4
votes
2answers
952 views

Could we slow down life? [closed]

As far as I know there is no absolute time measurement (one that would measure time in a non-environment-dependent fashion) in any life form. Only such time measurements exist, which are dependent ...
6
votes
1answer
194 views

What is the impact of sertraline on white blood cells?

This simplified video and RT.com article discusses how the mechanics of the death of a white blood cell can be useful as an "alert mechanism" to other white blood cells of an incoming infection. Also ...
-3
votes
1answer
123 views

Normal death experience [closed]

Consider a natural cause of death (no car accidents etc) - Is it true that death is generally preceded by suffering? In other words, are we destined to experience the most severe suffering we could ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Is it possible that the DNA of an individual changes significantly over a period? [duplicate]

Is it possible that the DNA of an individual changes significantly over a period ?
33
votes
5answers
9k views

What does the human body use oxygen for besides the final electron acceptor in the electron transport chain?

My biology teachers never explained why animals need to breathe oxygen, just that we organisms die if we don't get oxygen for too long. Maybe one of them happened to mention that its used to make ATP. ...
3
votes
0answers
120 views

How stable is linear DNA transfected in eukaryotic cells?

I would like to know, with references from the literature, what is the half life of a linear dsDNA transfected in a mammalian cells. For example, if I transfect human cells with a PCR product ...
9
votes
1answer
804 views

How and when did a dedicated immune system evolve?

I have recently been doing a lot of research into the interplay between the innate and adaptive immune systems in humans, and mammalian laboratory models. This has led to my reading some interesting ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

What does the hominin phylogenetic tree look like?

I'm no biologist, but I'm curious what the rough phylogenetic tree looks like for Hominin. Could you create a rough sketch that includes: Homo rudolfensis Homo ergaster H. georgicus H. antecessor ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Any databases with AAMI ECG and ECHO?

There is no AAMI 12-lead ECG databases available online. All of them have problems. I and my friends finally finalised our tests with St Petersburg. It is not AAMI. So the next step is to search ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Modelling insecticide net efficacy loss [closed]

I am currently doing some work on modelling the effects of treated nets usage on mosquito populations. Nets do not retain their maximum efficacy forever. They lose their chemical efficacy after about ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

What is a selectively neutral genotypic change?

I am reading the paper "Neutral evolution of mutational robustness". Because I am new to neutral evolution, I have a few questions. Firstly, from my understanding, genotypic neutrality means the ...
7
votes
1answer
764 views

What is this beetle and what are the strange antennae for?

I found this wonderful creature in my yard (I live in the south of France) last night: It was about 2-3cm long, with a hard carapace and wings. It also made loud hissing noises when agitated. I ...
6
votes
2answers
534 views

Is this species a variant of a red flour beetle?

Found this little guy crawling around the back garden - South Coast of the UK. The closest things I could find online (with an admittedly weak knowledge of where to look up these things, aside a ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do pigeons kill their chicks when touched by a human?

I used to have many pigeons around the house. If by chance one of the chicks fell out of the nest, we used to put it back using gloves. Usually, if we would touch the chicks with our bare hands, ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Why a continuous supply of energy is needed to support a weight?

What motivates this question is the apparent discrepancy between the concept of Work in physics and in physiology. Work in physics is defined as the dot product of the force applied to move a certain ...
6
votes
1answer
83 views

Can dolphins actually communicate linguistically?

Humans use "language." By language, I mean the thing I am using right now to talk to you. I know dolphins and orcas have very complex communication systems and also seem to process linguistic and ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

Can all animals of the same species crossbreed?

For example, take Canis lupus, the species of dog and wolf. Within their species, can all dog and wolf types crossbreed? We can forget the logistics and assume this is all done through artificial ...
4
votes
1answer
868 views

Cause of Crease in Drupe Fruit

What causes the crease through the pericarp of a drupe fruit (peach, nectarine, olive)? It may just be in exocarp as @Ilan pointed out, but I assumed (perhaps wrongly), that the division continued ...
5
votes
3answers
235 views

How can a ligand be an integral membrane protein?

My background is in mathematics, and not biology, so please bear with me. I am currently working on a project involving the effects of Epidermal growth factor treatment (EGF) on cell migration. I am ...
1
vote
2answers
166 views

Introductory book in genetics? [duplicate]

I am working in the field of neuroscience with a background in computer science. I try to find new ways of analyzing brain imaging data (mostly MRI, EEG, MEG, fMRI) with modern machine learning ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Do we have evidence of heritable personality traits in chimpanzees?

I have read that chimpanizees have distinct personalities. Do we have evidence of heritable personality traits in them?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP), Mutation and Structural Variation(SV)?

This is a question which plagues many people and today I was wondering it myself while writing a grant. Indeed, I've seen many people use the terms interchangeably, but they are all very different ...
4
votes
1answer
643 views

What is the optimum length of abstinence for maximum ejaculation volume in humans?

There have been papers discussing this, and whether the abstinence period should be 1 week, 2 weeks or other [1, 2]. Some think the time to maximum ejaculation volume is even longer than this. doi: ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Bacterial capsule vs. slime wall

I've read that the bacterial capsule protects the bacterium from phagocytes and prevents water (and nutrients, possibly?) leakage from the bacterium. A less organized and less dense version is called ...
2
votes
1answer
300 views

What is the chemical composition of an egg shell?

