14
votes
1answer
3k views

Is humans' height ideal?

More or less we humans are around 1.70 meters tall. My question is, would it be possible to scale us? that is, is it in principle possible having humans 1 cm tall, or 10 meters tall or is there some ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Has anyone used Crispr/Cas to induce a knock-in in MEF cells?

Does anyone have experience with the crispr/cas9 platform performed on MEF? Or does anyone recall any relevent articles? Thanks
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Can nosebleed cause death?

Can Epistaxis or Nosebleed can be a of cause death?
3
votes
1answer
178 views

Identify this Harvestman

I spotted this guy in Switzerland. It's clearly an Opilione (Harvestman), but I really know nearly enough about this diverse group to be able to identify the species. Sorry, I didn't think to ...
6
votes
1answer
34 views

Location of nucleotide synthesis and transport

I couldn't find this question directly asked so I thought I would ask it In Fundamentals of Biochemistry 3e (Voet et al), it has a small small little comment about pyrimidine synthesis: (In a diagram ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Horizontal gene transfer versus convergent evolution

There are several often noted examples of convergent evolution (eyes, bat/bird wing evolution etc.) How do we rule out horizontal gene transfer in these cases?
0
votes
0answers
21 views

desaturation in fatty acids [duplicate]

humans are unable to synthesize EFA what is the reason behind it that humans cannot introduce double bond between C-10 and the methyl terminal?
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Can I identify this black ant queen?

I have an ant queen in a jar. This is what she looks like: Because I'm planning to start an artificial ant nest, I'd like to learn something about that specific species of ant. This particular ...
5
votes
1answer
115 views

High frequency human genetic oscillators?

The most well studied genetic oscillators in human genomes are involved in regulating the circadian clock (which operates on an approximately 24-hour cycle) and cell cycle activity (with single cycles ...
3
votes
2answers
34 views

What are some atypical examples of positive transcriptional cooperativity?

Cooperativity in gene expression is an important feature of many regulatory networks. Described using the Hill function, the most common example is a transcription factor (TF) that when bound to its ...
5
votes
0answers
51 views

Why does ant queen keep the eggs out of her hive?

I have captured an ant queen and now I'm trying to create an artificial ant nest. I have noticed that though she has dug a hole to hide in, she keeps the eggs out of it unless she feels that they ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Why Mammals are unable to produce Essential Fatty Acids?

While we have to get them from our diet and if they aren't taken in our diet we will face disease.Then why we don't have the enzymes which are require for EFA synthesis???
3
votes
0answers
11 views

How to make sure a stem cell culture is cancer free?

Say I take a blood sample from an adult, extract the white cells and apply to them the process described in <this article>. Assuming this actually turns the adult white cells into stem cells, which ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

To what extent do domestic animals understand language?

Note: Please tell me to re-post this in Cogsci or pets if this doesn't belong here. Hello All, I want to know how dogs or other domesticated animals differentiate between normal chat and a command. ...
2
votes
3answers
84 views

How did the horned lizard evolve?

It's a lizard that has the ability to burst blood vessels in it's eyes and shoot blood as self defense. How can this behavior be explained evolutionary? Wouldn't it mean that there had to be some ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Are there any air-plants with parts that are edible for humans?

Are any air plants (Tillansia sp.) safe for humans to eat? I haven't been able to find whether or not there are. Pineapple is in the same family (Bromeliaceae), but isn't an air plant.
3
votes
1answer
72 views

How much energy is required to blind someone?

As I understand the ravages of sunlight upon the (human) eye; the cause of ocular damage and blindness is too much energy delivered to the cones and rods that ultimately make up our eyes; so the ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Schedules of mating for men

It’s simple deductive logic to follow that for a species to survive it must provide it’s offspring with the best possible conditions to ensure it’s survival – either that or to reproduce in such ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

What is this black insect (wasp-like?) South America?

I live in the Pacific coast of South America. Seems to have two wings, like a wasp's. The "tail" is a bit bulky but is only connected to the rest of the body by a thin part. It's black overall. The ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Question about the DNA glycosylase enzyme assay/formamide gel loading buffer

Often for the DNA glycosylase enzyme assay we can see that the DNA glycosylase is incubated with oligonucleotide in 37C and then reaction is stopped by addition of formamide gel loading buffer (80% ...
4
votes
0answers
32 views

How does the frequency of a visual stimulus affect the steady-state visually evoked potential?

I want to make a project for EEG signal processing, and in my research I found the concept of SSVEP, which means that if you have a stimulus with low frequency applied to the eye, the electrical ...
3
votes
3answers
94 views

More entropy: Atom or Macromolecule? [closed]

A question that appeared on my last exam was : Which of the following has greater entropy A) An atom B) A macromolecule The question doesn't specify anything else(i.e. type/size of atom or ...
10
votes
1answer
389 views

Supercomputer Vs Human Brain

With supercomputers doing calculation in petaflops ($10^{15}$ Calculations per Second), have we crossed the speed of Human Brain?
4
votes
1answer
87 views

how many abdominal sclerites would be there in a cockroach

Every tegmina of a cockroach has Sclerites which are homologous to the bones of humans. Every abdominal segment of cockroach consists of two lateral sclerite plates called pleura along with a dorsal ...
17
votes
4answers
2k views

Why are there species instead of a continuum of various animals?

