3
votes
1answer
39 views

Altruism in viscous (asexual) populations

The viscosity of a population is the tendency of offspring to remain near their place of birth. Taylor 1992 ("Altruism in viscous populations") provides a model to study how viscosity affects the ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

What biological processes can affect the temperature of the shadow a tree casts?

Assuming two trees have similar shape and leaf coverage, could differences in the biological processes among them lead to differences in the temperature of the shadow they cast? What biological ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

What happens in lasik operation?

First of all,I am very bad at biology. So please bear if it sounds elementary. I heard about lasik operation for reshaping cornea. Assume the patient is suffering from myopia implying lens is ...
5
votes
1answer
348 views

What does it mean to “map the human genome”

I know some elementary chemistry and biology. I also think I know what a gene is (it's a sequence of DNA which encodes a particular protein). I also know that on a chromosome there are sections of DNA ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

What are dreams, biologically?

Falling asleep or states of subconsciousness does not stop the mind from making its own fictional images. These seem like sensations just like those received from human eyes. But, how do we define ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Does our heart stop when we sneeze?

Is it fact or myth that our heart stops beating for moments when we sneeze? If it is fact, what drives the heart to start beating again?
1
vote
3answers
56 views

LCMS/MS versus Western Blot

I have a general question regarding which method would you recommend me to use if I would like to investigate the difference in the level of several proteins in tissue samples and compare different ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Is it possible to measure Secondary Bile Acid Kinetics?

Is it possible to measure secondary bile acid kinetic and flux measurements in vivo? Anyone have any experience with this sort of technique?
14
votes
3answers
1k views

Is the size of the genome across species roughly the same?

Chromosome number differs across species. Is the amount of DNA comparable between organisms, just being split into smaller chunks in those species with more chromosomes? Or do species have different ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Best tail for swimming?

I understand that the vertical tails of fish and the horizontal flukes of cetaceans evolved due to the spinal movements of their ancestors but I was just wondering which was the most efficient for ...
3
votes
1answer
186 views

Can anyone help me identify this plant?

I have a Chamaerops humilis in my apartment and in there is these small plants growing. I live in Denmark, Europe and my palm tree has only been inside my apartment since i got it. Can anyone ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Any examples of an organism's life cycle where the reproductive stage occur before the 'adult' stage?

Most life cycles we knew of consist of a juvenile stage (e.g. larval for insects, sporozoite for some intracellular parasites), a reproductive stage and an adult stage. Usually the reproductive stage ...
-1
votes
3answers
42 views

Patterns/Motifs Repository [closed]

I am new to this area. I am a researcher working on fast pattern searching in general scenarios (e.g., regex in string matching). I am curious about the "regular expression (regex)" (pattern/motif) ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Plant identification

What plant species is this? Its stalk looks like a grapevine, but the leaves & flowers not. It bloomed this week (Mid-June). I have found it in Turkey, Amasya. If you want, I can add more ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Undistorting peripheral vision

I am interested in a procedure which can be applied to an image (or video) which is situated in my peripheral vision, and will result in an undistorted copy being presented to my brain. I do not know ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Why do flies leave dirty spots on shiny/glossy surfaces?

I've seen flies leave dark spots on lacquered wood, mirrors, glass and monitors. Why do they do that? Is it some food stash or are they dumping waste in a single spot? Why pick a smooth surface?
1
vote
0answers
20 views

List of non-native terrestrial molluscs in California?

I'm looking for a list of non-native terrestrial molluscs in California. Ideally, I also need the date each taxon was introduced into California. Can anyone help?
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Why do Alu repeats form secondary structures?

I've been doing a lot of research on Alu repeats and how they mediate the gene expression. I read the following article "Useful junk: Alu RNAs in the human transcriptome". And it says that alu ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

best book for a comprehensive introduction to biology for a computer science graduate interested in undertaking research in bioinformatics [closed]

I have a postgraduate degree in computer science, and I wish to undertake research in bioinformatics. I had chemistry but no biology in high school. I have read bioinformatics books like "biological ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

What is the relationship between W, X, Y and P, M retinal ganglion cells?

In Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology (12e) the retinal ganglion cells are classified into W, X, and Y types. However in Gray's Anatomy (40e) they are classified into Midget and Parasol ...
7
votes
2answers
41 views

Leptin and fat mass?

I am interested in the relationship between blood leptin concentration and fat mass. It is well known that as fat mass increases, leptin increases. Have there been studies that look into whether the ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Cell Line With DNMT3a Mutation

I am looking for a cell line (preferably hematopoietic) that has an inactivating DNMT3a mutation. I have checked the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia but of all the hematopoietic cell lines I know I ...
9
votes
1answer
546 views

If dinosaurs could have feathers, would they still be reptiles?

I just finished watching a video where it was mentioned that nowadays birds are dinosaurs and non-avians dinosaurs could have feathers. I confirmed this from wikipedia: Birds are highly advanced ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

How can I keep pond water “alive”?

I've been preparing wet slides for my kids to look at from pond water. I have a mason jar of pond water. What can I do to keep the microbes in the jar alive going forward so that we can look at it any ...
2
votes
0answers
11 views

Does level of bats activity differs from day to day?

Say we measure bats activity as number of passes through given area. Can it differ significantly depending from day to day or it stays on average roughly the same? I am wondering whether the following ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

What comes out of this bump in this vegetable?

