3
votes
0answers
65 views

Which types of blood vessels can regenerate in humans/mammals?

Which types of blood vessels can regenerate in humans/mammals? From what I understand, arteries and arterioles can be created later in life, while this is not necessarily the case with veins. However ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

5,6-dihydrouracil and 5,6-dihydroxyuracil - how they arise in DNA?

5,6-dihydrouracil can be formed from cytosine after exposure of DNA to ionizing radiation under anoxic conditions [Ref]. What are other ways by which 5,6-dihydrouracil is formed in DNA? What about ...
4
votes
2answers
242 views

How long does a signal from the brain take to reach the limbs?

If the brain sends a signal to move what's the time it takes the signal to travel via neurons to motor neurons in hands, arms and legs? How fast do those signals travel?
8
votes
1answer
763 views

Does a bigger breast give creamier milk?

It is fairly common for a woman to have one breast larger than the other. I have also heard that, for a breast feeding mother it is common for one of the breasts to yield a creamier milk whilst the ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Why do we suddenly forget things, like PIN or phone numbers, that we've known for years?

Is it common to forget a 4 or 5 numeric code which has been used extensively for months and well remembered? There's an article on the guardian describing this phenomenon and by the number of ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Unexpected stoichiometry n in ITC experiments

I'm looking at the binding of a small molecule to several RNA constructs and tried to determine the binding constants. To do this I've performed a few ITC experiments on this system, the results were ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

About animal ecology and one view of this in science fiction

In the movie the Matrix Agent Smith said something like, 'all animals strive to find a natural 'equilibrium' with there environment ,... a harmonious existence with their ecosystem', ( forgive ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Why does a pecking order almost always exist in groups of social mammals?

I think the best explanation might come from evolutionary game theory. But, an another viewpoint may be equally important.
2
votes
1answer
32 views

What is the mechanism responsible for the 'delay' in delayed rectifier potassium channels?

I've been trying to find a comprehensive explanation concerning the nature of the 'delay' in neurons' delayed rectifier potassium channels. As it's written in my intro to neuroscience textbook, these ...
23
votes
4answers
5k views

Why don't mammals have more than 4 limbs?

Arthropods have 6 or more limbs and arthropods with 6 limbs appear to move faster than arthropods with 8 limbs so I wonder whether this might have something to do with fast and efficient locomotion. ...
0
votes
2answers
73 views

Can you disconnect sensation from the brain without destroying muscle functions?

I want to know if it would be possible for a surgeon to "shut off" a person's senses without causing paralysis of any kind. The person would have to maintain their ability to speak and move, but not ...
5
votes
1answer
294 views

Why do some cuts leave scars, while others do not?

Last year I got a moderately-deep cut on my finger, and it left a scar. Six months later, the scar is still there. On the other hand, I've had lots of other cuts on my fingers, though none have left ...
3
votes
1answer
564 views

What is the difference between osmotic potential and osmotic pressure?

Which term is used to calculate water potential? Does osmotic potential mean the same as solute potential?
4
votes
4answers
92 views

What bird species is this? (Heron-like waterfowl from China)

I need help identifying this bird. (Some sort of heron?) It was seen in Wuhan, Hubei, China, in September. It is very common there. It can also swim like a duck, but I've only seen it do this once ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

What is the context in which a species gets the name “elegans”

Quite a lot of Latin binomials from different genera contain the same species name. For example, there are a number of that reflect the physical properties of the species (Tables have the latin name, ...
2
votes
1answer
19 views

Are the cpli and ctli tests time senstive(i.e. is it needed to test right away in order to get accurate results)?

I'm sending the blood samples to a lab and this takes some time until the actual testing. Some information on the tests. TLI : ...
4
votes
2answers
64 views

Short, concise, practical manual for doing experimental biology

I am am physical scientist working in biology, and have recently started doing experiments. I would like a manual akin to "Numerical Recipes", but for the lab: straight forward, easy instructions on ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Does applying sugar to the tongue taste buds releave sugar withdrawal symptoms?

I found several online articles discussing sugar withdrawal symptoms that people experience after cutting back on large sugar intake. ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

What percent of your blood can you lose before you need a transfusion

Losing a little blood is okay. If your a normal healthy person, and got into an accident, how do they know if you need a transfusion or if you'll be okay? This is hypothetical.
9
votes
2answers
832 views

What is the evolutionary explanation for bat's echolocation [closed]

The bat's ability for echolocation is amazing (so are other the abilities of other animals). I was wondering how all of it came to be.
1
vote
1answer
113 views

What is the difference between a fixed substitution and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)?

I recently read a report that stated "We found 430 fixed substitutions […], with an additional 34 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) fixed within individual patients." What is the difference ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Biology Experiment Data (Hodgkin-Huxley)

I'm doing research into the Hodgkin-Huxley Model from an electronics/mathematics perspective and I'm looking to find actual numerical results from experiments on squid axons. I want to compare the ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

What are typical values for bone mass in humans?

