11
votes
1answer
580 views

Is the discovery of dominant and recessive genes the only reason Mendel matters?

We've known that offspring inherit various traits from their parents since (at least) Aristotle. In The Elements of Plant Hybridization, Gregor Mendel treats that fact as common knowledge. Clearly, we ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Does bromophenol blue cause a shadow on agarose gels stained with SYBR Gold?

Bromophenol blue in loading dye is known to cast shadows/absorb emitted light signal from DNA on Ethidium bromide gels during imaging. But if SYBR Gold is instead used as the nucleic acid stain, does ...
-2
votes
1answer
28 views

Do herbaceous plants have woody parts? [closed]

Do herbaceous plants, especially perennial plants have woody parts, like woody stem?
3
votes
2answers
42 views

Determining the appropriate bioconjugate

I'm thinking of crosslinking two proteins. The crystallographic nature of the interaction and the binding motif for each molecule is know. The paper says the intermolecular contacts (over 50; van der ...
3
votes
2answers
40 views

Why is dopamine or a dopamine-receptor agonist not pumped into the brain of Parkinson patients?

I am aware that dopamine cannot cross the blood-brain barrier, but can't it be pumped inside the cerebrospinal fluid via some permanent tube implant? Wouldn't Parkinson patients chose that over ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Do epidermal differentiated cells release cutin, like guard cells?

Cutin is released by epidermal cells. Do epidermal differentiated cells like guard cells or trichomes or root hairs also release cutin? Many thanks.
2
votes
1answer
18 views

Is NADPH unstable in UV light?

I am working on an enzyme activity assay using NADPH as a cofactor. The MSDS for NADPH Tetrasodium Salt, tells to store it in a place away from heat and light. Does this include UV light or just ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Catabolism and muscle energy intake

From my own reading, there are three ways used by the body to produce energy: Alactic anaerobic (direct degradation of ATP and creatine phosphate for regeneration of ATP) Lactic anaerobic (breakdown ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Identification of black growth on onion skin

I have encountered this black-colored growth on onion skins a lot. It seems to develop over the course of weeks and I have rarely, if ever, encountered the material on fresh ones. If I peel the onion ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

Species Identification: Spider

I usually would search for myself, but I need to be super sure about the identification because I need to know if I need to get an exterminator in here or not. (I think it might be a giant house ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Does 405 nm light set off phosphorescence in the eye?

While playing with a blue/violet laser (5 mW, 405 nm) tonight, I noticed that on dark, non-fluorescing surfaces, the beam reflection was trailed by what looked like a dimmer reflection of the beam. ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Can someone identify this stinging plant?

I have no idea where this plant came from, or what it is. What I do know is its leaves are covered in little hairs, there's little thorns growing all over it, and just by rubbing its leaf it burns you ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

Is breastfeeding an infant more “healthy” than using expressed milk? [migrated]

Is breastfeeding an infant more healthy than using expressed milk? With healthy I mean the relative health of mother and child, and with expressed milk I mean milk extracted from the breasts using ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why are plants referred to by their Latin species names, and not by their popular names?

Often the names of herbal ingredients in certain cosmetics products are given by their scientific names like Anthemis nobilis instead of chamomile or Lavandula angustifolia instead of lavender. Is ...
5
votes
1answer
326 views

What flowering green plant is this?

I got this green plant as a gift many years ago, but I have never seen it flower before. It has a strong, pleasant scent and cool flowers so I'd really would like to know what it is.
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Are there any non-harmful viruses that can alter a specific mutation?

Are there any non-harmful viruses that in going into a cell and using the cells 'machinery' and genetics to 'copy' itself actually changes some of the cells genome , maybe altering some mutations? ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

What specific mutations can cause an apoptosis mechanism to malfunction?

What specific mutations can cause the apoptosis mechanisms in a cell to malfunction? Are any such mutations 'reversible' , somehow or are they generally permanent? what kind of mutations can happen ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

What is the fluid clearance rate inside the retina?

I'm attempting to model the chemical concentration between several compartments of the eye, including the retina. Does anyone have any idea what the rate of fluid removal is in the retina, or could ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

Is it possible to merge the genomes of photosynthesizing and electron-transporting bacteria to make an electric cell?

I had an idea of making electric current from bacteria. There are some bacteria that can photosynthesize, and some others are capable of transmitting electrons through each other. Is it possible that ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Do domesticated animals necessarily live longer than wild animals? counterexample wanted!

Generally domesticated animals do not need to worry about their food and other predators. They have a lower probability to get sick. However, it seems there is no sharp difference between wild pigs ...
1
vote
1answer
13 views

Correct enzyme nomenclature

I notice many wikipedia articles, courses, pathway sites use a different abbreviation for the same enzyme. Eg: Wikipedia lists the abbreviation of phosphoglycerate mutase as PGM, whilst wikipaths ...
8
votes
0answers
45 views

How is centriole number maintained during meiosis?

I've found a website (Pearson's BioCoach) that claims centrioles duplicate in Prophase II. Is this accurate? Does it depend on the species in question? Looking at three textbook illustrations of ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Saline solution for animals

A popular "well-known fact" is that all creatures on Earth consist mostly of water (i.e. H2O). Indeed, a liquid called "normal saline solution" is just a solution of 0.9% sodium chloride in distilled ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

How does the MET gene work and what happens when the promoter region gets mutated?

I am doing research on inherited risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders(ASD) due to common Copy Number Variants(CNVs) One of the mutations is the 'CC' variant of Rs1858830 in the promoter region of the MET ...
2
votes
2answers
32 views

Osmotic Pressure and Enzyme Activity

Is it true that in an enzyme-catalyzed reaction, the rate of reaction does not vary with varying osmotic pressure? Instead of just a true or false answer, why does it, or why does it not vary with ...
14
votes
2answers
715 views

Why does mouldy food make you sick?

