3
votes
3answers
221 views

Why does all life use the same macromolecules in their genetic code?

There is no biochemical constraint of any sort, so why doesn't some other code work? Why is it specifically RNA/DNA?
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Differential gene expression analysis between species

I have RNA Seq data from mouse and human skin ( 2 replicates each) and want to compare the expression of the orthologous genes to find any which are differentially expressed. I have quantile ...
5
votes
1answer
377 views

Why do men grow facial hair?

Ancestral facial hair. Our closest ancestors, the chimpanzee and bonobo, both grow facial hair around the mouth area. What is noteworthy is that this is the case in both males and females of the ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

Why can we use hydrogen peroxide to clear insects from our ears?

From what I was taught in high school, hydrogen peroxide is corrosive. However, I just saw a news about someone with cockroaches in his ear, and people in the hospital used hydrogen peroxide to clear ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Are genes on the 5' to 3' strand only?

I confused myself during studying, and wanted to confirm something. Since transcription via RNA polymerases only takes place in the 5'to 3' direction, that would mean that that 5' to 3' strand is the ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

How octopus develops its imitation skill?

I've watched one documentary about a Mimic octopus which they can imitate another animals in several form e.g. a Lion fish, a Sea snake, a Flatfish, etc. My question is how these octopuses can have ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Can a stationary eye with a moving pupil exist? [closed]

I am making a sci-fi web-comic set on an alien world and I thought up an idea for an eye that works much like an eye from a mammal, but instead of moving the whole eye, only the pupil moves. This idea ...
3
votes
1answer
18 views

Is disease transmisson through milk consumption or meat consumption considered direct or indirect transmission route?

From an epidemiological point of view, is consumption of raw milk or meat considered as indirect or direct transmission ? Let's take the example of bovine TB. Is consumption of unpasteurized milk ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are potassium channels slower than sodium channels?

I am relatively new in the subject of biology. I have a strong mathematical background and in order to get into the field of computational neuroscience, I am trying to get some biological background. ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Function and Mechanism of Height Genes

I have an inquiry regarding the exact function of height genes. To my knowledge, although they are heavily regulated by epigenetic factors, height genes can have either an "on" or an "off" allele, ...
4
votes
2answers
563 views

Why can humans feel electricity?

What evolutionary process has provided humans with the ability of feeling electric current? Besides lightning and electric eel, what natural hazards include electricity that poses a threat to humans? ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Meaning of 'forms of free energy'?

I was doing a practice exam paper and it asked for different 'forms of free energy'. I am a physicist rather then a biologist so 'free energy' to me means Gibb's Free Energy: $$G=H-TS$$ But I cannot ...
5
votes
1answer
300 views

hummingbird feeders - is sugar water healthy for them?

The top results on google for DIY hummingbird feeder suggest a white-sugar solution for the feed. In humans we make a big deal about processed sugar vs. the sugar you get from, say, eating a piece of ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Staining cells for FACS at 4 degrees or ambient temperature

I'm sorting a 293 derived line. One thing that is worrisome for me is cell viability after the sort. Usually I have been staining and washing at room temperature (on the benchtop) on a nutator. I have ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

How did the double circulatory system evolve from the single circulatory system

I already learned how the mammal circulatory system (double circulatory system) evolved from the reptilian circulatory system. How did natural selection evolve the reptilian circulatory system and the ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

Can flow cytometric analysis differentiate between a parent contributing longer chromosomes versus multiple smaller chromosomes?

For flowering plants, can flow cytometry of seed from muti-generational interaction of two species and their offspring help us decide if wide differences in genome size for the two species and their ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Can mutation rate be increased for instance by mutagenesis targeting the DNA polymerase?

I am studying a non-cultivable bacterium living in an insect host, and I would like to generate some random mutants of this bacteria while preserving the insect. I am wondering if one way to do so ...
5
votes
3answers
140 views

How do birds avoid mid-air collision?

Across from me there is a large flick of Pigeons and Ravens that like to nest on the roof. They swoop and dive and fly all over. Sometimes the whole flock lifts off at once. My question is, how do ...
0
votes
0answers
225 views

Online Database for PPG (Photoplethysmography) signals (both Infrared and Red light readings)

I am looking for an online Database for PPG (Photoplethysmography) signals for SPO2 (oximetry) analysis. I have tried several sources but they only have single datasets labelled "PLETH" and not ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

The heart of a Pigmy Shrew beats 1300 per minute then why is it so fast?

A pigmy shrew is such small animal. Even with such fast heart beat their average life span is 1.5 years. So can we consider faster heartbeat not good for health?
0
votes
0answers
110 views

method for DNA extraction for human mucus(nose) or earwax?

What is a simple method for extracting human DNA from nose mucus or earwax? I tried googling for methods for DNA extraction for human nose mucus or earwax and couldn't find any. I assumed that if one ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Do RBCs need oxygen?

How do our red blood cells (RBCs) get oxygen? Do they even need it? They have no nucleus and no organelles, so I think they don't need it.
1
vote
0answers
33 views

There are 6 classifications of CFTR mutations. Is a causal relationship to the sweat test known?

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the gene for the protein cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). The CFTR mutations are classified in 6 classes. The sweat test is ...
5
votes
2answers
164 views

Is it possible there were multiple origins of life? And, if so, why did the one which became the common ancestor between all organisms prevail?

I have learned that all currently-living organisms come from a common ancestor, which I theoretically understand. However, my professor in a class mentioned that there is a chance that there were ...
2
votes
1answer
16 views

How and why are cells irradiated in human-rodent hybrid cell biology?

