Hot answers tagged botany
The plant looks like Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana) to me, a common "weed" in the U.S.
It will depend a bit on the specimen of tree / plant that is doing the transpiration. Minerals will typically stay behind during evaporation, but volatile compounds (think the minty smell of Eucalyptus) would evaporate at the same time as the water, and might condense (in some concentration) at the same time as well; this will depend a bit on the temperature ...
In nature, species compete for resources like water, light, nutrients, etc. and need to find 'their place' in this struggle. According to niche theory, every species occupies a certain spot in the multidimensional niche space (the dimensions describe the number of environmental factors) where it performs better than any other species. If there would not be ...
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