3
votes
1answer
42 views

Cicada Killer Behavior

I've had a giant wasp hanging around outside my window the past few days, so I've resolved to learn more about it. I believe it is a male Cicada Killer, because it displays the following behavior: ...
3
votes
2answers
116 views

Is there some genetic variance underlying music appreciation?

Is there any research done on the genetic variance for Music appreciation? If not, why is there no genetic variance for this trait?
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Why do humans seem so much more prone to disease than animals? [closed]

It seems like when we observe animals in the wild, the occurrence of noticeable disease in adult individuals is much lower than in humans. Why? There are a number of reasons that this could happen, ...
10
votes
4answers
655 views

“Same” DNA vs genes

It is often cited that humans share 99% (or 98%) of their DNA with chimpanzees. On the other hand it is stated that siblings share only half of their genes. What (if any) is the difference between ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

What makes certain obligate anaerobes viable in fermentation starter cultures?

If Propionibacterium are obligate anaerobes (to wit, poisoned by oxygen), what makes 'Dairy' or classical propionibacteria (e.g. P. shermanii, P. jensenii, P. acidicpropionici, et al) viable in ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Inbreeding Coefficient and Coefficient of Relationship

Wikipedia gives the following formula to calculate a "path of coefficient of relationship" between an ancestor $A$ and an offspring $O$: $$\rho_{AO} = 2^{-n} \left( \frac{1+f_A}{1+f_O} \right)^{1/2} ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Why doesn't the herbicide 2,4-D damage lawn grass?

I sometimes use 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid to control broadleaved weeds in lawns. It is selective, and quickly kills the dicot weeds, while other plants are unharmed. 2,4-D is a synthetic auxin, ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Why don't animals produce alcohol

As I understand during anaerobic respiration, the electrons received from the decomposition of glucose are transferred to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide and flavin adenine dinucleotide. As there is ...
2
votes
4answers
83 views

Theoretically, what technique would one use to modify a virus so that it only affected a subset of the population?

I'm writing a novel and i would like to know some of the equipment and techniques involved with modifying a virus. Is it feasible for a virus to be engineered to only affect certain people? It ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Mammal body density

Human body density is approximately 1 kg/l (same as fresh water) - which is not surprising (at first) given that we are 70% water, and is surprising (on a second thought), given that the other 30% can ...
2
votes
3answers
506 views

DNA is charged negative. Where is all the positive charge in my body?

DNA is charged negative because of its phosphate backbone. Since charges need to be balanced (so that there are no charges building up somewhere), what is the positive charge which neutralizes this ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How does extracellular potassium ion concentration and calcium ion concentration affect the excitability of a cell?

When extracellular $K^+$ concentration increase by a certain amount, excitability of cells is higher because the resting potential shifts toward a higher equilibrium potential of $K^+$, therefore ...
-1
votes
1answer
56 views

What organism most efficiently converts a given quantity of mass into heat?

Question I am trying to answer: In the popular film The Matrix, heat given off by humans is harvested as an energy source. I wondered, if this were possible, would humans be a good organism to ...
2
votes
0answers
14 views

How are HSPs identified in UCLUST

I am new in Bioinformatics and recently studying UCLUST algorithm by Robert Edgar(2010). It is a fast sequence searching and clustering algorithm. The algorithm is heuristic based. I studied that ...
4
votes
4answers
121 views

What exactly is Tinnitus?

What exactly is tinnitus? What is it's cause, and why do some people hear it and others don't?
3
votes
3answers
64 views

Does a reduction in stem cells mean possible earlier death?

The basis of this question relies on my understanding of these 2 facts: ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Hiding identical sequences in NCBI web interface

Sometimes there are identical sequences in Genbank/Genpept, most often coming from the same species but different strains. Ie if I look up "bacteria chitin synthase", the 624-aa protein from Dickeya ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

Is there a realistic “family tree” model for the human population?

I would like to do some gene inheritance simulations, and I was wondering if there is an accepted model for what mating looks like in the general human population? I am not necessarily looking for the ...
9
votes
3answers
171 views

Book recommendation on population/evolutionary genetics?

I have recently been involved in collaborations that require me to model the population genetics of eukaryotic populations. I fear I may either be "re-inventing the wheel" or making conceptual ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

Conservation Genetics - Book recommendations

Can you please give me some advice for a book in (evolutionary) conservation genetics that offers an in-depth review of the mathematical formulations used in this field. I read the book Evolutionary ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

Why does the sacrum fuse together?

Everywhere I look describes how the 5 sacral vertebrae start fusing together during adolescence and are totally fused by the time you're 30 or so. But nobody seems to explain why this happens. It ...
10
votes
2answers
77 views

Is it possible to combine live attenuated and non-live vaccines?

There are many combination vaccines available but I've noticed that there don't seem to be any with both live and non-live components, e.g. DTaP/IPV/MMR. Such combinations could be useful in some ...
8
votes
1answer
292 views

What kind of skull is this?

We found this skull on a beach in southwestern Sweden, and are curious as to what kind of animal it was.
4
votes
4answers
180 views

What kind of microscope for ML/biological research?

I am a computer science student, focusing on machine learning applications. I have been always interested in biology but I lack any training in it. Now, I had an idea that I could introduce myself to ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

What makes a DNA sequence motif a DNA sequence motif?

I've read about DNA sequence motifs, but still don't understand what makes some sequence a DNA sequence motif. Is this a well-defined concept? For, example, What are DNA sequence motifs? says: ...
5
votes
1answer
60 views

No digested product bands, but markers are visible. What could be the reasons?

