-3
votes
0answers
42 views

How do cell organelles maintain their unique membrane composition?

Describe some of the ways that membranous organelles can maintain their unique compositions despite the continuous traffic of membranes and materials moving through them. This question is from Gerald ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Can i freeze in 40 degree warm water? [closed]

I remember someone telling me that you can freeze in water even if its above your body temperature? Not that I am scared but what if you're in a hot tube for 30 hours while eating and drinking ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Evolution to store limited Fat

Why are our bodies not evolved to store only limited amounts of fat, which won't kill us with all diseases associated with obesity? Wouldn't obese people die faster and clean the gene pool for people ...
4
votes
4answers
217 views

Gametes of two different species

I always wondered why gametes from two different species dont fuse together to form an offspring. eg a donkey (sperm) and a female dog (egg) I know this is not possible but I'm just curious.
0
votes
1answer
11 views

After hysterectomy does FSH secretion stop?

This question came in an exam, and my reference book says yes, it does. But it hasn't explained why. If the ovaries are also removed, then the menstrual cycle should stop. In absence of hormones ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

When was the first exception to Mendelian genetics discovered?

In addition to the the question in the title I'd like to know , how scientists reacted to the exceptions?
2
votes
0answers
39 views

What is the best way to perform ultra-deep targeted sequencing of few samples?

I performed recent whole genome/exome sequencing in tumor samples and now I would like to take a few of these variants (say maximum 50 amplicons) to: 1) Validate them in the original samples 2) ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Assessing the Impacts of Illegal Bushmeat Hunting, Limpopo, South Africa [closed]

I want to assess the impact of illegal bushmeat hunting over a large area of Limpopo, South Africa with camera traps. What would the best method be to statistically assess this data? Ideally, I would ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

What are the binding sites (or receptors) of cortisol?

I am in the process of a OCR GCSE Case Study, and my question is "Do the benefits of anabolic steroids outweigh the risks, which has an obvious conclusion. I need to know the scientific name, or a ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Species Identification: Snake, New Mexico

The snake is about one and a half inches in diameter at its widest, a half inch at the head, and about two feet long. I found it in central New Mexico. It's hard to see the head in the pics, but it ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Loooking for dataset of proteotypic and non-proteotypic peptide

I'm experimenting with peptide prediction using machine learning. I need some data for testing. I already have one dataset, but I need another one or two for verification. I'm looking for data for a ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Genes that exist in old Affymetrix platform but not in the newer one

I am using two gene expression datasets from an Affy U95Av2 platform and an Affy U133 Plus 2.0 platform. When I map the Affy probe names to HUGO gene names, there are thousands of genes which exist in ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Methods for varying insert size in E. coli clones

I'm writing my master's thesis proposal, and I need to improve the solution-behavior of some truncated protein domains which have previously shown poor solubility when expressed in E. coli. To ...
2
votes
4answers
423 views

Bacterial cell lysis buffer used in proteomics procedures

What kinds of detergent-free bacterial lysis buffers exist? The proteins we're extracting will be later analyzed by LC-MS/MS, and we're looking for a lysis buffer that won't interfere with this ...
1
vote
2answers
327 views

What is the importance of urea in mass spectrometry?

What is the importance of urea in mass spectrometry? We use 8M urea to FASP our proteins prior to mass spectrometry. What is the significance of using 8M urea? and how does it affect the proteins?
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Do trees have genes for stopping the grow?

Do trees have genetically encoded to stop growing at some height, to keep dividing the cells only to a certain amount, or to pump nutritions only till it's advantageous because they've already ...
18
votes
2answers
3k views

How can birds disperse seeds when they are able to digest them?

I've just read in a book that birds' guts can digest almost all the consumed seeds with the exception of mistletoe and loranthus (which stays stuck on the branches). On the other hand, I know that the ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

What contribute to the variation of protein sequence across different species and how do they influence?

What contribute to the variation of protein sequence across different species (e.g. phenotype, environment, evolutionary pressure) and how do those factors contribute to the variation? I have tried ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Find the concentration of free receptors in a solution of 90% free ligand and 10% receptor-ligand complex, knowing only the value of kD

I could use some guidance on how to utilise the equation for the disassociation constant kD to find the concentration of free receptors [R] in a solution containing 90% free ligand [L], and 10% bound ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Why does meiotic recombination disrupt the independent assortment of genes on the same chromosome?

There are many sources that say that genes that are "linked" by being on the same chromosome assort with each other -- that when an allele is passed on that the gamete containing said allele will also ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

What's the name of this bug?

A friend of mine found this bug in Germany. He sent the picture and asked if anyone knew what kind of bug it is. Since no one knew and I didn't find anything similar via google search, I decided to ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

sodium chloride and amylase activity

So, I did an experiment on the effect of sodium chloride on amylase. and I found out the higher the concentration, the slower the activity. Therefore, is it valid to make the assumption that when we ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

How were CDK1 and cyclin B identified?

I know that MPK is a dimer containing cyclin B and cdk1 and this promotes entry into mitosis. The experiment I have found was that when MPFs were micro-injected into frog oocytes arrested in G2, the ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Extraction of arthropod embedded in animal tissue

I'd like to extract an ectoparasite from a biopsy of animal skin for subsequent identification. The mite is small, about 100 um, and embedded in a column of tissue. It's too small to manually excise ...
8
votes
1answer
168 views

Dogs bark at familiar person in Santa costume. Why? Don't dogs trust smell over vision?

