All Questions

6
votes
2answers
242 views

HIV and effectiveness of inhibitor cocktail over single inhibitor

I'm looking for clarification on the answer to this question. It's in my biochemistry class but I figured this is more Biology than Chemistry, so I'm asking it here. The question is: One of the ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Forum on synthetic biology and hypothetical biology?

I am interested in synthetic biology, but not a scientist, and would like some advice on where to look for an online forum on synthetic biology and creating fictional species and animals or if someone ...
10
votes
3answers
229 views

Shortest strings not present in the human genome

What length are the shortest strings of DNA not present in any known person's genome, and what are they? And is there a database online by which I could find this out?
5
votes
1answer
45 views

Can “human exclusion zones” in national parks for preserving Wolves and Grizzlies be a good idea?

There are National Preserves in the National Parks where some human activities are permitted. But can it make sense to create "exclusion zones" so no human would be permitted in a certain area, not ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

How reactive are reduced antioxidant molecules?

When antioxidant molecules stabilize free radicals, they themselves become unstable and reactive but to a lesser degree. How reactive are these reduced antioxidant molecules? And what substance ...
15
votes
2answers
4k views

Why is cold water more refreshing than warm water?

Obviously, the temperature of water does not affect its chemical composition. At least not in the ranges we are likely to drink it in. Yet it is clearly far more pleasant and refreshing to drink cool ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Why are the largest land/air animals today smaller than in the Mesozoic?

The largest dinosaurs and pterosaurs seem to have been much larger than the largest animal terrestrial/avian species since. Was the Mesozoic somehow more hospitable to large animal species than ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Burning fat transferred from one part of the body to another

While doing some research on cosmetic surgery, I discovered that there are several ways of doing breast enhancements, one of which was using body fat. While I haven't researched this method, I assume ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Is there any research paper which identifies left and right brained behavior?

There are many web puzzle to identify, but does it really have any scientific proof? something like - http://braintest.sommer-sommer.com/en/ any logic behind it?
-1
votes
0answers
31 views

adaptive and innate immunity [closed]

Adaptive immunity has evolved in vertebrates but they have also retained innate immunity.What would be the disadvantages of having only an adaptive immune system?how possession of both types of ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Molecular Cloning- Blunt end restriction endonucleases

I work in a microbiology lab where we do a lot of cloning. I have always used restriction endonucleases to cleave the DNA to have sticky ends and not blunt ends. I currently am working on a project ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

A history of infectious diseases [closed]

So I'm thinking about the Ebola outbreak. I'm wondering is this something that can be contained? Will this disease ultimately become a pandemic without a vaccine becoming available? The response I'm ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Alkaline Phosphatase

What is the predominant purpose of Alkaline Phosphatase in skeletal muscle fibers and liver cells. I know that it is a hydrolase enzyme that speeds up the degredation of proteins, lipids, starch and ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Do the phage repressors CI and Mnt exhibit crosstalk?

I am interested in using the CI and Mnt proteins as well as their respective promoters (pR and Pmnt) within the same synthetic system, but am concerned as to their similarity and potential crosstalk. ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Artificial Gene Alteration [closed]

Is artificial alteration/"correction" of genes conceivable? I know viruses can manipulate DNA or RNA to replicate itself, but its only temporary, right? If this were possible, how would it be gone ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Does using fertiliser reduce the energy required for active transport in plants, for the ion in question

Apologies if this belongs in the chemistry stack exchange. I was just wondering if it did, as carrier proteins require energy to get a particular ion into the plant.But does it take more energy in ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Absorption of foreign bodies through the alveoli [closed]

What is the maximum size of a substance which can pass into the body through the alveoli?
5
votes
2answers
7k views

What could cause hairs to gray at the tips but not the roots?

I have noticed that some of my sporadic gray hairs are gray at the tip side but oddly, not near the roots. Some are even only gray in the middle. I find all of this very counter intuitive, and I ...
6
votes
4answers
465 views

Are there any scientifically based predictions or theories of future human evolution?

Reading this question of the stack exchange got me thinking. I believe human evolution is an ongoing process and will not stop. Are there any predictions/theories about the phenotypes and genotypes of ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

Are there any strictly chloroplast/mitochondrion-residing ribozymes?

A simple question that had occurred to me. Considering the small doubt of transcribed genes in both organelles, I would doubt it, but are there any known ribozymes strictly found in either ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Is there a maximum size for an insect?

I have read in biology text-books that one of the most important constraints on the size of an insect happens to be the importance of the surface-volume ratio. It simply states that if we assume ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Dead skin cell decomposition

What would be the resultant by-products of a completely decomposed dead skin cell? What would be the size of each of the by-products of a decomposed dead skin cell? How long would it take for a dead ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

What is the difference between the basal membrane and the basal lamina?

I'm researching about the basal lamina in lung tissue and I'm not sure if the basal membrane is the same. What is the difference between them?
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Pollinator mating system in orchids

I came across three terms in an article on pseudocopulation. However I don't quite understand what it means. They are: 1) solitary and haplodiploid 2) social and haplodiploid 3) diploid These ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

How can I compare the STRIDE and DSSP output files of a particular pdb file?

I have the pdb file of H-ras protein 5P21.pdb. I am supposed to compare the output of DSSP and STRIDE files after feeding this pdb file to respective servers. My question is how to make a quick ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Is the activity of enzymes in the human body affected by the outer temperature?

