2
votes
1answer
70 views

How much time does it take a human body to replace all of its atoms?

Mikel Vsauce (Vsauce youtube channel) said in his video that it takes about 5 years for the body replace all of its atoms, while in asapscience youtube channel they are claiming that it takes 10 ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Do human anal glands have any function?

Anal glands in all kinds of animals play a range of diverse functions - providing fat for preening feathers or waterproofing fur, generating distinct scent, even repelling predators. None of the ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Is there a classification of species based on number of different cell types?

The human body has around 200 different types of cells, according to my brief internet research. How does that compare to other species? Is there a classification of species based on that, i.e. number ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Mitochondria - are they really separate organisms that once merged into eukaryotic cells?

Theoretically, mitochondria are said to be a separate organism that is concerned with its own life and its own processes. In fact, it even duplicates individually. I know a similar question is here ...
12
votes
1answer
624 views

Is there any relationship between heartbeat rate and life span of an animal?

Is there any relationship between heartbeat rate and life span of an animal? Do they belong to a cause-and-effect relationship or are they both caused by some phenomenons or a common cause?
15
votes
2answers
4k views

Why isn't vomit corrosive?

Vomit comes from gastric acid, right? And in gastric acid there is HCl and HCl is corrosive (strong), how come when I vomit, it doesn't destroy things that it (as the vomit) hits (such as floor, ...
4
votes
1answer
592 views

Help me Identify this Spider

This red spider has set up a web in my yard, in South Eastern, Texas, United States: The spider itself is about an inch long (2.5 cm), and is predominantly red to brown in color, with red legs, and ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Human body control? [closed]

What can we consciously control in our bodies besides our muscles and brain (thought, memory, etc.)? Is the notion Bio Feedback related to this matter? EDIT: I mean I can move my muscles at will but ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

How did the Human Genome Project Sequence DNA [closed]

There are quite a few methods of sequencing DNA. What method was used (or used most often) to sequence the human genome in the Human Genome Project?
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Using RNA-seq to compare gene expression across patients instead of between Control and Experimental conditions

I am working with RNA-seq data from the Cancer Genome Atlas TCGA and I have been reading about how people have compared gene expression levels measured by RNA-seq. Many of the papers I have read talk ...
5
votes
1answer
76 views

Where can I find the pMON7124 plasmid sequence?

I need the map of the pMON7124 plasmid. As this is not easy to find, I welcome any hints.
6
votes
1answer
98 views

DNA extraction from agarose gel

Because DNA is soluble in water, is it possible to extract PCR product by dissolving excised gel containing the DNA band of desired length in water, mashing the gel piece with a pestle, centrifuging ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Do women produce a molecule at six weeks of pregnancy? [duplicate]

Is it true that women produce a molecule at six weeks of pregnancy? It's rumored as a special molecule that has a lot of power for the baby. If I'm wrong about this, please prove me. And if I'm ...
5
votes
3answers
105 views

What is the point of having evolved two nostrils?

How would having two nostrils be advantageous to your sense of smell or your ability to breath? I already hypothesized that either one of the nostrils could act as a back up for when another gets ...
3
votes
2answers
53 views

In practice, do fishes die from old age?

I was watching sea birds eating fishes and wondered if fishes actually died from old age, or if they are all eaten before this can happen? I reckon some big predator fishes must be able to live long ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

What does this Barbary Macaque facial expression mean?

A girl pretended having a piece of food in her hand and pointed it to a Barbary Macaque in Gibraltar. As a response he made this facial expression to her. What does this mean?
3
votes
1answer
34 views

Can a plate with incompletely filled LB agar be used?

I am falling short of LB agar plates and I have a plate with less LB agar poured. I meant, the plate is not fully filled with the agar (it was the last plate I poured the medium into). Some part of ...
8
votes
1answer
211 views

Can a bacteriophage be used to treat bacterial diseases?

Some bacteriophages reproduce using the lytic cycle which ends with the destruction of the host bacterial cell. I was wondering if theoretically this could be used theraputically to treat bacterial ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

Assembly reconciliation

We have some bacterial genomes that were assembled using Spades, they were sequenced with and IonTorrent PGM. There are many assemblers and they give different results. I was interested in a tool ...
3
votes
0answers
24 views

A Genetic linkage problem [closed]

I have recently switched from electronics to computational biology. So having some hard time with my homeworks. Can someone guide me on this problem? Consider 6 genes A, B, C, D, E, F, G. Some ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

What is the biding site code recognized by the parts of the spliceosome

Another question about another Youtube video. At 0:50, the splicing process begins to remove the non-coding section of the DNA (intron), so the different parts of the spliceosome attach to the borders ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Periodic Muscular Growth in Humans

If a healthy human is at a certain muscle state and then experiences muscular atrophy solely due to disuse/lack of exercise, is it easier to gain that muscle back than if the human had never reached ...
6
votes
1answer
37 views

What regulates the timing of the motion of molecular machines during DNA Replication?

This question is about this video I found on Youtube. I just want to know what is the mechanism which regulates the timing of motion of the parts of these molecular machines. I know that those big ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

DpnI over-digestion

We have a long protocol that we are optimizing that includes DpnI digestion of a PCR product (to remove any of the template DNA if it's methylated, and while we're not certain in the blind tests, ...
4
votes
3answers
75 views

How does strength of a pulse related to EKG(ECG)?

There are variabilities in the heart rate as well as strength of heartbeats. I want to know if one can predict which heartbeat will be strong or weak based on the corresponding EKG/ECG signal. I am ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

What are the benefits of statins in terms of prolonging life?