Last night 10 humans and 2 dogs spent Christmas together. At some point, one human dissappears for a few minutes and comes back wearing a full Santa outfit. Upon respawning, the dogs start barking ...
9
votes
3answers
510 views

What happens if a non-diabetic receives an injection of insulin?

If a person without diabetes or any diabetes-related issues receives an injection of insulin, what happens? Would the blood glucose level drop or does the body naturally compensate for the added ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Why do Hot/Cold drinks taste sweeter once returning to room temperature?

Now, I know this is a very bizarre question, and I tried to find a correct exchange for this, but it might relate to biology/science as it being our taste buds and everything. I am so sorry if there ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

Why is it beneficial for trees to grow that tall?

Why is it beneficial for trees to grow that tall? This sounds like a kid's question Mom, Dad... why are trees so tall? Costs and Benefits There are some obvious ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

What does “generalisation” mean?

I am trying to understand a paper about ethanol: "Generalisation of ethanol with drug mixtures containing a positive modulator of the GABAA receptor and an NMDA antagonist" (Stolerman & Olufsen, ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

How does an excessive amount of beta carotene affect skin colour?

How much is the daily need of beta carotene and how many carrots have to be eaten in order for one's skin to turn "orange". I found 2-4 mg/ day as basic need, 30 mg daily over three weeks turns white ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Distance to source populations and/or environmental gradients?

How do you disentangle the effects of distance to source populations and environmental gradients when the environmental gradient occurs in the same direction as the source population? For example, ...
2
votes
2answers
191 views

Coalescence time: Is it different for haploids and diploids in population genetics?

I'm trying to model Cyanobacteria cells divergence in 2 populations with mutation rate $-\mu$ and I need to verify my model with a valid theory. I don't have much biology background and all the ...
1
vote
0answers
7 views

Can HPV be infectious after it's been exposed to environment?

From what I know, HPV virus cannot be cultured I don't think it's possible to say if a sample has the potential to infect or not but what does it mean when they say HPV virus particles could persist ...
4
votes
2answers
91 views

Why don't antibodies generally bind to food and drugs?

Are these excluded thru central tolerance? What if you ingested something with a unique molecular structure that you hadn't ingested before?
7
votes
1answer
505 views

Extracting cell-free DNA

Has anybody had any success in extracting cell free DNA from plasma without using expensive kits? I've already spent a lot of my own blood trying to use standard phenol/chloroform methods with very ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Synthesis of Fatty Acids Longer than 16 Carbons

I understand that the human body when performing Fatty Acid Synthesis can synthesize only until C16 (palmitate). However the ER has desaturases and elongases. I know that desaturases are used to add ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

What happens to the ink of a tattoo over time? [duplicate]

Tattoos are commonplace all over the world, but a simple yet key question is what happen to the ink injected in the derma over time. Is it digested by macrophages or simply encapsulated by ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

off-target score: same scale as guide sequence score?

I have a basic question that I have not been able to find the answer for. I am designing sgRNAs with http://crispr.mit.edu/ The interpretation of scores for guide sequence goes easy (optimal is 100%, ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

My BRIG run is suspiciously quick. What is a typical length of time for a run?

I use the BRIG (BLAST Ring Image Generator) program to compare prokaryote genomes. It executes a local BLAST+ and visualizes the results as rings around the reference genome. I downloaded three ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Is the “freeze response” really a remain of our reptilian past?

I'm looking for any reliable sources relating the common-known human reaction on a stressful situation, humans sometimes freeze and can not move. From some materials found on the internet I got that ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Is there selection against long proteins and long genes?

Background thought Titin and TTN Titin is the largest protein in the human genome with 33423 amino acids. Titin is coded by the gene TTN that must be at least $3 \cdot 33423 \approx 100kb$ long. ...
-1
votes
1answer
23 views

What is the biological relationship between flowers and blossom? [closed]

According to Wikipedia, the earliest fossil records of flowers date to around 130 million years ago. But I can't find anything about blossoms in particular. Is there an evolutionary relationship ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Do all different types of neurons serve different roles?

I know from my basic education in neurology that the brain has various sorts of neurons. These are usually bunched into 3 different categories (sensory, moto and interneurons). I read in a recently ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

what are the best books for the IIT-JAM biological sciences exam? [on hold]

I'm from India and i'm preparing for a competitive exam called the Joint Admissions Test for a Masters admission. I need help in finding books to read from for these chapters: General Biology: ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

autosomal recessive population numbers

This question is background research for a science fiction / fantasy novel, my knowledge of genetic is very basic. It seems obvious to me that for genetic disorders that are autosomal recessive, if ...
8
votes
1answer
160 views

Up to date, extensive documentary about dinosaurs?

I just finished reading the Wikipedia page about dinosaurs, and I very much enjoyed it. I knew that much of what I learned in the 80's as a child is (and was) incorrect, and now that I am a parent, I ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Simple computational biology project for AP Biology class. Ideas? [closed]

Our teacher assigned us a project to do with an extremely open-ended prompt and it should be completed within a month. I was planning on doing something related to computation and evolution in terms ...
9
votes
2answers
36k views

Blood Pressure: Significance of difference between systolic and diastolic

I wanted to understand what is the difference between systolic and diastolic readings of blood pressure. I understand 120-80 to about 100-60 is considered normal but does the difference in the two ...
6
votes
1answer
92 views

Can microdialysis be made in Drosophila melanogaster?

I've asked this before in stack overflow's cognitive science community, and someone recommended me to ask here: I've found a couple of studies using microdialysis on insects, but didn't found any in ...

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