0
votes
0answers
12 views

Ambidexterity Advantages and Disadvantages? [duplicate]

I was looking into training myself into being ambidextrous, what are the neurological and physical advantages and disadvantages of learning (not being born with) ambidexterity [if there is a ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Difference between conduction in unmyelinated axon and in myelinated axon [duplicate]

I understand that on axons dendrite, receive the stimulus and through passive conduction/graded potential (i don't quite understand that) summation would reach the trigger zone of the axon or axon ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Which is better against genetic mutations? Asexual or Sexual Reproduction?

In terms of genetics, which type of reproduction is better against adverse mutations? I understand a bit of Muller's Ratchet—in which asexual organisms accumulate a number of deleterious mutations in ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Do ants feel pain?

I have watched video on youtube where guy pours molten aluminium into fire ant colony to make casing. In the comments below there's huge discussion on is that a right thing to do. I am on the side ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Confusion regarding niches in evolution theory

This is the definition of a niche from Crash Course: An area of the environment that requires a special set of skills or traits to extract food and reproduce. Obviously, this version of the ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

What kind of animal can do this?

When I was moving to another house, I found this plastic bag on the top of the cabinet of my old house. It looks like someone cut it all with a scissor, but no one have access to my bedroom, and it ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

book on stem cells

Could someone advise a good book on stem cells? I know almost nothing about them, but have a good background in biochemistry. Want to know where did they located in the body (the niche). How did they ...
5
votes
3answers
57 views

Why don't fish groom each other?

Fish are often plagued by external parasites, which are presumably difficult for them to remove. There are well known cases where large fish come to coral reefs and allow smaller fish to pick off ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Weird gelatinous substance in highland bog

I recently went walking in the highlands in Snowdonia, Wales and we came across this: Can anyone explain what it is? My guess was some kind of fungus but I'm not positive. The ground was very water ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Criteria for electrophysiological threshold

As opposed to action potential thresholds (which are yes/no events), electrophysiological thresholds of compound action potentials are arbitrary. Mostly a certain noise level is picked and when the ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

What is the mechanism responsible for the 'delay' in delayed rectifier potassium channels?

I've been trying to find a comprehensive explanation concerning the nature of the 'delay' in neurons' delayed rectifier potassium channels. As it's written in my intro to neuroscience textbook, these ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

How do fish communicate?

Fish, as far as I know ( of course there may be exceptions) , don't have any vocal organ...but they are proven to be social...so how do they manage to communicate with each other...on land, organisms ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

Importance of Double Helix DNA Structure

Gene expression involves transcribing only one strand of DNA molecule. So i was wondering what are some biological advantages of the double stranded DNA?
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Why vivipary is not found in all mangrove plants?

An interesting characteristic feature of mangrove plants is vivipary or viviparous germination...but some notable members of the family like Heritiera sp.( there is even a mangrove forest named after ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

What's the meaning of this notation?

In Wang et al., the authors state on page 663 at the top that Furthermore, Bax-/- Bak-/- cells were completely resistant to paclitaxel-induced apoptosis. What's the meaning of the ...
4
votes
2answers
631 views

Why does the oxygen produced in the photosynthesis come from water and not CO$_2$?

In the photosynthesis equation $$6*CO_2+6*H_2O+sunlight\rightarrow C_6H_{12}O_6+6*O_2$$ the only place where we have 6 molecules of $O_2$ is in the $6*CO_2$. Then it reacts with $H_2O$ to form ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

(Updated question) Problem with Fold-change mean compared to absolute data (in qPCR)

For the problem below I am aware of the statistics involved but just can't get my finger around the following: In biology we use qPCR to measure gene expression or basically number of mRNA copies. It ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Can human brain memory be removed by EMP?

The human brain is the most complicated human organ so it is hard to examine it completely but based on what we know do you think (or do you know from some source) if a human memory can be removed by ...
4
votes
2answers
162 views

What to look for when buying a light microscope?

I am a science lover and want to buy a microscope to explore things around me. Like studying cell structures, microorganisms, blood and plants. It would be great if there is way to photograph slides. ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Will an 11W UVC lamp kill bacteria?

If I shone a UVC lamp (11W) on something (say for example a plastic phone case) for an hour, would that kill off a noticeable amount of bacteria? That is, if I were to go over the case with a cotton ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Endemic plant families on islands?

Endemism on islands is quite a common phenomenon, at least at the level of species or genera. Old continental fragments like Madagascar or New Caledonia may even harbour endemic families which went ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Regarding cancer cells and telomeres

If cancer cells have telomeres are they different than the telomeres in non-cancerous cells? Would cancer cell telomeres be somehow 'set-up' to function almost indefinitely; in other words are 'they' ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Word denoting genetic state

Is there a single word, or brief phrase, that denotes the state of the total genetic machinery (genome + transcriptome + proteome + ...) of a cell or organ or organism at a particular point in time?
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Searching for comprehensive textbook

I am extremely interested in science in general and in particular biology. Due to a different choice of career-path I probably will not be learning any more biology anytime soon. So I would love to ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

What are the rules for plasmid names?

What are best practices for naming newly created plasmids? For example, a common format is pABC123. What is the exact specification? Must there be 3 letters? What ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Do metastatic cells still have their parent's identity?

If a liver cancer, for example, gives metastases. Will metastatic cells still have liver identity? I mean, if we mark liver cells, will we see the cancer cells too? Thanks a lot!
0
votes
1answer
90 views

What is atrial fibrillation?

