4
votes
1answer
86 views

Oxidation means inflamation?

All right, I was reading article on nutrition, that focussed on content analysis of pastry-like food product for kids. I have to say that I am not sure this article would pass the imaginary smell test,...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Why is gastric lavage considered to be helpful only if a patient comes to a hospital within 1 hour of a toxic ingestion?

Why is gastric lavage considered to be helpful only if a patient comes to a hospital within 1 hour of a toxic ingestion? How severe would the effects be if a patient came to the hospital after the ...
3
votes
1answer
529 views

How does temperature influence the rate of protein degradation?

For computer modeling purposes, I am looking for some referenced quantitative measurements of the effect(s) of temperature on biochemical reactions. Question In particular, my question is: How does ...
4
votes
1answer
619 views

Why do I breathe out of BOTH nostrils?

After reading the question why do I only breathe out of one nostril I realized that breathing out of both isn't common. I have always breathed out of both, and when I get a stuffy nose, or a runny ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

What is the point of DNA sequencing?

This is a very very basic question. I've looked at methods such as chromosome sequencing and shotgun sequencing. Wikipedia says that: ...
1
vote
0answers
2k views

Highest Pressure Human Body Can Survive In?

One design for underwater human inhabited environments is to have equal pressure between the surrounding water and the submerged habitat, thus allowing a section of the floor to be open to the water ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Why do we use DNA sequencing methods such as shotgun?

I am learning about DNA cloning for the first time. What I understand is that, in order to clone DNA, we break-up the original gene into shreds. Then try to piece it back together. Why exactly do we ...
1
vote
1answer
272 views

brain activity responsible for imagination

Which part of brain is responsible for advance or unseen imagination For example:ones brain can make a situation in mind which is impossible to happen ...which part of brain is hyper active?
6
votes
2answers
93 views

Do the eggs for larger litters come from the same meiosis events, or different ones?

There are some species of animals that give birth to more than one pup at a time. In these species, are the fertilized eggs all from one or a limited group of meiosis processes, or are they from ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Appropriate Buffer for electerophoresis of DNA & Protein TBE or TAE?

Which buffer is best for DNA Electrophoresis and which is best for Protein to be have a sharp bond? Considering a higher electrical conductivity compared to TAE & TBE and the generation of less ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Does “Garbage Enzyme cleaner” contain cleaning enzymes?

There are many recipes which call for using fruit peel fermentation process to make a concentrated enzyme cleaner solution, some variations call to add bakers yeast. So the question arises that does ...
1
vote
1answer
312 views

What are the molecular mechanisms behind tachyphylaxis (downregulation of receptors in response to an agonist?)

Anyone know of a good source which explains this? Or is this still an open question? This wikipedia article describes some molecular biology behind morphine tolerance, but it sounds like its newer ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

What is the use of shampoo; is it for the hair or for the scalp?

Apologies for the confusing question; I did not know how to better ask it. I was doing a search on wikipedia when I found this statement. Wikipedia's entry on hair states; "The hair that is ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

VMD set molecule as top using script

I have 10 molecules in VMD main screen and I was wondering if there is a script command to change what molecule is the top. For example, molecule ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Hair loss in a nuclear submarine? [closed]

Biologically, how prevalent is hair loss on a nuclear submarine? How can prolonged exposure to radiation levels typically present on a nuclear sub affect a person, say over a year or even more?
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Simulating Drug Entry in Protein and binding?

Is there any simulation protocol or paper which can simulate the dynamics of drug entry and interaction with the target protein?
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Why is lead dangerous? [closed]

Lead is known to be bad for your health for a long time, but I can't find a explanation why is it so. In school they teach that heavy metals are poisonous, and they are trapped inside our bodies. I ...
5
votes
2answers
160 views

Components of the concept of Developmental Noise?

Developmental noise is a concept that correspond to the amount of possible phenotypic variance of a given genotype in a given environment. Intrinsic noise (aka Cellular noise) is a component of ...
185
votes
3answers
96k views

Why do I only breathe out of one nostril?

I was just sitting with my hand next to my nose and I realized that air was only coming out of the right nostril. Why is that? I would think I would use both, it seems much more efficient. Have I ...
3
votes
2answers
81 views

How does one determine intracellular concentration?

The TL;DR version Is there a fast way to determine what the cell environment of a particular cell (E.g RBC) is? (in terms of solute/ionic concentration) I'm not sure if the question belongs here, ...
5
votes
3answers
9k views

Why is defibrillation in asystole (“flat line”) useless?

In most popular medical dramas, when a patient has a cardiac arrest and "flatlines" the doctors many times use a defibrillator to "shock the heart back into rhythm'. I know that actually, the proper ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

How much time is required between repeated exposures to sun to prevent sunburn [closed]

After being in the sun, how much 'rest' is required before you can expose yourself again? e.g. from Wikipedia: Sunburn can occur in less than 15 minutes So if you were in a place where sunburn ...
17
votes
1answer
9k views

Why doesn't water enter my body through my anus or genitals when swimming?

So when we swim, we can make water not enter through our nose and mouth, simply by holding our breath. However, the mouth and the nose aren't the only cavities. What about the anus and the genitals? ...
10
votes
2answers
786 views

Why do birds move their heads abruptly?

When we humans look around, we pan smoothly from one side to the other. Birds on the other hand seem to point their head in one direction for a while, then abruptly point their head in another ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

How is the rate of transcription influenced by temperature?

