1
vote
0answers
25 views

Could felines live without meat?

Algae are a source of taurine and mushrooms are a source of vitamin D3. Both also contain high protein. So, it seems possible to feed a cat or other felines without any meat. Are there any concerns to ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Why doesn't Manipulated Virus for Cancer Cure Work [closed]

I'm not a biologist but I have an idea for a cure for cancer and it is very simple and probably has flaws (if it worked it probrably wouldn't be a cure for all) or is not possible but ... I'm still ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

What species of eagle pushes their young to teach them flying?

There are many references to eagle pushing their young off the nest to make them know how to fly, for example this motivational video. It is also described in this website: Let me show you "the ...
1
vote
3answers
55 views

How to create a 3D density map of a system of varying number of particles?

I have a time-dependent system of varying number of particles (~100k particles). In fact, each particle represents an interaction in a 3D space with a particular strength. Thus, each particle has ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Can mosquitos bite in self-defense?

When chasing away wasps or bees there is a danger of them stinging us in self-defense. Can a similar danger arise when chasing away a mosquito which is otherwise not hungry? I understand that ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

RNAi in nematode resistant plants

Background : Certain plants have been genetically engineered to have sense-antisense gene of a parasitic nematode. The dsRNA produced by the plant then inactivates the mRNA produced in the nematode, ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

What does “each pathway define an independent genotype” mean?

In a section of this paper. However, if the question of independency is posed in the form: “Does each pathway shown define an independent genotype?,” then each of these three pathways is ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Does 405 nm light set off phosphorescence in the eye?

While playing with a blue/violet laser (5 mW, 405 nm) tonight, I noticed that on dark, non-fluorescing surfaces, the beam reflection was trailed by what looked like a dimmer reflection of the beam. ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Synthetic carbon fixation pathways

Have there been carbon fixation pathways of, in particular, oxygen-producing bacteria, that have been replicated in the lab or at least the enzymes for the pathways have been successfully produced in ...
3
votes
2answers
40 views

Why is dopamine or a dopamine-receptor agonist not pumped into the brain of Parkinson patients?

I am aware that dopamine cannot cross the blood-brain barrier, but can't it be pumped inside the cerebrospinal fluid via some permanent tube implant? Wouldn't Parkinson patients chose that over ...
18
votes
2answers
2k views

Could viruses be used as antibiotics?

Could we use viruses that only affect bacteria to act as antibiotics? The more bacteria, the more times the virus divides, so the stronger it gets. Is this practical?
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Why does organ transplant work although it seems organ's motor neuron isn't connected to recipient's CNS

Although it seems impossible with current technology to connect organ's capillaries to the recipient's capillaries and its motor neuron to the CNS, transplanted organ works for years. But why?
4
votes
1answer
45 views

How are the vitreous humour and aqueous humour of the eye, connected?

My question is regarding the biological nature of the separation between the vitreous humour and aqueous humour of the human (or mammal) eye. What connects the two in terms of the passive transport of ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Where is ATP used in Phosphorylation?

In the section describing the Calvin Cycle, under the subheading "Reduction", my textbook states that: The steps involve utilisation of 2 molecules of ATP for Phosphorylation... I could not get ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

How do drugs (or other molecules) move between the vitreous humour and aqueous humour of the eye? [duplicate]

My question is regarding the biological nature of the separation between the vitreous humour and aqueous humour of the human (or mammal) eye. What connects the two in terms of the passive transport of ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

How do sex biased genes evolve?

I am wondering how do genes become sex-biased? that is, how does a gene evolve expression which is regulated in a sex-specific manner (assuming no effect from sex-limited Y/W chromosomes). I ...
9
votes
3answers
791 views

Methods of nuclear transfection - nuclear transport

I am reading through the ENCODE papers, which is taking me well out of my comfort zone in terms of modern laboratory techniques. At the risk of asking a question which may well be thoroughly answered ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Neutralizing TCA washes [closed]

Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA) is commonly used for protein precipitation but the wash waste needs to be neutralized prior to disposal. What exactly is required to effectively neutralize TCA waste? Do I ...
6
votes
0answers
34 views

What have the L-systems (Lindenmayer systems) been actually used for in biology?

Wikipedia: An L-system or Lindenmayer system is a parallel rewriting system and a type of formal grammar. L-systems were introduced and developed in 1968 by Aristid Lindenmayer, a Hungarian ...
2
votes
3answers
103 views

Blood urea nitrogen and usage of proteins?

I have been reading some books and am getting slightly confused. Here is roughly what I have read. The greater the blood urea nitrogen the greater the usage of proteins (since blood urea nitrogen ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

What is the meaning and significance of extreme pathways

Can someone please explain me what extreme pathways are? I found this definition in this article: Extreme pathways are a unique and minimal set of vectors that completely characterize the ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Requirements for soil sample transportation over long distance

I need to collected soil sample from agricultural area far away from my lab. It would required about a week for the sample to arrive to lab. I need the soil sample for genomic DNA isolation ...
46
votes
5answers
4k views

Life without DNA?

I'm by no means an expert in the field, merely a curious visitor, but I've been thinking about this and Google isn't of much help. Do we know of any lifeforms that don't have the conventional ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why are plants referred to by their Latin species names, and not by their popular names?

Often the names of herbal ingredients in certain cosmetics products are given by their scientific names like Anthemis nobilis instead of chamomile or Lavandula angustifolia instead of lavender. Is ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Are grasshoppers monogamous?

