-2
votes
1answer
61 views

How do I figure out which of the valleys I came from?

I had my DNA tested by 23andme.com. They give me a very long string for my DNA. How do I determine which of the three Ethiopian valleys I descended from? I'm of European descent. ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

What is the standard deviation of adult human heights within sexes?

The wikipedia article on human height reports mean height for many different countries by sex but it does not report standard deviations. What is the standard deviation of adult human heights within ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Is there a database of pollen-seed distances across plant species?

I was enjoying Richard Smith's excellent answer to this question, and wondered: If you consider the pollen/seed distribution range to be plant locomotion, is there a database that compares these ...
5
votes
2answers
150 views

What are common causes of unexpected ligation products?

I digested two plasmids, one with EcoRI and AgeI and the other with EcoRI and XmaI. Digests looked as expected, so I purified the respective fragments and set up the T4 DNA ligation (AgeI and XmaI ...
4
votes
0answers
42 views

Honeybee decision process: new food, new home, new threat

I have heard that honeybees send out scouts, then based on the scout reports more bees go then come back and report and so they are supposed to be efficient decision makers. Can you give as complete ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Why are dreams sometimes remembered and sometimes forgotten?

Why is it that sometimes, when we wake up, we are able to remember what we were just dreaming, but sometimes we don't remember any of it?
5
votes
0answers
231 views

Reason for seeing grid-like patterns when strobing a solid black-white image?

I was trying to do some stimulation for SSVEPs by strobing a solid black square and a solid white square. Weird thing was, I ended up seeing weird grid like patterns that looked like this, always of ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Can plants survive indefinitely without external supply of gases at compensation point?

During photosynthesis, there is a point at which the light intensity is such that the rate of photosynthesis exactly matches the rate of respiration called the compensation point. What this means is ...
6
votes
1answer
283 views

Why do people sleep with their eyes open?

It's a fact that some people sleep with their eyes open, but why does that happen? Is it normal behavior, not a symptom of any sort of disorder? Are there any (dis)advantages to sleeping with eyes ...
6
votes
2answers
559 views

Do animals get sick from eating dirty food or eating off the floor?

Humans have very strict tradition of hygiene, such as washing hands before eating, using utensils, and in general keeping as much distance between food and dirt as possible. At the same time, most ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

What's the difference between Cytoplasmic pool and Granular storage pool?

What's the difference between Cytoplasmic pool and Granular storage pool when speaking about neurotransmitters and synaptic cleft. I encountered this here: Amphetamine’s mechanism of action thus ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

What causes sinus pain and congestion?

When the sinuses flare up, it can get very painful. Thus, my question - what biological mechanisms cause the congestion and especially the pain associated with sinusitis?
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Why is duck fat less saturated than cow fat?

Why does the composition of fat in animals vary? Is there an evolutionary advantage to producing fat that is less or more saturated?
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Known MicroRNA - Gene Systems?

Have there been any experimentally-verified systems of microRNAs targeting a gene set (e.g., in cancer, perhaps)?
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Do insects respond to the detection of dead insects?

Are there insects that change their behavior upon detecting the nearby presence of other dead insects? If there are, can you provide an example?
3
votes
1answer
167 views

Why does the stomach ache if you take a brisk walk after lunch or dinner

After eating your lunch or dinner, if you take a brisk walk, most of the time your stomach aches. Why does that happen? What happens with respect to the body metabolism?
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What is genomic imprinting?

What is a genomic imprint? How does genomic imprinting take place? If I say that "this" allele is maternally imprinted does it mean that the allele of the gene is passed only by the mother? If a ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Determination of gene direction

I have one sequence that composed of sequences of three genes. I should determine the direction of each gene, but two of these genes are disrupted, and I can't determine the initial codon. Does anyone ...
5
votes
2answers
88 views

Are SLC52A2 and GPR172A really the same?

The official HUGO gene nomenclature page says that GPR172A (Gamma-hydroxybutyrate receptor) and SLC52A2 (riboflavin transporter, member 2) are the same. The sequence reported by Andriamampandry seems ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Use of pigs for obtaining transplant organs

It is being said that organs can be obtained for transplant from the pigs. What is special about pigs that we are using them? Why can't we use monkeys or chimpanzees with whom we share a more recent ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

What decides the position of the node of Ranvier?

The oligodendrocytes makes the myelin sheath in CNS and schwann cells make it in PNS. What decides where the oligodendrocyte or Schwann cell will attach and start forming myelin sheath? Is it ...
3
votes
2answers
277 views

How can sex ratios remain Fisherian (1:1) in species where only the dominant male gets to mate

In certain species only the dominant male gets to mate (or given strong preference), and yet the sex ratio remains 1:1. (I'm thinking in particular of gorillas). How does this happen? It doesn't seem ...
2
votes
1answer
475 views

Difference between viral and human genetic material

I have heard that there is a difference between viral and human genetic material. What is that difference? If I take my cells and take DNA out of them and insert only a small part of it having a ...
2
votes
2answers
157 views

Why did Fair Meiosis evolve?

