1
vote
1answer
12 views

How do molecules signal pre synaptic neurons to activate? [closed]

How do molecules signal pre synaptic neurons to activate? and also is it more the structure or the elements in the molecule that allows it to activate the neuron also how do molecules bind to ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Why is your taste affected due to sinuses?

I heard someone say "My sinuses are acting up, I cant taste the food." I dont think the person is lying, they probably believe this but I'm having trouble seeing how the sinuses would affect the taste ...
4
votes
1answer
32 views

Need Help Identifying this Critter (Insect?)

This creature is hanging out on my kitchen window. I live in Western Maryland, US, near the Potomac River. The creature is about 3 inches long (measured from tip of mandibles to tip of tail). Does ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Is Valerian diuretic or antidiuretic

Hello i wanted to take valerian to calm me down on stress situations, and also using it as an antidiuretic, but i have seen forums where people say it acts as an diuretic, and others where they said ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

What is the difference between desert and migratory locust?

I know both are species of short horned grasshoppers and belongs to the orthoptera order, Acrididae family and so on. But what is the difference between desert and migratory locust? How do we ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Skip estimateDispersions() DESeq2 [closed]

In my experimental design, I have 20 libraries, coming from 20 F2 interspecific hybrids, meaning every genotype is different. 10 individuals are tolerant and the other 10 are sensitive to a specific ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

What is the meaning of a reported OD600 value?

I can't find a reference that explains what, for example, OD600 = 0.1 means. For example, Wikipedia states OD600 is an abbreviation indicating the absorbance, or optical density, of a sample ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

DNA replication in E.coli

What is the difference between replication and to divide? My A level bio book says that it takes 20 min for E.coli to divide and in next page it's written that E.coli completes replication within ...
3
votes
3answers
146 views

How is the size of a gene defined?

Is there an agreed definition as to how many nucleic acid bases constitute a gene? If not, why not? I'm not sure I understand how the exact sizes of genes are defined.
-2
votes
1answer
65 views

how did the domestic dog evolve and was the role humans played in its evolution justified? [closed]

Humans have been selectively breeding dogs for a long time. Why do we do it? What are the positive and negative impacts of selective breeding and why do they occur? I am writing an independent ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

In vivo delivery of ssDNA

I am looking for a system with which I can deliver (large quantities of) ssDNA in vivo (say in mice). I do not know whether it is of importance but the 5' end of the ssDNA fragments are assumed to be ...
-1
votes
0answers
27 views

Where does transamination and deamination take place?

The only information I know is about deamination,it occurs in the liver and kidney. But in which part of the cell does deamination occur? To which tissues is transsamination specific to and in which ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

Why does migration distance depend on log of molecular weight in SDS-PAGE?

I really want to know why in the result of SDS PAGE, log of molecular weight(MW) and migration distance (distance from the loading well) have a linear relationship. Why is it log(MW) instead of MW? ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

A diagram of a crossover [closed]

How can one draw a crossover between ABK and aBk where genes A and B follow the Mendel's law of independent assortment and gene K does not i.e. K is linked to B?
-1
votes
2answers
36 views

Is there software or a website where I can browse extinct species?

Is there any software/website where I can browse for extinct species? It must be based on real animals that are now extinct. It may be in animated versions.
-2
votes
1answer
44 views

Would someone lose some of their traits if they stop using them for some time? [closed]

A co-worker of mine told me, that there are some mutations in the genome during the life of a human body. So, the body changes genes to fit better into the surrounding environment. My thought is now, ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

What empirical evidence of genetic assimilation is there?

There have been many articles arguing that we should view the phenotype in the center of evolutionary theory rather than the genotype as done in most population (or quantitative) genetics. A typical ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

Is this modification of Livak's 2-delta delta CT method valid?

I have done a modification to include qPCR efficiency in the calculations: In a given gene I calculate the fold changes relative to an arbitrary sample. That sample will be one and the rest will ...
-2
votes
0answers
44 views

“Safety Valve” of Cell [closed]

Safety Valve of Cell is - A) Peroxisome B) Glyoxysome C) Spherosome D) Lysosome . I answered option D) . I thought that if cell's metabolic function becomes exhausted , then Lysosome acts as a ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Perplexing by the way of estimating the shared or different genes between humans and chimps

We share 98.5% genes with chimps (it means we have 98.5% same DNA sequeces ),so there is about one percent difference .It means we can approximately differ from them by one base pair every hundred ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Are there any individual animals that can thrive in a wide range of core temperatures? [closed]

Surely, some cold blooded animals are in a position where they can't escape the changing temperatures the environment throws at them, so natural selection would have enabled them to thrive in a wide ...
5
votes
1answer
36 views

How allele is related to trait that is more complex than two cases (ex. height)?

Recently I started to learn about evolution and genetics. Simple stuff at the beginning - some videos, some reading. So far, everything seems to be pretty simple and straightforward. I easily grasp ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Relationship between DNA strands and mRNA

Does the sense strand or antisense strand of DNA code for the polypeptide product? I'm confused because I know the antisense strand is the template for mRNA but it has anti codons so I do not know how ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Has research indicated how much koinophillia preferences are learned vs insinctual

I'm curious about rather the definition of 'normal', as it affects koinophillia & mate choice, is something instinctual or learned. To clarify I'm not asking if koinophillia itself is ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Binding kinetics of 6xHis-Tag

For the planning of an experiment I would like to know the binding kinetics (kon and koff) of a 6x-His-tag to a Ni-NTA surface. I know they should differ due to surface quality and position of the ...
12
votes
1answer
101 views

What made this black cluster on a leaf?

