5
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is the DNA helix anti-parallel? [duplicate]

Why is it that DNA strands are running in anti-parallel fashion? Given the chemical base-pairing, they could have been parallel just as well.
1
vote
1answer
34 views

What are Some Classical Examples of Local Adaptation?

Question Can you please give a list of classical (textbook) examples of local adaptations? How to answer Examples don't necessarily need to include what evidence supports this specific example of ...
13
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the evolutionary reason behind the fragility of teeth?

Almost all organs in the human body have a rather large threshold within which the organ or tissue is capable of repairing itself using materials supplied by the body, whether it's made from organic ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Does a woman contain all the genes needed to make a man?

I know the answer of inverse is at here, but how about this question? I also read this question, can I imply to human that a woman can also contain all the genes needed to make a man? Edit: I ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

What are Codominant vs Dominant Genetic Markers?

When talking about types of genetic markers, the adjective "dominant" and "codominant" are often used. I don't fully understand their definitions and found contradicting definitions. Foll and ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

A doubt on Introgression

Wikipedia says that Introgression, also known as introgressive hybridization, in genetics is the movement of a gene (gene flow) from one species into the gene pool of another by the repeated ...
4
votes
1answer
8k views

Which blood vessel carries the most impure blood?

There is a question in my Biology textbook: "Which blood vessel in the human body carries most impure blood after few hours of meal." The answer is given as Renal artery. But I think the ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

0.1 M sodium citrate in 10% ethanol and DNA solubility

I understand how DNA precipitation works in the presence of salt (such as 0.3 M sodium acetate or 0.2 M sodium chloride) and alcohol (30 ~ 50 % isopropanol or 60 ~ 75% ethanol) However, in the Trizol ...
11
votes
1answer
154 views

Which biological kingdom comprises the greatest biomass on Earth?

Which of the five biological kingdoms - animalia, protista, plantera, monera, or fungi - has the largest biomass? To clarify, if the biomass of every species in each of these kingdoms was added up, ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

True or False: Dideoxynucleotide sequence analysis Question

True or false: Dideoxynucleotide sequence analysis is a template-directed method that makes use of chain terminators that stop DNA synthesis because they lack a 2'OH group. The answer is false. ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Coordinates of amino acids in a protein sequence [on hold]

In PDB format, the coordinates of each of the atoms are available. Are the coordinates for the amino acids available separately? As in say a protein sequence consisting of a chain of amino acids ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Can magnetoreception occur in humans?

Magnetoreception is a sense which allows an animal to detect the Earth’s magnetic field in order to perceive direction, altitude, or location. Magnetoreception is present in bacteria, arthropods, ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

How much do crocodiles eat`?

How much do crocodiles eat? The closest I found to an answer was on german wikipedia, where it says that adult nile crocodiles eat "only about 50 full meals a year." While interesting, without knowing ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Can the DNA of 2 women create a child? Chimera [on hold]

Imagine a woman and a man creating a child. The man is in fact a chimera whose unborn twin was a female. Is it possible that some of the spermatozoids of the man contain DNA of only the unborn female ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

What approximate age does a human baby have to be to survive unassisted? [on hold]

I'm interested in determining the youngest age at which a human child could survive without external assistance. For this question, I want to exclude negative outside influence or threats. For ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Western Blot suitable condition [on hold]

I would like to ask you some advice about western blot technique. What should be the best way to running my sample? I'm using a lower voltage, until the packaging into the stacking gel, and then a ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

How does epigenetics affect the birth conditions via alcohol?

Recent study has shown that epigenetics can play role in male-caused infertility and it cites for example studies which showed an enhancing of silent genes when drinking alcohol. Since the study ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

What is the name of this green plant with thin leaves?

I've seen this in Scotland between Balmaha and Inversnaid: A higher resolution is here: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Balmaha-Inversnaid-9.jpg What is the name of this green plant with ...
4
votes
2answers
94 views

Is it possible to have different genes in different parts of our body?

I want to understand genetic mutation specially in the context of multicellular organisms like humans. I studied biology only till high school and I can’t fully understand wikipedia pages on this ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Repeating assays assessing drug synergy by Chou and Talalay method

I have been using MTT cell viability assays to test compounds, both as single agents and in combination, in a constant ratio. From these assays I have been able to plot the median effect plot to get ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

What is the difference between “genetic” and “hereditary”?

What is the difference between the adjectives "genetic" and "hereditary"?
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Pulse pressure of nine [closed]

Like the title says, I took a bp test at a pharmacy today and my results were 87 (sys) / 78 (dia). This means that my pp is 9. I know that tests done by untrained people may not be 100% accurate but, ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Barcode exchange between neighbouring cells

I am currently interested in equipping animal cells in a tissue with individual barcodes. These barcodes should get amplified in the cells (not to a cell degrading extent, of course), and also ...
-2
votes
1answer
34 views

What are the significances of chromosome mapping? [closed]

The few point that I have come across are: The following are the significances of chromosome mapping: Chromosome maps help identify the location of gene of interest on a chromosome for genetic ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Do we perceive contrast colour patterns easily because of adaptation? [migrated]

I can understand that colours are just manipulation of our brain to light rays of different frequencies, amplitude, and wavelength. But we do feel easier to find a pattern on a thing which is of ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Why are there so many regulatory mechanisms in gene expression? [on hold]

first time posting here, apologies if this is a stupid question. I am a layman, so I might be ignorant to some already well-known or obvious concepts in biology. From what I understand, gene ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Affinity species between plant by protein [closed]

How determination Affinity species between plant by protein electrophoresis?
3
votes
1answer
79 views

How does a protein reach its substrate within the cell?