Noticed two grasshoppers jumping together on the porch, and started wondering if they are monogamous? I am aware they have males and females.
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Identification of black growth on onion skin

I have encountered this black-colored growth on onion skins a lot. It seems to develop over the course of weeks and I have rarely, if ever, encountered the material on fresh ones. If I peel the onion ...
-2
votes
1answer
28 views

Do herbaceous plants have woody parts? [closed]

Do herbaceous plants, especially perennial plants have woody parts, like woody stem?
8
votes
0answers
45 views

How is centriole number maintained during meiosis?

I've found a website (Pearson's BioCoach) that claims centrioles duplicate in Prophase II. Is this accurate? Does it depend on the species in question? Looking at three textbook illustrations of ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Does bromophenol blue cause a shadow on agarose gels stained with SYBR Gold?

Bromophenol blue in loading dye is known to cast shadows/absorb emitted light signal from DNA on Ethidium bromide gels during imaging. But if SYBR Gold is instead used as the nucleic acid stain, does ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

Is it possible to merge the genomes of photosynthesizing and electron-transporting bacteria to make an electric cell?

I had an idea of making electric current from bacteria. There are some bacteria that can photosynthesize, and some others are capable of transmitting electrons through each other. Is it possible that ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

Is NADPH unstable in UV light?

I am working on an enzyme activity assay using NADPH as a cofactor. The MSDS for NADPH Tetrasodium Salt, tells to store it in a place away from heat and light. Does this include UV light or just ...
3
votes
2answers
33 views

Would a person live longer, if such a person lived in a planet with lower gravity? (say, Mars) [closed]

I was wondering: some companies plan to colonize Mars, many of us know. But if one were to live on Mars, would this person live longer? It seems to me that a lower gravity would mean less overall ...
4
votes
1answer
77 views

Do deaf people sleep better?

Since deaf people can't hear, is relaxing and falling asleep easier for them? In general, do they sleep better than hearing people? Of course some hearing people have no trouble getting to sleep, but ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Do epidermal differentiated cells release cutin, like guard cells?

Cutin is released by epidermal cells. Do epidermal differentiated cells like guard cells or trichomes or root hairs also release cutin? Many thanks.
8
votes
4answers
465 views

Why people like to see pornographic scenes, but do not feel the same about eating scenes? [closed]

This question may seem funny, but I think biology must have good answers. I think no more explanation is needed. I really thought about this and searched for an answer, but there is nothing yet. If ...
8
votes
1answer
106 views

Is our color vision calibrated to sky, vegetation, and blood?

Our color vision is based on three types of receptors (cones) which are sensitive to three distinct locations on the spectrum: 420–440 nm, 534–555 nm, and 564–580 nm. We label them "red", "green", ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

What specific mutations can cause an apoptosis mechanism to malfunction?

What specific mutations can cause the apoptosis mechanisms in a cell to malfunction? Are any such mutations 'reversible' , somehow or are they generally permanent? what kind of mutations can happen ...
28
votes
3answers
4k views

Can humans perceive sounds above 20 kHz?

In the never-ending debate raging in the audiophile community about sound quality and what humans can or cannot hear, it is very very very very incredibly often cited that the upper-limit of the ...
4
votes
2answers
36 views

If one endures the same form pain over a long period of time, would the pain begin to lose intensity?

Metaphorically thinking, if one endured the pain of constant burning for decades, would the pain slowly lose its strength?
3
votes
1answer
41 views

Species Identification: Spider

I usually would search for myself, but I need to be super sure about the identification because I need to know if I need to get an exterminator in here or not. (I think it might be a giant house ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Can someone identify this stinging plant?

I have no idea where this plant came from, or what it is. What I do know is its leaves are covered in little hairs, there's little thorns growing all over it, and just by rubbing its leaf it burns you ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

Is breastfeeding an infant more “healthy” than using expressed milk? [migrated]

Is breastfeeding an infant more healthy than using expressed milk? With healthy I mean the relative health of mother and child, and with expressed milk I mean milk extracted from the breasts using ...
1
vote
3answers
73 views

What fraction of sites are expected to be polymorphic?

Question Consider a very long (eventually infinite) DNA sequence of neutral sites. Consider a panmictic population of constant size $N$ with a per site mutation rate of $\mu$ where all individuals ...
2
votes
2answers
12k views

What are the functions and differences between axons and dendrites?

My textbook doesn't do a very good job of pointing out what the differences between the two are. It basically mentions axons only in the same breath as the synapse (that synapses are the endings/tips ...
5
votes
1answer
326 views

What flowering green plant is this?

I got this green plant as a gift many years ago, but I have never seen it flower before. It has a strong, pleasant scent and cool flowers so I'd really would like to know what it is.
-1
votes
0answers
59 views

How to eliminate prairie dog colonies from a field? [duplicate]

I have several fields infested by gunnison prairie dogs. These things cause damage to the fields, irrigation system, livestock, and spread disease. For years, I've invited neighbors/friends to come ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Are there any non-harmful viruses that can alter a specific mutation?

Are there any non-harmful viruses that in going into a cell and using the cells 'machinery' and genetics to 'copy' itself actually changes some of the cells genome , maybe altering some mutations? ...
8
votes
3answers
6k views

What is the distinction between chemokines, cytokines, interferons and interleukins?

They all seem to describe molecules of similar function and many people seem to use them interchangeably. Also please include any other similar molecules if I've forgotten any in the list above.
9
votes
1answer
343 views

How do female hormones cause blood to clot?

On most female-hormone supplements you get a warning that is something like this: The use of a combination hormonal contraceptives (CHC), like NuvaRing, is associated with increased risks of ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

What is the fluid clearance rate inside the retina?

I'm attempting to model the chemical concentration between several compartments of the eye, including the retina. Does anyone have any idea what the rate of fluid removal is in the retina, or could ...

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