1
vote
0answers
39 views

Can a tree survive if someone cuts all buds?

My thought was to cut all buds of a deciduous tree at spring and see if it can survive a year and develop new buds and leaves next spring. Assuming the tree is already grown and not a sapling. If the ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Why doesn't the sperm die if there is citric acid and acid phosphatases in the semen?

While studying I read that sperm needs alkaline medium for its survival.But when I studied the composition of semen it revealed that semen contains citric acid which acts as a sperm nutrient along ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

Can oil be used instead of water in preparing wet mounts for microscopy?

Is there a reason that oil (e.g., vegetable or clear mineral) is not used to make wet mounts in microscopy? I am not referring to oil immersion technique but substituting oil for water in wet mounts ...
4
votes
2answers
629 views

Why isn't the phosphoglycerate kinase reaction of the glycolysis pathway irreversible?

Step 7 of the glycolysis pathway is the conversion of 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate into 3-phosphoglycerate by the action of the enzyme phosphoglycerate kinase, resulting in the production of 2 ATP ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

What makes teeth feel sticky after drinking Coca-Cola?

I asked some of my friends and we all agree that teeth feel funny after drinking Coca-Cola. Other similar soft drinks also cause this effect, but this one most noticeably. It's like teeth become ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

coverage calculations approach for clipped reads [closed]

Experiment: deep sequencing for mutants in 700nt fragment. the fragment of dna was preamplified by primers flanking the fragment followed by hiseq. per base coverage was calculated by coverageBed -d ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

Can protein precipitate out in alcohol during DNA extraction?

In common lab sessions to extract DNA from strawberry or cheek cells, will there be protein contaminating the DNA extract in alcohol? If so, how can we prevent protein from precipitating out of the ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Appropriate statistical test for a student lab?

I am a HS Bio teacher and doing a microevolution lab involving candy. Essentially students use four candy types and push them together until one cracks (Nat Sel). They also do simulations of ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Manifestations of open foramen ovale in adults

I read that foramen ovale opens in 30% of adults. I do not know how much of these openings can then close again. Probably, none. It is not pathogenic if no symptoms. It allows blood to enter from ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Protein Conformation Modeling

I'm interested in learning about computational modeling in biophysics. I have heard some amount about people modeling proteins as a network of ideal springs to examine things like conformation ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Do people with gout live longer?

Antioxidants reduce damage to tissue (by scavenging the free radicals) and thus may reduce ageing.It is known that Uric acid is a very good antioxidant. People with gout have excess accumulation of ...
0
votes
1answer
257 views

Possible Genotypes — Linked Genes

Please consider the following question: Genes A and B are located on the same chromosome. If two individuals with the genotype shown below are crossed, which genotype could be formed? Let / ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What is an irreversible reaction?

There are reactions with large Delta G negative values. Why these reactions are irreversible? As in: out of 10 steps of Glycolysis, 3 are irreversible steps. I need an explanation for why they are ...
9
votes
4answers
752 views

Do tall people have more cells?

Within a single species, how does the relative number of cells in the body relate to the relative size of the organism? Let's say we take two humans, one of them is 6 feet tall and the other one is 5 ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

What is this abbreviation CT in female reproductive system [closed]

I have this sentence in my notes Ovary is surrounded by tunica albuginea and the cortex keeps the primordial follicles. The medulla containing CT and blood vessels develop from mesonephros. I ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

Why is the human body hair not uniformly colored?

Most of my body hair is black however my lip hair is light brown/blonde the rest of my beard region is black. Since hair color is genetic what causes this?
2
votes
1answer
988 views

How do nutrients get to the cells they need to get to?

I understand the basics of digestion. I know that nutrients get absorbed by the microvilli, enter the bloodstream and travel to the liver but after all that, what is the biological mechanism that ...
3
votes
3answers
955 views

The effect of pH on enzymes

I am currently studying biology and have a question. I know that as pH increases, enzyme activity increase until the enzyme's optimum pH is reached. However, I would like to know why as pH increases ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Why do different humans look different?

Although farmers appear to be able to tell their cows apart, cows look very much alike to me. And this similarity in appearance seems to be a general trail across the animal kingdom: one individual of ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

How does gene expression work in an adult organism? Is everything encoded everywhere?

The color of a person's eyes are genetically predetermined. If I knew how and in which gene(s) colors are encoded, I could change these genes in the ovary and sperm and thus change the eye color of ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

In what circumstances does a mammalian egg copy its DNA?

In the 2nd episode of the new Cosmos series, the host Neil deGrasse Tyson shows how the white-furred bear could have evolved (reasonable scientific speculation, of course). If you haven't seen that ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Propagation of tool use in primates?

There are several famous cases of great apes demonstrating a surprising degree of wherewithal in communication and tool use - even monkeys can learn some tool use from each other observationally, even ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

phosphorous availability to mycorrhizae and parent plant, timing - paper search

I'm researching (for my work) phosphorous uptake in monocots to develop planting mixes for riparian planting. I recently saw a paper suggesting (the author lacked proof) that root zone mycorrhizae ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Near point and far point of myopic eye

Suppose a person wears the specs of power -6D, the far point for that person is 16cm. But the near point of normal eye is 25cm. So, is the near point of a person with myopia (having far point less ...
3
votes
2answers
518 views

How was the Huntington's disease gene's location found?

