6
votes
1answer
2k views

Can breathing in helium (from balloons for example) cause damage to the throat in the long term?

Often an activity to do at a party, breath in helium and speak like one of the chipmunks. But, I am wondering, would infrequent inhalation of helium cause long term harm to the throat? in particular, ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

Can humans' ability to dive with only breathing modifications tell us anything about our evolution?

Can humans' ability to dive with only breathing modifications tell us anything about our evolution? For example, it is possible to imagine a human anatomy that would be destroyed by the pressure of a ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

Differences between right and left handed people

Are there any articles reporting any significant differences in behavior, attitudes, intelligence, appearance, etc., between right and left handed people?
1
vote
1answer
118 views

What determines whether I will have any dream or not?

Sometimes I have many consecutive "dreamfull" nights but sometimes there is no dream during week. Why? What determines whether I will have any dream or not?
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Electron transport in granal stacks

See paper for distribution of PS-I and PS-II within grana As explained in the above paper, the PS-I complex is primarily located within non-appressed thylakoid region and stroma lamella, while PS-II ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Can I control my dreams?

Is it possible to completely realize that I am only dreaming and to completely manage my dream? Thank you.
2
votes
1answer
205 views

What is the difference between vegetable and fruit?

Is there any exact definition of vegetable and fruit? How can new plant be classified?
1
vote
0answers
177 views

Ligase Chain Reaction: Determining the annealing temperature for gene synthesis

Using the tool Gene2Oligo I have a set of DNA oligonucleotides to synthesize a gene using ligase chain reaction (LCR). The average melting temperature is 72 degrees Celsius. I am going to use a the ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Statistical Analysis of Protein Folding Problem [closed]

I’m new to the field of protein folding. I’ve been searching and came across some books for predicting structures (Introduction to Protein Structure Prediction: Methods and Algorithms). Does anyone ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Modeling yeast biochemical pathway using enzyme kinetics

I need enzyme concentration and metabolites concentration values to en-corporate these values in my model and do some simulation. I searched through some database yeast metabolome database ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

What nutritious insects exist to farm that require the least attention?

What nutritious insects exist to farm that require the least attention? I'm looking to automate simply, in a self regulating way. Edit: To add detail, I imagine the insects would live densely in a ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do neurons have a negative resting potential?

Neurons expend the majority of their energy powering ion pumps to maintain the chemical gradients that power their electrical activity. To have a negative resting potential, neurons leak potassium ...
5
votes
1answer
74 views

How does the human liver regrow?

I understand that there would have to be a portion of liver present to regrow from, so how much liver would the minimum to be able to regrow? By what mechanism does regrowth occur?
2
votes
1answer
590 views

What do rs id, allele coded 0 and allele coded 1 mean?

So, for a project I've been working on (different story), I've been looking at the HapMap Project, and their free online files. In their README file, they talk about how for each legend file for each ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

Can ingestion of B6 cause gastrointestinal disturbance? [closed]

Can the ingestion of vitamin B6 upset the stomach, and if so by what mechanism?
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What part of the brain controls depth perception?

Specifically the part of the brain that does depth perception based on binocular vision. I have searched all over the web and have turned up nothing. Is it the same part of the brain that processes ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is allolactose the LacI inducer?

For what reason(s) is allolactose, instead of lactose, the "natural" inducer of lac operon repressor?
3
votes
2answers
224 views

Do both TSG and Proto-oncogenes have to suffer mutations to cause cancer?

I'm having a conceptual nightmare trying to understand when a group of cells may become cancerous and the more resources I consult the more confused I seem to get. In order for a cell to become ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Primer design for Gibson assembly

I'm trying to design a primer for Gibson assembly. My gene of interest is on a plasmid, and I want to copy that gene, and put it into a different plasmid. I am unsure how to design my primers for ...
2
votes
2answers
843 views

Are human males and females more genetically different than members of other species?

I'm looking at this Ted talk about a Saudi Arabia woman who dared to drive a car in the last few years. This reminds me that until the last century or so, women (all over the world?) enjoyed less ...
7
votes
1answer
370 views

How Does Green Tea Increase Metabolism?

According to the article "Green Tea Supplementation Affects Body Weight, Lipids, and Lipid Peroxidation in Obese Subjects with Metabolic Syndrome", Green tea increases metabolism and fat loss: ...
1
vote
2answers
782 views

Why do antibiotics have a special importance when taking lactulose?

“Before taking lactulose, tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications you are taking, especially antacids, antibiotics including neomycin (Mycifradin), and other ...
11
votes
1answer
265 views

In which order did the cells of the immune system evolve?

Thinking about how complex the interactions between different types of immune system cells (T-helpers, T-Killers, Phagocytes, B-Cells etc.) are, it's fascinating how they all combine to get the ...
6
votes
1answer
92 views

DNA modifications other than 5-mC/5-hmC/5-fC/5-caC in vertebrate genomes?

