4
votes
2answers
173 views

Gas from bacteria that's not methane

Is gas produced by bacteria always mainly methane? Or, are there bacteria out there that produce some biogas composed mainly of hydrogen, natural gas, propane, butane?
6
votes
1answer
173 views

How was the first ribosome theorized to have been made?

Seeing as ribosomes are what help perform the act of translation itself, and the blueprints for they themselves are in nucleotide sequences, how was the first ribosome theorized to have been made? ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How much does donating blood affect the amount of oxygen in your blood stream at high altitude?

I am a regular blood donor and I am also a skydiver. We normally go to around 13,000 feet AGL (above ground level). Depending on how high above sea level the ground is, altitudes could be as high as ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Which Enzymes Degrade Dynorphins and what drugs are there available to inhibit said enzymes?

Which Enzymes Degrade Dynorphins and what drugs are there available to inhibit said enzymes?
4
votes
1answer
243 views

Does frequency of eye blinking reveal anything about human biology/nervous system?

I'm looking at an output of a single dry sensor EEG headband with the sensor positioned above left eye. As a side effect of it's placement, the device picks up eye blinks, and some eye motion as ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Do ant pheromones indicate the direction to go?

I know that ants communicate with pheromones but I am wondering if these pheromones can indicate in which direction to go. For example the ants leave pheromones to indicate a food source and when they ...
0
votes
3answers
211 views

Can this theory on the evolution of human appearance be flawed?

This is what a friend of mine said: When there's human offspring, it will look a rough 'medium' between the two parents, with it sharing features from the two. well if the offspring of one set ...
8
votes
1answer
198 views

Are animals that live in areas where avalanches happen equipped to deal with that?

Humans take courses to learn how to assess the risk of avalanches and how to deal with it. Additionally, they often use special gear to survive avalanches if they got caught in the middle of one. ...
1
vote
1answer
339 views

What is the difference between abiogenesis and spontaneous generation?

As we all should know, abiogenesis and spontaneous generation are far from identical. For one, spontaneous generation was disproven with Pasteur, and abiogenesis seems to be a solid scientific theory. ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

How does plant grafting work?

Plant grafting is a process whereby a piece of one plant is inserted into another and results in a change of the original plant. For example, grafting a piece of a lemon tree into a bitter orange tree ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Polymerase Observations

DNA polymerase I (PolI) contains polymerase, 3'-5' exonuclease, and 5'-3' exonuclease activities in a single polypeptide chain of molecular weight 109 kDa. If E. coli Pol I is exposed to the protease ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

How does inorganic phosphate inhibit alkaline phosphatase?

I want to know how is inorganic phosphate able to inhibit alkaline phosphatase.
8
votes
2answers
505 views

Do plant-animal cross races exist?

Plants and animals have the following distinct properties: Plants live from solar energy by photosynthesis, they use solar energy to make sugar and oxygen out of carbon dioxide, which gives them ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Confusion related to the DAVID tool

I am trying to use the DAVID tool to do some gene analysis. I have some probe set intensities for some cancer cell lines. I found this link in the DAVID tool http://david.abcc.ncifcrf.gov/tools.jsp. I ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Do women have greater reproductive success than men? [duplicate]

What proportion of men who go through their whole lives and never find a mate at all, and what proportion of women do? And is the proportion of men greater than the proportion of women?
0
votes
1answer
81 views

What species of bird is on this coin? [closed]

What species of bird is depicted on this coin? http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/citi/images/standard/WebLarge/WebImg_000100/139651_846511.jpg Thanks in advance for your help!
5
votes
3answers
167 views

What are the limitations of commercial-grade DNA genotyping compared to full sequencing?

I've heard about services like 23andme, which offer genetic testing to the general public. As a person who knows very little about genetics, I'm interested in the subject and would like to know what ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Can the Human body Synthesise Vitamin D from Phytosterols?

