2
votes
3answers
52 views

Anti-antibodies for preventing transplant rejection

Transplanted organs from the donor are attacked by antibodies from the recepient. So can't we construct anti-antibodies and destroy specifically those antibodies which are causing the rejections ? ...
-2
votes
0answers
72 views

Why do pregnant females still get horny? [closed]

I thought this was a good place to ask. Remembering back to when my wife was pregnant (we were both teens), I recall that she would not keep her ... hands off of me in some times. It will like she ...
4
votes
0answers
35 views

How was the cama's life expectancy computed?

A cama is a hybrid between a male dromedary camel and a female llama. The first cama was born on January 14, 1998, yet on the Wikipedia page it is said that a cama's life span is 30–40 years. How was ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Differential Scanning Calorimetry for bacterial membranes

I would like to study the freezing and melting of bacterial membranes and would like to use Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) to obtain the glass transition temperature of the membrane. However, ...
9
votes
4answers
6k views

What is the cause of muscle cramps?

According to wikipedia, muscle cramps are caused by myosin fibers not being able to break free from the actin filaments during contraction, resulting in a prolonged contraction. Obviously a lack of ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Fatty Acid Synthesis of Fats Longs than 16 C

I understand that the human body when performing Fatty Acid Synthesis can synthesize only until C16 (palmitate). However the ER has desaturases and elongases. I know that desaturases are used to add ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

How to attract spiders to my house?

I've been living in my apartment for a year now, and noticed something lately. During spring and summer I have quite a lot of midges indoors, and even now there are some. But there are no spiders! So ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Inbreeding depression and dominance

From this article, second paragraph of the second page A classic theoretical result is that the mean of a character controlled by a single locus i with two alleles Ai1 and Ai2 is only affected by ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Resource for finding Repressive/Inhibitory factors for a given gene?

I have a list of genes for each of which I'd like to find: A list of transcription factors that up-regulate the gene A list of inhibitory factors that down-regulate it. I used this tool on ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

how to store the genome bam file on hadoop [closed]

How to store the bam file which has chromosome data on hadoop ? So that the edge should process chromosome wise without splitting the data
0
votes
0answers
27 views

site directed mutagenesis [on hold]

I have read about site directed mutagenesis (a method used to edit genes and DNA) and had some questions about it. How is site-directed mutagenesis done? I know they are a couple methods so what are ...
-1
votes
1answer
37 views

Effect of Western chicken and GH [closed]

I heard this clause from my teacher one week ago: Chicken are grown in half a year until eaten in Baltic countries - Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, for instance, [probably in other parts of ...
4
votes
2answers
68 views

How can fresh cavities form at the margins of sliver amalgam fillings on teeth?

Silver amalgam fillings predominantly contain silver a known bactericidal agent and mercury which a known toxin and has bactericidal property. So how is it that the plaque bacteria survive near the ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Can juice have a higher sugar content after packaging? [closed]

It seems like the orange juice thats been sitting in the fridge for awhile always tastes sweeter than the juice just brought from the grocery store. Can juice ripen in the container ? By that I ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

How is satiety measured?

I am aware of satiety only through experience, rules-of-thumb and possibly myths. For example: white bread is not filling, a pasta meal can be filling but because we "burn" carbs quickly pasta itself ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Can swallowed fingermails, hair, or skin get caught in your appendix? [closed]

There is a common saying in my place: If you eat your skin, hair or nails, it will be deposited in the cecal (Vermiform) appendix, and can cause appendicitis. (This is mostly told to children to ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Western blot alternatives

Given an in vivo sample from an experimental infection, I would like to see if a bacterial protein is present. I've been thinking about Western Blot using sera from animals infected with the ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

DIY extraction and long term storage of human DNA sample?

What is the recommended DIY way of extracting and long term storing of human DNA samples to store at home and send for sequencing in years time? Considerations: Sample material: cheek swab, hair, ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

How are viruses modified for genetic engineering? [closed]

I have been wondering how to genetically modify viruses to use as vectors to transfer genes but haven't found much... I was thinking about transduction but that would be hard when dealing with ...
9
votes
1answer
143 views

Are there specific features of birds that cats/small predators are attracted to?

I've recently heard a podcast, in which a professor describes one of the theories as to why we like abstract art. In his talk, he mentions an experiment with seagull chicks, in which the seagull ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Why does K+ have more concentration inside of the cell compared to outside of the cell? Why is Na+ and Cl- the opposite? [closed]

Can someone tell me the fundamental reason why K+ has low concentration outside of the cell and more inside of the cell?
-1
votes
0answers
16 views

Multiple Genes per mRNA [closed]

I know that in prokaryotes, there are regularly multiple genes on a single strand of mRNA. I couldn't find any information on what would happen in a eukaryote, however. On one hand, the stop codon ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Hair loss in a submarine?

Biologically, how critical is hair loss on a submarine? What is the prolonged exposure of a navy officer going to do to that person, say over a year or even more?
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Why estimate linear and full (linear, quadratic, and correlational) selection coefficients separately?

"We then fitted a linear regression including all three life-history traits to estimate the vector of linear selection gradients, β, for each sex (Lande and Arnold 1983). A quadratic regression ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Does the cellular response to every receptor work the same way?

I heard somewhere that activating any receptor results in the same intracellular response (signaling) which involves NF-κB. If that is true, I hardly understand how the cells distinguish between ...
4
votes
3answers
48 views

Can an influenza virus carry other infectors with it?