Bread gets mouldy pretty quickly, and my parents (both of whom are nurses) throw out a loaf of bread after a spot of mould is seen (because "if you can see one spot, it means the whole thing is ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

How does botulinum toxin enter the blood stream from the digestive tract?

To my understanding, large polypeptides such as botulinum toxin cannot pass the intestinal lining intact. How, then, can it enter the bloodstream and cause botulism poisoning?
3
votes
0answers
25 views

How long does it take unused antibodies to clear the system?

Say you have the flu and a normal immune system. Now you're all better but your antibody level is still elevated. How long does it take for those antibody levels to go back to a base value?
2
votes
1answer
60 views
+50

Why does T-cell Cancer Therapy require a large tumor mutanome?

An article I read about Neuroblastoma states that the fact that Neuroblstoma has a small mutanome means that it is not viable to apply the classic T-cell immunotherapy. Why is this so? The article can ...
5
votes
1answer
21 views

How to calculate the percentage of heterozygous cells based on a gene map

I've encountered the following question and am quite stumped by it. A female with genotype AABBCC has been hybridized with a male that has the genotype aabbcc. The first generation (F1) has been ...
4
votes
1answer
38 views

Why lab technicians use indirect (antibody reaction) method for diagnosing?

In microbiology we have two types of microbial diagnosis. The direct method is where we detect the invader's DNA, Antigens or culture to see the exact pathogen while the second, indirect, method is ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Presence of reaction module in bacteria but not in Eukaryotas (human)

From the statistics page, I found that the Module-M00008 is present only in bacteria and not Eukaryotes. Why so? I noticed that all the compounds necessary or the reaction are present in human body ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Why is there a compound highlighted in red in a KEGG Module search?

Considering the following module: http://www.kegg.jp/kegg-bin/show_module?M00115+C00003 why is the compound C00003 marked in red?
-3
votes
1answer
77 views

If I buy a banana at the market, is there any chance that an insect is hiding inside it? [closed]

I watched this horrifying video on Youtube. It shows movement beneath the skin of a banana and then a spider pushes it's way out. Suffice to say I'm too scared to eat bananas anymore! I would like ...
1
vote
0answers
106 views

Which of these methods is both effective and reliable in elongate muscle and tendon for use in humans: growth factors or stem cell technology

Which method is it the most effective, but also the most reliable for elongating muscle and tendons for clinical trial; using modern growth factor technology or using modern stem cell technology? ...
5
votes
1answer
60 views

Is transplantation of neurons between species possible?

Can brain tissue from one species be implanted into the brain of another species? Because the brain is tolerant to the introduction of antigens (it is said to be immuno-privileged), I was wondering ...
6
votes
1answer
68 views

Why do skinny people live for shorter than the norm even though calorie restriction extends life expectancy?

If I understand correctly, calorie restriction may extend life expectancy slightly (not proven exactly how much for human). But according to the statistics, skinny healthy people have even shorter ...
-1
votes
0answers
33 views

Heart Rate while Eating?

I was wondering does heart rate increase during the consumption of food (chewing, starting the digestive system)?
1
vote
1answer
36 views

shRNA knockdown not showing with Western

I've recently been performing shRNA transfections and was hoping to get some advice on why I'm not seeing any knockdown via western blot I transfected by MDAMB468 breast cancer cell lines with shRNA ...
18
votes
2answers
2k views

Could viruses be used as antibiotics?

Could we use viruses that only affect bacteria to act as antibiotics? The more bacteria, the more times the virus divides, so the stronger it gets. Is this practical?
2
votes
0answers
23 views

How large might a paper wasp nest become?

About two weeks ago I noticed a new wasp nest in my back yard. I generally leave them as long as they aren't interfering with anything, but this nest has suddenly grown quite large and they are ...
1
vote
1answer
13 views

What information does the KEGG Module statistics page show?

While browsing through the home page of KEGG Module, I clicked the button named Module statistics. Can someone tell me what does these numbers signify? What are they the statistics of?
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Can roots have cuticle, especially aerial roots?

In my school biology book, it is written that cuticle covers the epidermal cells in aerial parts of plants and root epidermis doesn't have cuticle. My question is that whether aerial roots, in plants ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Difference between modules in KEGG Module

The KEGG module M00115 includes a set of reactions while M00542 does not have any; it just shows the list of enzymes. Is the reaction set for M00542 still unknown?
3
votes
2answers
31 views

Cell line immortalisation biosafety

Cell lines are often immortalised by artificial expression of proteins which specifically cause the knockout of important cancer suppression genes or the activation of proto-oncogenes. Cellular ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Do deaf people sleep better?

Since deaf people can't hear, is relaxing and falling asleep easier for them? In general, do they sleep better than hearing people? Of course some hearing people have no trouble getting to sleep, but ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Change Genbank entry date with Biopython

I can create a new Genbank record in Biopython with the following code: ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

Generate full dimer from monomer with C2 symmetry?

I downloaded a PDB file of a dimer, but it only contains the monomer, and it says that the dimer can be obtained from C2 symmetry. For an example see here: ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

What chemical produces the classic “roach spray” smell?

A long time ago (early '80s), in a galaxy far, far away (MIT), I lived in a dorm with a roach problem. The facilities people kept the roaches in check with a specific insecticide that had a very ...
5
votes
1answer
238 views

Why did Opabinia have 5 eyes?

I recently read about a fossil called Opabinia. What intrigues me is that it had five eyes. I was under the impression that most features, such as eyes, ears and legs are always even-numbered, i.e., ...

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