I live in Denmark, Europe and I have in my garden this gigantic vegetable. It has a big bump on the top and i was wondering about what comes out of it?
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Quantifying temporal-spatial data [closed]

Imagine a set of territories each subdivided into 5m grid cells. Each grid cell represents a spatial unit, and that unit can have any number of variables associated with it - e.g. habitat ...
14
votes
1answer
897 views

What is this droplet of liquid that comes out of a mosquito?

I have been looking at pictures of different species of mosquito and several times I came across pictures where the mosquito seems to be secreting some kind of fluid. In the pictures one can clearly ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Characters do not make the genus, but the genus gives the characters?

In his Origin of species, in the chapter entitled 'Mutual Affinities of Organic Beings: Morphology: Embryology: Rudimentary Organs', Darwin, speaking of the nature of classification systems of living ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Has anyone tried to prepare chemically competent Mycobacteria?

Bacterial species like E. coli are easy to transform using a variety of methods, including both chemical transformation and electroporation. Chemical transformation is especially nice to use as it can ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

Why oceans are carbon sinks?

Building on this question, I understand pretty clearly why forests are carbon sinks (trees grow, and there is carbon stored in soil and biomass). What about the oceans, though? Are underwater ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Is Araucaria fruit toxic? [closed]

I've had an Araucaria tree in my garden for more than 30 years. Today a fruit fell off the tree. It looks just like this one: I want to know if it is toxic? Can I eat it? If so, how?
4
votes
5answers
106 views

Why is human vision restricted to 400-700 nm?

Across the electromagnetic spectrum, 400-700 nm is a narrow spectrum of frequencies and focused in the region of short wavelengths. For example, radio waves cover a large range of frequencies ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

Math behind the Genetic Relationship Matrix

The genetic relationship matrix (GRM) can estimate the genetic relationship between two individuals (j and k) over m SNPs and i representing a specific SNP. What I dont understand from their ...
3
votes
3answers
53 views

How to estimate a genome's size?

The genome size of human is 3.000.000.000 bp and for Arabidopsis it is 255.000.000 bp. I know these numbers because their genomes have been published. Which methods are used by scientists to estimate ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Is it possible that the DNA of an individual changes significantly over a period? [duplicate]

Is it possible that the DNA of an individual changes significantly over a period ?
-3
votes
1answer
59 views

Normal death experience [closed]

Consider a natural cause of death (no car accidents etc) - Is it true that death is generally preceded by suffering? In other words, are we destined to experience the most severe suffering we could ...
3
votes
1answer
22 views

Anopheles arabiensis lifespan and sporogony duration

What is the longest observed lifespan of a mosquito, especially of the species Anopheles arabiensis? How long does it take for Plasmodium parasites to develop and move into the salivary glands of ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

How stable is linear DNA transfected in eukaryotic cells?

I would like to know, with references from the literature, what is the half life of a linear dsDNA transfected in a mammalian cells. For example, if I transfect human cells with a PCR product ...
4
votes
2answers
920 views

Could we slow down life? [closed]

As far as I know there is no absolute time measurement (one that would measure time in a non-environment-dependent fashion) in any life form. Only such time measurements exist, which are dependent ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

Punnet Square for Genotype Probabilities

I'm a computational physicist by trade, and today I was working with a student that is coding a simulation that requires the interactions of different genotypes to determine which phenotype will be ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

What does the hominin phylogenetic tree look like?

I'm no biologist, but I'm curious what the rough phylogenetic tree looks like for Hominin. Could you create a rough sketch that includes: Homo rudolfensis Homo ergaster H. georgicus H. antecessor ...
6
votes
1answer
42 views

What is the impact of sertraline on white blood cells?

This simplified video and RT.com article discusses how the mechanics of the death of a white blood cell can be useful as an "alert mechanism" to other white blood cells of an incoming infection. Also ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

How is the subunit molecular weight different from the native molecular weight?

I noticed that the native molecular weight for an enzyme is different from its subunit molecular weight. Why are they different? Aren't the genes needed to express the enzyme the same in the native ...
4
votes
1answer
33 views

Is there a karyotype database for human cell lines?

I'm looking for the karyotype of a specific cell line. Some karyotype are well known, such as HeLa or some carcinomas, but some are very hard to find, such as LG2 (B cells). Is there a database ...
6
votes
2answers
487 views

Is this species a variant of a red flour beetle?

Found this little guy crawling around the back garden - South Coast of the UK. The closest things I could find online (with an admittedly weak knowledge of where to look up these things, aside a ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Modelling insecticide net efficacy loss [closed]

I am currently doing some work on modelling the effects of treated nets usage on mosquito populations. Nets do not retain their maximum efficacy forever. They lose their chemical efficacy after about ...
6
votes
0answers
31 views

Selection for possibly less efficient egg transfer in Human Botfly life cycle

I have heard that the Human Botfly transfers its eggs through other invertebrates [1], and it strikes my curiosity that if an insect could simply land on its host directly to deposit its eggs, then ...
1
vote
2answers
161 views

Why don't mosquitoes evolve towards muting themselves?

Quite certainly, muted mosquitoes would be much more effective as far as their blood-sucking pursuits are concerned, since mosquito sound is predominantly responsible for sealing their fate (between ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Can all animals of the same species crossbreed?

For example, take Canis lupus, the species of dog and wolf. Within their species, can all dog and wolf types crossbreed? We can forget the logistics and assume this is all done through artificial ...

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