3
votes
1answer
41 views

How is it possible to even hope for an ebola epidemic of this current size to remain contained to a relatively small part of Africa?

As of 9/14/2014 at least 5347 cases of ebola have been identitied. Some estimates are much higher. While experts are sounding the alarm to try to get sufficient resources to contain the outbreak, some ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Determining and Differentiating specific ATPases

In respects to this certain ATPase transporter. What do i look for in respects to determining what specific kind it is out of: F-ATPases V-ATPases A-ATPases P-ATPases E-ATPases Im assuming that ...
5
votes
3answers
213 views

Books for beginners [closed]

I want to study biology. I have zero previous knowledge of biology but I know Physics, Chemistry and Maths. From which book should I start? I have heard about Campbell Biology, but it is very costly ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

BLASTn vs ORF tools

Sequencing projects sequence one strand and call that the + strand and then extrapolate the sequence of the - strand. This means that sometimes the genomic sequence that you download from a database ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Immunomic Microarray

"One can measure two or more signals simultaneously determined by a single feature, i.e., epitope in immunomic microarray DNA microarrays measure one response value for each gene per sample; that ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

peptide MHC microarray

"The recent technology is peptide–MHC microarray or artificial antigen-presenting chip. In this technique, recombinant peptide–MHC complexes and co-stimulatory molecules are immobilized on a ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

What is the physiological difference between cortisone and cortisol?

There is only hydrogen bond different. Cortisol is synthesized by our body, while cortisone is given to the patient. Why you cannot give cortisol directly to the patient? I think the reason is ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Did the Britons 100 years ago have different intestinal flora and fauna?

Note: this is not a question about history, but about human digestive system over time :) I know a lot of colleagues who traveled for business trips to India. All of them caught terrible diarrhea ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

recombinant peptide MHC complex

What is recombinant peptide-MHC complex??? Recombinant DNA means "to bring together genetic material from multiple sources, creating sequences that would not otherwise be found in biological ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

Why can't a Corn have 13 rows of seeds?

Every time before eating a corn, I count its lines. I would always find 12 or 14 rows of seeds but never 13. Is there any biological/scientific reason behind this?
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Is there any research on how accurately people can follow a beat?

I'm currently helping develop a rhythm game, and as part of the scoring system, I'd like to make scores and ranks based more on accurate pattern recognition rather than hitting notes very exactly on ...
3
votes
1answer
14 views

What is the Baculovirus and how does it help in research?

I was reading up about Biotechnology and the use of insects, and came across an interesting article about Insect Cell culture Techniques that specifically talked about the usage of the Baculovirus. If ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Regarding inherited fertility in animals

If an animal is fertile does it follow that both its parents of the same species (not necessarily the same species of the offspring)? Was it Mayer who said a fertile male and fertile female of two ...
4
votes
2answers
65 views

Transmembrane Protein Problem

Problem A transmembrane protein has 1000 aa. The 5th aa is found on the external side of the cell membrane. It interacts with the aqueous environment outside the cell. Amino acid 90 is inside the ...
7
votes
1answer
104 views

Fisher's Geometric Model for Dummies

Fisher's geometric model is still today one of the most important and fundamental model in evolutionary biology but it seems to me that most student in evolutionary biology don't really understand it ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

3 end RNA seq library construction

I have tried to make cDNA libraries from FFPE tumor blocks (highly degraded RNA) using the 3' end RNA seq protocol provided by West lab. Here is the link for the same. ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Evolutionary support for parenting book “The happiest baby on the block”

The book by Dr Harvey Karp (MD) The Happiest Baby on the Block proposes that the duration of human gestation has evolved as a tradeoff between cranial size and development of the infant. He ...
-1
votes
1answer
37 views

Meiosis I or II [closed]

Suppose an organism has 8 chromosomes. When the female and male organisms mate, how many chromosomes will the mother contribute to the offspring? Why?
4
votes
1answer
46 views

How fast cancer cells divide, compared to normal cells

This question suggests that we have, on average, 50-70 billion cell divisions per day. I just read that cancer cells divide more often (therefore more prone to radiation). I am wondering, for a ...
7
votes
1answer
128 views

Where do lost membrane proteins go after exocytosis?

Exocytotic vesicles take away membrane proteins and glycocalyx on the cell's plasma membrane surface. When those vesicles are released into the interstitial fluid and wherever else, where do they go? ...
2
votes
1answer
19 views

epitope prediction/ mapping

B-CELL EPITOPE PREDICTION Regarding this article: "Such a molecule can be synthesized or, in case of a protein, its gene can be cloned into an expression vector."----- is a particular line in ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

Regarding cellular self-destruction

I heard and read telomere 'health' or 'length' ( if that's right ) has alot to do with cell 'health'. If telomere 'abilities' are 'restored' to a 'healthier' status then the cell it is in functions as ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Can we influence evolution by teaching primates to control fire? Should we?

Most people with a strong interest in biology will have heard of Kanzi the Bonobo, the ape that has the wherewithal to collect fuel for a campfire and play pac-man. But is it conceivable to influence ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

Why can't the immune system start at the mating time?

The immune system has a great role in our body. When foreign particles enter our body, the immune system can recognize and start defense mechanisms such as the complement system and others. But when ...
4
votes
2answers
848 views

Do biological facts determine when a human fetus is considered alive and human?