I know that the human body can synthesise vitamin D from cholesterol, but can it do so from phytosterols?
3
votes
1answer
527 views

Difference between “transcriptional activity” and “RNA expression”

I am working with a network object where the nodes are different events in molecular biology. Specifically; Catalytic activity of X, RNA expression of X, GTP-bound activity of X, Kinase activity of ...
7
votes
5answers
327 views

Are there examples of encryption in nature?

There are examples of mathematics in nature such as Fibonacci number, fractals, etc. Are there examples of encrypted information? What I am looking for is a pattern that seems random on the ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Very high 260/230 absorbance ratio of an RNA sample

After my most recent RNA extraction, the RNA samples had very high 260/230 absorbance ratios, (ranging from 5 to 25). I've never gotten numbers like this and I know the ratio is supposed to be ~2 in ...
5
votes
1answer
368 views

Solvent Accessibility, the 20% cut-off method

I'm reading the papers linked below and all three of them mention a 20% cut-off for buried/exposed residues, by calculating a relative solvent accessibility (RSA) value. I understand how the RSA is ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

Why doesn't recombination occur in male Drosophila?

"Males do not show meiotic recombination, facilitating genetic studies." For a while I have known that this phenomenon occurs, this quote comes from the Wikipedia page on Drosophila melanogaster, ...
7
votes
2answers
487 views

Does every human eye see the same visible spectrum?

It is said that human eye can see light with wavelength approximately between 400nm and 700nm. Are these upper and lower bounds same for every human? If not, what are the means and standard ...
9
votes
1answer
8k views

Can a person really die quickly from biting their tongue?

A common trope in certain circles (like Eastern martial fiction), is someone committing quick suicide by biting his or her tongue. But is this really possible? The internet turns up millions of ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

How can the child and the mother have different blood types?

As far as I know the fetus is fed by the umbilical cord which basically connects his/her circulatory system with the mother's in order to supply oxygen and nutrients. But how is this possible if they ...
3
votes
3answers
77 views

When can I assume individuals marrying into a pedigree are non-carriers?

If I'm not told that they're non carriers, and if I don't have proof of their geneotype based off of progeny, when can I assume they're non carriers for a trait?
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Melting point of a fatty acid?

What factors determine the melting point of a fatty acid? Chain length The number of methylene group The ionized state of the fatty acid Its degree of saponification Its ability to alter the ...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

Is 1 g/l living biomass for a Biogas fermenter plausible?

A usual number for a healthy biogas fermenter is $10^9 - 10^{10}/mL$ Bacteria, 10-15% of which would be methanogenic archae. Exceptionally healthy fermenters have more total bacteria and up 25% ...
2
votes
1answer
13k views

I'm 20. Can I still grow taller? [closed]

I'm 20, in about 6 months I turn 21. For some time I've been wondering whether there are natural, non-surgical and non-pharmaceutical ways that humans can continue to grow after reaching adulthood. ...
6
votes
1answer
213 views

Primary cilia: what cell types have non-motile cilia that migrate?

My understanding is that there are two broad categories of cilia: motile and non-motile (also called primary. Examples of the former include sperm flagella and the cilia of epithelial cells that ...
3
votes
1answer
21 views

How long does it take for the Opioids listed in the Description to induce Analgesia when Administered via IV?

How long does it take for the Opioids listed in the Description to induce Analgesia when Administered via IV? Now I don't mean how long it takes for euphoria to come on but analgesia. The opioids I ...
5
votes
1answer
368 views

Are there grass or fiber eating birds?

My understanding, that may be wrong, is that cellulose/fibre has little nutritional value to many animals because it's hard to break down thus making consumption inefficient. However, Ruminating ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

What's the Efficacy of Ampakines in the Treatment for ADHD?

