2
votes
1answer
56 views

Why do oncogenes show genetic dominance?

As we know that tumor suppressor gene causes cancer only when both the alleles are recessive in nature.But in case of oncogenes if only one allele is dominant it can cause cancer.Why in case of ...
2
votes
4answers
104 views

determine longest poly-purine tract

how to determine/ find the longest poly-purine tract in any genome and this needs to be on the E. coli genome . is it to figure out the polypurine tract and then figure out the longest chain ? or is ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Consumption of NAD+ in glycolysis

Out of 10 steps in glycolysis, only one reaction- Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) to 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate (PGP), uses NAD+ and thereby producing NADH. Furthermore, this very step is solely ...
3
votes
1answer
209 views

is it necessary that every theca of an angiospermic anther must contain two microsporangia

i basically don't know the procedure or sequence of steps involved in the formation of anthers but i have read it somewhere it is formed from the dedifferentiation of shoot apical meristem of the ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How is the GenBank used in typical biological research? [closed]

How is the GenBank used in typical biological research? According to the GenBank statistics, the database contains about 100 million sequences. I find it difficult to understand why is all that data ...
7
votes
1answer
635 views

How to reduce/eliminate cell clumping in suspension CHO cells, without using an anti clumping agent?

what is the best way to eliminate clumping suspension cells used for transfection. Anti clumping agents interfere transfection and hence can't be used. Though maintaining the cell density low helps, ...
6
votes
1answer
81 views

What controls the southern range of willows?

Many willows (Salix spp.) grow in northern states but do not grow in southern states, for example Salix viminalis. What mechanisms control the southern range of temperate hardwoods such as willow? Is ...
7
votes
1answer
313 views

Do non-human animals suffer from insomnia?

And how do we know whether they do or not? § If sleep is a physiological need, it seems weird that we become unable to fulfill on demand even in the absence of any obvious physical issues. We would ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Is the heterotroph hypothesis universally accepted?

I was wondering whether there are hypotheses that take a different approach that is contrary to the heterotroph hypothesis. The heterotroph hypothesis states that autotrophs evolved from heterotrophs ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Do identical twins have the same fingerprint?

When there is every thing same from their genes to their phenotype so then why they don't have same fingerprints?
4
votes
1answer
1k views

why does blood when oxidized over time become bluish green?

Oxygenated blood is bright red and deoxygenated blood is dark red or brown. If you take oxygenated blood and leave it in the air it will turn dark red, then brown, then finally a bluish green from ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Is an Eidetic Memory (or other unusual forms of memory) less susceptible to anterograde amnesia?

I'm a physicist, so as a fellow scientist I want to apologize because this question will be entirely based on anecdotal inferences and I am well aware how irritating that can be. I have an eidetic ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

Calculation of the bacterial growth rate from a spectrophotomer growth curve

Typically the microbial growth in liquid cultures is monitored by turbidity. Data is obtained with a spectrophotometer to measure optical density at 600nm. The slope of the bacterial kinetic curve in ...
3
votes
3answers
279 views

Do skull bones have pain nerves (nociceptors)?

I recently attended an awake brain surgery for deep brain stimulation and it seemed to me that only the skin surrounding the drilled hole got local anaesthesia. I know that the brain itself does not ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Potential evapotranspiration constant for trees in the area of London

I am trying to find the ET0 (Potential evapotranspiration) under the climate conditions of London (UK) and Coimbra (Portugal) for each month. From what I understand these data is available in the ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

What is a good review book/source for microbiological diagnosis?

I am trying to find the diagnosis figure for different bacteria where phases are illustrated. I am using at the moment: 1) First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 2013 and 2) Medical Microbiology by Murray et ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Book Recommendation: Complex Traits and Complex Genetic Architecture

I am looking for a book (or any good source of information) that offers an in-depth discussion and models about the evolution and analysis of complex traits and complex genetic architecture. Do you ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Book recommendation on mammal (or just primate) behaviour, especially in relation to child-rearing

I have a growing frustration with the lows 'new-age' parenting is reaching, along with asininity of so much of our public schools' (and summer camps') philosophies and policies in relation to our ...
7
votes
3answers
835 views

What limits the speed of human perception?

I'm writing a novel in which the main character's perception and thought processes are sped up considerably, in essence slowing down the world around him. To others, it seems like his reactions are ...
15
votes
8answers
10k views

Why have humans evolved much more quickly than other animals?

Humans have, in a relatively short amount of time, evolved from apes on the African plains to upright brainiacs with nukes, computers, and space travel. Meanwhile, a lion is still a lion and a ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

What is the chemical process involved in human hairs changing colour after sun exposure?

After a day at the beach, my skin tans due to Melanin. But I also observe the black hairs on my arm turn a blond colour. My question is What is the chemical process involved in human hairs ...
71
votes
5answers
2k views

Is there a reason why human eyesight and plants make use of the same wavelength of light?

The accepted range for the wavelengths of light that the human eye can detect is roughly between 400nm and 700nm. Is it a co-incidence that these wavelengths are identical to those in the ...
4
votes
1answer
299 views

What is the name if this glittery fly seen in Pittsburgh?

I have photographed the following fly which is iridescent green in Pittsburgh, PA. I guess it was about 0.5-1.5cm long. Can you help me to identify it?
7
votes
1answer
92 views

Selection on linked loci in a diploid population

Let’s consider two linked loci $A$ and $B$ that are both bi-allelic. In consequence, we have four different possible haplotypes $A_1B_1$, $A_1B_2$, $A_2B_1$, $A_2B_2$, which frequencies are $X_1$, ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

Convergent evolution of fruits

Many fruits are not homologous, originating from different parts of a plant. Yet they all have similar properties: Ripe fruits all have yellow to dark red color They all have a lot of water and ...
1
vote
1answer
410 views

For how long can a person drink sea water?

