3
votes
0answers
15 views

Do ginko trees grow well in Eastern North America (specifically Ontario,Canada)

I have recently noticed many Ginko (Ginko biloba) saplings planted in my Eastern Ontario city (in Canada), and they are looking a bit sickly, with yellow leaves. They seem to be a popular choice in ...
-1
votes
1answer
47 views

Do we all dream “every” night? [on hold]

I had an argument with my brother and he claims that he doesn't dream every night ie when he dreams he always remember and if not he hadn't dreamt at all. I'm under the impression that all humans ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Rattlesnakes developing stronger venom

I have heard that rattlesnakes are developing stronger venoms causing more people each year to die from rattlesnake bites. But why would a snake that is already very venomous need to develop stronger ...
2
votes
1answer
12 views

What are the differences and similarities between fimbriae and adhesins in microbes adherence factor?

Adherence factors in microbes is to attach to a host cell or to an extracellular matrix. So what is the difference and similarities between fimbriae and adhesins?
3
votes
3answers
116 views

Why does all life use the same macromolecules in their genetic code?

There is no biochemical constraint of any sort, so why doesn't some other code work? Why is it specifically RNA/DNA?
2
votes
2answers
29 views

Are multi-chain proteins synthesized as one biological unit?

Are multi-chain proteins (especially homo/hetero-dimers) synthesized together as one overall unit or are they separate monomers which bind together at some point after synthesis, and are there any ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

What anaconda species/variants/whatever (if any) would be plausible to keep as pets in Europe? [migrated]

All my life I've had one favorite animal: the anaconda. I used to read up quite a lot of documentation on them, but as time went on, I forgot most of it & haven't really found the time lately to ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Possible calculations with temperature, humidity, images and VIS spectrum of a plant in an Integrating sphere

I am currently working on a project which involves growing some plants in a integrating sphere made of foam. I have added temperature, humidity and soil moisture sensors as well as a Spectrometer (350 ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Nature of Dengue Fever Genetic Material

Once the genetic material for Dengue Fever is inserted into the human DNA, would the Dengue Fever molecular material be in the form of its own isolated DNA fragment or will it be inserted directly ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

What is the decision making process when a bird builds a nest?

I have been watching The Life of Birds and I am rather startled by the ingenuity some birds show in building their nests. For instance, one species built a dummy nest on top with a secret entrance ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

What is the distribution of the number of heterozygotes in finite populations?

Consider a bi-allelic locus with alleles A and a. We denote the frequency of the A allele by ...
2
votes
1answer
447 views

Why do people and animals stretch out their bodies and what is causing this behaviour?

I noticed that my cat which is only 6 months old has started stretching its body from time to time. Then I thought that this motion doesn't seem very natural from another cat's viewpoint, so my cat ...
4
votes
3answers
440 views

Does the genetic material the sperm carries affect its physical properties

Basically, what I'm asking is, is the actual sperm cell built from the blueprint in the DNA of the man or is it itself also a consequence of the DNA it carries? I'd like to know a few more things ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Whole Genome Sequencing and B Chromosomes

Do whole genome sequencing techniques detect B chromosomes if such chromosomes are present? My understanding is as follows: How the DNA material in a B Chromosome is mapped depends on the reference ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

What species of eagle pushes their young to teach them flying?

There are many references to eagle pushing their young off the nest to make them know how to fly, for example this motivational video. It is also described in this website: Let me show you "the ...
1
vote
3answers
31 views

Whole Genome Sequencing and Chromosome Counts

In general, do standard whole genome sequencing techniques rely more on known chromosome counts, independently arrive at chromosome counts, and/or not directly address issues such as base number, ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

What options are there to consume water and can you survive on them alone?

I thought about this a while, i can think of several ways, but i am not sure if there are other options and if you can survive on them alone withou dying of dehydration (lets ignore other problems ...
2
votes
1answer
23 views

How is pain induced by blunt and sharp objects?

Normally, when something touch you, you won't feel pain. With a great force "touching" you, you will feel pain. However, if something that is spiky makes contact with you, you will feel pain. So, how ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

What were the symptoms of Phineas Gage after suffering his brain injury?

Phineas Gage was a construction worker who suffered a head injury due to an explosion at a construction site. A metal rod was pushed up his cheek and through his head. I have heard he demonstrated ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Do our belly buttons consist of scar tissue?

I read an interesting post on Facebook the other day saying that we all have a visible scar since birth - our belly button. This got me thinking (and research for me only found results regarding belly ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

How do neurons receive the ions needed for creating electrical pulses?

I really wonder how ions are transported into the brain and the neurons for creating electrical potentials - how do ions get from our digestive system to the neurons? Or are the ions just freely ...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

What's the difference between a plant and an animal?

Are there some living things where the distinction between plant and animal is blurry or unclear? I wouldn't know where to put something like yeast. I also thought of photosynthesis, but then I ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

How do we know Denisovans had 46 Chromosomes

What allows sequencers to conclude that Denisovans had 46 chromosomes rather than merely knowing Denisovans had the crossover material arranged in 48 or say 44 chromosomes? See ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Evolution of a Population

Scientists observe a newly established population of sexually reproducing plants growing on the shore of a small island. An observable trait of the plant has two possible phenotypes. It is determined ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Question

I have four questions concerning H-W Equilibrium: (i) In a population of mice, the presence of black spots is the result of a homozygous recessive condition. If the frequency of the allele for this ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

What neuro-motor diseases cause the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to malfunction?

