1
vote
3answers
43 views

Can a single strand of mRNA form different polypeptide chains?

My book has a statement: A single strand of mRNA is capable of forming a number of different polypeptide chains. In my opinion this statement is wrong because a single strand of mRNA will have same ...
12
votes
2answers
180 views

Protein data bank syntax: Can two protein secondary structures “overlap”?

I have a technical question regarding the syntax in Protein Data Bank files. In the protein with PDB# 1AE9 (pdb file), there are two lines in the .pdb file: ...
0
votes
0answers
2 views

Lyonization and Turner's syndrome

If lyonization is basically inactivation on X chromosome, and Turner's is only one existing X chromosome, what is the difference between healthy women with inactivated X chromosome and women with ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

Can successful defibrillation be done with a car battery?

Can successful defibrillation be done with a car battery? Is it POSSIBLE for this to work? Let's say you are stuck on a very remote place and something happens to someone... Moreover, can you jump ...
4
votes
0answers
21 views

What are the secondary structure requirements for cell-penetrating peptides AKA protein transduction domains

Cell penetrating peptides. Cell penetrating peptides (CPPs) are a class of short amino acid sequences which are sufficient for crossing cell membranes and delivering themselves along with any ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

How do organoarsenics improve digestion efficiency in poultry?

It struck me as very surprising that these organoarsenic compound with structure looking not very compatible with living system is widely used as food additive to increase weight gain and improve food ...
16
votes
1answer
547 views

How fast can a human run?

I'm a runner (cross country) and I'm always amazed at how fast Olympic sprinters are. There's a lot of hype about those in the 100-meter dash being the fastest in the world, and we're constantly ...
3
votes
1answer
634 views
+100

Can DNA & RNA be considered as nature's programming language?

The final frontier of Biological Sciences could be considered understanding the effects of variation in the DNA (and RNA). If after fertilization the DNA of the zygote could be genetically ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

What kind of detergent should I use in cell culture laboratory for cleaning purposes?

I work on establish a cell culture laboratory in the company where I work. All equipment are new and I want to clean lab before I start to work with cells. Is there any special detergent for cleaning ...
0
votes
1answer
7 views

Indoor plants acidic soil

I have a ponytail tree plant. The new growth look anemic, pale and thin. And several leave have browned from the midway to the ends of the leaves. The stem is woody and firm. Though it is in a solid ...
7
votes
2answers
718 views

Are all quadrupeds edible? [on hold]

I wonder if all quadrupeds (or, mammals, at least), are edible? From what I have collected, even down to fish, everything is edible apart from being sick or infected, and, apart from some glands ...
7
votes
2answers
90 views
+100

Why do pink rain lilies flower only after rains, and not from being watered?

We have pink rain lilies (Zephyranthes carinata) in the garden. In my personal experience, I've found that they always flower, without exception, shortly after rains. However, there are roughly ten ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

What are the theoretical and actual (measured) minimum water potentials in plants?

I'm a plant physiology researcher, but water potentials are not really my thing, so I don't have a great grasp on the literature. I'm dealing with water potential data right now though, and it seems ...
0
votes
0answers
4 views

Counter current multiplier system affecting the loop of Henle and the collecting duct

Does the counter current multiplier system work by creating a high solute concentration in the interstitial fluid, so that water is caused to move out of the descending limb and in the collecting ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Variant VCF: AD vs DP?

In my VCF file from GATK, I have the following definitions for AD and DP. ...
9
votes
1answer
933 views

Darwin's first sketch of a phylogenetic tree

Coming from Darwin's notebook this first sketch of a phylogenetic tree became one of the most emblematic image from Darwin's work. I have a hard time to read what is written on it. What is written ...
3
votes
1answer
467 views

Storing Taqman plates with polymerase in fridge before running

I'm going to be running some Taqman assays on cDNA generated from RNA collected from various samples, and will end up running a bunch of plates (right now the setup is 1/2 a plate per sample, ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

What kind of spider is this?

My home country, Mexico (Mexicali, North of Mexico), is infested with Loxosceles reclusa spiders. Yesterday, I found this spider in my house, however I do not know this kind of spider. Can you ...
3
votes
2answers
21 views

How to find PDB id of an amino acid sequence

Suppose I have an amino acid sequence whose PDB id is unknown. Is there in online server that can find the PDB id of the corresponding amino acid sequence? is there any site that will find the pdb ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Biological meaning of Lotka-Volterra Jacobian matrices

In a book about community ecology, I learned about Lotka-Volterra models and dynamic food web models (I am not an ecologist in the first place). In one of the chapters, a Jacobian matrix of partial ...
1
vote
3answers
161 views

What problems do invasive species cause ? [on hold]

Why do we value species? What is so bad about invasive species? Why value biodiversity?
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Explaining the simpson's diversity index

In my biology class, we were trying to compare the biodiversity of two site. In doing so, we were instructed to use the Simpson's Diversity index as follows: $$ \frac{\sum_i n_i (n_i - 1)}{N (N - ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Does the edge effect promote biodiversity?

I define the edge effect as: A term used to describe what occurs at habitat boundaries where two bordering communities influence one another. My question is whether it generally leads to an increase ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Which animal that lives in the forest makes this noise?

Which animal makes this noise? Link to audio file The file was recorded next to a forest in Germany.
3
votes
1answer
43 views

What kind of kale is this?

I'm from Pennsylvania and I used to get this kale all the time at the grocery store, but I moved to the West Coast recently and can't find it anywhere! It looks exactly like this photo: Image ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Is there a difference in how Gas is produced which determines if it becomes a burp or flatulence?

