All Questions

0
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0answers
8 views

Substrate specificities of GPPS, FPPS and GGPPS (isoprenoid biosynthesis enzymes)

I have some questions related to isoprenoid synthesis enzymes. Does Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase (GGPPS) contribute in Geranyl-Pyrophosphate (GPP), Farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) and ...
0
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0answers
4 views

Can choline-receptor stimulatants block cholinesterase inhibition?

I am thinking what are the possible options of terminating suxamethonium i.e. succinylcholine activity. Succinylcholine is enzymatically hydrolyzed by plasma cholinesterase. Can choline-receptor ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Does pupil size affect image focus in persons with no lens?

If an individual has no lens like Claude Monet (who had them removed). They should be able to still focus the images they see in a well light area if they shrink their pupils to a very small size ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

What is the difference between rheobase and threshold?

What is the difference between rheobase and threshold? In the definitions I've read it's described as almost the same thing like it says the threshold is Stimulus whose strength (or voltage) is ...
-1
votes
0answers
6 views

Are there 23 pairs of chromosomes present in each cell, or in the entire human body? [on hold]

There are 23 pairs of chromosomes. Are these present in each cell, or are there just 23 pairs present in the entire human body?
4
votes
2answers
177 views

How is membrane capacitance related to the increased speed of saltatory conduction?

Here is the original question which inspired my question. As explained by the answers there, the reason saltatory conduction in myelinated neurons is faster than non-myelinated conduction is because ...
1
vote
4answers
101 views

Why is it better to drink room temperature water instead of cold water?

My teacher told me that drinking water that is room temperature is better for you then drinking cold water, but she did not tell me why that is. I want to know because I often drink cold water (with ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Like other animals, why humans don't have species & breeds?

Like other animals, why don't humans have species & breeds ? Even my pet dog is one type of breed, but we (humans) lack breeds & species? What is the main reason?
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Is there any way to make pymol find the closest distance between RESIDUES?

This seems like an obvious utility, but I can only make it find the closest distance between ATOMS, which makes a big mess on the screen.
0
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0answers
7 views

Is one metabolomic database more searchable than any other? [on hold]

What makes one metabolomic databases eg. HMDB more search worthy than any other? Is it possible to have a general criteria since there is not one search reason? Is there any that have more user ...
0
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0answers
6 views

Milder hyperlipidemia in hypercholesterolemia?

My professor suggested that in polygenic hypercholesterolemia, the overall lipid level does not increase so much as in LDL receptor defect patients. She also mentioned something about the dilution ...
-5
votes
0answers
18 views

Why can we see so many different types of mushrooms if we assume that they arrived to Earth on a comet? [on hold]

Why can we see so many different types of mushrooms if we assume that they arrived to Earth on a comet? I mean they don't have to have bright colors to attract bees or birds for their reproduction. ...
0
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0answers
4 views

Is glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate converted to glucose via gluconeogenesis in photosynthesis?

At the end stages of photosynthesis, one would assume the process of going from G3P to glucose is simply the reverse of glycolysis (gluconeogenesis), but is it?
-1
votes
2answers
18 views

Bird identification [on hold]

I got a statuette of a bird, carved of semi-precious minerals, but with its tail broken off. I'd like to restore it, rebuild the tail, but I'd first need to know how it should look like. Can you help ...
0
votes
0answers
3 views

How much mmol/L of glucose does my dog extract from his meal into his blood?(at least roughly) [on hold]

In the context of insulin dependent diabetes(assume there is no glucose suppression in the blood at all, not even from the kidneys). I can find out the content of carbohydrate, but, I don't know what ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

Is there any way the food industry can benefit from biofilms?

I realize all of the disadvantages, but I am wondering if the food industry can actually benefit from the formation of biofilms.
1
vote
1answer
71 views

What are some readily available, easy to test, bacteria?

I want to do a science fair experiment about how bacteria interact with 5-carbon vs. 6-carbon sugars, and I want a bacteria that is easy to test and is readily available. Any ideas?
14
votes
5answers
1k views

Could we transmit smells electronically?

We can encode sound and images in radio waves and send them, but presumably there's some physiological reason that we can't easily make a picture or video of a smell. Could we realistically break ...
4
votes
1answer
42 views

Is there an association between environmental and mutational robustness?

The robustness of a genotype is the ability of this genotype to resist (always produce the same phenotype) to various parameters such as mutations and environment. The ability of a genotype to resist ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

ECG of heart transplant patients

I am studying ECGs of heart transplant patients. The difficult thing is that there is so little available data publicly. I must apply for data in my universities. It would be also great if ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Counting the number of hydrogen bonds of multiple PDB files

I've been trying to figure out a systematic way to count the number of hydrogen bonds for multiple PDB files. DSSP shows me the total number of hydrogen bonds when I make ...
2
votes
1answer
13 views

Action of Ebola Viruses

This video suggests that the first cell to be the victim of viral infection of ebola is the dendritic cell which acts as the leader of immune system cells.But I am unable to understand how the ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

What is possibly wrong in my gel electrophoresis when I didn't see bands of DNA ladder on gel? [on hold]

What was possibly wrong in my gel electrophoresis when I didn't see bands of DNA ladder, and genomic DNA sample on gel ? I could see bands of genomic PCR and RNA solution. Edit Thank you all of guys ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

Function of Vermiform Appendix [duplicate]

Why is the Vermiform Appendix(a finger-like projection at the end of caecum of large intestine) called a vestigial organ even though it acts like a lymphoid organ?
1
vote
0answers
16 views

How to compare a camera and an eye

How could I compare what a normal eye can see to a camera lens? I just went through a very comprehensive article @ CambridgeInColor, but I'm still not really clear. When I take a picture with a SLR ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

What causes a polypeptide to fold into an Alpha helix over a Beta pleated sheet

I know how they fold, but what causes some polypeptide chains to preferably fold into Alpha-helix rather than Beta-sheets (or vice-versa). What force makes it fold into one conformation over the ...
8
votes
0answers
86 views

Using the IMGT/GENE-DB service to find RSS

I'm trying to get the data for the Human and Mouse 12 and 23 Recomination Signal Sequences (RSS), to run a classification algorithm on it. I'm not a biologist, so I apologise in advance for my ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Ants eating bark

Was out walking in the park today, came across a tree, and me being me I thought "Hey lets try climbing this thing for fun." But something strange struck me, the tree was completely devoid, as in ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

why is heart failure treated as more critical than kidney failure?