Other than 5-Methylcytosine and the more recently discovered 5-Hydroxymethyl, 5-formil and 5-carboxylcytosine DNA modifications found in DNA sequences, what are other DNA modifications present in ...
3
votes
1answer
184 views

Precursor miRNA and a mature miRNA

What is the main difference between a precursor miRNA and a mature miRNA? It is often the case that we have more than one precursor miRNA but only one mature miRNA. The miRNA-seq data contains only ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Animal UV vision

It is reasonably well known that many species, such as bees and some types of birds as examples can see into the ultraviolet (UV). How is the structure of their eye different to humans to allow this? ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

How is ammonia removed from the colon?

“Lactulose is also used to reduce the amount of ammonia in the blood of patients with liver disease. It works by drawing ammonia from the blood into the colon where it is removed from the body.” ...
1
vote
3answers
278 views
0
votes
2answers
143 views

What beetle is this?

I've found it in my kitchen. It seems to be that he flew through the window from the street. The country is Russia.
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Is every cell competent?

I would like to know if every cell is competent or if there are any cells that are not competent.
1
vote
0answers
95 views

What is neutral genetic differentiation?

What is neutral genetic differentiation? Presumably it's a measure of the distance between organisms in terms of their genetics, but what does 'neutral' refer to?
3
votes
1answer
7k views

What is the functional difference between hemoglobin and ferritin?

I read that both hemoglobin and ferritin are for storing iron in the body. So, what is the difference between them in terms of storing/binding iron?
2
votes
2answers
98 views

E. coli, risk of infection?

There has been a warning about E. coli contaminated water in South Florida. Now I'm wondering are there empirical data or historic cases which show a correlation between E.coli levels in tap water and ...
3
votes
3answers
702 views

Why do neurones use chemical signalling at synaptic junctions?

Problem. When a neurone fires, it sends an electrical signal that jumps down the axon via the nodes of Ranvier very rapidly. At a synaptic junction, chemical brownian diffusion signalling with ...
3
votes
0answers
90 views

Eye color genetics

I am trying to find a model to link the phenotype eye color to its genotypes. I know that there exists a simple model from Davenport, which explains {brown,blue} eyes. Further, there is an extended ...
2
votes
1answer
550 views

What is the relationship between UV wavelength and penetration depth into human skin?

Some background - Some recent research has strongly suggested that UVA penetration into the skin is far more dangerous than UVB, a very good example is this paper by Agar et al. (2004). My query is, ...
4
votes
3answers
114 views

Is there any source for raw data of SNP genotype frequency?

On sites like SNPedia, some pages contain the frequency of the SNP in question in different populations, based on published research. I'm trying to write a script that takes 23andme data and compares ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

Photosynthesis regulation

I read about the regulation of Calvin cycle by thioredoxin which activates key enzymes essentially by converting disulphide linkages on inactive enzymes into sulfhydryls. Another regulatory mechanism ...
4
votes
1answer
67 views

How can I save bacillus strains on filter paper without an -80 degree freezer?

I want to save my bacillus strains but I don't have access to a -80 degree freezer. What are possible alternatives?
1
vote
2answers
131 views

Which texts are good for beginners to understand evolution on the genetic scope?

Are there good texts to study the evolution, how it works, and how mutations and changes lead to evolution of the organism ? And how does the information increase through the long time using ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

How is consciousness linked to the brain?

Could the brain be working without consciousness? Does the brain interact with consciousness? Alternately, is it that consciousness can't really control the brain, and you only have the impression ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Deep diving in mammals

Mammals like seals often dive and can remain under water for more than 70 minutes. How do seals know when is it the time to come up?
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Are there beneficial genetic mutations identified by consumer DNA genotyping?

I'm looking at services like 23andme, and see that they identify a wide variety of genetic-based risks, like predisposition to diseases, hair loss, cancer, etc. Are there a more "positive" DNA ...
47
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there any evidence that sexual selection may lead to extinction of species?

Darwin suggested that sexual selection, especially by female choice, may counter natural selection. Theoretical models, such as a Fisherian runaway process, suggest that evolution of preference and ...
5
votes
1answer
256 views

Are there any side-effects from a mosquitoes extinction?

Suppose that we have the ability to make mosquitoes extinct, what would the side-effect of such extinction be other than the fact that there won't be any mosquitoes left? Is it worth it to make ...
1
vote
1answer
871 views

How do viroids propagate to other hosts?

As viroids are simply non-encapsidated non-coding RNA molecules, it is difficult to imagine a mechanism for their continual infection, other than horizontal transfer which doesn't seem to be the case. ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Breaking of fats

There is a question I encountered. Why is fat harder to digest ? A) It has ester bonds. B) It is not easily soluble in water. Which is the most appropriate answer?
1
vote
1answer
380 views

What is a good Microbiology atlas for Bacteriology as online version?

I am looking for a online atlas for Bacteriology, the cost does not matter. I have been searching SpringerLink, and Amazon but no good online version found. What is a good atlas for Bacteriology as a ...
7
votes
1answer
508 views

How is the exogenous DNA protected from degradation during bacterial transformation?

During transformation, a bacterium can take up DNA from its environment. A small fraction of bacterial species are known to be naturally competent, meaning that they can engage in this sort of ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

How do you average Ki values?

It's embarrassing for me to ask this but well such is life. NIMH Psychoactive Drug Screening Program (PDSP) Ki Database is mentioned as the source of the average binding affinity (Ki) values given in ...

15 30 50 per page