As I understand it, various animal traits have to evolve gradually, but what happens to the species that are "neither here nor there"? To put it differently, if a species evolved from another, it did ...
2
votes
3answers
162 views

Where are the evolutionary “inbetweeners”? [closed]

The problem I've always had with evolution is the actual lack of variation between animals. More specifically, the lack of observable gradual change between species. Take for example the hammerhead ...
5
votes
1answer
36 views

Does fasting improves immunity?

I have heard that fasting causes regeneration of memory cells(B- and T-lymphocytes) thereby improving immunity.Is this true? If yes, how?
5
votes
1answer
50 views

How can I tell if regulation is at the transcriptional or translational level?

I was reading a paper, http://www.pnas.org/content/109/8/E471.short, where the authors claim that (e475) Translation of the TfR (Transferrin Receptor) is regulated through sequences in the 3′ and ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Why does skin sometimes suddenly itch when you stretch it?

Sometimes, when I bend over, areas of my skin like my back can suddenly itch quite intensely. Sometimes it may be another part of my body and the pattern seems to be a part of the skin organ that is ...
3
votes
2answers
64 views

How to use Autodock just for (re)scoring

I have some protein-ligand complexed that I have been docking with some other software and just want to use Autodock to evaluate those complexes. So, basically I just want to use it as a scoring ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Why doesn't honey spoil quickly? [duplicate]

Why is it that honey can last for decades and not spoil like other foods? Is there any chemical in honey which gives rise to this amazing feat?
5
votes
1answer
70 views

Sugar as a defence against bacteria?

An answer on another SE site mentions that sugar "at a certain level acts as a preservative". I've always been taught that microorganisms eat sugar and expel acids, that is why sugary food are ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Start studying mathematical biology from basics

I am really passionate about theoretical and quantitative biology and I would like to build my future career around this topic. I've just got my bachelor's degree in biology (ecology) but scince I've ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

Lost Ability to Regenerate Body Parts during the Transition from Amphibians to Mammals

Why have higher-order animals lost the ability to regenerate body parts during evolution? Wouldn't it be better for survival? What is the evolutionary theory behind it?
1
vote
1answer
38 views

RNeasy Mini Kit low 260/230 ratio — can I purify this RNA for further use?

I used Qiagen's RNeasy Mini Kit to isolate RNA from 5*10^5 C28/I2 (immortalized human chondrocytes). However, my yield is low (~25 ng/ul), but my 260/280 ratio is great (~2.3), and my 260/230 ratio is ...
3
votes
0answers
19 views

To measure Na/K channel activation in membrane level?

Assume that there are two different signals going on in the ECG - during depolarisation and repolarisation in the standard ECG. I got an advice that do not use the standard ECG in measuring exactly ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Inductance in cell

In an animal cell, especially neuron and in particular its axon, while there is electrical resistance and capacitance mechanism in the cell, which play essential roles in the cable theory model of ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

What is the role of lamellar bodies in lung cells?

Lamellar bodies have been found to be secreted in lung cells many of their associated proteins have been identified. What is the current consensus or research on the function that these lamellar ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

How can you explain the origin of life out of nonliving matter (abiogenesis)? [closed]

According to biochemist Robert Shapiro, the "primordial soup" theory is as follows: Early Earth had a chemically reducing atmosphere. This atmosphere, exposed to energy in various forms, produced ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Is there any possible way that hybrids can mate?

I'm writing a book, and a a portion of it involves a society of humanzees. Now, is there any plausible way that a hybrid (such as a humanzee) could procreate either with one another, or with their ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

What is the word to describe a symptom that when people did something, they tend to do it again without noticing about it? [closed]

I'm looking for a symptom, a word, if existed, to describe that when people do something, even one time only, they tend to do it again, with or without even notice they are doing it. P/S: Something ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

When a thought 'crosses your mind', does it literally cross between left and right cerebral hemispheres?

I've heard that part of cognitive processing is information passing between left and right cerebral hemispheres. This is what happens in the Cerebral Cortex which is divided into two hemispheres, ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Effect of steroid hormone on specific cells?

As steroid hormones can pass through the plasma membrane by simple diffusion because they are lipid derived hormones, it means that they are capable of passing through every cell of our body, BUT why ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

Is there a durable surface that ants can't pass?

I'm looking for a surface, that will be impassable for ant's yet not poisonous or easily decaying. One idea is water - they really can't cross that. But water easily dries and is quite uncomfortable. ...
4
votes
1answer
28 views

Can you measure ECG from a single location?

I want to make a DIY bracelet to measure my ECG. All I need is the interbeat interval. Can I design a bracelet on one arm only, with two electrodes slightly spaced from one another, and figure out ...
7
votes
1answer
123 views

How did these apples grow together?

I came through this pic while scrolling through facebook, and it was a bit strange to me. As far as I know apples have a corymbose type of inflorescence, in which a single pedicel ends in a single ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

What is this discarded exoskeleton from?

This morning I was looking round the garden and found this sticking out of a pit in patch of soil, next to the wall of the house (in a trough sort of thing). I came to the conclusion it must be part ...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

Intuitive explanation for Kin- and Group- selection

It is known from theoretician in the field of kin selection that kin selection (inclusive fitness theory) and group selection are actually two sides of the same coin. In other words, these two ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Mesoporous silica particles as anti cancer drug delivery method

If this question is a little off topic for Biology, I'm sorry. I've recently read a lot about mesoporous silica nanoparticles as a promising drug delivery method. The huge range of customizability of ...
2
votes
1answer
238 views

How is this yellow bumblebee called that I photographed in New York City?

Does anybody know the name of this bumblebee? (For categorization on wikipedia commons)

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