Please note: This question is neither homework nor seeking medical advice. I'm simply asking for a factual, objective, biological explanation of the various neuro-motor diseases/illnesses that can act ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Is there a way to prevent an HIV infection after exposure to HIV infected Blood?

If a person is accidentally injected with blood from an HIV+ person, is there a treatment option that can keep the person from developing an HIV infection?
38
votes
4answers
4k views

Why is polyploidy lethal for some organisms while for others is not?

Polyploidy is the multiplication of number of chromosomal sets from 2n to 3n (triploidy), 4n (tetraploidy) and so on. It is quite common in plants, for example many crops like wheat or Brassica forms. ...
1
vote
2answers
27 views

Is it possible to amplify every single piece of DNA through PCR?

Is there a way to perform non-specific PCR amplification for the purpose of amplifying every piece of DNA present?
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Junk DNA and “random” mutations [closed]

I'm somewhat irritated by "mutation" generally being described as a fully random factor in evolution: pure randomness does not seem like something that can survive in a long evolutionary process. And ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

PAGE gel in EtBr

I have been using TBE-PAGE gel to see small fragments of DNA by post-staining that means gel is stained with EtBr after electrophoresis. Someone told me that you can add EtBr before polymerizing ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Link together all alike DNA sequences [on hold]

Is it possible to take a DNA solution and link together every alike fragment of DNA in the solution?
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Does one parent transmit more DNA to the offspring than the other one?

Does one parent transmit more DNA to the offspring than the other one? Or do both parents always transmit the same amount of genetic material to their offspring? In other words, can a baby be ...
4
votes
1answer
33 views

What species is this?

We found this on a beach in the Bay of Lannion, Brittany, France. What is it? About 6 cm long.
0
votes
0answers
11 views

White blood cell transfusion

Some patient who have low White blood cells need WBC Transfusion do resist infections. What is interesting, doesn't transfused WBCs cause temporary autoimmune disease ? Like recognising patients ...
3
votes
0answers
14 views

What techniques can be used to link environmental conditions to crop yield?

Im interested in how we can determine what are the optimal conditions for crops and how deviations from these optimal conditions affect yield. In the literature I have found two main approaches and I ...
7
votes
4answers
130 views

Are all pathogens parasites?

If parasites are organisms that feed on other living organisms, then aren't all pathogens parasites? I've emphasised on 'feed' because I guess the pathogens just eat us (i.e. take nutrients to ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Role of microvilli in cell volume regulation

Does the presence of microvilli on a cell's surface ensure that it's more resistant to cell swelling or lysis in a hypotonic solution, as compared to a normal cell?
4
votes
2answers
70 views

Can axons act as receptors?

In all histology books, it is stated that all sensory nerve endings (receptors) consist of dendrites that translate physical stimuli from the environment into neural signals. However, several sensory ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Why is dopamine considered both an excitatory and Inhibitory neurotransmitter? [duplicate]

To me it seems the one allows flow and the other prevents flow. How does dopamine do both?
2
votes
2answers
23 views

Chemotherapy - Hair loss

Chemotherapy kills cancer cells by targeting rapidly growing cells. That is why patients are loosing hair as well. My question is, why chemo related hair loss is temporary ? The docs say it is ...
4
votes
2answers
227 views

Why do we think chronic inflammation can cause cancer?

Why do we think chronic inflammation can cause cancer? I know the pathway is not fully understood, but what makes scientists believe that inflammation causes cancer?
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Differing Flow Cytometry Genome Sizes and Sexual Mating Implies Differing Chromosome Counts

Do the fundamental principles of genetics strongly suggest the following is a derived conjecture? If 2 flowering plant species A and B have widely differing genome size (at a minimum a 50% ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Why I don't feel pain when I press the skin on my knee and elbow?

Does the muscle on our knee and elbow have some speciality ? Why are we unable to feel any sort of pain when I pinch it ? I also did it with my Mom and Dad and result was same .
4
votes
3answers
534 views

Why is mRNA needed in the Protein translation?

The original question was to predict the basic requirements for information storage. Then the discussion moved to why is it necessary to include mRNA in the protein translation process. Why can't ...
8
votes
3answers
115 views

Do biological phenomena follow Gaussian statistics?

I have recently entered the life sciences (from physics). I am concerned about the use of p values in the life sciences literature. For example, in this article, they test 9 - 12 rats in a control ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

What are the changes to semen if it is put stationarily in the atmosphere for a period of time? [on hold]

If I put it in a test tube for, say a week, what are the physical and chemical changes? In addition, will the fructose inside be lost or broken down?
-1
votes
1answer
28 views

During Orgasm, Do females ejaculates like males? [closed]

Acc to Bio-Science, males get ejaculates when they reach orgasm, so what about females? do they get ejaculation like males?
3
votes
1answer
273 views

Parasitism and mimicry

I was reading this article which states this: Classical Batesian mimicry, in which an undefended mimic evolves to look like a toxic model, is a parasitic relationship in which the mimic gains ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

Complexity in creating transgenic animals (e.g., mice)

Many papers I have seen describing transgenic rodent models (and presumably applicable to other model organisms) involve the knock-in, or modification to, a single gene, possibly two genes. With ...

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