What's the Efficacy of Ampakines in the Treatment for ADHD? Ampakines are a class of drugs that serve as potentiators of the AMPA glutamate receptor. By so doing they serve as nootropic, anxiolytics ...
4
votes
3answers
185 views

How does natural selection favour large body mass and size (or so it seems)

I was walking through a park this afternoon and observed a few birds having fun flying around and it got me thinking why would natural selection favour birds with flesh at all if it hinders their ...
4
votes
1answer
318 views

What plastic eating organisms are there to help with plastic in landfills problem?

I see some popular science articles on the plastic eating bacteria and fungi appearing on the web since 2009. Most of the articles praise discoveries, because such organisms promise to break down ...
8
votes
3answers
6k views

Why can ATP not be stored in excess?

I just learned that ATP can not be stored in excess and is only made by the body when it is needed. What makes ATP, like glucose and fat is what is stored under the skin or wherever. Now why cant the ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

What factors must be taken into account for the maintenance of the immunogenicity of ovalbumin antigen?

What factors must be taken into account for the maintenance of the immunogenicity of ovalbumin antigen? If the ovalbumin is aggregated, could we inject it for induction of immune reponse?
7
votes
1answer
75 views

Cell Respiration and Oxidative Phosphorylation

Why and how does the proton travelling through the stalked particle in the inner mitochondrial membrane, cause a conformational change in the ATPase?
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Does ethanol destroy RNase?

I've gotten conflicting advice on this: some people believe one can remove RNase contamination simply by spraying the bench, pipettes, gloves, etc. with ethanol. Others think ethanol does not destroy ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Is it true that oxygen has a diffusion rate in air 10,000 times greater than in water? [closed]

According to the Wikipedia page on the design of gills, oxygen has a diffusion rate in air 10,000 times greater than in water. Is that true? The WP entry refers to: M.B.V. Roberts, Michael Reiss, ...
3
votes
0answers
726 views

What are the factors to consider when determining the sample size for a given study?

Say I'm designing a retrospective study (where I'd collect data from various schools for the last 5 years) to see if consuming milk can contribute to childhood obesity. How do I decide on how many ...
2
votes
1answer
194 views

Where would Saccharomyces cerevisiae be found in highest concentrations in environment?

I have bakers asthma specifically to 'Sc' yeast, and know to avoid bakeries, breweries, etc... I have figured out to not disturb rotting leaf piles, and fermenting bark mulch. Where else? What ...
4
votes
2answers
633 views

What kind of microscope should be used to view biological structures (such as spores) roughly 5 µm in length?

I would like to be able to identify genera of fungi based on the shape, size, and colour of spores. So the requirements are: Must be able to view a 5 micrometre object clearly with reasonable ...
0
votes
1answer
190 views

Are lactic acid and prolactin rise after exercise connected?

I've been reading about prolactin, a human hormone. Apparently it's levels within the brain can raise after exercise, although the mechanism is not clear to me. I'm interested of there is any ...
6
votes
1answer
393 views

How does Topoisomerase II inhibition affect cancer cells?

Topoisomerase II poisons represent some of the most important and widely prescribed anticancer drugs currently in clinical use. These drugs encompass a diverse group of natural and synthetic ...
6
votes
4answers
161 views

Is there a comprehensive life science techniques/methods database?

There are so many techniques/methodologies in the life sciences that we can use to interrogate interesting questions. The thing is, most of us are completely unaware of the available methods we can ...
1
vote
1answer
342 views

Where are doxycycline's anti-inflammatory properties derived from?

I have been looking at this antibiotic called doxycycline which is used mainly as an antibiotic. It has however some interesting anti-inflammatory properties. Does anyone know where these ...
5
votes
1answer
785 views

Why our body does not produce polyunsaturated fatty acids?

Our body does not produce two polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA): linoleic acid and alfa-linolenic acid. I am thinking reasons for it. Saturated fatty acids have more energy than unsaturated. ...
5
votes
1answer
313 views

How to do western analysis to lung tissue?

I am working with lungs from mice, and I want to do a western blot analysis to my samples. I am having trouble with this because my images turn out very "messy", with a high background. Perhaps I ...

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