New answers tagged biotechnology
After cloning, the recipient cell is converted into embryonic stem cell. When it is a stem cell, it can produce enzyme telomerase itself which a naturally occurring enzyme that maintains telomeres and prevents them from shortening during cell division in cells. So i think there are no problem on shortening of telomeres.
Yes, it is. Dolly died of cancer in early years. Length of the telomeres depends on the donor tissue: "In Dolly's study, the animal produced from fetal tissue appeared to have telomere lengths non-distinguishable from normal controls, while the other two, including Dolly, which originated from adult cells, were found to have shorter telomeres." (Xu & ...
The library is 'created' during a ligation reaction: plasmid vector + insert (e.g. cDNA). That DNA is used to transform E. coli, and, after plating out the transformation mixture, single bacterial colonies are obtained. Each colony contains, to a first approximation, a single plasmid species (i.e with a single insert). So each colony represents a clone, in ...
Reverse transcriptase, as the name suggests, uses an RNA template to create a DNA transcript (i.e., complement). Once the DNA complement has been made, DNA polymerase is used because it uses a DNA template to produce a DNA complementary strand. In your specific example, HIV contains a positive-stranded, RNA genome. The HIV RT can use either RNA or DNA ...
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