9
votes
2answers
1k views

What percent of your blood can you lose before you need a transfusion

Losing a little blood is okay. If your a normal healthy person, and got into an accident, how do they know if you need a transfusion or if you'll be okay? This is hypothetical.
9
votes
2answers
799 views

What is the evolutionary explanation for bat's echolocation [closed]

The bat's ability for echolocation is amazing (so are other the abilities of other animals). I was wondering how all of it came to be.
1
vote
1answer
40 views

What is the difference between a fixed substitution and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)?

I recently read a report that stated "We found 430 fixed substitutions […], with an additional 34 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) fixed within individual patients." What is the difference ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Planes of the Body [closed]

I have a number of Orientation sections in an application that apply to classifying wounds on a human body. I'm looking to add relevant names for each section, but am a little stumped as to what the ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Biology Experiment Data (Hodgkin-Huxley)

I'm doing research into the Hodgkin-Huxley Model from an electronics/mathematics perspective and I'm looking to find actual numerical results from experiments on squid axons. I want to compare the ...
3
votes
1answer
25 views

What are typical values for bone mass in humans?

I wonder what are typical bone mass values for adult males and females? And do they change significantly with workout and diet?
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Regarding the kingdom Animalia, which phylogenic tree is more common: Molecular Comparisons or Body-Plan Grades

In the picture below, which I obviously do not own: it depicts two different phylogenic trees, one which is based on molecular comparisons and another one which is based on body-plan grades. My ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Bacterial Cell Problem

A microbiologist has discovered what she thinks are two new types of algae. The first cell (Organism 1) appears cubic and is approximately 1.5 μm long, 1.5 μm wide and 1.5 μm deep. The second ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Definitions of robustness and canalization

The concepts of robustness and canalization are fashionable today in the biology literature. However, I am not sure of their definitions and I am not sure either that all authors actually use the same ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Is carbohydrate an important part of phospholipid?

My professor tells us that carbohydrate is an important part of phospholipid, but phospholipid is composed of Choline, Phosphate, Glycerol and two Fattyacid, and I don't think even one of them is ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Are triglycerides fat?

I have a quick question: Are triglycerides essentially what we call "fats"? I've tried reading up on it but there seems to be some conflicting information. Thank you.
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Is Sugar a stimulatant or a weak sedative?

Quite often, I have heard the remark that children become hyperactive when high amounts of sugar are consumed. But common websites suggest that sugar is a sedative, and the hyperactivity in children ...
13
votes
2answers
157 views

How is menstruation not suicide in the wild?

Watch any wilderness special for more than a few minutes, and you'll notice a familiar pattern: when a predator catches the scent of blood on the wind, the hunt is on. Wounded animals make the best ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

About excessive cellular growth

When there is 'excessive' cell growth 'ordered' by the human body in some specific part of the body that is not part of the usual repairing mechanisms, does this cause extra telomere 'shortening' or ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Why would yeast grow but not produce alcohol?

I'm studying for my intro to microbiology test and I have a question asking why a culture of yeast responsible for producing alcohol would be growing, but not producing alcohol? The multiple choice ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

How come degraded eyesight still holds with a mirror? [closed]

When you use a mirror to look at something, you can position it at an angle arbitrary to your face and still look at an object far away. My question is, for degraded eyesight, how come the picture is ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

How loss of heterozygosity influence expression levels of a gene ?

I am looking at a genomic region associated with a vascular diseases; this region have loss of heterozygosity. I am wondering how the expression level of the genes in the regions will be affected ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

What percentage of DNA do people share?

If you picked two people in the world at random, sequenced each of their entire genome, and compared their DNA, what would the expected percentage match be?
6
votes
1answer
62 views

How does myopia develop, exactly?

Recently I was reading about myopia and I understood a few basic facts about it: Its initial cause is a constant spasm in the ciliary muscle. To do less work, the eyeball elongates a tiny bit. ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Does a pregnant female body treat the fetus based on gender?

I have seen on a youtube video that the female body produces antigenes and antibodies when she is pregnant with a boy. But this behaviour is not produced when she is pregnant with a girl. These means ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Regarding cancer cells and telomeres

If cancer cells have telomeres are they different than the telomeres in non-cancerous cells? Would cancer cell telomeres be somehow 'set-up' to function almost indefinitely; in other words are 'they' ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Safety of cobalt-chromium and nickel-chromium dental implants

How safe are cobalt-chromium and nickel-chromium alloys used in dental implants (porcelain fused metal)? IARC groups nickel and cobalt metals in group 2B and chromium in group 3 (hexavalent chromium ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

How were the synaptic areas identified in the somatic sensation pathways?

I'm studying the somatic sensation pathways in neuro-anatomy and I was wondering what was the experimental procedure for identifying the number and location of the synapses in these pathways? ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Bowtie: cannot read fasta file?

I am trying to use bowtie2 to analyze my data in FASTA format, but it seems that this version can't read properly my data. My command line is as follows: ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

How are arms different than legs?

