1
vote
1answer
57 views

Evolutionary support for parenting book “The happiest baby on the block”

The book by Dr Harvey Karp (MD) The Happiest Baby on the Block proposes that the duration of human gestation has evolved as a tradeoff between cranial size and development of the infant. He ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Meiosis I or II [closed]

Suppose an organism has 8 chromosomes. When the female and male organisms mate, how many chromosomes will the mother contribute to the offspring? Why?
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How fast do cancer cells divide, compared to normal cells?

This question suggests that we have, on average, 50-70 billion cell divisions per day. I just read that cancer cells divide more often and are therefore more prone to radiation. I am wondering, for ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Where do lost membrane proteins go after exocytosis?

Exocytotic vesicles take away membrane proteins and glycocalyx on the cell's plasma membrane surface. When those vesicles are released into the interstitial fluid and wherever else, where do they go? ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

epitope prediction/ mapping

B-CELL EPITOPE PREDICTION Regarding this article: "Such a molecule can be synthesized or, in case of a protein, its gene can be cloned into an expression vector."----- is a particular line in ...
5
votes
2answers
41 views

Regarding cellular self-destruction

I heard and read telomere 'health' or 'length' ( if that's right ) has alot to do with cell 'health'. If telomere 'abilities' are 'restored' to a 'healthier' status then the cell it is in functions as ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Can we influence evolution by teaching primates to control fire? Should we? [closed]

Most people with a strong interest in biology will have heard of Kanzi the Bonobo, the ape that has the wherewithal to collect fuel for a campfire and play pac-man. But is it conceivable to influence ...
5
votes
1answer
72 views

Why can't the immune system start at the mating time?

The immune system has a great role in our body. When foreign particles enter our body, the immune system can recognize and start defense mechanisms such as the complement system and others. But when ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Do biological facts determine when a human fetus is considered alive and human?

I often hear or read this statement: "It's not a human, it's a fetus." In other words, some think a fetus is non-human until a certain point. And another similar statement: "The fetus isn't ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

How does Temperature influences the rate of protein turnover? [duplicate]

Question How (quantitatively speaking) does temperature influences rate of turnover of transcription factors? Which protein? As I am not looking for any accurate number I am talking about an ...
5
votes
1answer
53 views

Effect of alcohol on parasites

I recently came across an article saying that fruit flies use alcohol to deter parasites. The researcher was quoted as saying there have not been any studies on the effect of human alcohol consumption ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

aspartame in relation to generating methanol

So I posted another question with respects to methanol and aspartame in metabolism with respects to toxicity. So another question I have is "Why is aspartame used as a dietary component to generate ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

Metabolism that generates methanol

I've been looking for help topics about methanol in metabolism. Specifically I wish to know What is a common dietary component that generates methanol following metabolism and comment on its ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Question about mutation of multiple nuclei?

If an organism with multiple nuclei, such as the slime mold Physarum polycephalum, was to be exposed to a mutagen, such as 5-bromouracil, what would be the effect (besides death)? Especially if ...
9
votes
1answer
722 views

Why doesn't the cell membrane just… break apart?

Forgive me if this is a silly question. I can't understand the basics. Why doesn't the membrane just... break apart? What's keeping the layers in the phopholipid bilayer together? I know that the ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

How to automate this custom gene expression microarray chip?

I have 16 gene sequences that I am interested in their detection in clinical samples. I already measured their RNA levels by using RT-qPCR technique and their benefit has already been proven to help ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

An unknown band appearing in my gel electrophoresis

I am having trouble understanding what is the source of band "2" in the following gel-electrophoresis: In this experiment, we took an E.coli transformant colony and ran its nucleic acids in the ...
5
votes
1answer
100 views

Fermentation to acetic acid

How much time is needed for the fermentation to acetic acid production cycle, and the conversion of apple vinegar in a sealed container incubated at 37 °C? Should be in the fully closed? What is ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

PDB file SEQRES have different datas?

In PDB file, SEQRES represent the aminoacids but some pdb file present the "GLC" and some other. for example ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

What is the most critical step of plasmid purification?

During the process of plasmid purification and quantification, which step is the most critical to the success of the process?
2
votes
1answer
44 views

How do I prepare a solution? (Calculation) [closed]

I have to make 100mL of 400mM NaOH. How do I go about calculating what I need to prepare this?
4
votes
2answers
314 views

How can I text-mine full-text articles from PubMed? [closed]

I want to do a text mining study using full-text versions of articles I find on PubMed. My intended search protocol will be roughly as follows: Search PubMed using a gene name (and any alternate ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Can diseases be transmitted wirelessly? [closed]

According to the recent research about Electromagnetic Signals from Bacterial DNA (A. Widom, J. Swain, Y. N. Srivastava, S. Sivasubramanian) it seems there is a possibility of a "wireless" version of ...
5
votes
1answer
53 views

What is Colloidal biology and does it have any scientific background?

There is the following bulletin published for the History of Chemistry Vol. 32: 105-118 in 2007: “MOLECULAR” VERSUS “COLLOIDAL”: CONTROVERSIES IN BIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, 1900–1940* written by PhD ...
11
votes
2answers
563 views

How long does a mosquito take to land on a host, bite, and fly off?

How long does a mosquito take to land on a host, start its bite, end its bite and then fly off? And what about different species? I am most interested in human hosts. References to web sites or ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Question about *Cryptosporidium hominis*

Cryptosporidium muris infects mostly rodents and it is usually found in gastric gladns. Cryptosporidium parvum infects humans and certain animals and it is found in the terminal ileum and colon. ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

What keeps resting potential of neurons constant at -70mV?