How is the rate of transcription influenced by temperature? More precisely, I am looking for an article who quantitatively measured the rate of transcription of an "average gene" and show how this ...
6
votes
1answer
106 views

Fire Ant Behavior

I've noticed for the past few weeks that near a small fire ant nest near my house there will be a new concentrated "large" pile of dead fire ants every few days. I went and checked out the pile and ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Can mosquitos bite in self-defense?

When chasing away wasps or bees there is a danger of them stinging us in self-defense. Can a similar danger arise when chasing away a mosquito which is otherwise not hungry? I understand that ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Influence of temperature on protein binding and decay rates

For computer modeling purposes, I am looking for some referenced quantitative measurements of the effect(s) of temperature on the dynamic of biochemical reactions. Question In particular, my ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Transcription rate expressed in microarray per hour

This article gives measurement of transcription rate and the unit they're using is microarray per hour. For example, at 27°C the average expression of their genes is 236.1 microarray per hour (page ...
4
votes
2answers
68 views

Are there known downsides to removing UV mutation hotspots to prevent some skin cancers (Genetic sunblock)?

Khavari et al. recently demonstrated that a significant fraction of one of the major forms of skin cancer (cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas) are associated with a mutated KNSTRN gene (a protein ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

DNA extraction from oil-containing seeds

Which protocol of DNA extraction from plant oil-containing seeds take fast and good result in purity that can use in RT-PCR(Real Time polymerase chain reaction)?
12
votes
3answers
2k views

What would happen if one eats silica gel?

What happens if one actually does go about eating the beads in those "do-not-eat" packets?
8
votes
2answers
511 views

Why sleep? No, actually, why wake?

I was just reading the sleep threads, and I wondered, why is the body so constructed so that sleep is necessary? (Is it just a design error?) But then, how do things come to be awake at all? How did ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Nucleotide sequence for STRING protein sequence

I have protein sequences from STRING database: The amino acid sequence files are like this: 4932.Q0010 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Difference between thylakoids and lamellae in a chloroplast?

I'm slightly confused as to the difference between thylakoids and lamellae. My understanding was that thylakoids are 'discs' that are stacked into grana and there is a membrane between the grana ...
3
votes
1answer
260 views

XXY (Klinefelter's) & Trisomy 21 & X-inactivation

I read that X-inactivation doesn't tend to happen in males, but then when someone is XXY, they are a male because of the Y. However these individuals tend to live. So does that mean that X-...
49
votes
2answers
7k views

Do ants or other insects sleep, and if so why?

I was thinking yesterday about insects (as there was a spider in the house, and I couldn't help but think of anything else, even though they aren't insects), and I started to wonder if ants sleep? ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Chest muscle and female breast size

Do female chest size have anything to do with muscle? I know many female athlete and their average breast size is much bigger than normal female that does not tend to play sports. Do this have any ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Does human eye lens have a magnification of its own?

I have always wondered if the lens in our eyes have any sort of magnification by default. And if yes, if we're actually seeing everything around us bigger/smaller than what they actually are! Has any ...
4
votes
2answers
72 views

where to find the relative frequency distribution of synonymous codons

Most amino acids can be encoded by more than one codon. For example, Serine can be encoded by any one of ...
1
vote
2answers
177 views

Is the mutation rate in organisms in general consistent over the genome?

Coming from computer science with an interest in genetic programming (a process emulating evolution) I'm curious about whether the rate of mutation is homogeneous across the whole genome, or if some ...
2
votes
1answer
674 views

Effect of 260/230 values on PCR

To what extent does the 260/230 value affect the efficiency of PCR reactions ? Do the constituents leading to a low 260/230 value (EDTA, guanidine salts and oligosaccharides) inhibit PCR ? I have been ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Integration of several environmental signals

I am looking for examples of different functions that are good fit to how signals are computed in order to respond to the environment. Let's make my question more copmrehensible with an example... ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

Influence of temperature on transcription, protein binding and decay rates

I am the kind of biologist who doesn't know much about molecular genetics and about the dynamic of biochemical reactions. Question My question concerns the influence of temperature on the dynamic of ...
7
votes
2answers
353 views

Can a single axon propagate multiple simultaneous action potentials?

I have not been able to locate any research that indicates whether a single axon of a neuron or nerve cell can conduct multiple simultaneous (i.e. spatially separate) action potentials. I am aware ...
3
votes
2answers
348 views

What kind of spider is this? And is it dangerous? (photo)

I found this spider hanging from a web off the side of my house (in Buffalo, NY). It's probably 3-4in total length. Any thoughts on what kind of spider this is? And if it's dangerous?
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Why Hasn't my Cactus Grown Deadly Spines? [closed]

I recently purchased a small cactus plant from my local store for about $5. I've been giving the cactus lots of sunlight and a good watering every week. I've noticed that since I bought it, the ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Is this a grackle with an unusually long decurved bill (Phoenix AZ, USA)

Can someone help me identify this bird (sorry only had the iphone)? It looks like a grackle, but the bill is much longer than any I have seen. The bill looks like a Le Conte's thrasher, but it was all ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

Enzyme Assay - pectinase

During assaying an enzyme at high temperature, the substrate (Pectin) is degraded by the high temperature rather than by enzyme, so, how can I minimize degradation of the substrate by the temperature?
3
votes
1answer
117 views

SEREX serological analysis of cDNA expression library

What is Serological Analysis of cDNA expression library? I went through this article:http://cancerimmunity.org/serex/introduction/ but could not really make out. Can someone please explain this to me ...

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