9
votes
3answers
589 views

Are the number of base pairs in a given chromosome same between different individuals?

This is a basic question but I couldn't find an answer through a web search; hopefully this is the right place to ask. Is the number of base pairs in a particular chromosome the same in all ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

Does alpha-amylase from different species have different *optimal* conditions?

Do the optimal conditions for the enzyme isoforms differ between species? Specifically, do the optimal pH and temperature for alpha-amylase differ for that enzyme produced by B. lichiniformis and A. ...
5
votes
1answer
121 views

Can Helicobacter pylori be eradicated naturally?

This question is not to discuss whether substances that have anti-H. pylori activity work or not, or to discuss the pros and cons of such but from a medical perspective. Assuming that one is able to ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

How to obtain a list of proteins sorted by the ~1400 unique protein folds?

The databases CATH and SCOP both have around 1400 unique protein folds recorded from analysis of the PDB. However, I do not see any method to access this particular data. A list of each of the 1400 ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Amino acids in human cancer cells expose dextrorotation?

I would like to know if the amino acids in the human cancer cells are dextrorotatory or levorotatory. I mean the majority of them. They expose levorotation just like the amino acids in the normal ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

What should I do if there's a mistake in my textbook regarding anatomy? [migrated]

Some information in my college level Anatomy and Physiology textbook is about a decade (if not more) out of date? The information does not only cause a lack of understanding, but also encourages a ...
7
votes
1answer
93 views

Blood clumping in mosquitos

Will a mosquito die due to blood clumping if it sucks blood from two persons having different blood group? What will happen in its gut? Is there any mechanism to avoid clumping ? Or mosquitos know ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

How would cloning affect conservation of rare species?

Many species are at risk of extinction, and cloning could be seen as a relatively quick method to produce large numbers of members of the species to aid in conservation efforts, especially if the ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Can animals, like monkeys, be homosexual?

I heard that some monkeys can be homosexual? a friend of mine was saying that he saw a male monkey having sex with another male monkey in the zoo, I honestly didn't believe him, I think he just got ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Has Staphylococcus aureus ever been used against cancer?

Treating inoperable tumors with bacteria appears to be very effective, albeit being toxic to the patient as well. Has (live attenuated) Staphylococcus aureus ever been used against cancer? If the ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

How can I estimate the CO₂ uptake of a plant?

I would like to make an estimation of the CO2 uptake of plants I cultivate, including, lettuce and aromatic herbs, such as thyme, basil, rosemary. What I want is to end up with a rough indicator for ...
2
votes
0answers
15 views

What is a rough estimate of CO₂ saturation for high-yield or high growth rate plants?

Naturally, plants have individual photosynthesis capacities, but it would still be interesting to get a general picture of CO2 saturation levels for some common cultures. Where lies the optimal yield, ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Does TSH and Growth hormone have any role in menstruation?

Actually, I came across this on a mcq (multiple choice question) exam: Name the hormone which has no role in menstruation: A. LH B. FSH C. GH D. TSH (only 1 correct option) Both FSH and LH have ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

T cell sensitivity and persistence to specific bacterial proteins

Currently, the standard tests for Lyme Disease measure antibody production after exposure to a bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi. Often, the tests are performed too soon after infection, before ...
52
votes
2answers
8k views

What is the evolutionary advantage of red-green color blindness?

Red-green colorblindness seems to make it harder for a hunter-gatherer to see whether a fruit is ripe and thus worth picking. Is there a reason why selection hasn't completely removed red-green ...
4
votes
0answers
38 views

Does depolymerisation take place at the minus end of microtubule?

Wikipedia says that Dynamic instability refers to the coexistence of assembly and disassembly at the 'ends' of a microtubule. but Karp's Cell Biology, 7th edition says Dynamic instability ...
5
votes
2answers
260 views

How does Pothos grow in only water?

The popular potted plant, Pothos aureus (or Epipremnum aureum) is happy to grow in a jar, with only water, for years. How is this possible when other plants need at least Nitrogen, Phosphorus and ...
8
votes
3answers
185 views

Are non-coding RNAs introns?

I am slightly confused as to what part of the genome codes for non-coding RNAs. Is it the introns? This would make sense to me as to why they are not transcribed as the introns are not transcribed. Or ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Horned Mohawk looking insect. What is it?

Any ideas? I didn't know any other way to explain it. I live in Indiana, USA if that helps. Someone said it might be a "stink bug" but I'm not sure and not willing to find out!
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Fe(II) and Fe(III) transport from rhizosphere across plasma membrane

Does the graminaceous plants have passive uptake of Fe(II) via a passive Fe(II)-transporter enzyme? Or it it only dicots and non-graminaceous plants that have the Fe(II)-transporter enzyme? Also, can ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Rosemary room temperature at winter

I consistently read in non-scientific resources that I have to put my rosemary to low temperature (about 10°C) in winter (unless I don't want it to freeze). I googled, but I fail to find a scientific ...
5
votes
1answer
68 views

Total dark deprivation at day-neutral plants

First of all, I am not a biologist. Almost for a week, a question has come to my mind: "Is it harmful ceaselessly exposing a plant to light?" (I mean with natural & artificial light with ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Which sources can I use to study botany and horticulture?

I refer with this question to those among you who have a strong background and work in fields like: botanics, horticulture, dendrology, etc. I would like to start building a solid preparation, both ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Alder Tree Root Nodule Origins?

I recently found out that alder trees have root nodules which contain nitrogen-fixing bacteria and that alders are primary colonizers in primary succession. That leads me to this question: since there ...
3
votes
2answers
393 views

How do roots obtain nutrition?