The kidney filters blood whereas heart pumps the blood. Filtering blood is important. Therefor why is heart failure treated as more critical than kidney failure?
0
votes
0answers
12 views

What type of bacterial colony is this?

I am having trouble identifying the microorganism in the picture. I think the shape is rhizobium and probably a bacillus, but I can't narrow it down from here. It was grown on agar plate with ...
3
votes
1answer
24 views

Looking for a gene in my raw genetic data. What are the possible causes for this?

Obviously, I barely know what I am talking about. But I want to find the "MUC5B promoter polymorphism rs35705950" in my RAW genetic data from 23andMe. (see this ...
8
votes
2answers
91 views

If human eyes watch an area, what's the shape of its capturing shape? Rectangular? Half spherical?

A normal camera can capture a rectangular image. If human eyes watch an area, what's the shape of the captured region? Rectangular? Half-spherical?
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Literature about putative epigenetic state changes in mammal sequences after cloning steps in Escherichia coli

I would like you to point me out some literature about putative epigenetic state changes in mouse/mammal sequences after cloning steps in Escherichia coli. This are the last search details I used in ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Sequencing rtPCR product

So I have a validated set of primers for rtPCR from Biorad that contains SYBR green. If I do rtPCR, can I use the rtPCR product after purifying it with a Qiagen PCR purification kit? Also, I'm under ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Is a single x-ray photon capable of doing enough damage to the dna of a cell to kill that cell?

Ionizing radiation is damaging to DNA, but is there such a thing as a safe dose below which no DNA damage could occur? I'm not asking about a minimum safe dose overall, just whether or not there's an ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

Cross section of actin network in neurites

for a simulation I am developing I would like to know how the actin network in neurites is distributed. Is actin confined to the periphery or is the whole neurite shaft containing actin with a rather ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Does methanol fixation deform cultured cells?

I use methanol fixation (@ -20⁰C for 10 minutes) when performing immunofluorescence assays on cultured cells. Generally speaking, this results in very good antibody staining. However, the cells tend ...
5
votes
2answers
69 views

Linkage disequilibrium with multiple alleles and loci

Linkage disequilibrium $\left(D\right)$ for two bi-allelic loci is defined as: $$D=X_{11}X_{22} - X_{12}X_{21}$$ where $X_{11},\ X_{12},\ X_{21},\ X_{22}$ are the frequencies of the haplotypes ...
4
votes
1answer
33 views

How does MSMA kill crabgrass with only minimal damage to lawn grasses?

I use MSMA (Monosodium methyl arsenate) to kill crabgrass in lawns. I am not certain of the mode of action. How does this chemical work? How does it target the annual grassy weeds, without damaging ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Why cytotoxic T cells don't kill dendritic cells when they present antigen?

When a cytotoxic T cell (CTL) recognizes a peptide presented in the MHC-1 of a dendritic cell (APC), why it doesn't kill this cell? I know that initially, in the lymph node, the T cell is ...
4
votes
0answers
76 views

What is this fuzzy, black fungus that grew on my plates in the 4⁰C room?

I often find the fungus below growing on my (ostensibly) sterile plates in the 4⁰C room. Presumably it takes a few days to reach this size. The colony looks puffy and dimpled in the middle, like a ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

How does temperature influence the rate of protein degradation?

For computer modeling purposes, I am looking for some referenced quantitative measurements of the effect(s) of temperature on biochemical reactions. Question In particular, my question is: How does ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

Plotting metabolic networks?

I need to draw a map of the core metabolism of E.coli. Associated with each reaction in the map I have a number that indicates the flux through this reaction. I want the map to reflect these fluxes ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

How is the loss of blood estimated after trauma?

How do medical professionals measure/estimate/guess the loss of blood after an accident?
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Is eating cooked food an evolved behavior or rather an intelligent one, passed down via culture?

I was just eating a rather rare steak when I started wondering whether eating foods cooked was something I would instinctively want to do if the practice hadn't been taught to me. So, is cooking food ...
6
votes
0answers
78 views

Are there specific features of birds that cats/small predators are attracted to?

I've recently heard a podcast, in which a professor describes one of the theories as to why we like abstract art. In his talk, he mentions an experiment with seagull chicks, in which the seagull ...
5
votes
3answers
176 views

Why are there no tree-like plants that grow in lakes?

Looking at aerial photos of boreal forests, with dense woods clear-cut by quiet lakes, I wondered why exactly are the woods so clear-cut at the edge of water? Why won't trees develop adaptations that ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Quetiapine tolerance

I've researched quetiapine for quite some time now and I've found some references to tolerance, but nothing conclusive. My question is whether quetiapine use builds tolerance to the drug and if so, ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Why do people and animals stretch out their bodies and what is causing this behaviour?

I noticed that my cat which is only 6 months old has started stretching its body from time to time. Then I thought that this motion doesn't seem very natural from another cat's viewpoint, so my cat ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Any benefit to low dose radiation?

Is there any survival benefit in humans that can be obtained from chronic exposure to low dose radiation, or is any dose of radiation a potential harm? Has any research been done into this?

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