New answers tagged book-recommendation
I always used the book "Enzyme Structure and Mechanism" by Alan Fersht. (Structure and Mechanism in Protein Science: A Guide to Enzyme Catalysis and Protein Folding is the latest version, published in 1998.) Both in some courses I did and when working on (complex) enzymatic mechanisms. It's a classic (so a bit old maybe), but it covers all the basics and ...
The Eighth Day of Creation by Horace Freeland Judson is quite good, in the genre you're looking for. Also, Science as a way of Knowing may fit the bill.
Although it's not stricly about biology, A short history of nearly everything by Bill Bryson, especially chapter 5, is a good start to look for historical experiments.
Top 50 recent answers are included