1
vote
0answers
14 views

Do muscles still hold glycogen reserves if there is no carbohydrate input

Afaik skeletal muscles take glucose from the blood to store it localy as glycogen, to be used in the case of intensive exercise. Does this still happen if the calorie input is exclusively made up ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Why should or shouldn't we allow the human body to take its natural course? [closed]

For example, when you are sick but don't feel thirsty, this could be due to baroreceptor reflex that is attempting to readjust salt and water balancing. Why shouldn't a patient be left thirsty and ...
0
votes
1answer
9 views

What causes a small bump in the arterial pressure plot?

In my book there is a plot of the arterial pressure against time. From the plot, during heart contraction, there is greater pressure on the artery and during heart relaxation, there is lower amount ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Why are there no trees in Texas?

In Texas, there is lot of grassland and many cotton fields, which need a great deal of water. However, I have not seen any forests or areas with many trees. Why are there no forests or heavily-treed ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

How to isolate host cell RNA (tRNA,mRNA,rRNA) from viral RNA?

A retrovirus with RNA genome infected a host cell. You would like to isolate the host cell’s RNA (rRNA, tRNA, and mRNA) from the virus RNA. What properties can you rely on to determine the three types ...
11
votes
1answer
888 views

Why do mushrooms grow in rings (sometimes called “Fairy Rings”)?

Mushrooms disperse their spore in all direction. Then why is there a formation of fairy rings? Why do they grow in one shape and not randomly?
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Mosquito physics

What are the environmental limitations of mosquitos I should know of if I want to avoid getting bitten? For example: How fast should I walk in order to be moving too fast for one to bite me? Can a ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Why do body parts sometimes get a itching and tingling feeling when falling asleep?

Just before I fall asleep I sometimes experience an itchy and stinging feeling in my body parts. It can be that the nose or neck suddenly start to itch or a tingling stinging feeling in the legs. ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Regarding cryonics, why can't you freeze a living body and then thaw it later, fully functional?

Cryonics is very popular in science fiction today, as a method of preserving animals, including humans, for long time storage and thawing the tissue later in the future. What is the difficulties with ...
-1
votes
1answer
45 views

What makes a good phylogenetic tree?

How can one improve a phylogenetic tree? If one was to make the 'golden standard' of phylogenetic trees what features would it have? Would it be highly reliable, well resolved etc? What other features ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

What does saying a phylogenetic tree is 'well resolved' mean? [closed]

I'm not sure what 'resolution' means in the context of phylogenies.
0
votes
0answers
13 views

About post translational modifications

A secreted monomeric protein of 132 amino acids, lets say protein XY, has two N-linked glycosylated Asparagine residues, at position 10 and 67, and act as a ligand for a XY-Receptor (XYR). I want to ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Are there good reference on applied control theory on the modeling biological or physiological processes?

I am looking at a book that says a thing or two about how linear or nonlinear control theory can be applied in the modeling of human body. Does anyone know a book that is suitable for a senior ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Question about epinephrine

In my class we were told that adrenaline (or epinephrine) causes vasoconstriction. My question was I had always thought that people took this via an EpiPen when they were having an allergic reaction. ...
3
votes
0answers
19 views

Is there a cellular mechanism that detects Ribosomal damage?

What kinds of options, if any, do cells (Eukary and Prokary) have for detecting, and repairing damage in Ribosomes (of all types)? I am curious as to what happens when a cell sustains damage of some ...
7
votes
1answer
329 views

Why do people feel pleasure when using roller coasters / centrifuges?

The feeling when using an amusement park unit is usually a pleasure. Why is it not a pain instead? Are there advantages, from an evolutionary point of view, in loving this potentially dangerous ...
5
votes
0answers
42 views

What is this arachnid?

I came across a photo on Wikipedia depicting an Oreocereus celsianus with what looks to me like some kind of harvestman on it. The photo was taken at the San Francisco Botanical Garden. Can anyone ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Online resources for entomology?

I'm going to teach a c ollege-level introductory entomology course soon, and I'm looking for free online entomology resources. Does anyone have any recommendations? In particular I'm looking for ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Why do people in the scientific community use terminology such as renal, hepatic, cardiac instead of kidney, liver and heart? [closed]

Why is there the need to map these everyday words into another set of words, it seems to complicate matters. Is it done mostly out of tradition or is there some logical basis to it?
0
votes
0answers
14 views

What is the difference between specific and nonspecific stress response?

My book states that given any stressor, the body will response by providing a specific response to that stressor and a non-specific response that is triggered no matter what the stressor is (fear, ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Can you feel cortisol release?

Cortisol release is pretty well studied but I am curious as to why there are so many pulses throughout the day but yet I do not feel any of it. More curious is that I experience focus and energy at ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Best software for protein in electric field modeling?

I'm trying to find a free, or cheap, software program to model the movement of a heterotrimeric protein in an alternating electric field. The dipole and crystal structure of the trimer are known. ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Workspace preparation and cleanup for DNA work

What steps should be taken in a molecular lab environment to help ensure that DNA samples/stocks are not contaminated, or contaminate other objects in the lab?
1
vote
0answers
23 views

How does a cell create/gain its initial ribosomes for protein synthesis?

I did some quick google searches for how a cellular organism generates or acquires its first ribosomes, but I found nothing. For instance, do the organisms initiating replication form extra Ribosomes ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

DIY storing family DNAs' samples for future uses (eg medical)

I have a question I could not get an understandable reply from Google and I am no expert in the matter, so my plead to you is if you could give me practical and relatively easy to follow advice. With ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

What is 'refractile' cell morphology?

