slower than the dominant alleles in the gel?
5
votes
1answer
466 views

How can heart disease cause dizziness after eating?

I have been reading several articles explaining dizziness after eating (see here and here), and both articles gloss over something that I found pretty remarkable. Both articles claim that "heart ...
4
votes
0answers
70 views

Why aren't circadian rhythms exactly 24 hours long?

Most organisms exhibit circadian rhythms that have a periodicity of about, but not exactly 24 hours. Why is this? And to what extent can variation in periodicity in circadian rhythms among the ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Are there U-rich transcriptional pause sites?

I've heard a statement in a talk that U-rich sequences cause transcriptional pausing. The intuitive explanation for this was that the UTP concentration is lower in the cell than the ATP concentration. ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

How to engineer chromosomal duplications?

Specific genetic engineering of chromosomal aberrations like deletions, inversions and translocations are doable by using the CRISPR/Cas system or the other programmable nuclease systems. Insertions ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What is it about the housekeeping genes that makes them almost immune to gene regulation?

When it comes to eukaryotes, including ourselves, we have all different kinds of specialized cells and tissues that are so different, yet originally all came from the same single cell. And apparently ...

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