This idea came to my mind when thinking about how many people become ill in many locations with similar symptoms (fever and rough cough) from Influenza. There are of course different types of ...
5
votes
1answer
116 views

Would my hands sweat this much if I wasn't wearing gloves?

I've wondered about this for a long time, and hopefully someone here has a reasonable answer. I'm a cell and molecular biologist, and much of my time at the bench is spent wearing (usually nitrile) ...
4
votes
1answer
435 views

What is the difference between “lineage restriction” and “differentiated” in terms of stem cell biology

Is there a subtle difference between these two concepts or are they basically the same thing? When I mean differentiated, I don't mean terminally differentiated.
1
vote
0answers
24 views

A history of infectious diseases [closed]

So as I was thinking about the Ebola outbreak. I'm wondering is this something that can be contained? Will this disease ultimately become a pandemic without a vaccine becoming available? The response ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Can cats use ketone bodies as only source of energy?

I recall reading that much of the energy a cat produces from its food comes from proteins which I assume would produce energy via being catabolised into amino acids which in turn, if glucogenic, would ...
5
votes
1answer
60 views

Why does DNA have its name?

Why is DNA called deoxyribonucleic acid and not something else? I get the nucleic acid part (because that's what DNA is made of) but what about the deoxyribo- part, especially the ribo- part. Maybe ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Do voltage-gated calcium channels affect neuronal conduction speeds?

We have a hypothesis that a drug may block the voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCC) in annelid worms. We are wondering whether there are any correlations between VGCCs and neuron conduction ...
51
votes
4answers
31k views

Why is uracil used in RNA rather than thymine?

What is the advantage gained by the substitution of thymine with uracil? I have read previously that it is due to thymine being "better protected" and therefore more suited to the storage role of ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Is there any merit to Dawn dish soap killing fleas on dogs?

My Fiona had a completely raw tail from biting. I saw severe skin scaling (dandruff) and checked her for fleas. She is old so her stomach hair is sparse. I was always taught to check belly and inside ...
7
votes
4answers
126 views

How does an embryo know where to grow limbs etc

For example you have a cell or already a bunch of cells. Those cell(s) divide and after several week you have a grown organism, for example a human with limbs, several different organs etc. However, ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Would biotechnology in agriculture actually decrease biodiversity, as many people say? Does it have to?

I've heard the claim that because farmers would be using the same seed, you would end up with an entire crop population that could be susceptible to a disease. Like if you had a diverse population of ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

How to inhibit formation of specific antibodies (to antisera)?

Is there a way to inhibit an antibody response to a specific antigen using immunosupression? I am interested in reducing the anti-antibody formation to animal antibodies such as murine antibodies in ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

How many possible DNA strands in a single chromatin? [closed]

If a chromosome is replicating but not yet finished is it considered to be a single chromatin with two DNA strands? My question stems from this general biology testing question: Suppose a biologist ...
4
votes
1answer
33 views

What is the efficacy of Pertussis booster vaccine among different age groups?

The Murray Microbiology book says that it is prefentially 10 years, similarly Estonian and Finnish health associations. However, my professor says that it can be 5-7 years. I started to think if the ...
6
votes
3answers
607 views

Is there any kind of immortality in plants?

I asked a question about immortality of hydra and learned good things about senescence. Now I would like to know about immortality in plants, if there is some kind of immortality in plants and how ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Does our brain really “flip” images perceived by our eyes? [duplicate]

I know a similar question has been asked and this is closely related to cognitive science. However, I want to know whether is there any mechanism or structure in the visual cortex which is proved to ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Public Pacemaker database online?

I am looking for any database about pacemakers with the leads atria A right ventricle VR left ventricle VL I did not find any in Physionet. Is there any anonymous data about different ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

Hydrophobia Outside of Rabies?

RELATED: Why does rabies cause hydrophobia? Agony, Hydrophobia and viruses in the light of evolutionary principles Has hydrophobia been found outside of rabies? I have only seen it ...
5
votes
3answers
511 views

Should I dilute DNA with water or elution buffer?

I've extracted DNA using a kit and final step is eluted with buffer. If I must dilute my DNA samples, do I use the same elution buffer or can I use milliq water?
6
votes
1answer
92 views

What are the effects of long-term liquid breathing?

I just saw a recent Physics question that mentioned liquid breathing (which I had never heard of before) and I started to wonder about its long-term effects. Let's imagine a person underwent liquid ...
3
votes
2answers
107 views

Why do we have to exhale (or inhale) in order to speak?

Every time we speak, sing, or make any other kind of advanced noise with our throats, we exhale, or to put it that way, blow air through our throats. Why is this required? After all, speakers do not ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

DNA densities in different sources of the human body [closed]

I'm interested to know if there is any research in the density of DNA in different sources of the human body. By DNA density I mean the number of bonded between the nucleotides per mass or volume of ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Why does the stability of YAC increase with size?

From Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry : The stability of YAC increases with size (up to a limit). Those with inserts of less than 100000 are gradually lost during mitosis. Why does this ...
3
votes
3answers
57 views

sex limited genome transmission

In general, for dioecious species, a large portion of the genome passed from parents to offspring of both sexes - in mammals the X-chromosomes and autosomes are passed from a mother to both daughters ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

What is meant by “genes involved in the stress response”?

I would like to know about the term stress response. For example "some genes of a species under study is involved in stress response". What does that mean? I got this as a part of my assignment ...

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