I can't find a definition for 'refractile' (not 'refractory', and not explicitly in an optical context). As in: A tumour cell phenotype features increased proliferation, anchorage- and growth ...
1
vote
1answer
561 views

Why didn't a concept like “pointers” in Computer Science evolve in the genome?

I see that the genome contains large regions of repeating sequences called interspersed or dispersed elements. The long dispersed elements (LINES) such as LINE-1, can reach up to 6-8 kb in length. ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Common Metrics of Assessing DNA Sequence Quality

What are commonly accepted metrics for assessing DNA sequence quality (platform-specific answers are fine)? I am relatively new to this topic, and I want to either find or code (in Python or C++) ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

When glucose production is low, the brain turns into keto acid as an energy source, how does this work?

Can someone very generally describe how the brain consumes keto acid when blood sugar has been completely depleted?
1
vote
1answer
22 views

What is the so called “hepatic glucose production”

I came across this term in my readings but I do not understand how this works. Can someone direct me to some reference as to what this "hepatic" glucose production is all about?
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Survival with only water but no food [duplicate]

How long can the average, healthy adult human survive with only water?
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Given an EC50 value, how do I reproduce the sigmoidal curve from which this was calculated?

All-trans retinoic acid (atRA) is a potent ligand for a nuclear receptor called retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARa). The concentration of atRA at which RARa is half maximal is 19nM. The dose-response ...
1
vote
2answers
30 views

Can leukopenia in a person with an otherwise normal immune system lead to non-infectious diseases in the long-term?

If a person has developed leukopenia as a side-effect of long-term use of anti-convulsant medications and his/her immune system appears normal otherwise (does not get infections any more often than a ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Why is there only adrenoreceptors and no active adrenergic innervation in bronchus and uterus?

Our bronchus and uterus has beta adrenoreceptors, but they have no active sympathetic nervous system innervation in these organs. Was there a sympathetic innervation in trachea and uterus, earlier, ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Where to find gene manipulation video (or photos)

I hope Im not asking a dumb question! Where can i find video of gene manipulation in action under microscope? Like extracting a gene from a cell, fixing gene mutations, putting the gene in a vector, ...
4
votes
2answers
25 views

Transformation efficiency

I accidentally spun down the cells after heat shock treatment before adding the media into the tubes while doing transformation? will the transformation work?
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Liver - Regeneration in Cirrhosis

Liver is the most resilient of the human organ (on par with or next to skin). A very interesting experiment on liver regeneration is here. Even if two-thirds of the liver is removed, the remaining ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Swapping genes?

So, gene therapy is to take out a gene, correct its mutation, and put the corrected one back into the organism, right? Is it also possible to take out a gene from an organism and put in a totally ...
3
votes
1answer
20 views

DNA content doubling in interphase

Why does the DNA content of a cell get doubled in interphase? Why doesn't it become tripled or quadrupled? What's stopping it from doing so?
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Cellular Immunity Response

What response of cellular immunity would appear after complementary protein activation to keep pathogenic bacteria away from our body? Notes: I do appreciate your explanation. Though I am facing ...
4
votes
0answers
27 views

Case Study and speculations of Edward Mordake

I am very interested in the case of the man named Edward Mordake who lived in the 19th century. In particular, he had two faces. If you have not heard of this man, please, search this up as there are ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

How can human infants express chymosin with only a pseudogene at their disposal?

I read on the Wikipedia article about Chymosin http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chymosin It stated that chymosin is produced by gastric chief cell in human infants. But it also stated that human only ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

ratio between heat transfer coefficient and thermal conductivity [closed]

Consider the Robin boundary condition for the diffusion/heat equation $\mathrm{u_t=a(t)u_{xx}+f(x,t)}$: $$\mathrm{-k(t)u_x(0,t)=h(t)u(0,t)}$$ or $$\mathrm{u_x(0,t)+\frac{h(t)}{k(t)}u(0,t)=0}$$ ...
6
votes
1answer
45 views

Why differentiated cells can't “undifferentiate” (under normal conditions)?

In a process called differentiation, the cells of the developing organism undergo huge changes, which result in cells, functioning "completely" differently. Two cells are considered to be of different ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Closing a Plasmid by Ligation

I have been having trouble with what should be a fairly simple ligation. I had a plasmid that I needed to cut part out of, so I designed a couple PCR primers to do that. The plasmid already had a ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Do The Traces Genetic Diseases Remain in families?

I know that there are certain diseases that are predominant on genes. But, is there any sort of surety that if parents are suffering from a disorder then their offspring has to suffer from the same. ...
6
votes
1answer
29 views

What Goes on in Photosystems at the Molecular/Atomic Level?

In light-harvesting complexes, how is the energy of a photon transferred from one pigment molecule to another? And in reaction-center complexes, how does the primary electron acceptor capture an ...
7
votes
1answer
499 views

Identifying an insect looking like a crumle

Recently a little insect crawled over the carpet. First I did not notice, as its appearance is quite similar to the coloring of the carpet. Then I understood that it is not a rolling crumble, as the ...
3
votes
0answers
23 views

Blood as newtonian flow and Poiseuille law [closed]

For a prep exam: A healtly pacient has a carotid with the following characteristics: intern ratio: 𝑅= 2.8 mm, 𝑃2 = 89 π‘šπ‘šπ»π‘”, 𝑃1 = 90 π‘šπ‘šπ»π‘”, πœ‡blood = 3.5 cp, 𝐿=10.0 cm. Using the ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

How to define drug-resistant or -sensitive cell line when knowing the IC50 values?

I have got the IC50 data for a drug on different cell lines. How to define if the cell line is sensitive or resistant towards this drug? Could anyone tell me how to define this?

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