3
votes
1answer
82 views

Why oxLDL accumulate to form foam cells?

In atherosclerosis, why macrophage store all the cholesterol from oxLDL inside, and turns to foam cell, and not just degrade it and going back to blood? (there are some amount that leave the plaque, ...
3
votes
0answers
40 views

Can we artificially increase human growth using HGH?

Robert Pershing Wadlow was a man who lived in the early-mid 1900s and had hyperplasia of his pituitary gland, which caused him over-produce human growth hormone (HGH) and grow to nearly 9 feet ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the most condensed form of (stored) energy used in biology?

When considering how organisms store energy for later use, I was wondering what substance known in Biology is best for compacting the most energy in the smallest space(volume-wise). With my (limited) ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Clumping factor test

I'm come across this question and I'm somewhat confused: In the test for staphylococci, the clumping factor detects: staphylothrombin DNase mannitol fermentation Fimbriae fibrinogen-binding protein ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Why is pericardium muscle repolarizated earlier than endocardium? [closed]

I was reading about heat muscle contraction and I read: The endocardium depolarization happens earlier than pericardium , but pericarduim repolarization happens earlier, therefore the T wave in ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Where can I find mutation datasets for cancer (other than TCGA)?

My lab has been using TCGA data (somatic mutations and clinical data) to develop panels of genes and of mutations we expect to see in certain cancer populations. We'd like to validate our panels by ...
13
votes
1answer
143 views

What are the requirements for a stable carbon cycle in sealed “bottle gardens”`?

The most famous example of a sealed bottle garden is David Latimer's bottle with a Spiderworth plant, pictured below, which has been sealed for 40 years. My own attempt at a bottle garden is failing ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Clarification on the “orientation” of chromosomal rearrangements

I need some clarifications on the concept of "orientation" in case of chromosomal rearrangements. Given a deletion event on a chromosome for example, is the resulting DNA at the breakpoint always in ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

Visualising a subset of the tree of life

I understand that many curated trees of life already exist (eg http://tolweb.org/tree/) but is there any website that allows one to input a list of organisms, and then produce the current best guess ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

What is the present tense verb form of apoptosis?

For example, if I want to say something along the lines of "this signaling pathway causes a cell to go through the process of apoptosis", but I want to shorten the phrase "go through the process of ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

How can the directionality of a protein structure be defined?

For a DNA molecule, you can define directionality using the convention of a 5'-3' direction on the Sense strand. However, using an N to C convention for a protein doesn't work since the ends may be on ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

How can a drone be male?

A drone bee is male and is the product of only a queen bee. How is it that the drone bee can be male. I know that a drone is produced by an unfertilized egg, but this does not explain where the two X ...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

Are some virus loads introduced to human cell but never triggered?

Is there a term or any evidence of phage DNA integrating into chromosomes/ DNA but never being triggered? For example, could a virus that affected Neanderthals still infect human cells today but is ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Stockholm format to dot-brackets format?

I need to convert all my sequences in a Stockholm format into this: ...
13
votes
2answers
267 views

Can you Identify this Creature?

I was wondering if someone could assist me in identifying this creature. My father found this when he was reading on his bed. At first we thought it was a piece of lint, but then it suddenly moved. I ...
5
votes
2answers
159 views

Do animals exist which have great vision, but see only grayscale?

In computer vision the color information is often discarded, as most object recognition tasks seem to work just as well on the greyscale image (even better, because there is less unnecessary ...
6
votes
1answer
103 views

Do people that don't feel pain shiver in the cold?

There are a few diseases that cause an insensitivity to pain. This question asks about the relationship between the cold and pain, which got me thinking: Is shivering a response driven by the ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

background extraction in microscope analysis

I have taken microscope pictures for proteins in HeLa cells, in order to quantify the intensity (immunofluorescence). The proteins are both at the nuclear envelope, and in order to quantify the ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

What microscope/magnification would I need to observe P. Acnes bacteria?

I am currently attempting to grow a culture of P. Acnes bacteria. Right now, my only hope in identifying colonies of the bacteria in the culture is to use a black light to find colonies that glow ...
9
votes
2answers
104 views

Why is iodine used for metabolic hormones?

Iodine and related biological iodine-carrying hormones are phylogenetically very old, at least according to Wikipedia. Humans use iodine as a metabolic indicator, as do axolotls and apparently most ...
5
votes
2answers
47 views

How and why can cold inflict pain?

I was carrying a can of very cold liquid, had something heavy in my other hand so couldn't switch hands. After a few minutes, I started to feel very intense pain. I was very surprised. cold is just ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Expression/Mechanism of ROR1 in healthy tissue

ROR1 is currently under investigation as a therapeutic target for cancer (1). A number of studies show different cancers may have their metastatic potential reduced, or become apoptotic through ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

What is Trypsin? [closed]

I am currently helping a PhD student in his research lab. We have been using Trypsin for the past couple of weeks but I am unsure of its purpose. I was wondering how Trypsin functioned and what it was ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

I photographed a couple of butterflies and birds in Argentina but can't identify them. What are my options? [closed]

I photographed a couple of birds and butterflies in Argentina and tried to identify them. I tried online species identification tools, looked in books, and just tried to find pictures on Google with ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Zinc and brewer's yeast

I'm hoping for some information relating to yeast nutrition (specifically Saccharomyces cerevisea) in beer fermentation. Zinc is well-known to be necessary for yeast cultures to perform successful ...
6
votes
1answer
192 views

What allows Valonia ventricosa cells to get so big?