I know that some gases are heavier than air and in the case of a gas leak it's best to escape to higher ground, while some gases are lighter than air such a Helium however unlike Helium i havn't seen ...
-3
votes
0answers
30 views

How many ATP equivalents are required to make one AMP/ADP/ATP? [on hold]

Biochemists and biologists are obsessed with ATP. Their calculation of ATP equivalents is absurd. They claim that one NADH= 2.5 ATP and that one FADH2 = 1.5 ATP blah blah without carefully looking at ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

When is Pheophytin used in electron transfer to the q cycle in plants?

If I understand it correctly: (short version) The Q cycle starts with PQH2 it removes the 2H(+) and gives one electron to Plastocyanin and the other to a stored Plastoquinone to charge it to ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Genetic Decline of Mycelium [on hold]

A book I have by Paul Stamets says that after about ten petri dish transfers, genetic decline starts to slow the growth of mycelium. However, there is a four-square mile mycelium colony in Oregon. How ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

What is the reason for 'microcytic' anaemia?

I know the causes for microcytic anaemia are Fe deficiency, prolonged inflammation, Thalessemia, Sideroblastic etc. All these logically point to a decrease in Haemoglobin synthesis - either Haeme or ...
-1
votes
0answers
23 views

Why don't male cheetahs rear their offspring? [on hold]

It seems like a huge evolutionary advantage to do so. It could prevent their cheetah cubs from getting eaten when their mother is hunting. Maybe that's not a big evolutionary disadvantage because when ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Multiple start and stop codons in mRNA and pre-mRNA

I have a main question that will lead to further questions depending upon the answer. In the process of transcription, will there be multiple start and stop codons in one sequence of pre-mRNA? If ...
0
votes
2answers
547 views

3 flaws of genes from the perspective of a programmer [on hold]

Having a double helix structure seems like a waste of space. In programming you would have a single array and just before mitosis you would double the single helix. Having an exact copy of a ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Have people in Africa already started evolving resistance to AIDS?

Are people in Africa who have sex with somebody with AIDS noticeably less likely to die from it than they once were because some of the people without genes that give them resistance already died off? ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

How do expression levels change along lineages?

Is there any general trend between gene expression levels (or transcription levels) and cell lineages? For example, I would naively expect that stem cells express less genes as they have the ability ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Storage of energy in muscles vs fat depos

How does the body control, where consumed energy (fat, glucose) is stored? And what is its strategy? More specific: 1) How does the body control storing glucose in muscles and not as (subcutan) fat? ...
4
votes
3answers
75 views

Cell cycle selection

Is it possible to select from colonies only cells which are at a certain stage in the cell cycle? E.g. if I was trying to analyse expression of a number of genes during different stages of the cell ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Spatial dimensions for an animal

I'm reading a review paper. They say: The position of an object in head-centered coordinates (that is, relative to an animal's head) can be defined along three axes: the medio-lateral (radial) ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Programs/software to graph biological data [closed]

I am curious about what sort of programs people in my field of academia are using to graph their data. I am a master student in biochemistry, and have more or less only used excel (on rare occasions I ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

What makes DNA sticky-ends sticky?

When restriction enzymes jaggedly cut double stranded DNA it results in so called sticky ends. What is the substance that makes the DNA sticky?
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Why do doctors use tendon instead of ligament in key-hole surgery? [migrated]

For knee surgery, the most common method is to use a tendon from elsewhere in patient's body to replace the torn anterior cruciate ligament. But why tendon not ligament? Tendon have different ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

How can alcohol cause blindness?

Strong alcoholic beverages (e.g. moonshine) are reported to have caused blindness amongst some people. How exactly can alcohol make someone go blind? Is that because different forms of "rubbing" ...
15
votes
4answers
3k views

How to get rid of mosquitoes in a small lake

I own a small lake. Give or take it is about 50 meters wide and 100 meters long (or 160 feet wide, 320 feet long), with a max depth of around 2 meters / 6.5 feet. One third of the lake is surrounded ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Please identify bird call / animal call

from the opening samples of this song. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oC3XZEWB5GM I wish to study the frequency distribution of the bird call.
1
vote
0answers
34 views

FitzHugh–Nagumo system with diffusion

I was studying the FitzHugh-Nagumo model with diffusion and I quite do not understand the meaning of it. If we consider the system without diffusion, \begin{equation}\label{FHN}\begin{cases} ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is the DNA helix anti-parallel? [duplicate]

Why is it that DNA strands are running in anti-parallel fashion? Given the chemical base-pairing, they could have been parallel just as well.
1
vote
1answer
34 views

What are Some Classical Examples of Local Adaptation?

Question Can you please give a list of classical (textbook) examples of local adaptations? How to answer Examples don't necessarily need to include what evidence supports this specific example of ...
13
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the evolutionary reason behind the fragility of teeth?

Almost all organs in the human body have a rather large threshold within which the organ or tissue is capable of repairing itself using materials supplied by the body, whether it's made from organic ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Does a woman contain all the genes needed to make a man?

I know the answer of inverse is at here, but how about this question? I also read this question, can I imply to human that a woman can also contain all the genes needed to make a man? Edit: I ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

What are Codominant vs Dominant Genetic Markers?

When talking about types of genetic markers, the adjective "dominant" and "codominant" are often used. I don't fully understand their definitions and found contradicting definitions. Foll and ...

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