I have a city garden (see picture below) and yesterday I was nurturing it and I pulled up a small plant. I saw its root system and laid it in the sun to dry a bit and then scraped of the rest of the ...
5
votes
1answer
43 views

EC number classification of synthase?

It is quoted in wikipedia that: Following the EC number classification, they belong to the group of ligases , with lyases catalysing the reverse reaction. And we all know that enzymes are ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Which are mobile and immobile elements in plants?

I am confused with this element or nutrient classification in the plants, since some authors set elements like $\ce{S}$ and $\ce{Ni}$ as mobile and other as immobile elements (Citation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5). ...
6
votes
3answers
320 views

Are some non-coding RNA spliced?

Are some non-coding RNA spliced like mRNA? I tried to find some information but I don't find anything...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

How to measure the biomass of hydroponic plants in netpot/rockwool DWC system?

I'm doing an experiment with 4 kale plants, each in their own small deep water culture (DWC) system. Each plant was transplanted in rockwool with netpots and clay pebbles. But I need to periodically ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

what is the effect of temperature and carbondioxide on the opening and closing of stomata?

I am teaching biology in an academy. The question which I had asked above had been raised by on of my students. I tried my level best to search out the answer to this question but I could not find the ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Small non-coding RNA (sRNA) vs. micro RNA (miRNA)?

What are the differences between micro RNAs (miRNA) and small non-coding RNAs (sRNA)? Are these two terms used interchangeably?
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Do lunar rhythms have really impact on plant growth?

It is commonly known that lunar rhythms have influence on plant growth, and there are even lunar calendars to know when planting, pruning, transplanting, harvesting, etc. I know that the lunar cycles ...
4
votes
2answers
59 views

Do only one or both pairs of homologous chromatids exchange genetic material during the process of crossing over?

To be specific: Assume chromosomes A and B are homologous. They've both replicated into A1, A2 and B1, B2 and have formed a tetrad at the equator (synapsis). Most textbooks show either A1 and B1 OR A2 ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Reason for aquatic plant roots

My question is about why aquatic plants have roots. At first they seem a bit superfluous to me because leaves of the plants could just absorb nutrients directly from the water thereby skipping a need ...
2
votes
2answers
22 views

Ions in Stomatal Opening Mechanism

When a stoma’s guard cells try to swell and open the stomata, they actively pump out protons outside of the cell. This causes a membrane potential, where the inside of the cell is negative with ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Clarification in the name “white cheeked barbet”

Everyday I was listening sound of the birs "white cheeked barbet". Then I was wondering how this name came to it? It should be by certain properties of them. In wikipedia it says Barbets are ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Why do the vines change their spinning direction?

Look at the vines holding onto the lattice. The "vine springs" change their spinning direction in the middle. Why? And how do they achieve this? (By the way, what's the name for this plant? Is is ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Measuring physical properties in soft tissue

I am working in a mathematical model of tumor growth in the framework of continuum mechanics. This kind of models allows to take in to account not just the tumor, but also the physical forces such as ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Why do fruits have to ripen?

It seems like most fruits that we consume undergo some sort of ripening process either before or after they are picked from the vine, tree, etc. I understand that sugars are released during the ...
6
votes
2answers
63 views

Does anyone know the explanation for branches with different flower colors (see picture)?

As you can see in the below picture, there's a branch with white-colored flowers, while the rest of the tree has pink flowers. I googled a number of questions but it is a bit complicated to ...
0
votes
2answers
62 views

What is meant by “Expression” of Non-Coding RNA?

I was having a look at lncRNAdb and its help says: The ENCODE project gene annotation list, GENCODE, has predicted that the human genome contains 14,470 lncRNAs whereas only a small proportion of ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

What do arranging and assigning mean in sequence annotation?

Please could someone explain these lines to me in a simple way These sequences were then arranged based on some overlapping regions present in them. This required generation of overlapping ...
1
vote
1answer
447 views

Cyanobacterial photosynthetic oxygen yield

I am somehow not convinced that biotic factors are solely responsible for creating 21% of atmosphere (around 40 million moles of oxygen). There may be additional issues here. Since cyanobacteria ...
21
votes
2answers
448 views

What are the side-effects of long-term liquid breathing?

I just saw a recent Physics question that mentioned liquid breathing (which I had never heard of before) and I started to wonder about its long-term effects. Let's imagine a person underwent liquid ...
7
votes
1answer
200 views

Why is aconitase classified as a lyase?

Aconitase in the TCA (tricarboxylic acid) cycle isomerizes citric acid to isocitric acid via cis-aconitic acid intermediate. Since overall it functions as an isomerase, why it does not belong to ...
35
votes
5answers
11k views

Why don't mammals have more than 4 limbs?

Arthropods have 6 or more limbs and arthropods with 6 limbs appear to move faster than arthropods with 8 limbs so I wonder whether this might have something to do with fast and efficient locomotion. ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

miRNA_ID to GENE_SYMBOL conversion

I have a list of miRNA IDs and a list of mRNA IDs and they are from Mus musculus species. I have converted the list of mRNA IDs to gene symbols by a list of data that was exist in NCBI and miRNA IDs ...
8
votes
1answer
95 views

Primary Productivity of Oceans

80% of the world's photosynthesis takes place in the ocean. Despite this, oceans are also said to have low productivity - they cover 75% of the earth's surface, but out of the annual 170 billion ...
5
votes
3answers
99 views

What is the difference between a predator and a parasite?

A human encountering a tiger or a malaria plasmodium is likely to suffer, and the tiger/plasmodium is likely to gain from the transaction. Not necessarily a good example, and I am aware that a ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Relationship between genetic diversity within and between species

Here is a quote from Wagner (2008) A second line of evidence [against neutralism] comes from the relationship between the mean number of polymorphic differences between alleles within a species, ...

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