I know the sodium-potassium pump pumps out 3 Na+ ions and pumps in 2 K+ ions per reaction so the negative charge in the axon increases. However, once the voltage (difference of charge inside and ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

force required to do damage to child's leg/feet in collision [closed]

I'm currently working on a toy robot for a student project. Part of this robot is the fact that it will be moving around quite fast. As such hitting the child can and most likely will happen. As such ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Defining dominance and selection in these formulae

This paper uses two equations to explain the different conditions under which sexually antagonistic genetic variance is maintained in a population, while allowing for unequal dominance, for ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Encephalitozoon cuniculi

Can anyone advise me a literature supporting the claim that Encephalitozoon cuniculi is an aerobic organism? I have seen papers saying otherwise, but also I was told that this is not quite true.
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Data Bias in protein-protein interactions data

Databases like STRING have so many predicted as well as experimental interactions data for many organisms.However there is a bias in the data which they have?. a)The first is gene co-occurrence ...
-3
votes
1answer
64 views

What is hTAP?? Please help [closed]

Could not find a single article regarding this. What is hTAP? Tap is Transfer associated protein, that I know, but what is hTAP??(I have not studied biology since last 8 years and now I am going ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

Meta-analysis of fruits in blocking Cytochrome family

My professor says that some drugs cannot be used with grapefruit. I am trying to search a list of cytochromes and their effect to block members in the cytochrome family. Some in Cyt P450. What is ...
1
vote
2answers
23 views

Why are there seven entries for Pimpinella dioica in the Catalogue of Life?

And six for Haliclona digitata, and five for Ichneumon varius. A couple of the duplicate entries are synonyms for other species, which is understandable, but most are the "accepted name". Shouldn't ...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

Does gray/white hair turn gray/white from a normal hair? or does a gray/white hair actually grow gray/white originally?

I am really curious if hair actually tuns white/gray from default color, or does it have a defect as it is made and grows out of your head a different color?
1
vote
1answer
60 views

How can I download a gene sequence from GenBank (NCBI)? [closed]

Could you tell me the steps to find and download a gene sequence from GeneBank? I would appreciate your help.
0
votes
0answers
16 views

SRC & RSV virus origins

When a virus infects a cell it undergoes recombination with cell genome. I understand how recombination happens. So in the process, is a gene from virus delivered into human genome or human genome ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Is intron removal coordinated?

Are the introns present in a nascent rna molecule removed simultaneously or are they removed in some sort of sequential fashion or is removal completely random?
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Linkage disequilibrium D sign

Linkage disequilibrium D equals D=x11−p1⋅q1 where: Haplotype > Frequency A1B1 > x11 A1B2 > x12 A2B1 > x21 A2B2 > x22 and Allele Frequency A1 > ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Are there any drawbacks to having a fixed-Köhler microscope?

I am considering to buy the Zeiss Primo star microscope. There are two variants: one with so called "Full Köhler" illumination and one with "Fixed-Köhler" illumination. Are there any drawbacks to ...
3
votes
2answers
71 views

Why aren't introns found on the ends of pre-RNA?

We recently learned in genetics class that exons always cap the ends of nascent RNA. I have been trying to figure out the reason why introns can't instead be found on the ends instead of exons. The ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

How closely related are two parasites Giardia intestinalis and Trichomonas vaginalis?

How closely related (from the evolutional point of view) are parasites Giardia intestinalis and Trichomonas vaginalis? Giardia genome is about 12 Mb and its major cellular proceses are rather simple. ...
2
votes
1answer
239 views

What is the difference between clinical and non-clinical depression, and is there a term for different severity of the bipolar disorder?

I was looking for a term which describes a bipolar disorder of lesser severity. I know from experience from someone I know well, what a very severe case of the bipolar disorder looks like, when an ...
-1
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the difference between regular blood, a woman's and a virgin's menstrual blood?

There are many stories that blood contains the life-force energy and specifically menstrual (period) blood has always been a feature of many rituals and some ancient Sumerian tablets mentioned that ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Exclusive microtubule minus-end labeling

Like the title explains I am looking for a way to exclusively label microtubule minus end in vivo. Looking through the literature I could not find any techniques yet. Do you have an idea?
3
votes
2answers
147 views

Is it possible to calculate the energy required to speak a word?

I was discussing with a colleague whether speaking would require more energy than communicating via instant message (GTalk, etc..). If this is possible, then I'm particularly interested in whether ...
5
votes
1answer
102 views

What is the “Spandrels” debate about?

In a former question, as a side question, I asked a clarification about the "Spandrels" paper. Being not a biologist, it was the first time I encoutered it. Subsequently I tried to collect some ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Affinity isolated peptide

What is affinity isolated peptides??(I have not studied biology since last 8 years and now I am going through it because I need it for my research. So if someone can describe it in simple language it ...
2
votes
1answer
318 views

Difference between sequential and conformational epitope

Is the difference only in its structure? Like conformational epitope has 3D structure while sequential has a linear structure?(I have not studied biology since last 8 years and now I am going through ...
4
votes
2answers
302 views

What is MHC haplotype?

What is MHC haplotype? I did check out the wiki article, but did not understand. (I have not studied biology since last 8 years and now I am going through it because I need it for my research. So if ...

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