I had to digest my insert containing plasmid and another vector into which my insert has to be ligated, each with BamHI and NotI. Upon digestion, I ran the gel to check for results. The digestion ...
4
votes
2answers
200 views

Why is assembling paired end illumina without any input parameters an important problem?

In one of the comments in this question about multiple sequence alignment, it was stated @5heikki: btw if you want a good bioinformatics problem, come up with an assembler that assembles any ...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

Why do carrots spoil so fast?

The carrots we buy from a supermarkets spoil very fast, albeit giving many consumers a false sense of preservability due to their structural rigidity. The answer extends to many other vegetables many ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Will a completely removed cat whisker grow back?

I just accidentally pulled out, while playing, my cat's whisker entirely, follicle and all. I feel terribly as I know she is a kitten and whiskers are rooted deep in a place rich in nerves. I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Anaphase Microtubule Disassembly

Centromeres move toward the poles as the microtubules that connect them shorten. This shortening is due to the removal of tubulin subunits from the kinetochore ends of the microtubules. I'm confused ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

Recommended sequence clustering algorithm for transcriptome data

I'm working on a project where I'm going to analyze a large amount of transcriptome data. After assembling our RNA-Seq reads into contigs using Trinity, it looks like I'm going to have about 10GB of ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

Verifying Protein Folds

I have recently begun using Folding@Home and I am curious how people are prevented from cheating the system. It seems to me that unless the final result is easily verifiable users could submit bogus ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

What is the difference between drought resistant non-succulent plants and plants that cannot be allowed to dry out?

What features make one plant able to withstand dry spells better than another with relatively similar structure? For instance, one of my Rudbeckias is wilting from drought at the moment, and an ...
7
votes
1answer
64 views

Excretion of monovalent and divalent ions in sharks

I have heard that sharks excrete $\ce{Na+}$ and $\ce{Cl-}$ by their gill surfaces but divalent ions like magnesium are excreted through feces. What could be the reason behind this?
2
votes
0answers
52 views

How to track and describe the evolution of a gene?

So I have a project student (undergraduate) who has been assigned a project to study the evolution of a gene (and possibly related genes) through species. I am not an evolutionary biologist, and hence ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Accurate Human Skull Model for Educational Purpose

I want to buy a model of Human skull for education purpose. However, I really want a very accurate model and at a decent price. I got the info that many of the available skulls in the market are not ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Two-fold cost of sex and r/K selection theory

This article cites a bunch of articles (I haven't been through them) that the effect of the two-fold cost of sex is "reduced" in stable environment or in K-selected environment. It says: [..] the ...
5
votes
1answer
51 views

What is the core mechanism behind neuroplasticity?

Specifically I am looking at reopening of the critical period of plasticity. Modern neuroscience has started to unlock the secret of neuroplasticity. A common experimental setup is with mice. They ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

How are new staining protocols designed for microscopy?

How are new staining protocols designed for microscopy? Is it manual work or does it rely on computer simulations? Say for example I thought the H&E staining does not bring enough contrast. How ...
5
votes
2answers
83 views

What's the smallest organism that can produce voice?

What's the smallest organism (animal, insect, or any living creature) that can produce voice. And not just make sound, but has an organ to specifically to create sound, like how us mamals have vocal ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

What is the state-of-the-art algorithm for multiple sequence alignment?

Which algorithm or algorithms are considered the standard or state-of-the-art for multiple sequence alignment? How big is the need for better algorithms? How many sequences need to be alignment in a ...
5
votes
1answer
52 views

Scale up of Bacterial growth from 250mL to 1-5L?

I am currently growing up a specific strain of E.Coli with a knockout in 40mL of growth medium (LB) in a 250mL shaker flask... My ultimate goal is to scale up this process to a 1-5L large scale setup ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Standard datasets for testing new multiple sequence alignment algorithms?

Are there any open and freely distributed standard datasets for testing new algorithms for multiple sequence alignment?
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Is the human collarbone supposed to break?

I've read it in a book and have heard people mention it, but I can't find any documentation about it. But the point being made is this: The human collarbone acts as a shock absorber for impact on ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Is there revolution in humans since the first homo sapiens sapiens

In a thinking mood, I was wondering if the human species has changed since they have first become homo sapiens sapiens. I asked myself this question because I was thinking about how we will evolve ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

What does salt do to styes?

Styes formed in the eyes are cured by dabbing at them with lukewarm water(I saw this being done many a times as a home remedy.) At times, common salt is added to the water before dabbing. My mother ...
10
votes
1answer
77 views

E coli cotransformation efficiency

What is the E coli transformation efficiency for 2 plasmids? Are any studies that have looked at the correlation between number of plasmids transformed and transformation efficiency? Is there a ...
5
votes
1answer
43 views

How does a Na+/H+ antiporter drive osmosis in this “osmotic motor”?

This recent paper in Cell describes a cancer cell using osmotic pressure to move in confined spaces. The cell preferentially inserts Na+/H+ antiporters in the leading membrane. I want someone to ...
6
votes
1answer
194 views

Why Other Pigeons kill the baby if touched by human?

I used to have too many pigeons in house. If by chance one of the baby falls out of the nest we used to put it back using gloves. Usually, if we touch them with bare hands, the other pigeons usually ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Can two women have a daughter? [duplicate]

In vitro fertilization is a pretty routine procedure in which a female egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body. Recently apparently there has also been something similar in which the genetic ...

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