Valonia ventricosa are single celled algae that range between one and few centimeters. In rare cases they can reach sizes exceeding 5cm. Weirdly, a lot of the literature covering these organisms ...
8
votes
1answer
231 views

Why aren't green eyes more prevalent?

Why aren't green eyes more prevalent, given that the green allele is dominant over the blue one? My understanding is that human eye colour is determined by two genes: 1) HERC2, with alleles Bx, BB ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Why can't there be fructification of mycelium in submerged culture?

I am very new at this. I am wondering why fed batch cultures produce a lot of mycelia but no fruit. I thought the more mycelia you had, the greater chance of it forming a fruit body. I am refering to ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

How to characterise a protein family in a putative genome island?

We have sequenced the genome of 200 bacterial strains belonging to the same species, a swine bacterial pathogen. In a previous work, it was observed that a protein family of adhesins is present in ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

What are senescent cells doing in our bodies? [closed]

I'm reading a paper that mentioned the elimination of senescent cells delays aging. I'd like to receive more information about it. The Baker study published in Nature demonstrates that targeted ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

Where do the phosphate units come from when EGF units dimerize?

Upon EGF binding, EGFR units dimerize and cross-phosphorylate. The phosphate groups are transfered to intracellular c-terminal tyrosine rich regions. Where do the phosphate units come from in this ...
4
votes
2answers
71 views

What is overdiagnosis?

What is overdiagnosis ? I have searched this Wiki result but didn't understood at all. Can you please explain the first two line of Wikipedia : Overdiagnosis is the diagnosis of "disease" that ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

How does estrogen influence collagen synthesis?

Through what mechanisms does estrogen interact with collagen synthesis? Especially in the context of elevated estrogen levels and genesis of purpura simplex .
0
votes
2answers
426 views

Why do endotherms need more food than ectotherms?

I have a rough idea: its as endotherms need more food to keep their temperature stable whilst ectotherms use less of their food in respiration, but that's just me parroting the textbook I don't really ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

What is the genome size of Saffron (Crocus sativus)?

I searched in the web but finally can't find an answer for my question. I don't know, may be there is no such data in the internet or maybe I cant find it. please if you can help me, or show me some ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Why does a dog raise leg for urine, whereas for feces wont?

Why does a dog raise leg for urine, whereas for feces wont? actually i read this http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dog on dog breed, does not find anything related to my question.
8
votes
1answer
80 views

Why are cell lines frozen in vapor phase?

For most of the cell lines I've come across, ATCC recommends storing them in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen. I'm taking that to mean any place above the level of liquid in the nitrogen storage ...
4
votes
2answers
89 views

What is a triglyceride?

I'm confused on what a triglyceride is, from what my text book it says its a type of gylercide, then from a website it said Glycerides can be subdivided into two categories. The first group, the ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Can anyone identify the worm in this video clip?

My wife came across this youtube clip of a spider and a worm. Can anyone identify at least the phylum?
8
votes
2answers
398 views

What is a group of tortoises called?

This post at Mental Floss stated that a group of tortoises is called a 'Creep'. I had never heard of that before, and in trying to find the references for the name, I was surprised that I couldn't ...
5
votes
3answers
90 views

What advantage does an enzyme serve over catalysis by the addition of heat energy?

I understand that an enzyme lowers the activation energy, allowing the reaction to run faster, however I am not sure, how it may be favorable during the addition of heat energy. Wouldn't that lower ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

What flower is this blue flower? [closed]

What flower is this? All help would be appreciated
3
votes
1answer
291 views

Do these things contain amylase? [closed]

I have 10 samples of some food or other things and I need to know, if it contains amylase. I already ran an experiment with storch and iodine, but I have to make it right and my experiment must not be ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Why does uterus have to be prepared every month for fertilization?

I'm just curious why it has to happen every month when the uterus could have been prepared from the beginning and kept that way throughout life or till a certain point. But why make and break it every ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

What is the fruit of Café marron (Ramosmania rodriguesi) like? [closed]

I have read the article about Ramosmania rodriguesi (Café marron) and I've grown intrigued about what the fruit of this specie tastes like? Moreover, is it edible or "brew-able"? The only pictures ...
2
votes
1answer
23 views

By what method do ants dissect and hold soil

Not sure if this is the correct stackexchange site - please migrate/advise as you see fit. I'm interested in the method by which ants "break off" a small amount of soil and then hold it in their jaws ...
2
votes
2answers
158 views

What is the meaning of dots and dashes in clustalw?

I am converting outputs in stockholm format to clustalw using ...
-1
votes
1answer
30 views

What is some computer science technology that can help the development of biology? [closed]

What is some computer science technology that can help the development of biology(eg. artificial intelligence, resolution technology) and briefly talks about their potentials?
1
vote
2answers
40 views

How do I find a protein from this DNA sequence?

I have a DNA sequence from a sequencer. How can I determine what protein is it? I tried some translator but it didn't help. What protein is this and how can I determine it? The sequence: ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Does long term use of antibiotics in humans actually lead to a greater risk of infection?

I've read about the overuse of antibiotics leading to antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria, so generally does long term use of antibiotics breed these strains in the bodies of antibiotic users and ...

15 30 50 per page