When human-rodent hybrids are made the amount of human chromosome in the hybrid can be reduced by irradiation. Why and how exactly is this irradiation step performed?
2
votes
1answer
90 views

What happens when we eat excess fat?

The fats in our body are stored in fat cells. When we over eat fats does the size of our fat cells increase, are more fat cells generated, or do we "throw out" excess fat?
9
votes
3answers
368 views

Do biological phenomena follow Gaussian statistics?

I have recently entered the life sciences (from physics). I am concerned about the use of p values in the life sciences literature. For example, in this article, they test 9 - 12 rats in a control ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

How does the brain store information? [duplicate]

In all electronic devices with the possibility of saving there are tiny magnets that can store your data by the state they are in. In general, there has to be something changed to store information ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

Organ donation compatibility based on DNA

As far as I know, multiple tests are made before organ transplant to determine matching. Would it be possible to do the matching based on the DNA of the patients, rather than the actual serum ...
4
votes
2answers
129 views

How do ascending neural pathways filter unimportant information?

In school they told us one of the functions of the ascending neural pathways is to filter unimportant information. But the neural signal I know, is only a chemical-electrical chain of neurons. Is this ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

If a given DNA oligo is an aptamer, will the corresponding RNA oligo with the same sequence be an aptamer aswell?

Functionality of aptamers depends upon the oligo's sequence and secondary structure. So, if I take a DNA aptamer and make an RNA oligo of the same sequence (T replaced with U obviously), will this RNA ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Why might food go bad in an oxygen-free environment?

I was recently watching a video from the International Space Station (Making a peanut butter sandwich in space), and I noticed he mentioned that a tortilla kept in an oxygen-free environment could ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Why are VAL, MET and ALA substitutions commonly used for protein behaviour and function studies?

I have seen that amino acids are commonly replaced with VAL, MET or ALA to study the effects of these specific substitutions. Why are these specific amino acids used in particular, what are the ...
2
votes
3answers
195 views

Is RNase AWAY in the lab dangerous?

I use RNase AWAY in the lab. I would like to know how dangerous this chemical is for health. For example, when I remove my gloves my hands smell because of the RNAse AWAY
2
votes
0answers
60 views

what is this ant-sized black insect? [closed]

I have found these tiny ant-sized black bugs on the floor that are a little hard to kill; I have to hit them with so much force otherwise they stick to the back of my sandals alive! or i have o ...
0
votes
2answers
123 views

Definition of Phenotype

I'm not a biologist but, I'm trying to enter molecular biology from a perspective. I have noticed that concept of genotype is quite well defined while ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Why do we turn darker in the sun? [duplicate]

I tried the all powerful google to answer this question - but I am not getting the answer I seek. I know we turn darker because the skin produces melanin. The question remains - why darker? I am a ...
3
votes
0answers
37 views

Do ginko trees grow well in Eastern North America (specifically Ontario,Canada)

I have recently noticed many Ginko (Ginko biloba) saplings planted in my Eastern Ontario city (in Canada), and they are looking a bit sickly, with yellow leaves. They seem to be a popular choice in ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Diffuse DAPI staining after time in tissue

My student is using ProLong Gold with DAPI (premixed) on sheep uterine tissue. We have used this reagent for some time with great results. Now, when she finishes her immunofluorescence protocol, ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Is it possible to quantify fluorescent microspheres with a Qubit Fluorometer?

I realize this isn't what the Qubit was made for, but I'm wondering if there's a way I can adapt it to work with fluorescent microspheres. It seems like it should work as long as I use microspheres ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Why do we spend so much time on creating taxonomies? [closed]

I spent 3 years building a taxonomic database of plant specimens for the Missouri Botanical Gardens (http://www.tropicos.org/). Myself and two other programmers used a modern database and web pages to ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Why does low sequence diversity cause sequencing problems

When sequencers are processing sequence fragments, if there is little diversity at a particular bp locus this can cause problems for the sequencer. I have the superficial understanding that when a ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

What happens to the excess immune cells or WBC in our body?

When we have an infection our immune system produces a large amount of white blood cells (WBCs) in our body to fight against the pathogen or parasite. My question is after the immune response has ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Why can't gametes of one species fuse with that of the other species? [closed]

I have read that gametes of one species cannot fuse with that of another? For example the sperm of a dog can't fuse with the ova of a cat or a horse?
1
vote
1answer
383 views

Doubts regarding definition of upstream/downstream genes and cognate protein

With respect to the research paper, there are a few things I didn't understand: 1. What is upstream and downstream gene 2. This paper identifies proteins that help in secretion, but does not identify ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Source of journals collecting titles of scientific publications regarding clinical trials with dogs fed medicinal herbs

After some time researching on the web, you can find a lot of websites telling you that some herbs may have or have specific properties(unfortunately most seem to be "advertised" as if they were ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Questions about a fossil

I have a plant fossil that my dad once found for me at a beach in Denmark, Europe about 15 years ago. Is it possible to identify what kind of plant it is? There is a fossil water bubble suggesting ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Is thinking with language efficient? [closed]

First off, Im not sure, whether to put this into Cognitive Science or Biology. So sorry, if this is the wrong place. I ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Why do insects (flies) put their legs together when they die (as if they're praying)?

Other animals don't seem to have an organized pose to die in. Or do they?
1
vote
2answers
81 views

How to read this diagram?

I have diagram of oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate pathway. The pathway is between glycolisis and Krebs cycle. How to read this diagram? This excerpt from Harper's Illustrated Biochemistry, ...

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