Ok, this is a bit of a tangent question, but it came up yesterday and I didn't know the answer: How are arms and legs defined physiologically? For example, we say humans have two arms and two legs, ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Why men are stronger than women? [duplicate]

Is there a possibility that human males and females used to have the same strength? That maybe it is because for a long time men have been doing the manual labour and sports and women haven't and ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

At what rate do chromosomal rearrangements occur?

How often does chromosomal rearrangements occur? i.e. what is the rate of chromosomal rearrangements? I am interested about these kind of chromosomal rearrangements that are passed on to the ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

How well understood are the long-term effects of nuclear radiation?

Sometimes, when people are concerned about radiation, it is not because it is precisely quantified how dangerous it is, but because we don't know how dangerous it is. How well understood are the ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

Some sort of Lymantriidae caterpillar?

I found this larva in Sweden in July. It was about 15 mm long. It reminded me of Orgyia antiqua that I've seen before, but smaller and with a somewhat different colouration.
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Why are hard boiled eggs so homogeneous?

A eukaryotic animal cell is a complicated piece of biological machinery. Some major structures inside of the cell (see the image below) include: the nucleus, mitochondria, Golgi vesicles, and various ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Why we smile when we happy?

In other words, why we associate Smile with Happy. Why don't we Frown instead when we ...
3
votes
1answer
424 views

Do humans have the hyaloid canal, after all?

Most Google Images results for "eye anatomy" are pictures of eyes that don't have the hyaloid canal while some do (proof). Do humans have it, after all, or not? :)
6
votes
1answer
774 views

Warm water bath [closed]

Why is it advised to take bath in warm water when we are sick?I know that as homeotherms we need to generate metabolic heat to adapt to the environment temperature.But what is the mechanism by which ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

genomatix software linux install [closed]

I have installed the genomatix software which is a jar file the name is InstallChipInspector21.jar.But now I really don;t know how do I start it ,can any one suggest me a method??
1
vote
0answers
19 views

What is the meaning of this poor sequencing result?

What is the meaning of this poor sequencing result? What is the problem? Can anyone guide me, please. Thank you.
0
votes
0answers
61 views

New vs classical genome editing methods

I would like to inquire on the differences between the old classical genome editing method in comparison to the new genome editing methods such as CRISPR/Cas9. By old classical method i mean the use ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

What is the difference between a DPY-10, DPY-11, and DPY-13?

My TA mentioned these three mutations of C. elegans since we started working with the worms but seems to skip over what the differences are...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

the psychology of nymphomania [migrated]

So this is a question that requires maturity and discretion. I present it as an authentic point of research for a class I am taking. I understand the basic principles of mania, psychomania, and ...
4
votes
1answer
44 views

What is a catalytic domain of an enzyme?

Is this another name for the active site of an enzyme? What does the structure of the catalytic domain of an enzyme look like?
3
votes
0answers
20 views

Receptors for red and far-red light in plants: Shade avoidance

Franklin (2009) describes how plants use the ratio of the red wavelength (660-670nm) over the far-red wavelength (725-735nm) (R:FR) in order to avoid shading. My question is: which receptor is ...
4
votes
1answer
382 views

What do you call a virus when it's cured?

When a cure has been found for a virus, can it be called such anymore? Virus implies it's something you've contracted that you just have to live with until (hopefully) your body can overwhelm and ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Mechanisms of bone growth

The length of a bone is caused by growth of hyaline cartilage which is then replaced by bone tissue. How do cells know whether they should grow the hyaline cartilage? What are the key molecules that ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Mechanism of Muscle Growth

According to this video (sorry for the poor reference but it represents my level of understanding in physiology), muscle grow as a consequence of repairing micro-lesions. How are these micro-lesions ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Modelling intracellular interactions between sender and receiver bacteria

I am involved in a modelling task of a biological process described as follows: -- "Objective: to model behavior of a sender receiver type system The process goes as follows -Pre-signal [PS] is in ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Grow plants in relative darkness [closed]

Having a room in my apartment with no windows and therefore no direct light, I wonder if some plant species would grow happily in there. Any ideas? Some answers can be found in plants that lives in ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Are there anatomical differences between male and female mammal brains before action of hormones?

is there any evidences of these differences during development stages prior to hormone driven sexual differentiation? mice studies ?
8
votes
3answers
916 views

What is this microscopic image from Peter Gabriel's New Blood album cover?

This image appears on the cover of Peter Gabriel's album New Blood. It appears to be a photograph of some microscopic biological cell. But it doesn't look like a blood cell to me. What kind of ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

what are the best candidate trees for desert reforestation projects?

The trees would be selected for their ability to withstand rough arid condition ( use less water or finding it deep, resist to high temperature ) to produce the maximum biomass and regenerate the ...
5
votes
2answers
141 views

Why do different pain killers have different effects on people?

I've noticed some pain killers working great for me, while other having no effect. Works for me Aspirin APC † Naproxen Doesn't work for me Paracetamol Diclofenac Tramadol I doubt there ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

Among xerophyte plants, which one grow faster and consume water the least?

In an effort to select for the most suitable plants to possibly colonise desert and stop its expansion, what would be the xerophyte plants that grow the faster and expand on surface, while using the ...

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