After a protein has been synthesized and its the final tertiary/quartenary adopted, how does it reach its substrate within the cell and what causes it to interact with it? The transcription factors ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

What is the current status of human cloning?

Human cloning is a very controversial subject. I had a professor at Uni whose subject was transgenics. He had a very successful career both in industry and in academia. We were kinda close and he ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Why is tRNA called an adaptor molecule?

All I know about adaptor is that it is a device that converts attributes of one electrical device or system to those of an otherwise incompatible device or system. Thank you.
2
votes
3answers
162 views

What is the difference between sequence alignment and sequence assembly?

I read the wikipedia page about sequence alignment and sequence assembly but I have not been able to find any difference between the two. What is the difference between sequence alignment and sequence ...
7
votes
1answer
115 views

What species of fox is this?

I found this picture of a fox in a news article about arctic foxes in Sweden (source), but I'm not sure whether it is actually an arctic fox. On the one hand, it has white fur, which is the correct ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Insulin and leptin action on Anorexigenic Neurons in Hypothalamus?

Receptors for Insulin are present on liver, adipose tissue and muscles BUT also Insulin Receptors are present in arcuate nucleus of hypothalamus where it influences anorexogenic neurons through IRS2 ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

What part of food gives the blood red color?

Roughly, what I know is, when we eat food it goes into our: Stomach > Small Intestine > Large Intestine > Rectum. So, it just moves through a digestive pipe. What I don't understand is, what part of ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

How do T-cells determine which cells they've already inspected?

From what I understand, T-cells are constantly traveling in the body, inspecting cells by looking for antigens. If they're self antigens, then the T-cell doesn't attack, whereas if they're non-self, ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Hyperglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes?

Glucose transporters GLUT1, GLUT2, are always present in hepatocytes membrane and GLUT3 on brain cells but the glucose transporters for skeletal muscles, cardiac cells and adipose tissue are not ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Why are both glucagon and cortisol released in hypoglycemia?

Cortisol is released in response to prolonged stresses; one situation when cortisol is released is when blood glucose level is low. In this situation cortisol acts on adipose tissue promoting fatty ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Cell biology books

I'd like to know, what is the best list of books for non-biologist to understand, how signalling between organels is organized inside of eukaryotic cells. I really want to get how cell as separate ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

do game animals have poor eyesight?

I have been watching some bow hunting videos on youtube. When hunting with a bow, the hunter needs to get really close to the animal, sometimes less than 10 meters. It seems to me implicitly, and ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Biological difference in drugs vs drugs labeled as analytic standard?

I'm scaling up a project that uses ribavirin. Previously, I only had a need for small quantities, so I was prepared to pay a couple hundred dollars for ~50mg of pure chemical (Sigma - R9644). ...
7
votes
2answers
833 views

What determines the fate of a cell with respect to differentiation?

I have been reading about Townes and Holtfreter's work in 1955, in which cells are dissociated from a blastocyst in an alkaline solution then mixed together and spontaneously reaggregates based on ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

What implications has the missing 2'-OH on the capability of DNA to form 3D structures?

The chemical difference between RNA and DNA is the missing 2'-hydroxyl group in the nucleotides that build DNA. The major effect of that change that I know of is the higher stability of DNA compared ...
-1
votes
2answers
29 views

What is gene density?

As per wikipedia definition, gene density is defined as: "In genetics, the gene density of an organism's genome is the ratio of the number of genes per number of base pairs, usually written in ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Is it possible to transfer acquired hemophilia with breast milk?

There is a transplacental form of acquired hemophilia: http://www.jpeds.com/article/S0022-3476%2895%2970132-X/abstract This disease is caused by polyclonal immunoglobulins (IgG1 and IgG4) against the ...
-1
votes
0answers
22 views

Is there a particular state of performing a specific activity? [closed]

This question is based on some of my own human activity, but lack of neurological and psychological knowledge, I am not able to deeply answer it. We rise by lifting others - Robert Ingersoll ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Cell cycle-regulated genes and mRNA

I am a mathematician and my knowledge about biology is close to zero. I am reading a bioinformatics paper and I would like to understand a bit more about the biology task they are talking about. I ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Mangroves and desalination of sea water

I am not an expert but I guess that mangroves (or some other plants that thrive in sea water) perform some kind of desalination to extract fresh water from sea water. Is this true? If yes, What ...
7
votes
2answers
266 views

How do infectious bacteria determine when their numbers are high enough to attack a host?

When you get sick, you generally don't contract enough bacteria at once for them to succeed in battling your immune system, right? Their numbers must gradually increase in the host's body before they ...
20
votes
2answers
1k views

How does RNA transcription determine which half of the DNA to use?

I feel that I might have a complete misunderstanding here. If DNA has two strands, how does the machinery of RNA transcription determine which one to transcribe?
1
vote
0answers
34 views

What determines the length to which hair grows? [duplicate]

Correct me if i am wrong, if we cut 2mm from eyebrow hair, it will grow 2mm and then stop growing, or if we cut 5mm, then it will grow only 5mm. My question is, does hair know how long to grow ?

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