How and why did Fair Meiosis evolve? I can hardly think that it provided a fitness advantage to the individual carrying the mutation. Why would it? Or did it evolve through lineage selection? Or was ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Randomness in living systems

The point of my question is not to talk about events that are uncontrolled by living organisms. My question is about controlled randomness, or I'd like to say adaptive random process. Process that are ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Can one die from pain?

Is it possible that a human or any other creature can die from pain? I googled and found different answers. Some articles say Yes while others say No.
2
votes
1answer
99 views

What areas of the brain are involved in doing arithmetic operations?

Do neuroscientists already know what areas of the brain are involved in mental calculations? Has any fruitful research been done on that or not yet? Do you think that if we understand what areas of ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Green feather-like formations in tap water - what is it? (with pictures)

These things recently appeared in my tap water Copenhagen Denmark, this summer 2013. They are very small, and have a feather like structure. I've called the water supply, and they thought that it was ...
1
vote
1answer
144 views

If people with colorblindness lack one type of cone cells, shouldn't they be unable to recognize one particular color?

The 3 types of cone cells in normal humans allow them to view 3 types of colors and any color made from mixing and matching those 3. So, 2 types of cone cells should only allow to view just 2 types ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Do people with colorblindness have less cones or no cones of a certain type?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_blindness#Red.E2.80.93green_color_blindness Protanopia (1% of males): Lacking the long-wavelength sensitive retinal cones, Deuteranopia (1% of males): ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Molecules and human memory

Has it been demonstrated that the memory of human brain is just connections between neurons, not "long" molecules such as RNA or proteins?
6
votes
2answers
220 views

Is there a preferred sleeping position for humans?

I remember hearing various sleep related advice as a child, like "sleep on your right side", or " have your head pointed in X direction". Is there any biological reason why sleeping on one side ...
5
votes
2answers
57 views

Are there any pathogenic archaeans?

Most textbooks seems to restrict pathogens to the domains bacteria and eukarya. Are there any pathogenic archaeans?
2
votes
1answer
123 views

What kind of insect is this?

Found in Russia in the kitchen. It is about 3 mm long.
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Is Diabetes sex linked disease

There are two types of diabetes mellitus. a. Type 1 diabetes mellitus b. Type 2 diabetes melliuts Is either of them a sex linked disease? Can either one be inherited? My book says, "this disease is ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Is it possible to clone a Neanderthal?

As Neanderthal DNA has been sequenced, is it possible to create a living Neanderthal?
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Cell state and cell function

I have read many papers that refer to cell type, cell state and cell function, but I haven't found an explicit definition for each of these terms. For example this paper (Brown et al. 1994. J General ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Species Identification - small insect: is this a bed bug?

I found this bug in my apartment in Chicago. We had bed bugs in our house the previous year (but we thought we got rid of them). This bug was very small - maybe 2 millimeters in length. These ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How are the paranasal sinuses linked with the capillaries in the ear canals?

Sinus congestion often seems to be accompanied by excess pressure on the outer ears (as anyone who has shared a transcontinental flight with an infant can attest to) or fluid buildup in the canals. ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Utilising Mycorrhizal Association

We know that mycorrhizal association helps the plant to absorb nutrients. Why can't this association be exploited in agriculture ? Can't we add spores of the specific fungi to specific plant and ...
7
votes
1answer
114 views

Any food crops that could grow in a desert provided that they get fertilizer and water

I am working on an idea to provide nearly unlimited amounts of water in desert regions. To make this commercially viable. I would use the water to irrigate desert sand and grow crops. Given my ...
5
votes
1answer
53 views

What method would you use to genotype SNPs in low quality samples?

What method would you use to genotype SNPs in low quality samples? I ideally want to genotype hundreds of SNPs in hundreds of scat samples (very low amount of target DNA, potentially degraded and ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Is there a difference between NADH and NADH2?

I've been reading a lot about the oxidative dissimilation etc, and often I see different sources use NADH and NADH2 in the same reactions. One source uses NADH and another uses NADH2 in the exact same ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

White eggs can be considered as non-vegetarian?

I am basically a vegetarian and I find it very difficult to get an actual biological answer for this question on search engine. There are couple of links which discuss these argument but can not be ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Is “Fight or Flight” distance genetic

If you took a newborn animal and completely isolated it from its species, would it be capable of assuming a fight or flight distance preset by its species, due to their being no basis for what could ...
1
vote
1answer
464 views

Do body lotions enter into bloodstream of people? And how do they do it?

I found this very disturbing: bombastic tabloid-style writing in capital and the content is doubtful. If it was correct or close "does it really take something like 26 seconds for a body lotion ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

Effect of applying fungicide to a field [closed]

What would happen if we apply fungicide to a corn field , would the Net Energy Production increase or decrease ?
4
votes
1answer
87 views

What triggers DNA to produce proteins?

What is the trigger for DNA to produce proteins or RNA? I have found enough material to study the inner workings of the cell and DNA; but, I can't find an explanation of the mechanics the cell uses ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

All or none phenomenon

Let's say that the threshold potential of a neuron is +40 mV to make a muscle twitch. Now suppose we have two signals of +20 mV. So, this signal will cause the twitch in muscle because it has reached ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Non toxic low melting point alloy

I am looking for an alloy with low melting temperature (< 350°C) which is not toxic when in direct constant contact with skin, food and overall in domestic environment. My application is a solder ...

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