I often hear or read this statement: "It's not a human, it's a fetus." In other words, some think a fetus is non-human until a certain point. And another similar statement: "The fetus isn't ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

How does Temperature influences the rate of protein turnover?

Question How (quantitatively speaking) does temperature influences rate of turnover of transcription factors? Which protein? As I am not looking for any accurate number I am talking about an ...
4
votes
1answer
24 views

Effect of alcohol on parasites

I recently came across an article saying that fruit flies use alcohol to deter parasites. The researcher was quoted as saying there have not been any studies on the effect of human alcohol consumption ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

aspartame in relation to generating methanol

So I posted another question with respects to methanol and aspartame in metabolism with respects to toxicity. So another question I have is "Why is aspartame used as a dietary component to generate ...
2
votes
0answers
11 views

Metabolism that generates methanol

I've been looking for help topics about methanol in metabolism. Specifically I wish to know What is a common dietary component that generates methanol following metabolism and comment on its ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Question about mutation of multiple nuclei?

If an organism with multiple nuclei, such as the slime mold Physarum polycephalum, was to be exposed to a mutagen, such as 5-bromouracil, what would be the effect (besides death)? Especially if ...
9
votes
1answer
628 views

Why doesn't the cell membrane just… break apart?

Forgive me if this is a silly question. I can't understand the basics. Why doesn't the membrane just... break apart? What's keeping the layers in the phopholipid bilayer together? I know that the ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

How to automate this custom gene expression microarray chip?

I have 16 gene sequences that I am interested in their detection in clinical samples. I already measured their RNA levels by using RT-qPCR technique and their benefit has already been proven to help ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

An unknown band appearing in my gel electrophoresis

I am having trouble understanding what is the source of band "2" in the following gel-electrophoresis: In this experiment, we took an E.coli transformant colony and ran its nucleic acids in the ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

fermentation to acetic acid

How many time need for swich fermentation to acetic acid production cycle , and the conversion of apple vinegar in a sealed container incubated at 37 ° C ? Should be in the fully closed? What is ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

PDB file SEQRES have different datas?

In PDB file, SEQRES represent the aminoacids but some pdb file present the "GLC" and some other. for example ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

What is the most critical step of plasmid purification?

During the process of plasmid purification and quantification, which step is the most critical to the success of the process?
2
votes
1answer
26 views

How do I prepare a solution? (Calculation) [closed]

I have to make 100mL of 400mM NaOH. How do I go about calculating what I need to prepare this?
5
votes
2answers
128 views

How can I text-mine full-text articles from PubMed?

I want to do a text mining study using full-text versions of articles I find on PubMed. My intended search protocol will be roughly as follows: Search PubMed using a gene name (and any alternate ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Can diseases be transmitted wirelessly? [closed]

According to the recent research about Electromagnetic Signals from Bacterial DNA (A. Widom, J. Swain, Y. N. Srivastava, S. Sivasubramanian) it seems there is a possibility of a "wireless" version of ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

What is Colloidal biology and does it have any scientific background?

There is the following bulletin published for the History of Chemistry Vol. 32: 105-118 in 2007: “MOLECULAR” VERSUS “COLLOIDAL”: CONTROVERSIES IN BIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, 1900–1940* written by PhD ...
7
votes
1answer
384 views

How long does a mosquito take to land on a host, bite, and fly off?

How long does a mosquito take to land on a host, start its bite, end its bite and then fly off? And what about different species? I am most interested in human hosts. References to web sites or ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Question about *Cryptosporidium hominis*

Cryptosporidium muris infects mostly rodents and it is usually found in gastric gladns. Cryptosporidium parvum infects humans and certain animals and it is found in the terminal ileum and colon. ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

What keeps resting potential of neurons constant at -70mV?

I know the sodium-potassium pump pumps out 3 Na+ ions and pumps in 2 K+ ions per reaction so the negative charge in the axon increases. However, once the voltage (difference of charge inside and ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

force required to do damage to child's leg/feet in collision [closed]

I'm currently working on a toy robot for a student project. Part of this robot is the fact that it will be moving around quite fast. As such hitting the child can and most likely will happen. As such ...
1
vote
0answers
9 views

transfection of expression library made from cDNA into cells expressing the desired MHC haplotypes

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167569997800205 If anybody has access to this paper, can you please explain me the process to find TAA based on transfection of expression library ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Defining dominance and selection in these formulae

This paper uses two equations to explain the different conditions under which sexually antagonistic genetic variance is maintained in a population, while allowing for unequal dominance, for ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Encephalitozoon cuniculi

Can anyone advise me a literature supporting the claim that Encephalitozoon cuniculi is an aerobic organism? I have seen papers saying otherwise, but also I was told that this is not quite true.
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Data Bias in protein-protein interactions data

Databases like STRING have so many predicted as well as experimental interactions data for many organisms.However there is a bias in the data which they have?. a)The first is gene co-occurrence ...
-2
votes
1answer
36 views

What is hTAP?? Please help

Could not find a single article regarding this. What is hTAP? Tap is Transfer associated protein, that I know, but what is hTAP??(I have not studied biology since last 8 years and now I am going ...
3
votes
1answer
19 views

Meta-analysis of fruits in blocking Cytochrome family

My professor says that some drugs cannot be used with grapefruit. I am trying to search a list of cytochromes and their effect to block members in the cytochrome family. Some in Cyt P450. What is ...

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