I found this black slug-shaped thing on a leaf by my pond in western Sweden. It's about 15 mm long, positioned on a vertical leaf (I bent it to take the picture). And I don't even know where to ...
-1
votes
0answers
32 views

If drinking nothing but distilled water kills you what happens when you're injected with it?

I've read that drinking distilled water and eating nothing can kill you, and I was wondering what would happen if someone injected it into your bloodstream?
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Can we make an artificial chromosome?

I know things like BAC and YAC exist. I am thinking of a chromosome the size of those we find in mammals. Say 60 million nucleotides. How big can we make a chromosome with modern technologies without ...
-2
votes
1answer
84 views

Insect species identification [closed]

I think it's a moth and need further identification like scientific name, order and family. The picture was taken on May 30/2016 in my university laboratory window in South Korea. At that time there ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

How does entanglement explain myoglobin's preference for $O_2$? [migrated]

I was reading an article about the myoglobin's unusual preference for $O_2$ than CO, in which I found: It turns out that some electrons in the myoglobin involved in binding CO and O2 exhibit a ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

What is meant by clinical progression? [closed]

What do the terms 'clinical progression' and 'disease progression' mean? Are they different from each other?
3
votes
0answers
31 views

Why does crippling pain exist? [closed]

Some kinds of trauma can cause pain so severe that it makes you unable to move or do anything at all. It may put you out of action and unable to help yourself because of how excruciating it is. ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Can a small polypeptide fold over itself and have a tertiary structure?

What I want to know is if polypeptides (those which are not considered as proteins) can also "exhibit" a tertiary structure.
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Can the respiratory quotient be calculated from a formula or must it be measured directly?

I found the following question on the Respiratory quotient: A normal human diet has a Respiratory quotient (RQ) of approximately 0.85. Given that pure oxidation of fatty acids has a Respiratory ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

What is the effective population size of a simple two deme metapopulation?

I am confused as to how to compute the effective population size $N_e$ of a theoretical structured population. Let's consider here a simple case study. Imagine a 2-deme metapopulation. Each deme is ...
3
votes
2answers
48 views

Age-Dependent STD Infection

It seems that young females (comparing age 15 vs age 24) are 20x more likely to get chlamydia from a single unprotected sexual encounter with an infected male. What are the reasons for this? Are ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Do Tumor-Infiltrating T Cells Experience Any Prolonged Effects Due To Hypoxia After They Return To Normoxia?

Adoptive cell transfer (ACT) therapy using tumor-inflitrating lymphocytes (TIL) is at the cutting edge of immuno-oncology treatments involving metastatic melanoma and other indications (1). The idea ...
3
votes
0answers
20 views

Phase Transitions of Purified Proteins

Why do solutions of purified protein condense into droplet phases? I'm trying to understand the protein phase transitions. Here is the article http://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(12)00634-4#...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Lymph nodes Vs Lymph masses

what is the difference between lymph nodes and lymph masses as both have lymphocytes so I think ambiguously that they are same? If so, why different terms are used for them?
2
votes
3answers
74 views

How valid is the theory of human's chimp-pig origin? [closed]

Edit: I have also asked the question on skeptics.stackexchange.com and it has been answered there. Here is the link. There is a person called Dr. Eugene McCarthy who has a theory that the origin of ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Is there an evolutionary advantage associated with migraine? [duplicate]

I have read Wikipedia article on Genetics of migraine headaches and I don't buy it Because genetics influence susceptibility to migraine, it can be shaped by evolution. Fitness-impairing ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Can a color-blind person see color with filter glasses? [closed]

Why does color vision improve in color-blind persons using these filter glasses from Enchroma? Will a color blind person be able to see the same colors on a television? I'm asking, because the colors ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

After a bacterial infection is dealt with, do any of that colony of bacteria remain?

Suppose that I get a bacterial infection, which my immune system deals with. Are there any remnant bacteria, or are they all gone? Now consider the same scenario, but having been treated with a full ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

Do flowers transpire?

I have googled this out but no where found a satisfactory answer. The definition of transpiration states that it is the evaporative loss of water from the aerial surfaces of the plant but I am really ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Would a transparent iris serve its purpose?

The function of the iris is to regulate the aperture of the pupil. How does the iris obstruct light? Is it due to the pigment present in it? Or is it just due to the sheer presence of it? I am doing ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

4DGenome or another comprehensive database of chromatin interactions

I'm searching for the most comprehensive source of chromatin interactions to support enhancer targets (data such like Hi-C, ChIA-PET, IM-PET, 5C, 4C, 3C, etc.) and my question according that could be ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Why does liver wrap around inferior vena cava?

As shown in the image, the liver wraps around inferior vena cava, which takes blood from liver via hepatic veins. Is there an advantage of having the inferior vena cava closer to the liver rather than ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

A New Antiviral Drug Strategy?

I am studying viruses and I have a question about antiviral drug strategies. Why haven't researchers tried finding small molecule drugs that will bind to receptors on the host cell, thereby preventing ...
1
vote
2answers
89 views

Why do FSH and LH hormones drop in diagram when maturing follicle and does size of follicle change during menstruation phase

There are three phases in menstrual cycle. In follicular phase of menstrual cycle, the level of FSH and LH would rise because they would stimulate ovarian follicle to mature. However, when I check ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Is there more diversity in marine species?

I was reading about how life emerged from oceans, and the following question occured to me. Do land species suffer from the founder effect and is there more (genetic) diversity in marine species? A ...

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