It ought to be some combination of C, O, and H, I presume. But really why should I care if eggshell gets in my eggs while I'm cooking?
1
vote
3answers
251 views

Trypsin and cell culture

I am doing an experiment where I have treat the cells with a drug and calculate their counts. I would like to know if is bad to trypsinize the cells in consecutive days i.e. twice within 48 hours. How ...
5
votes
5answers
97 views

Can an influenza virus carry other infectors with it?

This idea came to my mind when thinking about how many people become ill in many locations with similar symptoms (fever and rough cough) from Influenza. There are of course different types of ...
1
vote
0answers
140 views

Different names in paired-end sequence files

I am aligning paired end sequence reads using bwa mem and I get an error saying that ...
5
votes
3answers
185 views

Can we knock out Caspase-9 *and* avoid breast cancer phenotype in our mouse model?

I am trying to design a wet lab experiment with no wet lab experience to name. Right now, in my dream land, it would be excellent if it were possible to create a Caspase-9 knockout mouse (damage to ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the mass of a pigeon tail feather?

There is question at Space.SE If I drop a feather from orbit, would it burn up or “hit” the ground? there is an attempt to answer the question, but the mass of pigeon tail feather and possibly the ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

What is the genomic position of HLA-B*1502 variation?

I've searched the position and SNP ID of HLA-B*1502 variation. However, I couldn't find that where this variant exactly located on genome or HLA-B gene.
0
votes
1answer
1k views

How to calculate biological half life of a drug that is dose dependent?

I would like to calculate the half-life of a biological drug. This biological drug is said to have a biological half-life of: ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

MTHFR recessive alleles and B-vitamins

I know that being heterozygous or homozygous recessive for the MTHFR gene prevents that person from being able to process and use folate and B-12. It causes an unhealthy level of homocysteine to ...
5
votes
1answer
517 views

Time spent in phases of cell cycle

I am looking for references to papers containing the time intervals spent in different phases of the cell cycle (ej., G0, G1, S, G2, M for eukaryotes) for different cells. In particular, I am ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Mitochondrial inner membrane

I know that the cristae of the inner membrane can be tubular or vesicular but I would like to know what are the functions of each .
6
votes
1answer
116 views

Are there terrestrial plants that thrive on sea water?

Given the existence of coastal deserts such as in the picture below, I was wondering whether terrestrial plants can survive on sea water alone? If yes, why then do coastal deserts exist, instead of ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

How high into the air are spores of molds commonly occurring?

I understand so far that most of the air surrounding us contains mold spores so that given the right environment and a food source they start to grow. I assume this is true for air close to the earth. ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

What makes a strong polyadenylation signal a strong signal?

I was wondering why is it that "AAUAAA" is a strong Polyadenylation signal whereas the rest of the polyadenylation signals show reduced cleavage and polyadenylation efficiency?
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Consequence of Plants as Incomplete Protein Source

Some years ago, in a 1000~ level biology course we learned that the DNA essentially encodes formulas for creating proteins from amino acids. While the human body can synthesize many many amino acids, ...
11
votes
4answers
7k views

Will the heart keep beating if it is separated from the body?

The heart is a vital organ in our body, as it drives blood circulation. I was wondering if a heart keeps beating if it is separated from the body? If yes, then why?
13
votes
4answers
10k views

Are trees the only source of large amounts of oxygen?

Trees use carbon dioxide and produce oxygen in the presence of sunlight. But is there any other source? If yes, are trees the most important source of oxygen, or is there any other source which ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

To what extent do different species of plants help each other in the defense against herbivores?

Many plant species developed the ability to sense mechanical damage and herbivory attacks. In case of such, some produces airborne chemicals (among others), to signal not only it's other parts, but ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Leaves growing on a leaf of a Begonia

I've a Begonia species. Somehow it started to grow new leaves on top and right in the center of an existing leaf which you can see in the center of the image. Why is it doing this? Apparently it is ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

Identify the plant

Can anyone tell me which plant or flower is this. I have found it in Darjeeling, West Bengal, India.
2
votes
1answer
71 views

How do I find the number of child terms associated with a specific GO term?

I am trying to figure out how to find the number of child terms associated with a specific Gene Ontology (GO) term using QuickGO, without just counting the amount of terms in a list. For example when ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

Expected reproduction rate of a dandelion and/or fern

I am working a basic mathematical/computer simulation of an ecosystem, and I need to know the birth rate of each organism in my simulation. However, I could not find any data for how often a small, ...
17
votes
3answers
6k views

Are humans the only animal that requires “clean water”?

I've seen a number of animals - dogs, cats, squirrels, ducks and geese, etc drink from puddles, some of them were muddy, others had green flora growing under water. Same goes for lakes and rivers. A ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Is there a comprehensive model of human attraction and sexuality? [closed]

I'm interested if modern (2015) biology has a comprehensive model of how human sexuality works. From my research, it appears that the drive for mating is primarily mediated by ...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

How can succinylcholine cause myorelaxation?

I first thought that this is because of prolonged depolarisations. However, I am not sure anymore, because after reading PubChem, the only possible pathways are are Choline agonist. So I would say ...
5
votes
1answer
42 views

One Sample, Different Methylation Values

I'm hoping that somebody here can explain this unusual result that I'm getting with some pyrosequencing data. I have bisulphite converted a few samples a couple of times over the years for different ...

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