How long could a person of lets say 18 years be able to drink sea water without getting too much into trouble ? Or can a person drink it without noticing that it is a very bad idea ? I don't mean in ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Relationship between mN and mg in vessel contraction studies?

What is the relationship between mN and mg as the units involved to measure the changes in contraction? A tool most widely used is an instrument called myograph. In these exoeriments, either units of ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Which turtle species was on board the Iranian Space Agency launch in 2010?

They are seen briefly in this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZoNdf6hlII The launch made international news, but there was no mention of the species. Here's the entirety of Wikipedia's ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

What are the movement mechanisms of thrombus?

I am thinking how thrombus (veins, arteries and heart) can move. Secondary mechanisms come to my mind only: some enzyme which lyses it, probably adhesion mechanism. Blood circulation (flow rate) ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

With an excess supply of nutrients, in how much time will the number of algae cells double in full sun?

I am growing algae in a container in my roof. It gets sunlight for the whole day as there are no clouds nowadays in my area. There is no lack of nutrients as I am constantly adding water mixed with ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Why Did 6 Great Ape Species Survive But Only 1 Hominid Species?

My dad asked this question when I explained some circumstances surrounding Homo sapiens survival against all odds. We know there is only one hominid species left in the world, Homo sapiens. We also ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Could the growth rates of Vibrio vulnificus be affected by an oil spill?

I live on the Gulf Coast, and Vibrio vulnificus has recently made the news due to an increase in the number of reported infections. Naturally, it has people around here worried. I live in an area that ...
5
votes
1answer
430 views

What's the recommended maximum passage number for mammalian cells (NCI-H441)?

Is there a generally accepted maximum number of times you should split and reseed mammalian culture cells before restarting cultures from new stock?
2
votes
1answer
56 views

How can I view modENCODE data faster?

I am trying to view several data tracks in the modENCODE GBrowse genomic browser. However, the site is so slow, it is practically unworkable. Is there a faster way to explore the data?
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Genome Assembly Using Reads

I'm taking an online bioinformatics class and I am stuck on a problem. The resources I have found don't help that much. Here is the problem: "Assemble the error-free reads from a circular genome on ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Why are high levels of epinephrine and low levels of cortisol signs of stress?

According to my psychology textbook (Psychological Science: Modeling Scientific Literacy), high levels of epinephrine and low levels of cortisol are signs of stress. However, earlier in the textbook ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Is there a database containing sequences of human cell lines?

I'm looking for the whole genome sequences of several human cell lines, e.g., A549 or Ea.hy.926. Is there a database specifically dedicated to human cell lines?
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Dataset of microscopic images before and after staining?

I am looking for a freely distributed dataset of microscopic images. I am hoping to find a dataset that would feature histological images before and after staining (e.g. H&E or some other standard ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

can psychology of a person alter his immune system and health?

I just want to know that can psychology of a moderate aged person alter his immune health? because I have read many a times about the different types of linkages between nervous system and immune ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Osmoregulatory Acclimatization in amphibians

If a frog is gradually exposed to increasing concentration of salts can they acclimatise or will they die of exosmosis ?
11
votes
1answer
163 views

Beginning of the urogenital system

Are any invertebrate nephridia (proto/meta) homologous with vertebrate kidneys in the sense that embryologically they also begin together with the genital system? When did the embryologic association ...
0
votes
3answers
283 views

What is the purpose of DNA? [closed]

My very basic understanding is DNA gets transcribed into RNA by effectively replacing thymine with uracil, then RNA is translated to make proteins. Looking at it from an engineering perspective, it ...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Human Evolution in Modern Times

I understand that evolution occurred to form the current hominids from a common ancestor millions of years ago. As evolutionary processes take a long time, is there proof of evolution occurring with ...
3
votes
1answer
466 views

Soft and Hard selection

Seems to me that these two sources (M. Whitlock, B. Wallace) use different definitions of soft and hard selection. M. Whitlock: Soft selection occurs when the relative fitness of an individual is ...
19
votes
1answer
20k views

What is the difference between HPLC and FPLC and why is FPLC preferable for protein purification?

I've used HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography) before (once, so I'm barely even qualified to know what it stands for) so I was surprised when my labmate told me she would be using an ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Are efflux pumps mutations or are they originally present in N. gonorrhoea?

I'll start by saying that I am no biologist. I am a math major trying to create a mathematical model for gonorrhea strain competition. My assignment is to create a model similar to a model that was ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

Can a broken thumb/finger bone not require realignment of the bone?

Is it possible that a finger/thumb bone fracture is so superficial, that the doctor does not need to realign (re-set) the bone before applying the cast? Or does it always require for even a ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

What could cause no pain but sense of touch?

What could cause a mammal to have and respond to a sense of touch with only isolated numbness but not feel pain?
3
votes
2answers
339 views

How are DNA segments selected in PCR?

I understand that in PCR we're able to amplify only selected portions of the DNA... however despite reading it from multiple sources, I cannot figure out how this selection actually takes place. I ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Do men have more extreme variations than women?

This question was considered unsuitable for Skeptics and I think it is more suited to BIology than Cognitive Sciences I was reading this article which I found interesting. It is not supported with ...

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