I am wondering exactly what a-fib is (causes and symptoms). I would really appreciate having a sample of an EKG with it (because in my limited research, I have found it nearly impossible to find just ...
3
votes
3answers
35 views

How are amino acids neutral at physiological pH?

Amino acids with non‐ionizable side chains are zwitterions when they are at physiological pH, pH 7.4. This is what my book says. But I do not understand why. The Pka for a carboxyl group is around 3 ...
1
vote
2answers
89 views

Photosynthesis: Splitting Water

The splitting of water is an endergonic (non-spontaneous) reaction, and thus would require energy (chemical work to be done) in order to happen. In Photosystem II, an enzyme catalyzes this splitting, ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Question about what the liver does NOT do

Which of the following functions is NOT performed by the liver? a) Storage of vitamins and minerals b) converts glucose to glycogen c) converts toxins to harmless chemicals d) produces bile I chose ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Can cracking fingers cause Arthritis? [duplicate]

I have been cracking my fingers for 2-3 years and on the first year I was told that I'm going to get arthritis because of it. I've been researching this since the first year and I've never gotten an ...
3
votes
2answers
109 views

Ni-NTA purification, problem with the chaperone protein

I'm trying to purify the protein by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography. It seems that my protein (size about 54 kDa) is co-purified with chaperone protein (probably GroEL - as the band is around 57kDa). ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Tumour resistance: single-cell or population effect?

Drug resistance can arise through a number of mechanisms. For instance, EGFR mutation when treating with EGFR inhibitors, or compensatory activation of alternative survival pathways. But does it occur ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Can Omega 3 Fatty Acids prevent chest pain in periodic Atrial Fibrillation?

It is debated if omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (N3PUFa) may be effective in preventing AF (atrial fibrillation), meta-analysis here. However, much less has been considered this: Do N3-PUFAs ...
5
votes
2answers
77 views

How do insects survive the winter?

I had an interesting discussion today in which the question arose how insects survive in the winter. Since they need a high enough external temperature to be active, this seems a bit difficult in the ...
5
votes
0answers
37 views

How to define “Quasifixation” in continuous approximation of finite population?

Background Many models including the famous very first models derived by Sir Ronald Fisher in his early career, assume infinite population size. In an infinite population, an allele can rise in ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Parazoa as part of sewage plant

in our zoology lecture our prof was talking about parazoa, the sponges, and that they are getting more and more in the focus of the biotech research. As he described there way of getting food, as ...
9
votes
3answers
9k views

Hoechst or DAPI for nuclear staining?

When is it best to use Hoechst vs. DAPI for nuclear staining? They seem to be very similar on paper. Are there situations where one is clearly preferable?
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Development of contagiousness after death [closed]

Thought experiment: In an unfortunate accident in the future my heart will stop exactly at 0:00:00 due to a cause which kills me instantly but leaves my body intact (poison, electric shock, whatever). ...
5
votes
2answers
69 views

How do marine mammals control buoyancy?

Presumably, as a whale or seal dives, its lungs get compressed by the increasing water pressure, and it gets less buoyant. Under this model, for a given amount of air taken in at the surface, the ...
3
votes
1answer
18 views

A website for identifying birds

I am not sure if this is the right place to ask this question, but I guess that ornithology enthusiasts (or ornithologists) will have the best knowledge about it. I am wondering if there is a website ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Could someone link me a picture of interstitial fluid?

Doing a quick Google image search doesn't return much and I'm curious to know what it looks like. Am I correct when I say, since it contains primarily lymph I'd expect it to be clear ? Thanks.
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Why is the threshold between human embryo and human fetus defined as 8 weeks after fertilization?

Why is the threshold between human embryo and human fetus defined as 8 weeks after fertilization? What's happening on the 8th week? Note: definition of embryo based on Wikipedia's current ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Like size and colour constancy, why does the brain not maintain focus constancy?

I have progressive myopia. I grew up with perfectly normal eyes but slowly started getting myopic. The thing is, my brain knows (or should know) what the world looks like -- it knows that far away ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

What is meant by “genes involved in the stress response”?

I would like to know about the term stress response. For example "some genes of a species under study is involved in stress response". What does that mean? I got this as a part of my assignment ...
3
votes
0answers
19 views

Mechanisms of Gene*sex / Genotype*sex interactions

I'm looking for suggestions of the mechanistic level at which genotype/gene * sex interactions can occur. These give different phenotypes from the same geneotype dependent on the sex they are ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

What does it mean for the signals for transcription and translation to be “conserved”?

I was reading this article: "Overview of vector design for mammalian gene expression." for an explanation of why mammalian cell lines are used for expressing cloned genes, and one of the reasons ...
5
votes
3answers
150 views

How does protein denaturation work?

I was wondering how protein denaturation works. Are there covalent bonds, such as disulfide bridges involved, or is it based purely on non-covalent bonds such as hydrogen bonds? Why is denaturation ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Is the poison from Stink Bugs dangerous?

I just went to kill what I thought was a moth on the wall, and instead it fell on the floor and it sounded like dropping a coffee bean (because of the hard shell) I live in the UK and have never seen ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

What are some resources for learning biological compound(upright) microscopy ground-up?

I have done some research for a while now and have seen that most of the websites offer either superficial information(microscope-microscope.org) or use terms that are not ...

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