I wonder what are typical bone mass values for adult males and females? And do they change significantly with workout and diet?
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Regarding the kingdom Animalia, which phylogenic tree is more common: Molecular Comparisons or Body-Plan Grades

In the picture below, which I obviously do not own: it depicts two different phylogenic trees, one which is based on molecular comparisons and another one which is based on body-plan grades. My ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Bacterial Cell Problem

A microbiologist has discovered what she thinks are two new types of algae. The first cell (Organism 1) appears cubic and is approximately 1.5 μm long, 1.5 μm wide and 1.5 μm deep. The second ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Definitions of robustness and canalization

The concepts of robustness and canalization are fashionable today in the biology literature. However, I am not sure of their definitions and I am not sure either that all authors actually use the same ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Is carbohydrate an important part of phospholipid?

My professor tells us that carbohydrate is an important part of phospholipid, but phospholipid is composed of Choline, Phosphate, Glycerol and two Fattyacid, and I don't think even one of them is ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

Are triglycerides fat?

I have a quick question: Are triglycerides essentially what we call "fats"? I've tried reading up on it but there seems to be some conflicting information. Thank you.
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Is Sugar a stimulatant or a weak sedative?

Quite often, I have heard the remark that children become hyperactive when high amounts of sugar are consumed. But common websites suggest that sugar is a sedative, and the hyperactivity in children ...
17
votes
2answers
322 views

How is menstruation not suicide in the wild?

Watch any wilderness special for more than a few minutes, and you'll notice a familiar pattern: when a predator catches the scent of blood on the wind, the hunt is on. Wounded animals make the best ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

About excessive cellular growth

When there is 'excessive' cell growth 'ordered' by the human body in some specific part of the body that is not part of the usual repairing mechanisms, does this cause extra telomere 'shortening' or ...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

Why would yeast grow but not produce alcohol?

I'm studying for my intro to microbiology test and I have a question asking why a culture of yeast responsible for producing alcohol would be growing, but not producing alcohol? The multiple choice ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

How come degraded eyesight still holds with a mirror? [closed]

When you use a mirror to look at something, you can position it at an angle arbitrary to your face and still look at an object far away. My question is, for degraded eyesight, how come the picture is ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

What percentage of DNA do people share?

If you picked two people in the world at random, sequenced each of their entire genome, and compared their DNA, what would the expected percentage match be?
6
votes
1answer
98 views

How does myopia develop, exactly?

Recently I was reading about myopia and I understood a few basic facts about it: Its initial cause is a constant spasm in the ciliary muscle. To do less work, the eyeball elongates a tiny bit. ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Does a pregnant female body treat the fetus based on gender?

I have seen on a youtube video that the female body produces antigenes and antibodies when she is pregnant with a boy. But this behaviour is not produced when she is pregnant with a girl. These means ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

Regarding cancer cells and telomeres

If cancer cells have telomeres are they different than the telomeres in non-cancerous cells? Would cancer cell telomeres be somehow 'set-up' to function almost indefinitely; in other words are 'they' ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Safety of cobalt-chromium and nickel-chromium dental implants

How safe are cobalt-chromium and nickel-chromium alloys used in dental implants (porcelain fused metal)? IARC groups nickel and cobalt metals in group 2B and chromium in group 3 (hexavalent chromium ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

How were the synaptic areas identified in the somatic sensation pathways?

I'm studying the somatic sensation pathways in neuro-anatomy and I was wondering what was the experimental procedure for identifying the number and location of the synapses in these pathways? ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Bowtie: cannot read fasta file?

I am trying to use bowtie2 to analyze my data in FASTA format, but it seems that this version can't read properly my data. My command line is as follows: ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

How are arms different than legs?

Ok, this is a bit of a tangent question, but it came up yesterday and I didn't know the answer: How are arms and legs defined physiologically? For example, we say humans have two arms and two legs, ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Why men are stronger than women? [duplicate]

Is there a possibility that human males and females used to have the same strength? That maybe it is because for a long time men have been doing the manual labour and sports and women haven't and ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

At what rate do chromosomal rearrangements occur?

How often does chromosomal rearrangements occur? i.e. what is the rate of chromosomal rearrangements? I am interested about these kind of chromosomal rearrangements that are passed on to the ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

How well understood are the long-term effects of nuclear radiation?

Sometimes, when people are concerned about radiation, it is not because it is precisely quantified how dangerous it is, but because we don't know how dangerous it is. How well understood are the ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Some sort of Lymantriidae caterpillar?

I found this larva in Sweden in July. It was about 15 mm long. It reminded me of Orgyia antiqua that I've seen before, but smaller and with a somewhat different colouration.
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Why are hard boiled eggs so homogeneous?

A eukaryotic animal cell is a complicated piece of biological machinery. Some major structures inside of the cell (see the image below) include: the nucleus, mitochondria, Golgi vesicles, and various ...
3
votes
1answer
444 views

Do humans have the hyaloid canal, after all?

Most Google Images results for "eye anatomy" are pictures of eyes that don't have the hyaloid canal while some do (proof). Do humans have it, after all, or not? :)
6
votes
1answer
789 views

Warm water bath [closed]

Why is it advised to take bath in warm water when we are sick?I know that as homeotherms we need to generate metabolic heat to adapt to the environment temperature.But what is the mechanism by which ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

genomatix software linux install [closed]

I have installed the genomatix software which is a jar file the name is InstallChipInspector21.jar.But now I really don;t know how do I start it ,can any one suggest me a method??
1
vote
0answers
24 views

What is the meaning of this poor sequencing result?

What is the meaning of this poor sequencing result? What is the problem? Can anyone guide me, please. Thank you.

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