Recently the UK government suggested that all adults over the age of 50, without exception, would benefit from taking statins. I have an elderly female relative who may, or may not have had a minor ...
3
votes
6answers
132 views

are sperms considered living [closed]

recently i got into a debate with this question on hinduism.se , as the link given above shows, are sperms considered as living or non-living as far as my knowledge is concerned, sperms undergo ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

What is an effective method for putting on blue rubber butyl stoppers?

They look like this. We have to do a lot of gas sampling and these are really difficult to assemble. I've been scouring the internet for advice but there are none. Do you have experience with ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Can ants learn things?

I have an ant nest in a jar. Whenever I want to observe them, I have to remove the cover and therefore put them in light - that scares them. They also can see shadow cast by myself. I often throw in ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

What affects the ant egg growth speed?

I'm creating an artificial ant nest. I just happened to have my first tiny ants hatched (Yay!). I have already noticed, that one of the workers is carrying something white. I can't say for sure, but ...
4
votes
2answers
186 views

Why is oxygen needed for the electron transfer phosphorylation?

I understand that oxygen is the acceptor of electrons and hydrogen ions during the electron transfer phosphorylation, the last step off the ATP-producing aerobic respiration. But why? Aren't there ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Difference between intervertebral and vertebral foramina

In the human spine, what is the difference between intervertebral and vertebral foramina? Is it just a matter of perspective and do they refer to the same thing or are they different?
2
votes
0answers
26 views

What are possible reasons for a DNA template not giving amplification?

I am trying to amplify ~10kb length fragments using NEB LongAmp Master Mix. I had been using one particular aliquot of DNA (template amount in each PCR reaction of 10ul being around 60ng) and getting ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

How was the cama's life expectancy computed?

A cama is a hybrid between a male dromedary camel and a female llama. The first cama was born on January 14, 1998, yet on the Wikipedia page it is said that a cama's life span is 30–40 years. How was ...
5
votes
1answer
184 views

Evolution of umbilical cord and reason of its elongation

To answer a question myself, recently I've read that Years and years ago, a long umbilical cord enabled a woman to grasp her baby after birth and run away from predators" Update: $Question:$ ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

What are the main differences between lab-grown tissues and natural tissues from living animals?

What are the main differences between lab-grown tissues and natural tissues from living animals? Using a biologist's classic "structure (anatomy) and function (physiology)" idea, I thought about the ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

The smell from eating asparagus

I am wondering about one thing. I have read different accounts of this (prior to reading it on Wikipedia), so I am wondering. Here are the two versions I have read: asparagus leads in a certain ...
3
votes
2answers
29 views

Concentration dependent cellular processes

Are there any famous biological processes that depend strongly on a chemical concentration reaching a particular value, like some sort of switch? E.g. if concentration of chemical x reaches ...
1
vote
0answers
7 views

Differential Scanning Calorimetry for bacterial membranes

I would like to study the freezing and melting of bacterial membranes and would like to use DSC to obtain the glass transition temperature of the membrane. However, I am unsure where to find such ...
6
votes
1answer
42 views

Why extract DNA from certain white blood cells instead of whole blood?

In my lab, human DNA is extracted from whole-blood samples. I don't actually do the extractions and I am not familiar with the specific protocol but I understand that platelets and red blood cells ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

What fraction of biomass is cultivated by humans? Have we increased the number of large animals?

What fraction of "large animals" are domesticated by humans, compared to those who are wild? I mean cows, pigs, sheep, horses, dogs, cats in relation to comparable wild animals. Different measurements ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Buoyancy control mechanism of Chambered nautilus? [closed]

I'm currently working on an underwater robot and was hoping to use the principle used by the nautilus for buoyancy control .
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Why do oncogenes show genetic dominance?

As we know that tumor suppressor gene causes cancer only when both the alleles are recessive in nature.But in case of oncogenes if only one allele is dominant it can cause cancer.Why in case of ...
9
votes
1answer
844 views

Can you identify this bird?

Can somebody please identify this bird for me? I spotted this in July 2012 while birding in Ranganthittu Bird Sanctuary.
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Consumption of NAD+ in glycolysis

Out of 10 steps in glycolysis, only one reaction- Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) to 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate (PGP), uses NAD+ and thereby producing NADH. Furthermore, this very step is solely ...
6
votes
1answer
89 views

If evolution is a gradual and continuous process, how can we say humans came about 200k years ago? What is so special about that point in time?

It just seems arbitrary to me to say "ok, now THIS is officially a human" when you could look at its parents and find no noticeable differences. At no point in the line of my ancestral history is ...
3
votes
0answers
16k views

Does CPH4 exists? [closed]

I just see the film Lucy, it talks about a molecule called CPH4 which increase human capabilities. Of course it's a film and so it's not scientific facts. During an interview the producer says that ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Organisms in food deposits

I have just discovered that my kitchen sink pipe has been leaking for quite some time (possibly months) which has resulted in water and food deposits collecting in my cupboard. I smeared some of the ...
5
votes
1answer
41 views

What is the name of this plant with many purple blooms with orange inner parts?

I have photographed the following plant in Pittsburgh, PA. It has many blooms and every bloom is very small (about 5mm diameter), purple on the outer and orange in the inner. You can see it here: ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

How is the GenBank used in typical biological research? [closed]

How is the GenBank used in typical biological research? According to the GenBank statistics, the database contains about 100 million sequences. I find it difficult to understand why is all that data ...

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