I read in the book "Why we get sick." by Nesse and Williams that: Steady detective work and fabulous luck have enabled geneticists to pinpoint the Huntington's gene on the short arm of ...
2
votes
1answer
461 views

what is the effect of soda water on digestion?

what is the effect of soda water on the process of digestion? As it has been seen that after drinking soda the process is increased...I just want to know that what is the chemistry behind this?
9
votes
1answer
156 views

Comment on the introduction to a bioinformatics paper

I've written a paper about DNA sequence analysis. This paper attempts to use Bayesian modelling for a set of DNA sequences. It will probably end up either in a statistics journal, or, more likely, in ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Could alpha-numeric taxonomy of fungi make things simpler?

Please feel free to construe this question broadly--I don't see why the question would not apply to branches of biology other than mycology. If the goal of taxonomy is to create classification of ...
1
vote
2answers
191 views

What are mast cell membranes made out of?

What are mast cell membranes made out of? What would weaken or strengthen them? Web searches bring up a lot of information about mast cells but very little on the membrane. And the Wikipedia page ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Why do we yawn seeing others yawn [duplicate]

If I see another person yawning, I definitely feel to yawn. Why is that so? What are the activities that happen in our brain which tell us to yawn?
1
vote
1answer
29 views

A question about gag reflex

If left glossopharyngeal nerve and right vagus nerve are intact, but there is a lesion at left vagus nerve, would stimulating the left side of pharynx elicit a gag reflex?
1
vote
1answer
135 views

List of the biggest companies that work in selective breeding

Looking at this question, I've been wondering, What are the biggest private companies which work in both animal and non-animal selective breeding? Let me know if Biology.SE is not appropriate for ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

Any examples of life forms on Earth that could have survived on Mars or Moon?

Do we know of any living forms on Earth that could continue to live on Mars?
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Why do the neuron pathways decussate?

I learn about the brain right now, and there are crossing of neuron pathways everywhere; in the thalamus, the medulla oblongata, the pyramidal tract... And I don't understand why? What is the reason ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Is there any documented case in which floating substances led to the introduction of a new species?

Floating substances in the marine or freshwater environment often carry hitch hiking organisms. It is argued that many species may use this dispersal vector to reach new habitats, however to my ...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

Tapeworms and their effect on humans

I've read that some people in some countries actually use tapeworms as a form of losing weight. What are the dangers to these people?
1
vote
0answers
26 views

condensed protocol for sequencing a portion of human DNA from buccal sample

Anyone have a short & sweet protocol for PCR amplifying a region of human DNA (chromosomal or mt, I don't care) extracted from a buccal sample: including validated primer sequences and preferred ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Do you have experience with PacBio?

I prepare a experiment and I found $PacBio SMRT$ as the great way to sequence my PCR products. I find the cost: library preparation 655 dollars + sequencing 435 dollars. It seems very low. Do you have ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Book recommendation on selective breeding?

I am looking for a good book that gives a nice overview of the science and technics of selective breeding. I am particularly interested in the use of population genetics to support decision in this ...
7
votes
3answers
240 views

What exactly is Tinnitus?

What exactly is tinnitus? What is it's cause, and why do some people hear it and others don't?
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Triune brain model

I have heard about the triune brain model in biology class, but my teacher does not know much about it. What I'm curious about, is this model accepted by most of the neuroscientists, or is it just a ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Literature about industrial enzyme application

Can someone point me out to literature (reviews or better workbooks) describing industrial chemical reactions catalysed by enzymes? What I'm most interested in are case studies of how the output of a ...
1
vote
2answers
202 views

Can excessive carbonated drink consumption lead to elevated red blood cell levels?

I've recently had a blood test and the results displayed elevated levels of erythrocytes as well as hemoglobin. (As a result my hematocrit levels were also above average) At my workplace there is a ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

What is the energy consumption of the brain?

What is the energy consumption of the brain, and is there a difference in consumption when waking and sleeping?
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Population Genetics Question

Can someone please help with this question? Here is my working (just in case it is not clear: 1/300*1/30*1/2) but is this actually correct or do I need to multiply by 0.5 once again? I appreciate ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

How does DNA resolve on size exclusion resin?

We generally have a good idea of how DNA separates using agarose gel electrophoresis, how well does DNA resolve on a SEC resin like superose? I get the impression that salt influences where it elutes. ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

What is TILLING?

How does TILLING (Targeting Induced Local Lesions in Genomes) work? What is needed to perform a TILLING experiment, and what kind of information can we get out of it?
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Normal Frequencies in Heart

I am trying to visualise possible ranges of frequencies from different structures of heart: different valves and their possible frequencies heart sounds I - IV and their normal frequencties what can ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

How do the symptoms of Sepsis affect heart function?

I have intuition that Sepsis with infection can cause spastic functioning of heart during systole heart working spontaneously in snatches during systole atrial fibrillation first contraction of ...
1
vote
1answer
332 views

What does it mean for a chemical pathway to be conserved?

In many papers the MAPK pathway, (along with many others) is referred to as being conserved: Example: "The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are ubiquitous in eukaryotic signal ...

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