I have to do a research about the enzymes in the human body and the things that affect them. I know that the body temperature affects the activity of enzyemes but I'd like to know if the outer ...
2
votes
1answer
18 views

Why is the vermis of the cerebellum associated with speech?

I've found multiple sources claiming that damage or impairment as a result of alcohol to the vermis of the cerebellum results in speech impairment. I find this a bit surprising, since the only areas I ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Are triglycerides fat?

I have a quick question: Are triglycerides essentially what we call "fats"? I've tried reading up on it but there seems to be some conflicting information. Thank you.
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Help me understand my membrane potential assignment

Epithelial with the ability to transport NaCl is bathed in an isotonic salt solution with these values (in mM): 136 Na, 6 K, 140 Cl. The intracellular concentrations are: 45 Na, 100 K, 13 Cl. The ...
4
votes
0answers
34 views

Hill's function for translational regulation

Transcriptional regulation is generally modeled as a Hill's function (similar to Michaelis-Menten Kinetics): $$\frac{dm_X}{dt}=\alpha _{m_X}.\frac{R}{K+R} -\beta _{m_X}.m_X$$ Where $m_X$ is the mRNA ...
3
votes
0answers
26 views

Which organs in the body are responsible for measuring temperature?

As an instrumentation engineer, I have designed temperature control systems capable of measuring and controlling temperature with a precision of 0.001K over a wide temperature range. I have always ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Does dendrite have Na/K electrical channels?

Does dendrite have Na/K electrical channels if not so how can we sense the touche/pain/scald in our skin because we learned that Na/K electrical channels are present only in nerve fibers (axon).In ...
3
votes
1answer
500 views

How do you increase eumelanin but not pheomelanin?

Are Scientists currently looking into this?
3
votes
0answers
22 views

What determines the thickness of Cornea?

In eye-operations such as Lasik and Femto, the thickness of cornea is key decision factor whether the operation is feasible. A normal thickness is between 500-600 µm. Cornea consists of a very special ...
11
votes
1answer
101 views

Vaccination and population dynamics of an epidemic

I'm trying to figure out how should a vaccination model be built to correlate with population density, and I'm having problems to understand meanings of the results I receive when I apply theory on ...
-1
votes
1answer
297 views

How to convert nanogram to picomole? [closed]

I have lets say 10ng/uL of RNA. How can I convert it to picomole? I need it to calculate how much magnetic beads I need. This is the product: ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

What is the mechanism of reflex arcs?

When a reflex arc occurs the signal from the receptor passes straight to the motor neuron instead of being passed onto the brain. This is a rather simplistic explanation, I was hoping to make it more ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

How does high-fidelity of DNA replication depend on the formation of hydrogen bonds?

Replication has an error rate of less than 1 in 100 million. DNA polymerase forms H-bond with the H-bond acceptor atoms in the minor groove. <-- enhance fidelity here? Binding of the triphosphate ...
5
votes
2answers
186 views

poor RNA quality from zebrafish embryos

Does anyone routinely do RNA isolation from zebrafish embryos? I have embryos from different stages but all below 24hpf. This is the protocol I follow: Take 10-20 embryos Wash once with milliQ ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

How fast cancer cells divide, compared to normal cells

This question suggests that we have, on average, 50-70 billion cell divisions per day. I just read that cancer cells divide more often (therefore more prone to radiation). I am wondering, for a ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Any relevant knowledge/studies about voluntary goose bumps

I'm not entirely sure how normal this is, but since I was a child, I've been able to produce myself voluntarily a "chill" sensation that seems to start on my head and traverse the rest of my body, ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

What is the name of the critter depicted in the attached image?

I found a critter on my bathroom towel. It's really tiny. Maybe 2 milimetres? I placed it on an envelope for the photograph. Can someone identify what it is?
18
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do we need red blood cells?

From what I know, the main function of red blood cells is hemoglobin transport. So, why do we need cells packed with hemoglobin: why can't it travel freely in the bloodstream? My own thoughts were: ...
1
vote
1answer
13 views

Lateral corticospinal tract and termination

I'm studying the motor pathways of the brain and I'm a bit confused about how the lateral corticospinal tract descends. From Neuroanatomy: Text and Atlas by ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

What kind of fly is this?

I found this dude hanging out in my sink, but he didn't fly away when I put a dish in the sink. Turned out it was dead. The front part looks exactly like a housefly. But, I've never seen the back end ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Are there multicellular isogamous species?

Are there multicellular isogamous species? Seeking through the examples of wikipedia I would tend to think that there are no multicellular isogamous species.
2
votes
0answers
11 views

How many cells in apical meristem

How many cells are there in the apical meristematic tissue? Looking at this picture... I would tend to think that there are few hundreds (maybe only a hundred) cells in the meristem tissue. But I ...
5
votes
2answers
91 views

Simulating substitution rate of neutral mutations

I am trying to computationally simulate a population based on the Wright-Fisher model I would like to get to the classic result of the neutral theory of molecular evolution that the rate of neutral ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Sporophyte and gametophyte

My textbook says that in both groups of seedless plants (vascular plants, non-vascular plants) the gametophyte is a free-living plant, independent of the sporophyte. I don't understand this statement ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Does adding milk to cereal make it harder for our body to absorb the vitamins and minerals from the cereal?

I add about 3/4 cups of Blue Diamond almond milk (unsweetened) every morning to a single serving of Cheerios. The milk contains filtered water, and I read that drinking water with food at the same ...

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